Final Paper Joanna

Name: Joanna Ravachi

Professor: Lauren Christos

Course: How we know what we know

Date: 03-19-2019

Venezuelan Crisis

Venezuela has been in a leadership crisis for a very long time. Currently, the country is in a stalemate where two leaders Nicolas Maduro and Juan Guaido are competing against each other. What is at stake is the presidency; Nicolas Maduro does not want to exit the seat of power while Juan Guaido is forcing his way in. Guaido has the backing of the people and the international community who have stepped in to pressure Maduro out of office. The Venezuelan people and the international community, support Guaido’s ideologies to restore peace in the country and end the humanitarian crisis that has seen a mass exodus. Venezuelans led by Guaido have led a number of protests to pressure Maduro to exit office. During the protests by the opposition in Venezuela on January 23rd2019, the President of the National Assembly of Venezuela, Juan Guaido, offered compromises to the Venezuelan people by swearing in front of everyone that he will fight for a better Venezuela and he will change the government for a new one.

The situation in Venezuela has been aided by the information systems in the country and the outside world. The deep focus of the situation by the international media prompted the increased demonstrations in the country. Many international media houses have focused on Guaido’s agenda of restoring democracy in a bid to end the authoritarian leadership. The Telegraph, a UK based newspaper, terms Guaido as the “interim president” of Venezuela. In the newspaper report, the focus was on Guaido’s strategies to restore Venezuela’s democracy. According to the article, Juan Guaido is focusing on taking control of the military as a way to take over from Maduro who has led to the destabilization of the country through his unproductive and authoritarian rule. The article also focuses on Guaido’s ideologies of restoring democracy (Alexander and Cody). The call on the military who are backing Maduro to defect is a strategy to strip Maduro of power.

The international community is another factor that has influenced the situation in Venezuela. Many western countries have thrown their support behind Juan Guaido. The main reason for this massive support is to protect democracy from authoritarian leadership led by Maduro. Therefore, they do not wish to lose Venezuela in communist ideals. According to the Guardian Magazine “European countries including the UK, Spain, France, Germany, Sweden, and Denmark have recognized Juan Guaidó as the interim president of Venezuela in a coordinated move made after a deadline for Nicolás Maduro to call presidential elections expired” (Jones and Patrick). The UK becomes the second after America to declare Juan Guaido as the interim president of the South American nation. This gives him a lot of leverage in winning against Nicolas Maduro.

The main focus of the international community is to build a stable country. The first step to achieve this is to support Juan Guaido, a candidate whose main aim is to restore power to the people. Guaido does not share the authoritarian ideologies as the previous Venezuelan leaders, and therefore, it would be easier for the international community to work with him. Chavez and his predecessor effected populist strategies to propel them to power. Moreover, they engaged in dubious and bloody ways to rise to power. According to Ryan Brading’s book Populism in Venezuela, democracy in the country had been compromised especially during Chavez’s administration when he wanted to rule indefinitely after the 2007 elections (Brading 135). The main concern for the international community is to end the old regime and starts a new one that is popularized by democracy. This could only work for them when they have an ally, and thus the support of Juan Guaido.

The role of the media, in this case, is to popularize Guaido’s ideologies, and therefore, makes him identified more by the people. They see him as the right person to deliver them from the high cost of living, intense corruption, and humanitarian crisis. A number of sources have compared Nicolas Maduro’s leadership as the ripple effect of Hugo Chavez. He exhibits Chavez’s an authoritarian leadership that plunged Venezuela into corruption and many other upheavals. According to an article assessing the situation in Venezuela, the author states that Nicolas Maduro is still holding on to the dysfunctional opposition whose main ideologies were to manipulate elections (Buxton 3). The information systems both in Venezuela and the international community have antagonized Maduro. The support Guaido enjoys not only popularizing him but also makes him a hero to many people in and outside Venezuela. His ideologies are based on correcting the wrongs written by Maduro. He hopes to restore democracy and end the humanitarian crisis, corruption, and improve the economy.

The freedom of information is a challenge in Venezuela. The government during Chavez and Maduro’s regimes have been in constant conflict with the media. The government restricts the freedom of information and sensors what to be expressed by the media. According to an article assessing the relationship between the government and the media, there has been a poor relationship between the two and this has seen violence being effected against the media personnel. The article argues that there should be a balance between a reasonable regulation of media and rights protection to avoid conflicts and biases (Carney). The suppression of freedom of information in the region leads to the media houses to focus more on the popularization of the interim president Juan Guaido.

The situation in Venezuela is critical, and the support by the international community on Juan Guaido is influenced by the need for restoring democracy in the country. The poor leadership that has crippled the economy of the nation led to a humanitarian crisis, and the relationship between the media and the government are some of the factors that put pressure on Nicolas Maduro to exit. Information systems are popularizing the Venezuelan situation in a bid to pressure Maduro out of power. Both the local and the international media as the right person to save the country have popularized the interim president. Therefore, this gives him an advantage over Maduro.

Work Cited

Alexander, Harriet, and Cody Weddle. “Venezuela’s ‘Interim President’ Urges Military To Defect Amid Promise Of Possible Amnesty For Nicolas Maduro”. The Telegraph, 2019, https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2019/01/25/venezuelas-interim-president-urges-military-defect-amid-promise/.

Brading, Ryan. Populism In Venezuela. Routledge, 2013.

Buxton, Julia. “Situation Normal In Venezuela: All Fouled Up”. NACLA Report On The Americas, vol 49, no. 1, 2017, pp. 3-6. Informa UK Limited, doi:10.1080/10714839.2017.1298235.

Carney, Molly. “Balancing Regulation And Rights In Venezuela’S Media War Molly Carney”. Loyola Of Los Angeles International And Comparative Law Review, vol 35, 2013, pp. 273-312., Accessed 9 Mar 2019.

Jones, Sam, and Patrick Wintour. “EU Countries Recognise Juan Guaidó As Interim Venezuelan Leader”. The Guardian, 2019, https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/feb/04/juan-guaido-interim-venezuela-leader-europe.

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Team 20 Fake News Assignment: President Donald Trump Diagnosed with Cancer

 

Team Assignment 3: Fake News Story

Photo: Ashley Fernandez

Tweets: Deyanira Morgado

Quotes/Sources: Shelby Touze

Article Writer/Editor: Daniel Blanco

 

President Donald Trump Diagnosed with Cancer

 

President Donald Trump took to Twitter Monday morning to reveal that he could be diagnosed with cancer.

White House staff member John Smith reveals that he has been looking at the president closely for the past few days after noticing him coughing loudly during a meeting.

“I noticed throughout the past 2 days that the president would complain about a pain in his chest and a migraine,” Smith explained exclusively to Team 20 Magazine.

“However, I knew something was going on when I noticed that President Trump didn’t want to use Twitter. I had to do something.”

Smith, feeling worried about his boss, took it upon himself to go online and look up his symptoms.

The website, which Smith claims is “absolutely reliable, credible, and trustworthy,” lets a user type up the symptoms in question and after a few seconds tells the user what they have.

When Smith entered the symptoms into the site he was shocked to see the website page say “CANCER” in the center.

This site is a well-known public medical information hub called WebMD. In Smith’s words, “I was taken aback completely. Considering the condition I’ve seen the President in, it was a morbid affirmation. If the internet says its cancer, then it must be!”

“I noticed how he had more complaints of a weakness in his limbs at times and difficulty keeping food down. And that was before the cough. Initially I levied the blame to Father Time, but he continued to deteriorate.”

Smith planned on contacting the surgeon general directly, but felt there would be an effort made to conceal Trump’s condition.

Smith believes the public has every right to be made aware of the health status of their President. This will prove to be a devastating circumstance under which Trump and the GOP will have to campaign in 2020. There already exists a strong sentiment that he is the epitome of incompetent, and a serious disease like cancer doesn’t help keep an image of an able bodied leader.

President Trump was also secretly taken to the hospital late Monday morning. A doctor at the hospital spoke exclusively with Team 20.

“I didn’t actually see the president, but my friend and dear coworker was the one who looked over him, and she said that it might be bad.”

When asked further details, specifically what kind of cancer the president has, the doctor did not have much to say.

“My friend hasn’t told me what kind of cancer he has, but she says it might be really bad.”

One question everyone has been asking since Trump sent the tweet is: Where’s Melania? The First Lady was seen in New York on Sunday, but no word has come out on what she was doing there. She was also not seen at the hospital when President Trump was first admitted.

Many other media sources have been trying to figure out where Melania is and why she wasn’t at the hospital immediately after he was admitted. Monday afternoon, however, Melania gave an update on her whereabouts on Twitter.

Team 20 called Press Secretary Sarah Huckabee Sanders for comment, and this is what she had to say.

“We are very saddened to hear about the president. We are trying our best to get our own accurate and credible information as quickly as we can and we will hold a press conference to inform the fake media on the president’s condition.”

 

Reflective Paragraph

We wrote this story because we wanted to try and take a story that may seem outlandish and make it sound as real as possible. In order to achieve this, we decided to use ethos as our rhetorical appeal for the story. Our intended audience was the general public, because the situation we presented could greatly affect the entire nation. We used the picture of Trump in the hospital bed as the hook to lure readers to the story and made tweets to keep the reader’s attention throughout the article. News stories also use this tactic in order to give credibility to what they are saying as well as prove readers that what they’re reading is true without them having to look for the proof themselves.

 

Very well-done Team #21. Excellent reflective paragraph, good images (sent via email) Overall, good writing, good work!!!

 

BIBLIOGRAPHY JOANNA

Well-done Joanna. Good annotation, good sources!

Name: Joanna Ravachi

Course: IDS 3309

Date: 03-09-2019

Venezuelan Crisis

Thesis Statement:During the protests by the opposition in Venezuela on January 23, the President of the National Assembly of Venezuela, Juan Guaido, offered compromises to the Venezuelan people by swearing in front of everyone that he will fight for a better Venezuela and he will change the government for a new one.

Annotated Bibliography

Alexander, Harriet, and Cody Weddle. “Venezuela’s ‘Interim President’ Urges Military To Defect Amid Promise Of Possible Amnesty For Nicolas Maduro”. The Telegraph, 2019, https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2019/01/25/venezuelas-interim-president-urges-military-defect-amid-promise/.

This article focuses on the interim president’s strategies to re-instate Venezuela’s democracy. According to the article, Juan Guaido is focusing on taking control of the military as a way to take over from Maduro who has led to the destabilization of the country through his unproductive and authoritarian rule. The article focuses on Guaido’s ideologies of restoring democracy.

This article is important for the essay in addressing some of the promises the interim president is offering to the people of Venezuela. It will also be important in assessing whether he is a better candidate than the sitting president. The article will provide information to determine whether Guaido is the right person for Venezuela.

Brading, Ryan. Populism In Venezuela. Routledge, 2013.

This book analyses the origins of the populist ideologies in the leadership of Venezuela. It goes down history lane to analyses how Venezuela’s leaders have since risen to power in dubious and bloody means in the past. It also focuses on the humanitarian crisis that results from the poor leadership in the country for a long time. The poor economy despite being one of the largest producers of oil and the division of people.

This book will be important in relating the past events from what is happening currently in Venezuela. It will assist in observing the pattern of leadership in the country while relating it to Maduro’s leadership.

Buxton, Julia. “Situation Normal In Venezuela: All Fouled Up”. NACLA Report On The Americas, vol 49, no. 1, 2017, pp. 3-6. Informa UK Limited, doi:10.1080/10714839.2017.1298235.

This article assesses the damage and the ripple effect that Hugo Chavez’s regime caused in Venezuela. It focuses on aspects of Maduro’s regime that are relatable to Chavez’s. The article identifies common characteristics between Chavez’s regime and his successors Nicolas Maduro such as the poor economy, intense corruption, and humanitarian crisis that is plaguing the nation. The article seeks to portray a dysfunctional nation which needs to be rescued from the hands of Nicolas Maduro and his cronies.

This article will be significant in assessing the challenges that the Venezuelans are going through under the Maduro’s presidency. It also demonstrates the need for a new leadership in the country.

Carney, Molly. “Balancing Regulation And Rights In Venezuela’s Media War Molly Carney”. Loyola Of Los Angeles International And Comparative Law Review, vol 35, 2013, pp. 273-312., Accessed 9 Mar 2019.

This article tries to find a solution between the Venezuelan government and its media. The author calls for a balance in the rights for free press. The Venezuelan government has been in constant conflict with its media for a long time. This has seen violence being effected against the media. The article argues that there should be a balance between a reasonable regulations of media and rights protection to avoid conflicts and biases.

This article will be essential for the essay in assessing some of the possible solutions for the conflict between the Venezuelan government and its media. The media is an important tool in any country, therefore, when there is a harmonious co-existence, then this means that there will be objective presentation of information.

Jones, Sam, and Patrick Wintour. “EU Countries Recognise Juan Guaidó As Interim Venezuelan Leader”. The Guardian, 2019, https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/feb/04/juan-guaido-interim-venezuela-leader-europe.

This article focuses on the disputed leadership of Venezuela and how the international community is weighing on to the same. It demonstrates reasons why the European Union is supporting the leadership of Juan Guaido as the interim president of the country rather than Nicolas Maduro. The European Union reached to the decision after Nicolas Maduro failed to call for an election. The main purpose for the European Union for supporting Guaido is to promote democracy in the country.

This article is important in demonstrating the importance of a new leadership in the region. Democracy is at stake in Venezuela is at the verge of authoritarian leadership under Nicolas Maduro. Therefore, this article will provide essential information for the support of Venezuela’s new leadership.

Smilde, David. “Can A Revived Opposition Stop Venezuela’s Authoritarian Slide?”. World Political Review, 2017, pp. 1-4., Accessed 9 Mar 2019.

This newspaper article demonstrate the impacts of the leadership dispute in Venezuela. It focuses on the human rights violations that has resulted in the killing of many people demonstrating for their rights. The author suggests that the opposition may be the best solution to the country’s problems, especially its democracy. He argues that Venezuela is on the verge of sliding into authoritarian regime.

This article is important in demonstrating the need for Juan Guaido to take over the leadership of Venezuela as a way to save it from plunging into authoritarian leadership. It gives reasons why there is the need for a change in leadership as the only way of ending the current humanitarian crisis which has seen tens of people dead.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Work Cited

Alexander, Harriet, and Cody Weddle. “Venezuela’s ‘Interim President’ Urges Military To Defect Amid Promise Of Possible Amnesty For Nicolas Maduro”. The Telegraph, 2019, https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2019/01/25/venezuelas-interim-president-urges-military-defect-amid-promise/.

Brading, Ryan. Populism In Venezuela. Routledge, 2013.

Buxton, Julia. “Situation Normal In Venezuela: All Fouled Up”. NACLA Report On The Americas, vol 49, no. 1, 2017, pp. 3-6. Informa UK Limited, doi:10.1080/10714839.2017.1298235.

Carney, Molly. “Balancing Regulation And Rights In Venezuela’S Media War Molly Carney”. Loyola Of Los Angeles International And Comparative Law Review, vol 35, 2013, pp. 273-312., Accessed 9 Mar 2019.

Jones, Sam, and Patrick Wintour. “EU Countries Recognise Juan Guaidó As Interim Venezuelan Leader”. The Guardian, 2019, https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/feb/04/juan-guaido-interim-venezuela-leader-europe.

Smilde, David. “Can A Revived Opposition Stop Venezuela’S Authoritarian Slide?”. World Political Review, 2017, pp. 1-4., Accessed 9 Mar 2019.

 

Final Essay Draft- Group 20 Deyanira Morgado

Hi Deyanira,

Be sure to add images! Good work, good analysis, good writing style. I enjoyed reading this and you did a good job with a challenging topic.

 

Journalist attacks and murders are prevalent in non-democratic countries and are now increasing in popularity in the United States, as observed on February 12, 2019 when a reporter from BBC news was attacked by a Trump supporter. On one hand, Trumps’ administration and Trump himself used rhetoric and social media to present the event as unexpected and safely controlled .On the other hand, among the journalists and news organizations who follow the critical perspective , the event was portrayed using social media, newsletter , articles, and television as dangerous to  the future of journalism and democracy in the United States.

Trump utilizes his presidential status as an appeal to ethos, mainly for his supporters, to present news organization, including the New York Times, as fake news and as a threat to Americans. He constantly questions and uses derogatory language to refer to the news by posting anti-journalist tweets, Instagram posts, and while giving speeches during his presidential campaigns. Moreover, in an interview with Sulzberger , when faced with questions about the effect this is having in the American society and global impact , Trump appeals to pathos by stating he is a victim of the press  and that the press has been tough on other politicians , but in his case it has been a lot worse. The White House press secretary Sarah Sanders also addresses the question by stating that Trump is the victim and uses words such as “tough” and “fighter” to defend Trumps actions. Moreover, she appeals to supporter’s pathos by using repetition in her public speeches to say that the president is constantly attacked and that he is simply fighting back because the American people chose a president that does not step back and take no action. Lastly, she denies Trump is initiating violence towards journalist. Moreover, Trump t appeals to logos and pathos by mentioning the negotiations he has done to prevent the United States form going to war with North Korea and falling to the hands of China for economic reasons. Lastly, to address the attack on BBC camera man, Trump simply confirmed the reporter was okay and applauded at the audience which was shouting TRUMP!   after the violent act on the journalist. Through this body language and choice of words, the president made the event seem insignificant and did not even bother to condemn violent acts against journalists. 

On the other hand, the news organizations and journalists have better and more valid arguments to prove and convince the American public that Trump’s anti-press rhetoric is increasing violence toward journalists not only in the United States but all around the world as well. For example, during the same interview, Sulzberger appeals to logos by providing examples around the world where dictators and tyrants are using the term fake news to ban the free press and justify the murder of journalists. Moreover, Sulzberger appeals to pathos by mentioning the fact that many journalists are risking their lives to show the world the truth, while Trump is encouraging  press violence  and putting the First Amendment at risk simply because Trump can’t handle the criticism and scrutiny that  comes with free press and freedom of speech, and a democratic society. 

Additionally, on an article written and posted by BBC news, the author  Jon Sopel  uses the metaphor “Ron was the media”, to emphasize that any journalist is prone to these attacks, no matter no matter how honest and hardworking they are because they represent  the media which Donald Trump Hates and attacks daily. He also appeals to logos by describing the lack of security and police intervention to convince the audience that this is an issue and it must be corrected. 

The journalists and organizations are following the critical perspective by questioning Trump’s statements and assumptions he uses to attract supporters. The news also works for the betterment of society by avoiding the oppression of the news and defending the freedom of speech and the security of journalists and reporters. Lastly, journalists expand the bounds of debate by providing the American society and the world with the debate whether Trump’s anti-press rhetoric is creating more violence against journalists. On the contrary, Trump and his administration do not follow the critical perspective because they continue using the term “fake news” to refer to the press and continue denying the global impact this is having. 

Overall, the news is more effective because they use more than written articles, tweets, and pictures. They have the ability to show films of Donald Trump and facts undermining Trump’s statements and presidency.

 

Revised Thesis – Ashley Fernandez, Group 20

Hi Ashley,

Interesting take on this topic.  Accepted

Donald Trump’s former lawyer, Michael Cohen, did not get very far in Trump’s Presidency, even with his credibility of being a “fixer” for Trump. Although he worked hard, Cohen has been sentenced to 3 years in prison. Using the rhetoric of logos and ethos, Cohen is becoming somewhat of a perfectly timed plague in Trump’s Presidency by leaking information that should have been known years ago.

Bibliography Ravachi Joanna

Hi Joanna,

Good sources and good annotation. Well-done, and I look forward to your essay.

Name: Joanna Ravachi

Course: IDS 3309

Date: 03-09-2019

Venezuelan Crisis

Thesis Statement:During the protests by the opposition in Venezuela on January 23, the President of the National Assembly of Venezuela, Juan Guaido, offered compromises to the Venezuelan people by swearing in front of everyone that he will fight for a better Venezuela and he will change the government for a new one.

Annotated Bibliography

Alexander, Harriet, and Cody Weddle. “Venezuela’s ‘Interim President’ Urges Military To Defect Amid Promise Of Possible Amnesty For Nicolas Maduro”. The Telegraph, 2019, https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2019/01/25/venezuelas-interim-president-urges-military-defect-amid-promise/.

This article focuses on the interim president’s strategies to re-instate Venezuela’s democracy. According to the article, Juan Guaido is focusing on taking control of the military as a way to take over from Maduro who has led to the destabilization of the country through his unproductive and authoritarian rule. The article focuses on Guaido’s ideologies of restoring democracy.

This article is important for the essay in addressing some of the promises the interim president is offering to the people of Venezuela. It will also be important in assessing whether he is a better candidate than the sitting president. The article will provide information to determine whether Guaido is the right person for Venezuela.

Brading, Ryan. Populism In Venezuela. Routledge, 2013.

This book analyses the origins of the populist ideologies in the leadership of Venezuela. It goes down history lane to analyses how Venezuela’s leaders have since risen to power in dubious and bloody means in the past. It also focuses on the humanitarian crisis that results from the poor leadership in the country for a long time. The poor economy despite being one of the largest producers of oil and the division of people.

This book will be important in relating the past events from what is happening currently in Venezuela. It will assist in observing the pattern of leadership in the country while relating it to Maduro’s leadership.

Buxton, Julia. “Situation Normal In Venezuela: All Fouled Up”. NACLA Report On The Americas, vol 49, no. 1, 2017, pp. 3-6. Informa UK Limited, doi:10.1080/10714839.2017.1298235.

This article assesses the damage and the ripple effect that Hugo Chavez’s regime caused in Venezuela. It focuses on aspects of Maduro’s regime that are relatable to Chavez’s. The article identifies common characteristics between Chavez’s regime and his successors Nicolas Maduro such as the poor economy, intense corruption, and humanitarian crisis that is plaguing the nation. The article seeks to portray a dysfunctional nation which needs to be rescued from the hands of Nicolas Maduro and his cronies.

This article will be significant in assessing the challenges that the Venezuelans are going through under the Maduro’s presidency. It also demonstrates the need for a new leadership in the country.

Carney, Molly. “Balancing Regulation And Rights In Venezuela’s Media War Molly Carney”. Loyola Of Los Angeles International And Comparative Law Review, vol 35, 2013, pp. 273-312., Accessed 9 Mar 2019.

This article tries to find a solution between the Venezuelan government and its media. The author calls for a balance in the rights for free press. The Venezuelan government has been in constant conflict with its media for a long time. This has seen violence being effected against the media. The article argues that there should be a balance between a reasonable regulations of media and rights protection to avoid conflicts and biases.

This article will be essential for the essay in assessing some of the possible solutions for the conflict between the Venezuelan government and its media. The media is an important tool in any country, therefore, when there is a harmonious co-existence, then this means that there will be objective presentation of information.

Jones, Sam, and Patrick Wintour. “EU Countries Recognise Juan Guaidó As Interim Venezuelan Leader”. The Guardian, 2019, https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/feb/04/juan-guaido-interim-venezuela-leader-europe.

This article focuses on the disputed leadership of Venezuela and how the international community is weighing on to the same. It demonstrates reasons why the European Union is supporting the leadership of Juan Guaido as the interim president of the country rather than Nicolas Maduro. The European Union reached to the decision after Nicolas Maduro failed to call for an election. The main purpose for the European Union for supporting Guaido is to promote democracy in the country.

This article is important in demonstrating the importance of a new leadership in the region. Democracy is at stake in Venezuela is at the verge of authoritarian leadership under Nicolas Maduro. Therefore, this article will provide essential information for the support of Venezuela’s new leadership.

Smilde, David. “Can A Revived Opposition Stop Venezuela’s Authoritarian Slide?”. World Political Review, 2017, pp. 1-4., Accessed 9 Mar 2019.

This newspaper article demonstrate the impacts of the leadership dispute in Venezuela. It focuses on the human rights violations that has resulted in the killing of many people demonstrating for their rights. The author suggests that the opposition may be the best solution to the country’s problems, especially its democracy. He argues that Venezuela is on the verge of sliding into authoritarian regime.

This article is important in demonstrating the need for Juan Guaido to take over the leadership of Venezuela as a way to save it from plunging into authoritarian leadership. It gives reasons why there is the need for a change in leadership as the only way of ending the current humanitarian crisis which has seen tens of people dead.

 

 

Work Cited

Alexander, Harriet, and Cody Weddle. “Venezuela’s ‘Interim President’ Urges Military To Defect Amid Promise Of Possible Amnesty For Nicolas Maduro”. The Telegraph, 2019, https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2019/01/25/venezuelas-interim-president-urges-military-defect-amid-promise/.

Brading, Ryan. Populism In Venezuela. Routledge, 2013.

Buxton, Julia. “Situation Normal In Venezuela: All Fouled Up”. NACLA Report On The Americas, vol 49, no. 1, 2017, pp. 3-6. Informa UK Limited, doi:10.1080/10714839.2017.1298235.

Carney, Molly. “Balancing Regulation And Rights In Venezuela’S Media War Molly Carney”. Loyola Of Los Angeles International And Comparative Law Review, vol 35, 2013, pp. 273-312., Accessed 9 Mar 2019.

Jones, Sam, and Patrick Wintour. “EU Countries Recognise Juan Guaidó As Interim Venezuelan Leader”. The Guardian, 2019, https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/feb/04/juan-guaido-interim-venezuela-leader-europe.

Smilde, David. “Can A Revived Opposition Stop Venezuela’S Authoritarian Slide?”. World Political Review, 2017, pp. 1-4., Accessed 9 Mar 2019.

Annotated Bibliography – Ashley Fernandez – Group 20

Accepted, Good sources, good annotations, well-done. I am not going to deduct points for that. Write a good essay for me!

 

(I have not received my approved thesis. I had to revise it twice and I understand that I may lose 5 points for not adding it to the top of my annotated bibliography.)

1. DAntonio, Michael, and Michael DAntonio. The Truth about Trump. Thomas Dunne Books, St. Martins Griffin, 2016.

After reading specific excerpts of “The Truth About Trump”, I have concluded that the most to take away is that Michael Cohen is truly the “fixer” – or was – for President Trump. In a conversation between the author, Michael DAntonio, and Mr. Cohen, I learned how vicious and desperate Cohen was to stop any sort of secrets, about Trump, from leaking. Cohen had relentlessly fought for Trump to remain “pure” in the eyes of his nation until things went south. Now, Cohen is doing what he can to bring Trump down with him into the unavoidable jaws of justice.

2. Isikoff, Michael, and David Corn. The Russian Connection: the inside Story of How Vladimir Putin Attacked a U.S. Election and Shaped the Trump Presidency. Twelve, 2018.

The chapters in this book took me by surprise after reading the many things that Michael Cohen has actually done for a President who has done little for him. Cohen went on a trip to Russia with President Trump during the Presidential Elections and made agreements with Russian members of Congress in order to pull their support onto Trump. As if Cohen could not dig his grave any deeper, he made confidential project agreements with Felix Sater that would later on be one of the many producers of the Cohen plague for Donald Trump.

3. Brown, Pamela, et al. “Cohen Believed Trump Would Pardon Him, but Then Things Changed.” CNN, Cable News Network, 1 Dec. 2018, www.cnn.com/2018/11/30/politics/michael-cohen-pardon-expectation-donald-trump/index.html

This article goes on to prove that President Trump only protects the people who are the biggest threat to him. It seems as though Trump believes that Michael Cohen is not an issue to [his] Presidency at all. Cohen had believed that Trump would protect him during the many crime allegations against Cohen but [he] was wrong. This could have possibly been the moment that Cohen realized that his blindness of supporting Trump was only going to put him behind bars. That would not stop him from bringing Trump into the spotlight.

 

4. Collinson, Stephen. “Michael Cohen’s Shocking Picture of Trump’s Mob-like World.” CNN, Cable News Network, 28 Feb. 2019, www.cnn.com/2019/02/28/politics/donald-trump-michael-cohen-world/index.html

As the title suggests, Michael Cohen has painted a picture of what it is truly like to work for Trump for a decade or so. He claims he knows the President more than anyone else. Cohen even admits he was “blindly” following Trump, making it his biggest regret. Which must mean that Cohen is finally ready to break free from the chains, holding him down to illegitimacy and illegal activity. This article shows clear signs that Cohen refuses to go down without a fight against his own former employer.

 

5. Mangan, Dan, and Kevin Breuninger. “Senate Intelligence Chairman Richard Burr Blasts Ex-Trump Lawyer Michael Cohen for Missing Hearing.” CNBC, CNBC, 12 Feb. 2019, www.cnbc.com/2019/02/12/richard-burr-blasts-ex-trump-lawyer-michael-cohen-for-missing-hearing.html

Although there are endless stories of Michael Cohen doing his best to expose Trump for his crimes, there must be a mention of how he managed to come to this consensus with his lawyer. Cohen had a testimony scheduled during mid February but suddenly grew weary of medication for his shoulder injury. Seemed a bit too convenient but very well planned, on his part, to bring together all of the meticulous schemes that Trump has been up to since election.

6. McCoy, Kevin. “Here’s a Look at Michael Cohen’s Allegations about President Donald Trump.” USA Today, Gannett Satellite Information Network, 2 Dec. 2018, www.usatoday.com/story/news/2018/12/02/michael-cohen-allegations-appear-implicate-president-donald-trump-crimes/2182860002/

When questions arose about Michael Cohen’s true involvement in Trump’s Presidency, he did not seem to take a breath before admitting there were talks about a possible “Trump Tower” in Moscow, Russia. This news could be quite odd except for the multiple speculations of Russia’s involvement – specifically Putin – in Trump’s Presidential race. Cohen’s activities – under Trump’s approval – have only gone ahead and basically confirmed that Trump is nothing but a business man with a large amount of luck; luck that seems to be running out.