Annotated Bibliography for Equifax Breached Final Essay: Ashley Del Rey

This belonged on the Wiki.

Bernard, Tara S. “Is It Time to Consider an Identity Protection Service?: [Business/Financial Desk]” New York Times, Late Edition: B.3. Pro-Quest Web. 30 Oct. 2017.

The author shows statistics made by the Bureau of Justice with estimations of how many United States residents ages 16 and older, were victims of identity theft. Bernard also includes some solutions for identity protection services. However, she states that
even freezing your files, won’t protect them from other types of fraud. (how does this tie in with media, etc?)


Blumenthal, Aaron, and Mura, Andre M. “In the breach.” American Association for Justice, Sept. 2017, p. 30+. Academic OneFile, Gale Group Web. 5 Nov. 2017.

This source is an academic journal. The authors help you understand a data breach clearly. Blumenthal and Mura state what types of data are stollen (One L. A stollen is a German pastry), they give examples of identity theft, and explain how there could be prospective and injunctive relief. At the end of the journal the authors give sources for the readers to look at to learn more about the subject.


Rosenberg, Joyce M. “Equifax Hack has Businesses Uneasy about Security.” The Associated Press 30 Sept. 2017: A,A; Pg. 6. Lexis Nexis Web. 30 Sept. 2017.

The author of the article states that small businesses usually fall behind big companies in data security. These small businesses do not believing they might be targets. However, Rosenberg explains how more than 60 percent of the victims of breaches in 2016 were businesses with fewer than 1,000 employees. Rosenberg states that the Equifax breach is reminding small businesses that they are vulnerable to cyberattacks.


Pike, George H. “Equifax: Yet Another Data Breach.” Information Today, Nov. 2017, p. 17. Academic OneFile, Gale Group Web. 6 Nov. 2017.

The author the this newspaper states that companies, like Equifax, should always assume they are breached. Pike also writes about the 143 Million consumers who were effected by the breach. In addition, Pike writes that the hack itself was in a 2 month period and Equifax knew about the hack but did not share that information.


Ligaya, Armina. “Canadians complain Equifax is keeping them in the dark after hack.” The Canadian Press, Early Edition: Pg. B7. Lexis Nexis Web. 15 Sept. 2017.

This article is about how Canadians who are worried that they might be victims. However, Ligaya explains that Canada’s customer service agents at Equifax, told callers that only Canadians who had dealings in the United States were more likely to have had their information compromised in the data breach. The author states that the security breach compromised the private information of about 143 million Americans, along with an undisclosed number of Canadians.


“Equifax admits to profiting during breach, under fire from Sen. Warren’s questioning”
The Washington Post (Online) Oct 4, 2017. Pro-Quest Web. 5 Oct. 2017.

This source is not an article, it is a video. The video shows Senator Elizabeth Warren speaking about how Equifax was profiting during the huge cybersecurity breach. she also offered many solutions to transform the way the industry works.


How are these citations relevant to media? How will they bolster your argument?


Cyberattack on Equifax: Ashley Del Rey

This belonged on the Wiki.

Thesis Statement:

Equifax is one of three major consumer credit reporting agencies in the world and houses a great amount of data that is supposed to be a backstop against security breaches. However, hackers gained access to the company’s data but news broke out that Equifax knew they were having a security issue months before the cyberattack; meaning, the breach could have easily been prevented.

  1. The thesis statement provides readers with information about how major the agency Equifax is, as well as, how terrible the cyberattack was and how many victims were impacted.
  2. The thesis statement provides a road map to where I’m am going in the paper because I specifically wrote that Equifax is an agency that that is known to hold data that is supposedly a backstop against security breaches, up until it got hacked.
  3. The agency let their guard down, ignoring the security flaw, basically giving the hackers an open window. Others may disagree with that statement, stating that there are hackers who are brilliant enough to hack such a strongly secured agency on their own.
  4. The topic of my thesis is, Equifax, an agency with top notch data security. The comment is that even an agency with top notch security can get hacked and the agency is most likely at fault.
  5. This topic interests me because Equifax is such a major agency, it collects and accumulates information on over 800 million consumers and more than 88 million businesses across the world. I thought something so powerful would never get hacked but it did.
  6. The thesis statement is specific and manageable because it explains exactly what Equifax is for those readers who don’t have a clue of what it is and it states the event which made a global impact. Even though the hacking affected Americans, others all around the world began to worry because of it.
  7. The difficulties that I see in researching my thesis is trying not to be bias or have an emotional appeal to the issue.
  8. My thesis statement tells the readers how we know what we know about the hacking of Equifax by explaining how the consumers found out, reacted, and complained about the event. It also states that Equifax knew there was a security problem before the event occurred.

The Secret

Your secret is safe with me. That’s what I told my best friend when she shared her secret to me. About a year ago my best friend called me in a panic around 1 a.m., if anyone else called my phone around 1 a.m. I probably wouldn’t pick up but since it’s my friend I picked it up out of concern. Don’t need this. My friend barley could get a word out over her crying all I can hear her say “my parents are going to kill me,” I immediately told her to come over. She didn’t live too far from my apartment at the time so she knocked on my door less than 10 minutes. As soon as I open the door she held a pregnancy test in my face. Essay needs a thesis statement.

I literally yanked my friend from the hallway into my apartment and asked her all the basics. When, who and how did this happen (should be in the form of a question). She met some guy a frat party and the rest was history. Her parents are very strict when it comes to school are very religious. If they found out she was pregnant they would no longer fund her to go to school. Her parents lived in North Carolina at the time so she lived with her cousin down here in Miami so she could go to school. She told me that her cousin would definitely tell her parents so I offered her to stay with me. Needs more analysis. This essay is not intended to be a narrative.

At first, I didn’t feel any pressure with keeping her secret; however I’m really close to her parents, they’re like family to me and having to lie to them when they ask how my friend was doing was really taking a toll on me. I was faced with two options – to either tell the truth to her parents or hurt my friend in the process or to keep up with the lie and be untruthful to myself.

My friend is now six months pregnant and her parents still don’t know. Her parents also don’t know she dropped out this semester but she still takes the money they give her for groceries and gas. She’s been stacking the money for her baby. To keep up with the lie she constantly forges more lies make the whole bigger and deeper.

When keeping ones secret the relationship between you and that person changes. I had the power to expose her and tell her parents the secret, but my friend would was such an emotional wreck I couldn’t do it. I did however felt empowered because at any given time I could tell the truth to her parents and change this whole situation around, but since my loyalty was to my friend I haven’t did it. At times keeping a secret is necessary, but it’s important to be aware that we are better off betraying people trust to help them in the long wrong and ourselves mentally.


Marginal analysis and use of class concepts.

Secrecy (Sergio Fernandez)

Individual Assignment #4: I’ve got a secret 

Thesis: Lies and secrecy work together, but they are not the same thing. Understanding people’s likes/dislikes and interests can help you detect lies and analyze why they occur.

“You may tell the greatest lies and wear a brilliant disguise, but you can’t escape the eyes of the one who sees right through you.” – Tom Robbins. There are always ways to know the truth, and time takes care of revealing it. Everyone has lied once in their lives. Although this is never (subjective) a good thing to do, it controls the outcome, or reaction, that would normally cause the truth if known. On the other hand, people tend to confuse the difference between lying and maintaining things a secret. When people lie, the truth is changed based on the interests of the person who is lying, causing others to misinterpret reality; if the lie is not properly executed, sooner or later the truth will be unfolded. When things are kept a secret, the truth is not being changed; its being hidden instead. Both of these paths may lead to negative outcomes, but not all of them have a good chance of having a bright future.

There is one thing that I hate the most, and that’s being lied to. This is a mechanism of self protection the human mind has which generates feeling destruction. When I had my first girlfriend, my mind wasn’t thinking straight. My mind was blinded because of my feelings to her, and she took advantage of that knowledge. Lies started to appear when she tried to hide that she was cheating on me. Although these lies were sort of invisible, the only thing that my conscience told me was to be suspicious. These feelings would later be debated by her asking me if I really trusted her. That was the first moment I felt lies making a real impact on me. They created a sense of uncertainty that was very unpleasant, downgrading and deceitful. Although I didn’t know if she indeed lied to me, I decided to maintain my feelings a secret and kept dating her for some time to see if I could get her caught on something red handed. After a short period of time I just left her because I couldn’t stand not knowing what was going on. For some reason, I was extremely sure that reality hadn’t been portrayed accurately. I took my chances knowing that I wouldn’t get to know the complete story. After all it only took time to be solved (what does this mean?). I didn’t even search for information with third persons, I just let time pass and heal everything by its self. Three months after, her best friend called me crying and tells me she found out that my ex-girlfriend had been going out with her boyfriend by the time I was still with her (not quite relevant to the scope of the assignment). Personally I can’t describe that moment as rewarding, but it did feel good to know that the risk I took had not been done in vain. At the end, it made me learn that people tend to be “double-faced” when they put their own interests and ambitions before others.

If you want to get an explanation of what is happening during a strange situation with someone, find the necessity and understand the behavior behind everyone’s actions. People lie most of the time when involved with crimes, money and/or adultery because they know the truth’s effects can truly jeopardize their future and risk important relationships with others. Personally, I have improved the way I analyze people’s minds, which is basically kind of difficult, but it can be managed by understanding people’s behavior towards things, decisions and others. Information can change people’s mind set, which is the main reason why people continue to use it towards achieving their personal goals.


Interesting insight, but doesn’t quite fulfil the expectations of the assignment. It was supposed to be about a secret which you yourself felt inclined to keep. Thus you could more easily tie in secrecy, lies, and confidentiality. Would have been better if you had more concepts tied in from class,

Perez – 48hour news blackout

Johanna Katherine Perez Villasmil

How We Know What We Know

Frederick Blevens and George Pearson

October 9, 2017

48-hour news blackout

               In today’s technological era society seems to be getting more and more interconnected due to the ease technology brings us, this results in solitude quickly vanishing from our lives. On October 6th after reading Deresiewicz’s article on solitude, I went on a partial “twilight zone” for the two days following, in order to make better sense of what it would feel like to live without the commodity of 24-hour news (We know you did. Please stick to analysis.). In my experience, as a person that tends to be very affected by the news on a nervous level, the feeling of isolation was quite rewarding.

Waking up to research the news from this past weekend, I’ve come to the conclusion that Deresiewicz might have been onto something when he stated that “to hold oneself apart from society, is to begin to think one’s way beyond it”, one’s ability to think and analyze everything should be far more important than the seek of popularity. Our society craves popularity; we have gotten used to getting our reassurance and confidence through meaningless forms of social media acceptance. Analyse instead of summarize. Was Deresiewicz right or wrong, and why?


Today I’ve learnt that hurricane Nate, which I must admit keep your writing concise had me a bit worrisomeworried, made landfall this past Saturday on the Mississippi River as a category one; thankfully damage was not as great as with this year’s previous hurricanes. I’ve learned that Trump is insisting on a list of demands to make the “dreamer” deal which includes further requisites for “the wall”. I’ve learned also that Google has officially found Russia guilty of buying ads as interference in our presidential elections (this is a summary of the news, but what about analysis based on class concepts?). After stepping out of the partial twilight zone, one discovers that even though all these news are incredibly relevant and important to be aware of, the constant thirst for 24-hour news updates is not always necessary. (Why? Analyse more)

In my experience, parting oneself from any news outlet for a little while, teaches us that while being up to date with information is important and even vital in some occasions, the ability to gracefully live in solitude is also essential (why and how? Elaborate). My reasoning might be slightly impacted by the fact that the lack of 24-hour news updates didn’t threaten my life at any point, but in the end I have appreciated every step of the way into said “twilight zone”. Given that I now know that the constant notification of news is not always necessary and a daily one-time summary would suffice.

Essay mentions but only scratches the surface of class concepts. You hardly mention whether news is a necessary intrusion of solitude, etc. Please pay attention to what the assignment is asking.

48hr Blackout

Disconnecting from all news for 48 hours proved to be more difficult than expected, but not for reasons I would have anticipated; it wasn’t the lack of news that I found discomforting, but rather the state of solitude that trying to avoid the news created. The most discomforting of all is the realization that we are constantly, and passively, trying to stave off solitude without even knowing it.

Before embarking on the experiment of disconnection, I started making a mental list of all of the things I could, and could not do. What was news and what wasn’t? The first realization I made took place before I truly even began the experiment: almost all the technology I consume daily could be considered, in some way, a source for news. Aside from the obvious no CNN, and no New York Times, there was also to be no morning podcasts (in case one of the hosts mentions something newsworthy) and certainly no refreshing of my Instagram feed (for fear that I would catch a post from one of the news outlets or magazines I follow). The list went on and on…. no Twitter, no Facebook, no radio, 70% of TV channels were ruled out as well. All in all, it seemed to me, that in order to avoid news, one has to disconnect from technology almost completely.

Once I finished preparing my mental list of dos and don’ts, I commenced the experiment. In the first hours of the experiment, I enjoyed not checking my phone apps, not turning on the TV or computer. In fact, I found it rather peaceful. Then, my phone rang and a friend asked to meet me at Starbucks for a coffee. I didn’t even realize what I was doing until I was already in the car racing to Starbucks – I was trying to avoid the solitude of sitting in my house disconnected. This reminded me of “The End of Solitude” where William Deresiewicz asserts that the Web Generation has “lost the ability to be still, our capacity for idleness. They have lost the ability to be along, their capacity for solitude.”

Inside Starbucks, I avoided glancing over at the rack with newspapers for sale (I couldn’t let myself see a headline), and then realized I would have to try to avoid accidentally overhearing the conversations of other patrons (what if they began discussing today’s news?). It was then that it occurred to me: if you are truly disconnecting from news for 48 hours, you not only have to disconnect from technology, but also disconnect from human interaction. Today, news is so readily accessible, and so easily shared, that literally nowhere seemed safe to “hide” from it.

I suppose that before the internet, there were some that were more informed and others that were less informed. If you wanted news you would have to intentionally seek it out by actively picking up a newspaper or putting on a news channel. Now, news comes at you so passively, you don’t even have to look for it, which makes everyone, and everything, a news source.

As I became entrenched with the goings on of the day, usual habits started to creep up. It was almost as if my thumb had a mind of its own as it opened apps before I could realize what was happening and quickly close them. And when I got in my car, I instinctively went to turn on a podcast, so that I wouldn’t have to sit with myself in silence. Again, reminding me of Deresiewicz’s claim that the world we live in – where it is possible to receive a hundred text messages in a day – creates the aptitude for loneliness. It suddenly seemed insane to me that the recorded voices of people in New York made me feel less lonely in my car here in Florida. “A constant stream of mediated contact, virtual, notional, or simulated, keeps us wired in to the electronic hive — though contact, or at least two-way contact, seems increasingly beside the point (Deresiewicz 2009).”

The experiment made me realize two things: Firstly, that news, in and of itself, is not intrinsically an invasion of our solitude. It is the multiple platforms and channels by which we receive news, even when we aren’t looking for it, that are an invasion of our solitude. Secondly, is that it we have become hardwired to prevent ourselves from feeling any sense of solitude; our subconscious having us mindlessly open apps that connect us to those platforms and channels, just so we don’t have to feel alone. VERY WELL DONE ANALYSIS, USE OF READINGS, REFLECTION.


THESIS: Secrecy and power are two separate, but related, forces that control our interactions and behaviors. To have access to a secret may empower you; to hold someone else’s secret may give you power over them. Ultimately, the power of the secret lies with whoever has less at stake.

At my internship last summer, I was accidentally copied on an email that contained confidential information. In the email, my boss was liaising with one of our clients – a cosmetics and beauty company – about a new fragrance they were launching. While all clients valued confidentiality, this client placed a huge emphasis on it; if information leaked, it could affect not only marketing efforts, but also overall sales. Before we began working with this client, my office was even briefed by the client’s legal team regarding privacy standards.

The email that accidentally wound up in my inbox was not just a regular email… it was an email that revealed which celebrity would be featured in the fragrance’s campaign launch, and how much they were being paid. The moment I opened the email, I knew it was mistakenly sent to me. Only three people in our office would be privy to that information, so I quickly closed the email and told myself to forget what I had just seen.

A few minutes later, my boss frantically approached my desk. She whispered that she could get fired for accidentally forwarding me a confidential email, and begged me to keep everything quiet: the fact that she sent me the email, that I knew what celebrity would be launching the product, and that I saw the celebrity’s contract.

Before the incident, my boss and I didn’t have a close working relationship, but after the incident, things changed. She began to invite me into meetings, introduced me to important and interesting people and would include me on company outings that interns typically wouldn’t attend. It became profoundly evident to me how much secrecy is tied to power. I was being given access to things and experiences that I would have never imaged receiving as an intern. But was I receiving these because my boss felt indebted to me? Or because she valued my loyalty? Or was she simply just trying to “buy” my secrecy?

I could sense that other interns were noticing the special treatment I was receiving, and it started making me uncomfortable because I knew the real reason I was being treated differently. When other interns would ask me how an event was, or something of that sort, I felt compelled to make up a lie that would “explain” why I was invited to the event and they weren’t. I suppose part of me didn’t want them to feel badly, and the other part was paranoid that perhaps they sensed that I was guarding this secret. If every lie needs a justification, those were mine. I was using the lies to guard the secret.

Ultimately, the fragrance launch went off without a hitch. However, the experience taught me how closely secrecy is tied to power, and how secrecy can function as a currency of sorts. Because my boss had the most at stake, my protecting her secret gave me a power over her. And that power parleyed into opportunities and benefits for me. THIS IS VERY VERY WELL DONE. GREAT STORYTELLING, WRITING, ANALYSIS.