Mediactive 1-3 Rhetoric BY: Jamilka Gibson Team 24

An interesting analysis of his use of rhetoric. Note spelling of author’s name.

 

Dan Gillmor’s use of rhetoric in Mediactive is heavy. Such use is to support his opinion of America, a “collective fact-checking failure”. Chapter one begins with an email which Gillmor checks off as fiction and says he has the facts to prove it. However, does not support his accusation, citing he will give us his resources much later in chapter three. Gillmor uses ethos as his verification tool expecting us to label him credible on the matter at hand

            In chapter 2 Gillmor speaks of CNN’s iReport, a media outlet edited by semi-anonymous contributors. He felt that readers weren’t well educated on the accuracy of the information thus labeling any individuals who are to make personal or financial decisions from what they see on the site idiots. This is a strong representation of pathos. Although working with unaccredited information is not wise, Gillmor gives his strongly worded personal view.

            Chapter three is logos heavy, it focuses on sourcing trustworthy information outlets once you get past the author’s bias. In chapter one Gillmor tell us of a misinforming email that he will later rectify factually by a website names snopes. Gillmor tells of a student’s Wikipedia hoax in representation of the inaccuracy behind Wikipedia. Logos is used as his viewpoint is supported by the 2009 news story. Astudent managed to post false information on Wikipedia which was later used by news publication and spread across the media. Resulting in many being misinformed.

            Gillmor’s most convincing argument in my view comes from chapter two when he gives his active user principles for media consumption. He begins be letting it be known that these principles in his view are common sense and by no way a standard to the topic thus utilizing ethos. His key points are skepticism, exercising judgment, opening your mind, continue to question and learn the techniques. Gillmor sets his basis for becoming media- active which helps to dissect his rhetorical ideas while reading along.

Gillmor’s first three chapters seem to be filled with massive amounts of pathos. He rarely supports his claims or information with valuable sources. Instead giving his opinion or the opinion of others as his source of credibility. His use of logos is very minimal and when it is utilized results back to him inputting his opinion. The body of work is his composition, so ethos is to be expected. However, ethos seems to overpower the first three chapters of Mediactive. Despite this, Gillmor does rhetoric effectively. Gillmor’s use of ethos is powerful as he gives you the feeling of a very knowledgeable individual on the subject at hand.

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Victoria Martinez, 48 hours Blackout Essay, IDS 3309, Team 6

Victoria –

Excellent piece. Very thoughtful analysis of Deresiewicz and your experience. Overall, your writing is good. A final edit would be useful. Omit needless words.

 

In the article “The End of Solitude” by William Deresiewicz, he explains how solitude has disappeared in our society. He stresses this has happened due to the want of being desire to be connected or known. Technology and modernism of our society, play a major role in the to e nonexistence of solitude.

Deresiewicz, says technology is “taking away our privacy”, which is true. We are constantly relying on what technology has to offer to make us feel as if we are connected with everything, rather than finding solitude without having technology. Our lives revolve around everyone else’s life, (good) like Deresiewicz stated, “We live exclusively in relation to others and what disappears from our lives is solitude.” His example of the teenage girl sending 3,000 text messages within a one-month period, is a prime example of how we do not put time into solitude. It has become a thing in this day in age known as a cultural norm. 

In the article, Deresiewicz talks about the history of solitude. He says it was used for religious practice in order to find and hear God, but he said solitude was not accomplished until the Romantic Period, where writers like Rousseau and Thoreau and more, find it to be a physical necessity. Solitude was desired, but that has all changed, due to the developments in technology that have been made, such as the television. Childhood changed, Deresiewicz said. Nowadays not very many children play outside. They use the T.V. as there resource of connection, rather than finding solitude in simply just being alone without T.V. As a result of the T.V., internet arrived.

The internet has made solitude impossible for many. Our The theme of our age, postmodernism, is the desire to be recognized. With the internet that is possible. It is a constant stream of contact, which keeps us “wired in to the electronic hive” as Deresiewicz has quoted, and disconnected from solitude. With the internet comes a variety of outlets that we use, such as, Instagram Facebook, Twitter, Snapchat and much more. There is always a concern of how many likes we get on a picture on Instagram or how many friends we have on snapchat. Before all these distractions, solitude was a norm. It was easy to be alone but not lonely. Now, that is unheard of.

When I did the 48 hours of no apps, T.V., video games, etc, I found myself more alone than ever. It was really like being disconnected from the world. I am so used to the constant urge to check my phone for Instagram feed or simply just watch Netflix, but without all of that, sadness and loneliness crept up on me. Not being connected, made solitude isolation. Being alone was being lonely. I definitely can relate to what Deresiewicz said that now solitude is just loneliness and boredom to us, because that is what came upon me. I found myself trying to do other activities, such as, exercising or taking people’s shifts at work, to avoid being by myself.  Solitude was harder to do than I thought.

Technology is without a doubt, a necessary intrusion of our solitude. My experience is just one example that solitude is being lonely and I need news in order to feel apart of life. Having the internet and other ways to involve myself with the world, is what makes me feel connected. That is how many of us live our lives and that is what our generation has made our therapy.

Final Paper Joanna

Name: Joanna Ravachi

Professor: Lauren Christos

Course: How we know what we know

Date: 03-19-2019

Venezuelan Crisis

Venezuela has been in a leadership crisis for a very long time. Currently, the country is in a stalemate where two leaders Nicolas Maduro and Juan Guaido are competing against each other. What is at stake is the presidency; Nicolas Maduro does not want to exit the seat of power while Juan Guaido is forcing his way in. Guaido has the backing of the people and the international community who have stepped in to pressure Maduro out of office. The Venezuelan people and the international community, support Guaido’s ideologies to restore peace in the country and end the humanitarian crisis that has seen a mass exodus. Venezuelans led by Guaido have led a number of protests to pressure Maduro to exit office. During the protests by the opposition in Venezuela on January 23rd2019, the President of the National Assembly of Venezuela, Juan Guaido, offered compromises to the Venezuelan people by swearing in front of everyone that he will fight for a better Venezuela and he will change the government for a new one.

The situation in Venezuela has been aided by the information systems in the country and the outside world. The deep focus of the situation by the international media prompted the increased demonstrations in the country. Many international media houses have focused on Guaido’s agenda of restoring democracy in a bid to end the authoritarian leadership. The Telegraph, a UK based newspaper, terms Guaido as the “interim president” of Venezuela. In the newspaper report, the focus was on Guaido’s strategies to restore Venezuela’s democracy. According to the article, Juan Guaido is focusing on taking control of the military as a way to take over from Maduro who has led to the destabilization of the country through his unproductive and authoritarian rule. The article also focuses on Guaido’s ideologies of restoring democracy (Alexander and Cody). The call on the military who are backing Maduro to defect is a strategy to strip Maduro of power.

The international community is another factor that has influenced the situation in Venezuela. Many western countries have thrown their support behind Juan Guaido. The main reason for this massive support is to protect democracy from authoritarian leadership led by Maduro. Therefore, they do not wish to lose Venezuela in communist ideals. According to the Guardian Magazine “European countries including the UK, Spain, France, Germany, Sweden, and Denmark have recognized Juan Guaidó as the interim president of Venezuela in a coordinated move made after a deadline for Nicolás Maduro to call presidential elections expired” (Jones and Patrick). The UK becomes the second after America to declare Juan Guaido as the interim president of the South American nation. This gives him a lot of leverage in winning against Nicolas Maduro.

The main focus of the international community is to build a stable country. The first step to achieve this is to support Juan Guaido, a candidate whose main aim is to restore power to the people. Guaido does not share the authoritarian ideologies as the previous Venezuelan leaders, and therefore, it would be easier for the international community to work with him. Chavez and his predecessor effected populist strategies to propel them to power. Moreover, they engaged in dubious and bloody ways to rise to power. According to Ryan Brading’s book Populism in Venezuela, democracy in the country had been compromised especially during Chavez’s administration when he wanted to rule indefinitely after the 2007 elections (Brading 135). The main concern for the international community is to end the old regime and starts a new one that is popularized by democracy. This could only work for them when they have an ally, and thus the support of Juan Guaido.

The role of the media, in this case, is to popularize Guaido’s ideologies, and therefore, makes him identified more by the people. They see him as the right person to deliver them from the high cost of living, intense corruption, and humanitarian crisis. A number of sources have compared Nicolas Maduro’s leadership as the ripple effect of Hugo Chavez. He exhibits Chavez’s an authoritarian leadership that plunged Venezuela into corruption and many other upheavals. According to an article assessing the situation in Venezuela, the author states that Nicolas Maduro is still holding on to the dysfunctional opposition whose main ideologies were to manipulate elections (Buxton 3). The information systems both in Venezuela and the international community have antagonized Maduro. The support Guaido enjoys not only popularizing him but also makes him a hero to many people in and outside Venezuela. His ideologies are based on correcting the wrongs written by Maduro. He hopes to restore democracy and end the humanitarian crisis, corruption, and improve the economy.

The freedom of information is a challenge in Venezuela. The government during Chavez and Maduro’s regimes have been in constant conflict with the media. The government restricts the freedom of information and sensors what to be expressed by the media. According to an article assessing the relationship between the government and the media, there has been a poor relationship between the two and this has seen violence being effected against the media personnel. The article argues that there should be a balance between a reasonable regulation of media and rights protection to avoid conflicts and biases (Carney). The suppression of freedom of information in the region leads to the media houses to focus more on the popularization of the interim president Juan Guaido.

The situation in Venezuela is critical, and the support by the international community on Juan Guaido is influenced by the need for restoring democracy in the country. The poor leadership that has crippled the economy of the nation led to a humanitarian crisis, and the relationship between the media and the government are some of the factors that put pressure on Nicolas Maduro to exit. Information systems are popularizing the Venezuelan situation in a bid to pressure Maduro out of power. Both the local and the international media as the right person to save the country have popularized the interim president. Therefore, this gives him an advantage over Maduro.

Work Cited

Alexander, Harriet, and Cody Weddle. “Venezuela’s ‘Interim President’ Urges Military To Defect Amid Promise Of Possible Amnesty For Nicolas Maduro”. The Telegraph, 2019, https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2019/01/25/venezuelas-interim-president-urges-military-defect-amid-promise/.

Brading, Ryan. Populism In Venezuela. Routledge, 2013.

Buxton, Julia. “Situation Normal In Venezuela: All Fouled Up”. NACLA Report On The Americas, vol 49, no. 1, 2017, pp. 3-6. Informa UK Limited, doi:10.1080/10714839.2017.1298235.

Carney, Molly. “Balancing Regulation And Rights In Venezuela’S Media War Molly Carney”. Loyola Of Los Angeles International And Comparative Law Review, vol 35, 2013, pp. 273-312., Accessed 9 Mar 2019.

Jones, Sam, and Patrick Wintour. “EU Countries Recognise Juan Guaidó As Interim Venezuelan Leader”. The Guardian, 2019, https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/feb/04/juan-guaido-interim-venezuela-leader-europe.

Fake News, Team Assignment, Group 6

Team 6: Very good piece. Reflection was particularly illuminating. Spelling and grammar lessened your ethos. Also, did you have a version with media? If so, please let me know. Otherwise, there is a deduction of 9 points.

 

Is Melania leaving Donald Trump because of Russian Mistress?

Donald Trump is back again with another outrageous tweet but not about politics. The tweet was toward some unknown woman. The White House is probably in scandal mode right now, as the news of President Trump’s marriage coming to an end reached media news outlets.

On March 31st, 2019, Melania Trump announced her divorce with the President. She tells sources “After a while of negotiating, me and Donald have decided to have a divorce, we have different views and opinions and our marriage is falling apart because of it.” Some speculation behind the divorce was because of a tweet Donald Trump had accidently accidentally posted. The tweet read “I had a great time last night, when can I see you again?” The tweet was quickly deleted, but thousands of his followers saw what he posted. Question is, who was the tweet about? Many of his followers believe he had an affair with a women woman in Russia. They assume, when he met with Putin last year that is when he began having an affair with his unknown mistress. Where is Trump during all of this media chaos? He has not been seen in awhile but sources say he has gone to his vacation home in West Palm Beach,  Florida.

It looks like Melania’s willingness to pull out all the stops has come to an end. After months of headlines about Trump’s infidelities and her intent to keep the intents of keeping it quiet, Melania is finally speaking out about her marriage and how it is falling apart. She has defended her husband in the past, as when she dismissed comments on the Access Hollywood tape as “body talk”.

“She is devastated, she never thought her marriage would be such a spectacle”, says an insider.

Melania is expected to be moving out of the White House this year. According to a statement, Melania will be taking custody of the kids and half of the things they own. We should have seen this coming, there have been multiple occasions where Melania has push pushed Trump’s hand away to avoid holding it in a public setting. Trump and Melania’s marriage has been full of awful accusations. The First Lady lady must have been devastated when she heard talk about Stormy Daniels and Karen McDougal; the names of the women the US President apparently had affairs with while being with the first lady. This is just a repeat story since Trump’s past two marriages ended for the same reason.

Trump has had two previous marriages and now his third is about to end. This is no surprise. Trump has a history of infidelity and sexual misconduct. His disrespect and disloyalty has been shown in more than one opportunity throughout the years. Starting with his first marriage with Ivana Zelnickova, the mother of three of his children, Donald Trump’s marriages end because his constant love affairs. He finally showed the world that his disloyalties were more than nasty rumors. This time, the whole world could witness that his is not just a dishonor as president, but a disgrace as human being.     

Reflection

We chose to write a story on Trump because everyone has it out for him. A hand full of people will believe any negative thing said about Trump. People perceive Melania’s and his relationship as unhealthy, but in reality we don’t know anything that happens behind closed doors. We are trying to target a teenage, Trump-hating, or uneducated audience to read our story. Our hook is the headline, the headline is what attracts people to most articles. The audience’s attention was grabbed by the headline and held because we used twitter and “inside sources” to make ourselves sound believable. We make it sound like we might have spoken to close friends, family or people with real facts. We certainly try to persuade the audience using ethos, we build credibility by providing sources like tweets and quotes from ”insiders” to make the audience believe what we are saying to be true. We also use pathos by bringing up Trump’s past with previous relationships and affairs making people feel sympathetic for the first lady. Lastly, we used logos by digging into his past and recognizing the patterns of failed marriages due to affairs, which is why we feel his marriage is crashing once again in our fake news story.

   

              Roles:

Katherine Yi –  Information Provider

Victoria Martinez – Information Provider, Editor

Laura M. Higuera Vargas – Information Provider

Tiffany Davis –  Information Provider, Editor

Betty Otero – Information Provider

Daniela Sanchez –  Information Provider

BIBLIOGRAPHY JOANNA

Well-done Joanna. Good annotation, good sources!

Name: Joanna Ravachi

Course: IDS 3309

Date: 03-09-2019

Venezuelan Crisis

Thesis Statement:During the protests by the opposition in Venezuela on January 23, the President of the National Assembly of Venezuela, Juan Guaido, offered compromises to the Venezuelan people by swearing in front of everyone that he will fight for a better Venezuela and he will change the government for a new one.

Annotated Bibliography

Alexander, Harriet, and Cody Weddle. “Venezuela’s ‘Interim President’ Urges Military To Defect Amid Promise Of Possible Amnesty For Nicolas Maduro”. The Telegraph, 2019, https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2019/01/25/venezuelas-interim-president-urges-military-defect-amid-promise/.

This article focuses on the interim president’s strategies to re-instate Venezuela’s democracy. According to the article, Juan Guaido is focusing on taking control of the military as a way to take over from Maduro who has led to the destabilization of the country through his unproductive and authoritarian rule. The article focuses on Guaido’s ideologies of restoring democracy.

This article is important for the essay in addressing some of the promises the interim president is offering to the people of Venezuela. It will also be important in assessing whether he is a better candidate than the sitting president. The article will provide information to determine whether Guaido is the right person for Venezuela.

Brading, Ryan. Populism In Venezuela. Routledge, 2013.

This book analyses the origins of the populist ideologies in the leadership of Venezuela. It goes down history lane to analyses how Venezuela’s leaders have since risen to power in dubious and bloody means in the past. It also focuses on the humanitarian crisis that results from the poor leadership in the country for a long time. The poor economy despite being one of the largest producers of oil and the division of people.

This book will be important in relating the past events from what is happening currently in Venezuela. It will assist in observing the pattern of leadership in the country while relating it to Maduro’s leadership.

Buxton, Julia. “Situation Normal In Venezuela: All Fouled Up”. NACLA Report On The Americas, vol 49, no. 1, 2017, pp. 3-6. Informa UK Limited, doi:10.1080/10714839.2017.1298235.

This article assesses the damage and the ripple effect that Hugo Chavez’s regime caused in Venezuela. It focuses on aspects of Maduro’s regime that are relatable to Chavez’s. The article identifies common characteristics between Chavez’s regime and his successors Nicolas Maduro such as the poor economy, intense corruption, and humanitarian crisis that is plaguing the nation. The article seeks to portray a dysfunctional nation which needs to be rescued from the hands of Nicolas Maduro and his cronies.

This article will be significant in assessing the challenges that the Venezuelans are going through under the Maduro’s presidency. It also demonstrates the need for a new leadership in the country.

Carney, Molly. “Balancing Regulation And Rights In Venezuela’s Media War Molly Carney”. Loyola Of Los Angeles International And Comparative Law Review, vol 35, 2013, pp. 273-312., Accessed 9 Mar 2019.

This article tries to find a solution between the Venezuelan government and its media. The author calls for a balance in the rights for free press. The Venezuelan government has been in constant conflict with its media for a long time. This has seen violence being effected against the media. The article argues that there should be a balance between a reasonable regulations of media and rights protection to avoid conflicts and biases.

This article will be essential for the essay in assessing some of the possible solutions for the conflict between the Venezuelan government and its media. The media is an important tool in any country, therefore, when there is a harmonious co-existence, then this means that there will be objective presentation of information.

Jones, Sam, and Patrick Wintour. “EU Countries Recognise Juan Guaidó As Interim Venezuelan Leader”. The Guardian, 2019, https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/feb/04/juan-guaido-interim-venezuela-leader-europe.

This article focuses on the disputed leadership of Venezuela and how the international community is weighing on to the same. It demonstrates reasons why the European Union is supporting the leadership of Juan Guaido as the interim president of the country rather than Nicolas Maduro. The European Union reached to the decision after Nicolas Maduro failed to call for an election. The main purpose for the European Union for supporting Guaido is to promote democracy in the country.

This article is important in demonstrating the importance of a new leadership in the region. Democracy is at stake in Venezuela is at the verge of authoritarian leadership under Nicolas Maduro. Therefore, this article will provide essential information for the support of Venezuela’s new leadership.

Smilde, David. “Can A Revived Opposition Stop Venezuela’s Authoritarian Slide?”. World Political Review, 2017, pp. 1-4., Accessed 9 Mar 2019.

This newspaper article demonstrate the impacts of the leadership dispute in Venezuela. It focuses on the human rights violations that has resulted in the killing of many people demonstrating for their rights. The author suggests that the opposition may be the best solution to the country’s problems, especially its democracy. He argues that Venezuela is on the verge of sliding into authoritarian regime.

This article is important in demonstrating the need for Juan Guaido to take over the leadership of Venezuela as a way to save it from plunging into authoritarian leadership. It gives reasons why there is the need for a change in leadership as the only way of ending the current humanitarian crisis which has seen tens of people dead.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Work Cited

Alexander, Harriet, and Cody Weddle. “Venezuela’s ‘Interim President’ Urges Military To Defect Amid Promise Of Possible Amnesty For Nicolas Maduro”. The Telegraph, 2019, https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2019/01/25/venezuelas-interim-president-urges-military-defect-amid-promise/.

Brading, Ryan. Populism In Venezuela. Routledge, 2013.

Buxton, Julia. “Situation Normal In Venezuela: All Fouled Up”. NACLA Report On The Americas, vol 49, no. 1, 2017, pp. 3-6. Informa UK Limited, doi:10.1080/10714839.2017.1298235.

Carney, Molly. “Balancing Regulation And Rights In Venezuela’S Media War Molly Carney”. Loyola Of Los Angeles International And Comparative Law Review, vol 35, 2013, pp. 273-312., Accessed 9 Mar 2019.

Jones, Sam, and Patrick Wintour. “EU Countries Recognise Juan Guaidó As Interim Venezuelan Leader”. The Guardian, 2019, https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/feb/04/juan-guaido-interim-venezuela-leader-europe.

Smilde, David. “Can A Revived Opposition Stop Venezuela’S Authoritarian Slide?”. World Political Review, 2017, pp. 1-4., Accessed 9 Mar 2019.

 

An Annotated Bibliography (Laura Higuera)

An Annotated Bibliography

Venezuela is a country in crisis and this is evident in the news. The current president, Nicolas Maduro, uses mostly pathos to communicated. He uses the government-controlled media while interim president, Juan Guiado, uses logos when he speaks. Most of Guaido’s opposition has relied on social media to get their message across.  

  1. DE LOS SANTOS OLIVO, Isidro, et al. “La Forja Del Estado Democrático Constitucional En Venezuela y Su Relación Con La Democracia Integral.” Utopia y Praxis Latinoamericana, vol. 23, Oct. 2018, pp. 75–97. EBSCOhost, doi:10.5281/zenodo.1799720.

This piece, though in Spanish, sets up a solid historical foundation for what is happening in Venezuela. Written by the Venezuelan university, Zulia, the article is written for the college level. Very useful to reach an understanding of what has happened in Venezuela. 

2.”In Venezuela, a fight for the presidency and the allegiance of the armed forces; Opposition leader Juan Guaido has support from Canada and other countries in his challenge, but the country is waiting to see whether the military will continue to back Nicolas Maduro.” Globe & Mail [Toronto, Canada], 25 Jan. 2019, p. A1. Global Issues in Context, http://link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/A570979657/OVIC?u=miam11506&sid=OVIC&xid=95fa885a. Accessed 9 Mar. 2019.

This piece lays out of a foundation for understanding the crisis in Venezuela. It describes how the international community supports interim President Juan Guaido. There is also an analysis of Maduro’s government and regime. 

3. Translated by ContentEngine, L. L. C. “Juan Guaidó was Sworn in as President in Charge of Venezuela.” CE Noticias Financieras, Jan 23, 2019. ProQuesthttp://ezproxy.fiu.edu/login?url=https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy.fiu.edu/docview/2173773111?accountid=10901.

In this translated piece, interim President Juan Guaidó’s speech is documented and his rhetoric is evident for analyzation. It also tells of President Trump and Marco Rubio’s reaction to the news of Guaidó’s presidency. 

4. Herrero, Ana Vanessa, et al. “Juan Guaidó Returns to Venezuela, Facing Threat of Arrest.” Juan Guaidó Returns to Venezuela, Facing Threat of Arrest, The New York Times, 4 Mar. 2019, http://www.nytimes.com/2019/03/04/world/americas/juan-guaido-venezuela.html. 

This Timespiece provides an insight into what President Guaido’s government might look like. It shows some of the rhetoric needed for analysis. This is a solid source, coming from the New York Times. 

5.Nugent, Ciara. “Venezuela’s Crossroads.” Time, vol. 193, no. 6/7, Feb. 2019, pp. 42–47. EBSCOhosthttp://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=134571138&site=ehost-live&scope=site.

In this Timepiece, the authors lay out a short history of what has been happening in Venezuela. It gives insight into the immediate crisis and explains why the nation is at a crossroads. Also, this piece quotes Preseident Juan Guaido, which allows for rhetorical analysis.

6.Herrero, Ana Vanessa, et al. “Juan Guaidó Returns to Venezuela, Facing Threat of Arrest.” Juan Guaidó Returns to Venezuela, Facing Threat of Arrest, The New York Times, 4 Mar. 2019, http://www.nytimes.com/2019/03/04/world/americas/juan-guaido-venezuela.html.

In this New York Times piece, the current state of Venezuela is explained. It also offers rhetoric by Juan Guaido, which is what this paper will analyze. It also offers some of Maduro’s standpoint. 

Erin Keenan: Annotated Bibliography (Team #18)

Hi Erin,

Excellent!  Good sources, and good annotations, well-done!

Erin Keenan

HWKWWK: Thesis and Annotated Bibliography

IDS 3309

 

Thesis:

As immigration becomes an intense topic in our country, the crisis of the Mexican Border is more concerning than ever before. The mental and physical conditions of the immigrants who do not make it passed border control and are put into detention centers are horrific. Specifically, the El Paso, Texas detention center is overflowing with internal health issues, secrecy, and obvious neglection which is causing deaths to many of these migrant travelers.

 

Annotated Bibliography:

1.Book

Urrea, Luis Alberto. Adult Book Club Kit for Luis Alberto Urrea’s The Devil’s Highway. Fayetteville Public Library, 2011.

  • This book is a true story based off a 26 year old man’s journey across the Mexican Border through the Arizona desert known to migrant travelers as The Devil’s HIghway. He travels with a group of people. Twelve succeed reaching the other side and the other fourteen become victims to the U.S. Border Patrol, Mexican Federales, and American Citizens who take the law of immigration into their own hands. The book sets the scene of what it is like to be a migrant traveler and the extreme hardships they take on to reach freedom.

2. Journal Article in a Scholarly Journal

Infante, César, et al. “Violence Committed Against Migrants in Transit: Experiences on the Northern Mexican Border.” Journal of Immigrant & Minority Health, vol. 14, no. 3, June 2012, pp. 449–459. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1007/s10903-011-9489-y.

  • Migrants who are in transit to the United States are known to be vulnerable due to their lack of access to health care and legal assistance. In this scholarly article, a study backed up by charts, shows evidence on the violent related consequences that migrants experience during their journey. It talks about arbitrary detention centers, verbal abuse, death threats, and other types of violent experiences.

3. Article In A Popular Or Trade Magazine

Anderson, George M. “At the Mexican Border.” America, vol. 176, no. 15, May 1997, pp. 3–4. EBSCOhost, ezproxy.fiu.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=9705305892&site=ehost-live&scope=site.

  • This article specifically talks about the El Paso Service Processing Center. This is one of the nine detention centers that are in the United States. Touches upon the matters of who is in the detention center, where the detainees are from, and what they do while there.

 

4.  Newspaper Article Published In The Country Of The Topic (Online Newspaper)

Borunda, Daniel. “U.S. Immigration Policy That Separates Immigrant Children Angers Border, El Paso.” El Paso Times, El Paso Times, 6 June 2018, www.elpasotimes.com/story/news/immigration/2018/06/06/trump-immigration-policy-separating-immigrant-children-outrage-border-el-paso/662154002/.

  • Currently, immigration laws are under the global microscope. President Donald Trump hard stance on immigration is a difficult escalation that is affecting many people. Therefore, immigrants are advocating due to the separation of children and families.

5. A Good Website

By: The Associated Press. “ICE Halts Force-Feeding of Immigrant Detainees in Texas.” 7NEWS, 16 Feb. 2019, www.thedenverchannel.com/news/u-s-world/ice-halts-force-feeding-of-immigrant-detainees-in-texas.

  • I chose this website and article to touch upon the secrecy that surround the immigration detention center. In this article, it states the matter of the center stopping to force feed detainees that went on a hunger strike. Statements are made by the ICE and the detainees themselves.

 

6. One Good Source Of My Choice

“El Paso Pediatrician Discusses Medical Needs Of Migrant Children In Detention Centers.” NPR, NPR, 11 Jan. 2019, www.npr.org/2019/01/11/684610264/el-paso-pediatrician-discusses-medical-needs-of-migrant-children-in-detention-ce.

  • Interview with an El Paso pediatrician discussing the medical needs of migrant children in detention centers. Concerns remain that migrants, especially children remain at risk in this U.S. detention center based off of obvious health related red flags.