Tiffany Bolanos-Team 21. Final Essay

 

Media’s Influence on the Measles Outbreak. 

The measles outbreak that occurred on December 20th2018, re-sparked a controversial topic that has been relevant since the 19thcentury: the argument with child vaccinations and the resistance against them. The use of rhetorical statements from the CDC (Center for Disease Control and Prevention), social media, political representatives, and news sources are used to persuade and inform the public on the beneficial effects of vaccinations while the anti-vaccination supporters oppose the use of these substances. 

 

Cases and Outbreaks recorded by the CDC. Years marked with an * are cases reported from the months of December 2018 and March 2019.

Leading health organizations like the CDC (Center for Disease Control and Prevention) use logos to respond and correct the misinformation released on social media platforms to show the public vaccines are proven to be safe and effective. In the research articleCorrecting Misinformation by Health Organizations during Measles Outbreaks: A Controlled Experiment,organizations are known to invest in financial and human resources to close the gaps of misinformation leads from the public. These organizations also address these false statements as “myths” (Gesser-Edelsburg, Ana 4). Anti-vaccine supporters and others that are still hesitant with the use of vaccines although these health organizations have provided society with credible information. In fact, these studies reported a “backfire effect:” vaccine skeptics formed even stronger negative opinions about vaccinations after being given information intended to undermine the supposed connection between vaccinations and autism (Gesser-Edelsburg, Ana 4). For example, the measles outbreak that occurred in Minnesota in August 2017 ignited the Minnesota Vaccine Freedom Coalition. This coalition had spread false information of vaccines and was active in anti-vaccine activity.

Facebook search results for ‘vaccines’ led users to articles that promote anti-vaccine myths.

The Washington Postuses both pathos and logos to address health crisis of the measles outbreak as well. There has been rumors that have caused havoc on medical efforts to keep the outbreaks from diseases low. In this case, the measles outbreak stirred up controversial issues about vaccines. This led to the release of false information that vaccines can lead to autism and other negative health effects. Even with increased attention to the disease’s dangers, the anti-vaccine groups “definitely are upping their outreach on the political spectrum” (Sun, Lena H. 1). Somali American children in Minnesota had a vaccination rate of 92 percent in 2004, higher than the state average, but the rate plummeted to 42 percent by 2014. (Sun, Lena H. 1). In efforts to showcase the effects of parents not vaccinating their children. The Washington Post recorded that there have been 79 measles cases in the year of 2017. With the release of this information, the amount of vaccines in Minnesota increased from 2,562 to 8,324 that were administered by 12 clinics. (Sun, Lena H. 1) 

Facebook and other social media sites like Pinterest have used their platform to inform the public about these falsehoods. The Independent addressed this issue stating Facebook and their efforts to broadcast correct information. We are exploring ways to give people more accurate information from expert organizations about vaccines at the top of results for related searches (Cuthbertson, Anthony 1). Social media users mainly obtain they’re information from these applications so with the revision of the falsely claimed information becoming non-existent, the more likely people will support and follow through with giving their children vaccinations. Repetition of information, even if false, can often be mistaken for accuracy, and exposure to anti-vaccine content via social media may negatively shape user attitudes towards vaccination. (Cuthbertson, Anthony 1).

CNN reported the measles cases are increasing in Washington and have declared in a state of emergency in February 2019. 

CNN video link:   https://www.cnn.com/videos/us/2019/01/30/vaccine-exemptions-measles-outbreak-washington-erin-burnett-manu-raju-ebof-sot-vpx.cnn

TIME magazine uses ethos to clarify that there are cases to the release of false information about vaccines. They have released multiple statements of supporting the effects and benefits of vaccines throughout their posts. They have also released information on the effects of lawmakers and their opinions and decisions on anti-vaccine groups and parents. A Republican governor stated that he would not sign three bills passed by the Arizona state legislature designed to complicate and weaken state vaccine protocol (Davies, Wilder.1). With his statement released, made an impact to parents whom have been hesitant on vaccinating their children in the state. As the measles case spread, more lawmakers expressed their opinion through large social media platforms like Facebook to share their views. Lawmakers used their own credibility to express and influence the views of many others. A House of Representative for Arizona, KellyTownsendclaimedthat mandatory vaccine laws are “Communist” and expressed dismay that the people of Arizonabelieve the mandatory vaccines violate their individual sovereignty. (Davies, Wilder.1). She also stated the problem is causing great injury and that the problem is with the actual vaccine. (Davies, Wilder.1) The representative also used a source of pathos to express their views especially sympathetic stories that will compliment them. For instance, after Townsend released her statement, a Republican representative expressed their anti-vaccination views in an interview. The representative stated that attributing health problems experienced by her 22-year-old daughter to vaccines she was given as an infant (Davies, Wilder.1).

To conclude, many media outlets and health organizations had to a duty to fulfill to effectively rid of many false information posts about the measles crisis. The statements released from political representatives as well as posts from social media platforms like Facebook influenced parents whom have been hesitant on getting their children vaccinated. With these crucial decisions, this has affected the numbers of measles outbreaks and showcases how a disease can quickly resurface. The use of the rhetorical statement from the CDC and Facebook are used to support their views. The purpose of this method is to globally spread correct information and rid of false claims that vaccinations are the problem and can cause other underlying factors like autism. Without their action towards progress to decrease the percentage of children whom are not vaccinated, views given by anti-vaccination organizations and supporters would have spread like wildfire. As more protestors are facing backlash from their false claims, the truth and proven research that vaccines are save and effective are coming to light. With this change, the number of measles outbreak will soon decrease as vaccination numbers increase.

Bibliography:

  1. Gesser-Edelsburg, Ana, et al. “Correcting Misinformation by Health Organizations during Measles Outbreaks: A Controlled Experiment.” PLoS ONE, vol. 13, no. 12, Dec. 2018, pp. 1–23. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0209505.

.

2. Sun, Lena H. “Despite measles outbreak, anti-vaccine activists in Minnesota refuse to back down.” Washingtonpost.com, 21 Aug. 2017. Opposing Viewpoints in Context,

.

3. Rauf, Don. “Anti-Vaccination Debate Fuels Measles Outbreaks.” Stroke Center – EverydayHealth.com, Ziff Davis, LLC, 22 Feb. 2019, http://www.everydayhealth.com/measles/anti-vaccination-debate-fuels-measles-outbreaks/.

4. Cuthbertson, Anthony. “Facebook Is Cracking down on Anti-Vax Conspiracy Theories Fueling Measles Outbreak.” The Independent, Independent Digital News and Media, 8 Mar. 2019, www.independent.co.uk/life-style/gadgets-and-tech/news/facebook-anti-vax-page-measles-autism-vaccines-conspiracy-a8813566.html.

5. Davies, Wilder. “Amid a Nationwide Measles Outbreak Lawmaker Says Mandatory Vaccine Laws Are ‘Communist’.” Time, Time, 1 Mar. 2019, time.com/5542064/kelly-townsend-anti-vax/.

6. Larson, Heidi J. “The Biggest Pandemic Risk? Viral Misinformation.” Nature News, Nature Publishing Group, 16 Oct. 2018, www.nature.com/articles/d41586-018-07034-4.

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Fake News – IDS 3309 Team Assignment 3 – Team 21

THE TRUTH IS OUT… 400 girls gone missing during Ultra Music Festival

By Team 21
April 2, 2019

MIAMI — A female festival attendee came forward to testify that she has witnessed girls gone missing during the Ultra Music Festival this past weekend in Miami due to the victims being drugged and lured away.

The witness, whose name remains anonymous as long as she is cooperating with the investigation, said in an interview that she saw several girls being handed out drugs and later taken away.

Among the 60,000 people who were crossing the bridge on foot due to the lack of reliable transportation, some girls were selected to use Ultra’s VIP boat service to avoid any casualties because of the girls’ high intoxication levels. The girls have since been reported missing.

Roughly 400 electronic dance music female fans have gone missing between March 29 and 31 after attending the music festival. Reports about the missing attendees did not come to surface until the festival was over.

“I feel like they didn’t want to do anything about it. They refused to look into any of the reports assuring us that our friends would come back soon. I wonder now how much Ultra was actually involved in all of this,” Michael Cohen, festival attendee, said.

According to witness testimony, girls were seen being taken into a boat from Virginia Key, which was supposed to safely transport them across the water. However, they never made it back to their friends.

The investigation has not proven yet if the boats responsible for transporting these girls were actually a part of the official Ultra transportation or a scam. However, many speculate that sex trafficking may be behind the mysterious disappearance of all victims.

The main witness in the investigation confirmed that she received a call from one of her friends, Claire Cornell, claiming to be abducted in the Bahamas before the call dropped abruptly. The police have not reported any leads yet, but similar claims were made by other festival attendees as well.

A video of the missing girl surfaced showing a stranger mixing drugs in her drink without her knowledge or consent.

Several female attendees said in an interview that they were given drugs by strange-looking men and were promised to use the VIP boat service and skip the long waiting lines for the shuttles. “There’s a lot of strange-looking people at Ultra, but they just looked too sketchy to me. When they saw I wasn’t buying it, they moved right to the next girl,” another female attendee recalls.

The reported victims are all girls between the ages of 18 and 22. Records show that Ultra Music Festival officials were notified about the first missing person as early as Saturday at 9:15 a.m.

No actions were taken to organize a search. More than 60 reports were filed on March 30. By March 31, there were over 300 reports filed. However, none of them were taken seriously until the day after the festival was over. Ultra 2019 ended with a total of 400 reports of missing girls.

“There was no signal in the area, and we couldn’t reach our friend. We filed a report but were told that she’s probably still drunk from the night before and would come back soon,” Maria Gonzalez recalls.

Several other EDM fans reported that drugs were being handed out by undercover dealers. There are no reports linking the dealers to Ultra, but some suspect that festival officials let in the dealers on purpose.

“It’s a music festival and people want to have fun. Drugs are being handed out left and right. You don’t even have to look or ask for them,” festival attendee Cohen recalls.

“My friend was really drunk, and an employee escorted her to a boat. But after walking 3 miles across the bridge, I didn’t find her. She wasn’t in the hotel either and when I tried calling, her phone was already turned off,” Gonzalez said.

Concerned families and friends are demanding answers and hope to see their loved ones soon.

The question now is — Is it the lack of security at Ultra Music Festival that led to all these disappearances, or was Ultra actually actively involved?

Reflective Paragraph:

We decided to choose Ultra Music Festival for our fake news article because it’s something very recent. The festival itself is very popular and any news about it is being followed by many young people. The festival already raised concerns by being compared to the failure of Fyre Festival. The event is already being watched and judged by many festival enthusiasts online. For our article we used ethos as we cited directly what several festival attended witnessed. We also used pathos as the sensational news appeal our audience’s feelings by reporting about a large number of missing girls who may have allegedly been involved in sex trafficking. Our audience is mainly teens because they are the largest population of people interested in music festivals and also the ones who follow the news about the event closely. The hook for the readers was to state the main sensation in the headline. We lure them in by telling them that there is something very sketchy and concerning going on behind the scenes at Ultra. We grab their attention because we talk about drugs, sex trafficking, and abduction that is happening while everyone is having a good time at the festival. We maintain credibility by providing direct quotes from festival attendees as well as referencing the investigation.

Credits:

Valentina Tzvetanov – Writer & Editor

Lazaro Francia – Analyst

Gabriel Reina – Media Research

Arianna Moss – Analyst

Tiffany Bolanos – Analyst

Jessika Lathulerie – Analyst

Oh wow, this is hysterical, great job !!! I followed this festival in the media and you certainly did a fantastic job on covering this in a timely and very realistic fashion.  An enjoyable read all around!! 

Excellent work Team #21!!!!!!  This just may be the best Fake News assignment I have ever read.

Tiffany Bolanos- Team 21- Final Essay Draft.

Good work Tiffany! Please add images and you need a stronger conclusion.  Feel free to resend if you like!

 

The measles outbreak that occurred on December 20th2018, re-sparked a controversial topic that has been relevant since the 19thcentury: the argument with child vaccinations and the resistance against them. The use of rhetorical statements from the CDC (Center for Disease Control and Prevention), social media, lawmakers, and news sources are used to persuade and inform the public on the beneficial effects of vaccinations while the anti-vaccination supporters oppose the use of these substances. 

Leading health organizations like the CDC (Center for Disease Control and Prevention) use logos to respond and correct the misinformation released on social media platforms to show the public vaccines are proven to be safe and effective. In the research articleCorrecting Misinformation by Health Organizations during Measles Outbreaks: A Controlled Experiment,organizations are known to invest in financial and human resources to close the gaps of misinformation leads from the public. These organizations also address these false statements as “myths” (Gesser-Edelsburg, Ana 4). Anti-vaccine supporters and others that are still hesitant with the use of vaccines although these health organizations have provided society with credible information. In fact, these studies reported a “backfire effect:” vaccine skeptics formed even stronger negative opinions about vaccinations after being given information intended to undermine the supposed connection between vaccinations and autism (Gesser-Edelsburg, Ana 4). For example, the measles outbreak that occurred in Minnesota in August 2017 ignited the Minnesota Vaccine Freedom Coalition. This coalition had spread false information of vaccines and was active in anti-vaccine activity.

The Washington Postuses both pathos and logos to address health crisis of the measles outbreak as well. There has been rumors that have caused havoc on medical efforts to keep the outbreaks from diseases low. In this case, the measles outbreak stirred up controversial issues about vaccines. This led to the release of false information that vaccines can lead to autism and other negative health effects. Even with increased attention to the disease’s dangers, the anti-vaccine groups “definitely are upping their outreach on the political spectrum” (Sun, Lena H. 1). Somali American children in Minnesota had a vaccination rate of 92 percent in 2004, higher than the state average, but the rate plummeted to 42 percent by 2014. (Sun, Lena H. 1). In efforts to showcase the effects of parents not vaccinating their children. The Washington Post recorded that there has a been 79 measles cases in the year of 2017. With the release of this information, the amount of vaccines in Minnesota increased from 2,562 to 8,324 that were administered by 12 clinics. (Sun, Lena H. 1)

Facebook and other social media sites like Pinterest have used their platform to inform the public about these falsehoods. The Independent addressed this issue stating Facebook and their efforts to broadcast correct information. We are exploring ways to give people more accurate information from expert organizations about vaccines at the top of results for related searches (Cuthbertson, Anthony 1). Social media users mainly obtain they’re information from these applications so with the revision of the falsely claimed information becoming non-existent, the more likely people will support and follow through with giving their children vaccinations. Repetition of information, even if false, can often be mistaken for accuracy, and exposure to anti-vaccine content via social media may negatively shape user attitudes towards vaccination. (Cuthbertson, Anthony 1).

TIME magazine uses ethos to clarify that there are cases to the release of false information about vaccines. They have released multiple statements of supporting he effects and benefits of vaccines throughout their posts. They have also released information on the effects of lawmakers and their opinions and decisions on anti-vaccine groups and parents. A Republican governor stated that he would not sign three bills passed by the Arizona state legislature designed to complicate and weaken state vaccine protocol (Davies, Wilder.1). With his statement released, made an impact to parents whom have been hesitant on vaccinating their children in the state. As the measles case spread, more lawmakers expressed their opinion through large social media platforms like Facebook to share their views. Lawmakers used their own credibility to express and influence the views of many others. A lawmaker from Arizona known as KellyTownsendclaimedthat mandatory vaccine laws are “Communist” and expressed dismay that the people of Arizona. (Davies, Wilder.1). She also stated the problem is causing so much injury and the problem is the vaccines being used. (Davies, Wilder.1) Lawmakers also used a source of pathos to express their views especially sympathetic stories that will compliment them. For instance, after Townsend released her statement, a Republican expressed their anti-vaccine views in an interview. The representative stated  that attributing health problems experienced by her 22-year-old daughter to vaccines she was given as an infant(Davies, Wilder.1).

Lazaro Francia team 21 bibliography

Hi Lazaro,

You need to annotate your bibliography. Please read assignment directions and resubmit.

Bibliography

Al-Muslim, Aisha, and Deepa Seetharaman. “Facebook Bug Potentially Exposed Unshared Photos of Up 6.8 Million Users.” The Wall Street Journal, Dow Jones & Company, 14 Dec. 2018, http://www.wsj.com/articles/facebook-bug-potentially-exposed-unshared-photos-of-up-6-8-million-users-11544806623.

Barrett, Brian. “Facebook Exposed 6.8 Million Users’ Photos to Cap Off a Terrible 2018.” Wired, Condé Nast, 14 Dec. 2018, http://www.wired.com/story/facebook-photo-api-bug-millions-users-exposed/.

Desharnais, Yves, et al. “Facebook: The Evolution of Privacy?.” SAGE Business Cases. SAGE Publications Ltd., 2019. SAGE Knowledge. Web. 3/9/2019.

Isaac, Mike, and Natasha Singer. “Facebook Says Bug Opened Access to Private Photos.” The New York Times, The New York Times, 14 Dec. 2018, http://www.nytimes.com/2018/12/14/technology/facebook-bug-private-photos.html.

Robinson, Teri. “Facebook Photo API Bug Exposes Photos of 6.8 Million Users.” SC Media, Haymarket Media, Inc., 17 Dec. 2018, http://www.scmagazine.com/home/security-news/facebook-photo-api-bug-exposes-photos-of-6-8m-underscores-api-development-issues/.

Schoon, Eric, and Cindy I. Cain. “Facebook’s Boundaries.” Contexts, vol. 10, no. 2, 2011, pp. 70–71. JSTOR, http://www.jstor.org/stable/41960213.

Annotated Bibliography – Valentina Tzvetanov IDS 3309 Team 21

Well-done Valentina! I look forward to your essay. Your assignment is nicely organized and clearly presented. Good job. (kudos on the Daily Show annotation too)

Approved thesis:

In December 2018, news about Russia targeting black voters during the 2016 presidential campaign broke. The different ways the media covered this story manipulated the message and consequently public opinion.

Sources 1-3 must be from an FIU Library database or the FIU Library catalog:

  1. One book published in the last 20 years

Piven, Frances Fox, et al. Keeping down the Black Vote : Race and the Demobilization of American Voters. New York : New Press : Distributed by W.W. Norton, 2009., 2009. FIU Library Catalog, http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=cat06026a&AN=fiu.020171625&site=eds-live.

The book discusses how black voters have been suppressed in the last 25 years. It examines key campaign tactics used by politicians to undermine African American votes through misinformation, new overwhelming rules, inaccurate registration records, and the abuse of felon disenfranchisement laws. Moreover, the book analyzes how voter suppression still exists after the historic election of an African American president.

  • Journal article in a scholarly journal

“Race and Russian interference: Senate reports detail age-old tactic; Efforts to influence 2016 election show focus on black voters and a familiar targeting of America’s problem with racism.” Guardian [London, England], 24 Dec. 2018. Academic OneFile, http://link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/A566995638/AONE?u=miam11506&sid=AONE&xid=eaa069cf. Accessed 7 Mar. 2019.

The article gives essential details about how Russia was targeting black voters during the 2016 election. Given that the article was published in London, England, it ensures the objective point of view of the matter. Furthermore, the article how existing laws are vulnerable to such attacks.

  • One article in a popular or trade magazine

“What Russia Learned About Black Voters From America.” Daily Intelligencer, 18 Dec. 2018. General OneFile, http://link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/A566049064/ITOF?u=miam11506&sid=ITOF&xid=d4ae9431. Accessed 7 Mar. 2019.

The article discusses the extent to which black voters were targeted by Russia during the 2016 presidential election compared to other ethnic and religious groups. The article stays neutral and does not suggest that Russia’s targeting of black voters impacted the outcomes of the election. Instead, it analyzes how easy it is for someone to meddle in the election.

Sources 4-6 can be from an FIU Library database, the FIU Library Catalog, or the Web:

  • One article about your topic from a newspaper published in the country of your topic

Reuters. “Kremlin Rejects New U.S. Reports Alleging Russian Election Meddling.” The Moscow Times, 18 Dec. 2018, Web, www.themoscowtimes.com/2018/12/18/kremlin-rejects-new-us-reports-alleging-russian-election-meddling-a63875. Accessed 7 Mar. 2019

The Moscow Times is an independent newspaper from Russia. In a short article, they inform the public that Kremlin dismisses any allegations about Russia’s meddling in U.S. presidential elections. They point out the lack of details in the allegations.

  • A good website

Shane, Scott, and Sheera Frenkel. “Russian 2016 Influence Operation Targeted African-Americans on Social Media.” The New York Times, 17 Dec. 2018, The New York Times , www.nytimes.com/2018/12/17/us/politics/russia-2016-influence-campaign.html. Accessed 7 Mar. 2019

This article from The New York Times focuses of revealing details about the allegations of Russia’s targeting of black voters. In specific, the NYT Picks and Reader Picks comments emphasize the public opinion about this case. The comments use ethos, pathos, and logos to point out different facts about this allegation. They ranged from simply arguing that the election was rigged to analysis the similarities to how the Republican Party suppresses Democratic votes in southern states.  

  • One good source of your choice

The Daily Show with Trevor Noah. YouTube, 18 Dec. 2018, YouTube, www.youtube.com/watch?v=Dexs-nlAvhA. Accessed 7 Mar. 2019

Between the humor and sarcasm, Trevor Noah shares with his audience examples of how Russia targeted black voters. During this excerpt from The Daily Show, the host shows and discussed the news covered on several news channels. Moreover, he emphasizes social media tactics, such as the posting of memes of celebrities, to encourage black voters not to vote. Through the comedy, Noah emphasizes the implications and consequences of the suppression of black voters.

Annotated Bibliography : Arianna Moss Team 21

  1. A book  Hi Arianna, Well-done good sources and good annotations. I look forward to your essay. Good job!

Solomon, Denise Haunani. “Chapter 11: A Relational Framing Perspective on Perceptions of Social-Sexual Communication at Work.” Applied Interpersonal Communication Matters, Peter Lang Copyright AG, 2006, pp. 271–298. EBSCOhost, http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=ufh&AN=31509239&site=ehost-live&scope=site.

In this chapter of the book, it clarifies the conditions of which social-sexual messages in the workplace is sexual harassment. A experiment was conducted in which working adults responded to hypothetical social-sexual interactions were consistent with the hypotheses. The experiments results relate to the  relational framing theory and its significant to sexual harassment.

  • A journal article

Keyton, Joann, et al. “Addressing Sexual Harassment in a Sexually Charged National Culture: A Journal of Applied Communication Research Forum.” Journal of Applied Communication Research, vol. 46, no. 6, Dec. 2018, pp. 665–683. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1080/00909882.2018.1546472.

Within this journal article, it explains the MeToo movement and how it is routine news stories about sexual hostility, sexual assault, and sexual harassment. The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission has set guidelines for the organizations to follow but it explains the questioning of was counts as sexual harassment. It also expresses that the organizations responsibility is be maintaining a harassment-free workplace at all times.

  • Article in Magazine

Smith, Douglas. “Sexual Harassment in the Workplace.” Harvard Management Communication Letter, vol. 2, no. 8, Aug. 1999, p. 7. EBSCOhost, http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=ufh&AN=3653915&site=ehost-live&scope=site.

In this article it speaks in the definition of sexual harassment and the ticket price of which is given if one employee sues another. It also explains the two kinds of sexual harassment and explains Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. It finally states how a company should be providing the policy for their company one a year and what they should be doing if they are in this type of situation.

  • Newspaper in the topic country

Author, No. “Google Workers around World, Including Tokyo, Stage Walkouts to Protest Sexual Harassment and Inequality.” The Japan Times, www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2018/11/02/business/google-workers-around-world-stage-walk-outs-protest-sexual-harassment-inequality/#.XIQfW_ZFw2w.

This article is from “thejapantimes” which is one of countries that participated in the Google Walkout on November 1st. It explains how works poured out their officers to participate in the protest against sexual misconduct. It expresses how employees were fed up and need to take affirmative action.

  • Website

“About.” You Are Not Alone, metoomvmt.org/about/.

This website is the official website of the MeToo movement that was founded in 2006 to help survivors of sexual violence. Their main focus is to help those who need it to find entry points for individual healing and galvanizing a broad base of survivors to disrupt the systems that allow for the global proliferation of sexual violence. This platform has expanded tremendously over the years and they main to help more woman all over.

  • Good source

Weaver, Matthew, et al. “Google Walkout: Global Protests after Sexual Misconduct Allegations.” The Guardian, Guardian News and Media, 1 Nov. 2018, www.theguardian.com/technology/2018/nov/01/google-walkout-global-protests-employees-sexual-harassment-scandals.

This article is one of the main articles that came out about this protest against Google. It explains all of the locations the protest took place and how the people on twitter got involved and posted their progress through the protest. It also mentions the Andy Rubin sexual misconduct allegations and the servance package that was received.

Thesis:

On the day November 1, 2018, Google offices from seven different location around the globe walked out of their offices at 11:10am to protest against claims of sexual harassment, gender inequality and systemic racism. Twitter was the platform where everyone who participated, tweeted to show that this is a serious issue and demanded changes. They used “medium is the message” to interpret that they wanted change and that they were expecting a reaction from the company to hold these people accountable and make the changes. le 3 Accent 6

Tiffany Bolanos-Team 21- Annotated Bibliography

Well-done Tiffany!  Good sources and good annotations. I look forward to reading your essay.

Annotated Bibliography:

  1. Gesser-Edelsburg, Anat, et al. “Correcting Misinformation by Health Organizations during Measles Outbreaks: A Controlled Experiment.” PLoS ONE, vol. 13, no. 12, Dec. 2018, pp. 1–23. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0209505.

Source 1 illustrates how media can influence an individual’s perspective in an epidemic especially in health crises. This journal expands and discusses the way health organizations try to eliminate false information about vaccines and other health factors that can arise in a state of panic. These organizations are aware that the news the population receives is from social media and how false information can wound up on them from anti-vaccination organizations and from health professionals.

2. Sun, Lena H. “Despite measles outbreak, anti-vaccine activists in Minnesota refuse to back down.” Washingtonpost.com, 21 Aug. 2017. Opposing Viewpoints in Context,

Source 2 dates back to 2017 when a measles outbreak occurred in Minnesota. Many anti-vaccine activists supported and discussed their cause on social media platforms to get their view onto this outbreak. They brought of the false accusations of how vaccines lead to autism and many other bodily injuries.

3. Rauf, Don. “Anti-Vaccination Debate Fuels Measles Outbreaks.” Stroke Center – EverydayHealth.com, Ziff Davis, LLC, 22 Feb. 2019, http://www.everydayhealth.com/measles/anti-vaccination-debate-fuels-measles-outbreaks/.

Source 3 expresses the risks of no vaccinations against the measles disease. The success rate of vaccinations and the fears and rumors from antivaccination groups. Also social media and its influence on the misinformation released by these social platforms.

4. Cuthbertson, Anthony. “Facebook Is Cracking down on Anti-Vax Conspiracy Theories Fueling Measles Outbreak.” The Independent, Independent Digital News and Media, 8 Mar. 2019, www.independent.co.uk/life-style/gadgets-and-tech/news/facebook-anti-vax-page-measles-autism-vaccines-conspiracy-a8813566.html.

Source 4 describes the way social media platform especially Facebook crack down on websites, profiles and groups that constantly release and publish misinformation about vaccines and their purpose. Facebook and Instagram also changing their searches when consumers research topics about measles or any other health crisis. They want to effectively provide the consumers with more accurate information

5. Davies, Wilder. “Amid a Nationwide Measles Outbreak Lawmaker Says Mandatory Vaccine Laws Are ‘Communist’.” Time, Time, 1 Mar. 2019, time.com/5542064/kelly-townsend-anti-vax/.

Source 5 illustrates the influence of lawmakers on their views and decisions of support or rejection of vaccines. The TIME magazine article focuses on the state of Arizona and the bills that are arising from the measles outbreak. Many lawmakers and citizens are rejecting the bills since they believe the laws are “Communist.”

6. Larson, Heidi J. “The Biggest Pandemic Risk? Viral Misinformation.” Nature News, Nature Publishing Group, 16 Oct. 2018, www.nature.com/articles/d41586-018-07034-4.

Source 6 expresses how misinformation can be placed into different categories of how dangerous they can be. There are many responses from the public and the spread of the invalid information which can give false and incorrect assumptions about vaccines and their benefits.