Fiorella Biagioni Mono challenge Final Essay

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Fiorella Biagioni

PID: 5879460

April 23 2019

Final Essay

The widespread parental panic in the United States over the “Momo challenge”- the recent culmination of over two years of unsubstantiated claims throughout the world that a viral game, featuring a spine-chilling photo of a “chicken lady”, disseminated via messaging platforms (WhatsApp, for example), was prompting children and teens to take their own lives- eerily exemplifies the power of both mainstream and social media to not only propagate beliefs about absurd trends, but to also generate fear among masses in the wake of those beliefs. The “Momo challenge” is by no means an out of the ordinary news phenomena; recent years have also seen the hysteria engendered by the “Tide pod challenge” and “snorting condoms challenge”- looking as far back as the 1930s, the “Alien Invasion” radio broadcast rattled audiences who believed they were listening to live coverage of a Martian invasion when, in reality, they were unwittingly tuning in to a dramatization of H.G. Welles’ novel, “War of the Worlds.” In order to understand the cause of such ludicrous hoaxes, it’s imperative to examine how and from where they originate and perpetuate mainstream news, social media influencers, celebrities, etc.

The psychology behind rumors presents intriguing insight that allows us to analyze how hoaxes, become so pervasive in society; Zubiaga et. al (2016) found that rumors that circulate on Twitter and are eventually proven false take much longer to reach that resolution than rumors that are proven true. Under the assumption that this research can be extrapolated beyond Twitter, an explanation for why the “Momo challenge” lasted as long as it did and made the impact it did presents itself: false rumors hold out longer than those that turn out to be substantiated. Zubiaga et. al (2016) elucidates this phenomenon as an inevitability due to the increased challenge that exists to prove something false rather than true: “providing counter-evidence that disproves a statement is indeed more challenging” (Zubiaga et. al, 2016). For example, what is easier, proving that bears exist, or proving that the mythical sasquatch is not real? Centuries of observation and study provide unequivocal evidence that, yes, bears do exist- however, proving that the sasquatch does not exist presents a greater challenge; there is no hard, tangible evidence to refute its existence, instead, an understanding of biological limitations and probability is required. Of course, the aforementioned case is a simplification of what really is a complex psychological abstraction, but it serves to straightforwardly explicate why false rumors are much harder to resolve than true ones.

The next factor to account for is media outlets themselves. Social media platforms such as Instagram, Twitter, and Snapchat deliver a markedly easy method to influence millions. Kim Kardashian, for example, propelled the story’s impact by imploring her followers (all 129 millions of them) to demand that YouTube remove any videos involving the creepy “chicken lady” purported as the cause for kids taking their lives. Kim Kardashian’s request transcends just her 129 million followers; when taken into consideration that Instagram posts can be shared, liked, commented on, etc., it becomes quite clear that social media has the capacity to spread the news (regardless of whether or not it is factual) exponentially. The mainstream media likely also played an integral role in expanding the hoax: unlike their children, parents are more likely to acquire their news from local or major news organizations, of which some also screened reports of the “Momo challenge”, urging parents to take caution.

Assessing how people came across, and subsequently believed, the hoax proves quite effortless when juxtaposed to understanding how we know what turned out to be true. The creepy “chicken lady” that took the internet by storm is, in fact, an artwork displayed in a gallery and created by artist Keisuke Aisawa called “Mother Bird.” Uncovering this truth takes research into the origin of the artwork to assess where made its first appearance; in this case, an Instagram account by the name of “j_s_ro…” The post features no connection to the “Momo challenge”, instead appearing as an indifferent display of an unusual work of art. We also know that the supposed challenge either didn’t circulate as pervasively as reports suggested or at the very least, did not result in masses of kids taking their own lives- there were no major reports of suicides as a consequence of the challenge.

Marshall McLuhan aptly said: “the medium is the message.” Essentially, a message’s meaning adopts the medium in which it was conveyed. From this standpoint, the reason the “Momo challenge” had its impact unravels further: the pictures and stories were exploded and disseminated by various platforms- some believed to be reliable, others not- in a fear-mongering fashion. More importantly, the facade was always shrouded in secrecy- themes of confusion and a lack of familiarity with facts about the challenge generated concern and fear, rather than a mindset to brush the message off as a hoax; the nature of the mediums by which the “Momo challenge” was conveyed inarguably played a major role in how the message was received and interpreted.

The broader scope of the impact of widely publicized, false stories goes beyond a bunch of unsettled parents and creeped-out kids- the real-world consequences are far less laughable. For one, although (fortunately) the “Momo challenge” does not appear to have resulted in any actual suicides, other supposed trends have had actual repercussions; during the “Tide pod challenge” craze, eight deaths were reported after people took note of the fad and decided to give it a shot. Although the rumors that countless people are partaking in a challenge may be false, that isn’t always enough to stop people from buying into the idea- potentially because it seems like something “cool”, or because of just flat-out morbid curiosity. Rumors, in general, even pose problems for business communities. Whether within a business- gossip among associates about an individual being racist, sexist, or on the verge of being fired- or spread by the media -false online stories about a faulty or mediocre product, unauthenticated rumors of a company’s future actions- the potential damage hoaxes and rumors can cause a business are nearly limitless (Dunn, Austin, & Allen, 2019).

Arguably the best method to avoid falling for future stories similar to the “Momo challenge” is simply to be aware that not only canfalsities make their way into the news, but also that they do, and likely more often than most people are aware of. It’s always a good idea to fact-check the news; doing so provides the opportunity to be informed beyond the buzzwords and headlines thrown at us in every direction by various media outlets, and allows us to more effectively communicate about real-world events- an excellent way to prevent the pervasion of “fake news.”

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

References:

  1. Dunn, Henry & F. Austin, Stephen & A. Allen, Charlotte. (2019). RUMORS, URBAN LEGENDS AND INTERNET HOAXES.

More adults have died from eating laundry pods than kids. (n.d.). Retrieved from https://www.nbcnews.com/business/consumer/laundry-pods-can-be-fatal-adults-dementia-n773366

Sakuma, A. (2019, March 03). The bogus “Momo challenge” internet hoax, explained. Retrieved from https://www.vox.com/2019/3/3/18248783/momo-challenge-hoax-explained

Zubiaga, A., Liakata, M., Procter, R., Hoi, G. W., & Tolmie, P. (2016). Analysing How People Orient to and Spread Rumours in Social Media by Looking at Conversational Threads. Plos One,11(3). doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0150989

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Erin Keenan: Final Essay (Team 18)

Hi Erin,

Nice work on your essay!  Good images and writing style. Overall a solid job on this assignment. I would have liked to have seen a bit more specifics incorporating class concepts in the paper, but truly well-done. 

 

As immigration becomes an intense topic in our country, the crisis at the United States and Mexican Border is more concerning than ever before. The mental and physical conditions of the immigrants who do not make it pass border control and are put into detention centers that are horrific. Specifically, the El Paso, Texas detention center is overflowing with internal health issues, secrecy and obvious neglect to the immigrant of which is causing deaths to many of these migrants.

Related image

 

The Mexican border crisis has been an American global issues for some time now. The events that take place before and after immigrants reach our free country is nothing new to our understanding. Their intent to make the dangerous journey to America could be for freedom, to get by committing crimes, or reasons we can not relate to. However, the bias we have when they are captured is what is reflecting in a negative light all over the media. How do we know this? News stories, books, interviews, and scholarly articles are all written in order to inform people about the Mexican border crisis.

Image result for the devil's highway

However what most people do not talk about, until recently, is what happens to the immigrants who barely survive the miles and miles they travel, but then are caught by border control. The media and higher officials portray most of these refuges as criminals, yet most should not be categorized to that social group. Most of these individuals have gone through extremely tough times in their home countries and they still make the dangerous journey to America. As time progresses we hear more and more about the deprivation of some of these brave individuals, some even write about their experiences or tell the media.  For example, Luis Alberto Urrea, author of The Devil’s Highway, wrote a true story based off a man’s journey through the Arizona desert in search for freedom. Through this story one learns about the detailed struggles this man went through with border patrol and legal Americans who hunt to take the law into their own hands. He wrote, “If it was Border Patrol’s job to apprehend lawbreakers, it was equally their duty to save the lost and the dying” (Urrea, 2011).  The experiences they go through are hard enough, but in addition, stories have lately come to our attention about when one is captured and put into a detention center. Specifically, one of the nine detention centers in the United States, The El Paso Service Processing Center, is the facility that has been in the news recently.

Thanks to George M. Anderson in his article “At the Mexican Border”, he touches upon the matters of who is in the detention center, where the detainees are from, and what they experience while being held there (Anderson, 1997).  It is hard to discuss the detail on how we know about the issues that go on inside because there is so much secrecy held within and around the detention center. The facility has kept lies and held secrets about the health conditions of the traveled individuals who are usually suffering from and illness or are experiencing starvation after their journey that was cut short. Even though they are illegal, action should be taken on the matter and these certain actions are not being taken into account in these detention centers. The neglect of their hygiene, health, and hunger, all take an incredible toll on the immigrants. In class we spoke about secrecy and how it is the intentional concealment that overlaps with the term privacy. There has even been recent deaths lately in the detention center. Before The Washington Post reported on the matter this passed December we would not have known about this terrible issue. The protection of the institutes name, thoughts, and actions of the center have all been shielded by secrecy. Carlos Holguin, general counsel for the Center for Human Rights & Constitutional Law, mentions in The Washington Post article that the government has an obligation to care for the immigrants and not let them die in federal custody. He states, “The longer the custody extends, the greater the government’s responsibility” (Holguin, 2018). Health-care professionals were contacted and reported that the Border Patrol’s El Paso sector will now order immediate medical assessment on all 700 children that it is holding. The two deaths in the past three months have shaken Border Patrol agents in the detention center and have started to  re-evaluate their actions on the immigrants that come into the center.

In addition to the tragic deaths, The Denver Channel 7 News reported two of the detainees even went on a hunger strike. The news article included the experience of a Texas Democratic Representative, Veronica Escobar. She mentioned that she toured the El Paso Processing Center and met with the men who decided to go on a hunger strike.  The article quotes her saying that she found the hunger strikers “deeply traumatized and frail” (7NEWS, 2019). The ends for these individuals are usually to be held there or in jails for most of their lives. However, most of them would rather die in these facilities then go back to their treacherous home countries.

Looking at the border crisis from a real world perspective, there are many controversial aspects about the topic and the series of issues that come with it. The El Paso Processing Center has held secrecy and lies throughout the past few years. If it wasn’t for the media and individuals speaking up the public would have never have known about the neglect the immigrants experience on a daily basis. When the media speaks or publishes about this issue, there are a few rhetorical appeals that come to mind. Viewers and readers have expressed their opinions on how they feel about the level morality the processing center and the laws of the country obtain. When people are thrown into the detention centers, most of the time families are split apart. In the past year, there have been activist who have protested on the grounds of the El Paso Processing Center. In an online article by Lauren Caruba, a former immigration paralegal spoke about why she was there to protest. Amber Ramirez stated that “she wanted to help the families be reunited and influence change to the country’s immigration policies (mySA, 2018). When one sees the photos and protest signs of the people affected in the El Paso center, there is an emotional appeal to the viewers. Immigration is a sensitive topic, however, when it comes to lies, secrecy, and essentially torture, one cannot help but feel saddened for these people. Fortunately, individuals who have been trying to have their voices be heard have additional protests of federal immigration policies currently being planned until they see a change.

<img src=”https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/HoeiXrBl2fBcGXq3JH-1GzxbTMCznfsKgnvRyhCEIXwwdgJp2PM-RfiDkZnvjg43Gs01xofVnvAMuJIMePX7dsfUERXsE9nq0TQcCAulAjpKVJ0kwSupnXFX9d_nmsCfcx4a1Psf&#8221; alt=”

More than 1,000 people march on an immigration center in El Paso. 

“/>

As a result of the media and people speaking up about the Mexican border and El Paso processing center, the citizens of the U.S. and beyond are now aware of the matter and now know about the secrecy behind closed doors. In recent years, the media has had received backlash on how they present and what information they present to the public. However, in this case, the event needed to be announced for the country to hear. With activist and modifications to the protocol in the center, hopefully there will be evident change and more liability given to the center’s leaders.

 

Bibliography

Anderson, George M. “At the Mexican Border.” America, vol. 176, no. 15, May 1997, pp. 3–4. EBSCOhost, ezproxy.fiu.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=9705305892&site=ehost-live&scope=site.

Borunda, Daniel. “U.S. Immigration Policy That Separates Immigrant Children Angers Border, El Paso.” El Paso Times, El Paso Times, 6 June 2018, www.elpasotimes.com/story/news/immigration/2018/06/06/trump-immigration-policy-separating-immigrant-children-outrage-border-el-paso/662154002/.

By: The Associated Press. “ICE Halts Force-Feeding of Immigrant Detainees in Texas.” 7NEWS, 16 Feb. 2019, www.thedenverchannel.com/news/u-s-world/ice-halts-force-feeding-of-immigrant-detainees-in-texas.

“El Paso Pediatrician Discusses Medical Needs Of Migrant Children In Detention Centers.” NPR, NPR, 11 Jan. 2019, www.npr.org/2019/01/11/684610264/el-paso-pediatrician-discusses-medical-needs-of-migrant-children-in-detention-ce.

Infante, César, et al. “Violence Committed Against Migrants in Transit: Experiences on the Northern Mexican Border.” Journal of Immigrant & Minority Health, vol. 14, no. 3, June 2012, pp. 449–459. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1007/s10903-011-9489-y.

Sacchetti, M., & Moore, R. (2018, December 26). After 2nd child dies in U.S. custody, Nielsen expands medical screenings, will head to border. Retrieved from https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/immigration/2018/12/26/e7b262d4-0926-11e9-85b6-41c0fe0c5b8f_story.html?utm_term=.6d85b7b47ffa

Urrea, Luis Alberto. Adult Book Club Kit for Luis Alberto Urrea’s The Devil’s Highway. Fayetteville Public Library, 2011.

 

Erin Keenan: Final Essay Draft (Team 18)

Good job Erin, good details and images.  I ‘d like to see you integrate one or more of the class concepts into your essay. You mention the word ‘secrecy’ but then there is no follow-up with that.  See if you could look at the rhetorical triangle as well and utilize that too. All in all, fine work!

 

As immigration becomes an intense topic in our country, the crisis at the United States and Mexican Border is more concerning than ever before. The mental and physical conditions of the immigrants who do not make it pass border control and are put into detention centers that are horrific. Specifically, the El Paso, Texas detention center is overflowing with internal health issues, secrecy and obvious neglect to the immigrant of which is causing deaths to many of these migrants.

Related image

 

The Mexican border crisis has been an American global issues for some time now. The events that take place before and after immigrants reach our free country is nothing new to our understanding. Their intent to make the dangerous journey to America could be for freedom, to get by committing crimes, or reasons we can not relate to. However, the bias we have when they are captured is what is reflecting in a negative light all over the media. How do we know this? News stories, books, interviews, and scholarly articles are all written in order to inform people about the Mexican border crisis.

Image result for the devil's highway

However what most people do not talk about, until recently, is what happens to the immigrants who barely survive the miles and miles they travel, but then are caught by border control. The media and higher officials portray most of these refuges as criminals, yet most should not be categorized to that social group. Most of these individuals have gone through extremely tough times in their home countries and they still make the dangerous journey to America. As time progresses we hear more and more about the deprivation of some of these brave individuals, some even write about their experiences or tell the media.  For example, Luis Alberto Urrea, author of The Devil’s Highway, wrote a true story based off a man’s journey through the Arizona desert in search for freedom. Through this story one learns about the detailed struggles this man went through with border patrol and legal Americans who hunt to take the law into their own hands. He wrote, “If it was Border Patrol’s job to apprehend lawbreakers, it was equally their duty to save the lost and the dying” (Urrea, 2011).  The experiences they go through are hard enough, but in addition, stories have lately come to our attention about when one is captured and put into a detention center. Specifically, one of the nine detention centers in the United States, The El Paso Service Processing Center, is the facility that has been in the news recently.

Thanks to George M. Anderson in his article “At the Mexican Border”, he touches upon the matters of who is in the detention center, where the detainees are from, and what they experience while being held there (Anderson, 1997).  It is hard to discuss the detail on how we know about the issues that go on inside because there is so much secrecy held within and around the detention center, The facility has kept lies about the health conditions of the traveled individuals who are usually suffering from and illness or are experiencing starvation after their journey that was cut short. Even though they are illegal, action should be taken on the matter and these certain actions are not being taken into account in these detention centers. The neglect of their hygiene, health, and hunger, all take an incredible toll on the immigrants. There has even been recent deaths lately. The Washington Post reported on the matter this passed December. Carlos Holguin, general counsel for the Center for Human Rights & Constitutional Law, mentions in the article that the government has an obligation to care for the immigrants and not let them die in federal custody. He states, “The longer the custody extends, the greater the government’s responsibility” (Holguin, 2018). Health-care professionals were contacted and reported that the Border Patrol’s El Paso sector will now order immediate medical assessment on all 700 children that it is holding. The two deaths in the past three months have shaken Border Patrol agents in the detention center and have started to  re-evaluate their actions on the immigrants that come into the center.

In addition to the tragic deaths, The Denver Channel 7 News reported two of the detainees even went on a hunger strike. The news article included the experience of a Texas Democratic Representative, Veronica Escobar. She mentioned that she toured the El Paso Processing Center and met with the men who decided to go on a hunger strike.  The article quotes her saying that she found the hunger strikers “deeply traumatized and frail” (7NEWS, 2019). The ends for these individuals are usually to be held there or in jails for most of their lives. However, most of them would rather die in these facilities then go back to their treacherous home countries.

Looking at the border crisis from a real world perspective, there are many controversial aspects about the topic and the series of issues that come with it. The El Paso Processing Center has held secrecy and lies throughout the past few years. If it wasn’t for the media and individuals speaking up the public would have never have known about the neglect the immigrants experience on a daily basis. When the media speaks or publishes about this issue, there are a few rhetorical appeals that come to mind. Viewers and readers have expressed their opinions on how they feel about the level morality the processing center and the laws of the country obtain. When people are thrown into the detention centers, most of the time families are split apart. In the past year, there have been activist who have protested on the grounds of the El Paso Processing Center. In an online article by Lauren Caruba, a former immigration paralegal spoke about why she was there to protest. Amber Ramirez stated that “she wanted to help the families be reunited and influence change to the country’s immigration policies (mySA, 2018). Individuals who have been trying to have their voices be heard have additional protests of federal immigration policies currently being planned until they see a change.

<img src=”https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/HoeiXrBl2fBcGXq3JH-1GzxbTMCznfsKgnvRyhCEIXwwdgJp2PM-RfiDkZnvjg43Gs01xofVnvAMuJIMePX7dsfUERXsE9nq0TQcCAulAjpKVJ0kwSupnXFX9d_nmsCfcx4a1Psf&#8221; alt=”

More than 1,000 people march on an immigration center in El Paso. 

“/>

As a result of the media and people speaking up about the Mexican border and El Paso processing center, the citizens of the U.S. and beyond are now aware of the matter and now know about the secrecy behind closed doors. In recent years, the media has had received backlash on how they present and what information they present to the public. However, in this case, the event needed to be announced for the country to hear. With activist and modifications to the protocol in the center, hopefully there will be evident change and more liability given to the center’s leaders.

 

 

Bibliography:

Anderson, George M. “At the Mexican Border.” America, vol. 176, no. 15, May 1997, pp. 3–4. EBSCOhost, ezproxy.fiu.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=9705305892&site=ehost-live&scope=site.

Borunda, Daniel. “U.S. Immigration Policy That Separates Immigrant Children Angers Border, El Paso.” El Paso Times, El Paso Times, 6 June 2018, www.elpasotimes.com/story/news/immigration/2018/06/06/trump-immigration-policy-separating-immigrant-children-outrage-border-el-paso/662154002/.

By: The Associated Press. “ICE Halts Force-Feeding of Immigrant Detainees in Texas.” 7NEWS, 16 Feb. 2019, www.thedenverchannel.com/news/u-s-world/ice-halts-force-feeding-of-immigrant-detainees-in-texas.

“El Paso Pediatrician Discusses Medical Needs Of Migrant Children In Detention Centers.” NPR, NPR, 11 Jan. 2019, www.npr.org/2019/01/11/684610264/el-paso-pediatrician-discusses-medical-needs-of-migrant-children-in-detention-ce.

Infante, César, et al. “Violence Committed Against Migrants in Transit: Experiences on the Northern Mexican Border.” Journal of Immigrant & Minority Health, vol. 14, no. 3, June 2012, pp. 449–459. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1007/s10903-011-9489-y.

Sacchetti, M., & Moore, R. (2018, December 26). After 2nd child dies in U.S. custody, Nielsen expands medical screenings, will head to border. Retrieved from https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/immigration/2018/12/26/e7b262d4-0926-11e9-85b6-41c0fe0c5b8f_story.html?utm_term=.6d85b7b47ffa

Urrea, Luis Alberto. Adult Book Club Kit for Luis Alberto Urrea’s The Devil’s Highway. Fayetteville Public Library, 2011.

Florida Man Makes Gatorade By Harvesting Gator’s Blood.

Fiorella Biagioni (Editor) , Emily Morales (Editor), Atiya Pitaktrakul (Editor), Kora Ferjuste (Editor), Erin Keenan (Editor)

Former Walmart Supervisor, Boone McClain (45 years old) was taken into custody early Sunday morning by Collier County officials; neighbors complained of a foul smell coming from his property and later notified the authorities.

For the past few months, police have been tracking down the sudden disappearances of gators from the Big Cypress National Preserve. Collier County is known for its thriving gator population due to its ideal swamp like climate leading to a vast migration during their mating season. Annually, the gator population is roughly around five-thousand, however, records have shown that the gator population has decimated immensely. More than half of the population has mysteriously vanished over the past year leaving environmentalist concerned. Dr. Aaron Kubota stated, “We’ve never seen such a drastic decrease in Collier County, once we started noticing we decided to take action and began tracking the gators that reside in the area.” Big Cypress National Preserve began to insert tracking devices in the gators that were remaining in the area over the last six months. Kubota and his colleagues began noticing a population of gators that were tracked near the home of Boone McClain and contacted local police, coincidentally, police stated that neighbors of McClain complained of foul smells coming from his property. Police were able to obtain a search warrant which later led to the discovery of mutilated carcass in McClain’s residence. McClain fled on foot, running into the woods of his backyard until police were able to corner him about 2 miles away from his home and proceeded to arrest him. Testimonies later revealed that McClain, who according to his neighbors was also a local hunter, had been harvesting gators for their blood. McClain believed that the popular company “Gatorade” contained the blood of Florida Alligators. McClain believed that if he created a new sports drink using their blood, he’d be able to create his own successful sports drink.

Over the past year, McClain has reportedly had obtained over five hundred gators. “On Saturday at approximately 3:15 pm, the Collier County Police Department entered  Boone McClain’s home. During the search, we recovered the bodies of approximately 40 Alligators. The animals were hung and nailed by their tails with incisions on their necks with a tub connected to their carotid artery resulting in the slow exsanguination of the Gators” stated the head of the Collier County Police Department, Sheriff John Manneta.

McCain’s neighbor, Samantha Evans was the first in the community to sense something was wrong. She informed law enforcement and stated “ there was always this pungent smell coming from his backyard. I didn’t think it was anything serious because I knew he was a hunter, but the smell began to become unbearable. That’s when I knew something wasn’t right and notified the police.”

“Mr. McClain showed signs of psychopathic tendencies that could be due to a psychotic break that would of lead him to carry out these crimes. We ran several tests on Mr. McClain and found no evidence of drug use, which allowed us to conquer that he is suffering from some type of mental disorder,” Dr. Richard James of Saint Joseph Psychiatric Hospital wrote in his 38-page report, released this week by Collier County State Attorney’s Office.

As of Thursday, McClain is still awaiting trial which is set to take place on April 20th.

Reflection:

As a team, we decided to choose the “Florida Man” social media trend as a topic for our fake news article. Recently, a trending challenge on social media for people to look up “Florida man” and type in their own birthday. People were eager to see what would appear on their screen and we figured to stay within this popular trend. Throughout the article, we use the rhetorical appeal of ethos when including quotes from the doctor, sheriff, and neighbor of Boone McClain to make the readers feel that the information provided is reliable. In addition, we used the emotional appeal of pathos when describing the steps McClain conducted to drain the blood of the gators using words such as “mutilated”, “…tails nailed.” Our intended audience is the locals in the state of Florida. This article informs Floridians about an intense crime that was occurring in their home state.

 

This post was terrific! ….And so Florida if you know what I mean.  Excellent images, great reflective paragraph, overall well-done and an enjoyable read!!!

“Exsanguination”  now there’s a word I haven’t seen in a long while!

 

Erin Keenan: Annotated Bibliography (Team #18)

Hi Erin,

Excellent! Good sources and good annotations!

 

Erin Keenan

HWKWWK: Thesis and Annotated Bibliography

IDS 3309

 

Thesis:

As immigration becomes an intense topic in our country, the crisis of the Mexican Border is more concerning than ever before. The mental and physical conditions of the immigrants who do not make it passed border control and are put into detention centers are horrific. Specifically, the El Paso, Texas detention center is overflowing with internal health issues, secrecy, and obvious neglection which is causing deaths to many of these migrant travelers.

 

Annotated Bibliography:

1.Book

Urrea, Luis Alberto. Adult Book Club Kit for Luis Alberto Urrea’s The Devil’s Highway. Fayetteville Public Library, 2011.

  • This book is a true story based off a 26 year old man’s journey across the Mexican Border through the Arizona desert known to migrant travelers as The Devil’s HIghway. He travels with a group of people. Twelve succeed reaching the other side and the other fourteen become victims to the U.S. Border Patrol, Mexican Federales, and American Citizens who take the law of immigration into their own hands. The book sets the scene of what it is like to be a migrant traveler and the extreme hardships they take on to reach freedom.

2. Journal Article in a Scholarly Journal

Infante, César, et al. “Violence Committed Against Migrants in Transit: Experiences on the Northern Mexican Border.” Journal of Immigrant & Minority Health, vol. 14, no. 3, June 2012, pp. 449–459. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1007/s10903-011-9489-y.

  • Migrants who are in transit to the United States are known to be vulnerable due to their lack of access to health care and legal assistance. In this scholarly article, a study backed up by charts, shows evidence on the violent related consequences that migrants experience during their journey. It talks about arbitrary detention centers, verbal abuse, death threats, and other types of violent experiences.

3. Article In A Popular Or Trade Magazine

Anderson, George M. “At the Mexican Border.” America, vol. 176, no. 15, May 1997, pp. 3–4. EBSCOhost, ezproxy.fiu.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=9705305892&site=ehost-live&scope=site.

  • This article specifically talks about the El Paso Service Processing Center. This is one of the nine detention centers that are in the United States. Touches upon the matters of who is in the detention center, where the detainees are from, and what they do while there.

 

4.  Newspaper Article Published In The Country Of The Topic (Online Newspaper)

Borunda, Daniel. “U.S. Immigration Policy That Separates Immigrant Children Angers Border, El Paso.” El Paso Times, El Paso Times, 6 June 2018, www.elpasotimes.com/story/news/immigration/2018/06/06/trump-immigration-policy-separating-immigrant-children-outrage-border-el-paso/662154002/.

  • Currently, immigration laws are under the global microscope. President Donald Trump hard stance on immigration is a difficult escalation that is affecting many people. Therefore, immigrants are advocating due to the separation of children and families.

5. A Good Website

By: The Associated Press. “ICE Halts Force-Feeding of Immigrant Detainees in Texas.” 7NEWS, 16 Feb. 2019, www.thedenverchannel.com/news/u-s-world/ice-halts-force-feeding-of-immigrant-detainees-in-texas.

  • I chose this website and article to touch upon the secrecy that surround the immigration detention center. In this article, it states the matter of the center stopping to force feed detainees that went on a hunger strike. Statements are made by the ICE and the detainees themselves.

 

6. One Good Source Of My Choice

“El Paso Pediatrician Discusses Medical Needs Of Migrant Children In Detention Centers.” NPR, NPR, 11 Jan. 2019, www.npr.org/2019/01/11/684610264/el-paso-pediatrician-discusses-medical-needs-of-migrant-children-in-detention-ce.

  • Interview with an El Paso pediatrician discussing the medical needs of migrant children in detention centers. Concerns remain that migrants, especially children remain at risk in this U.S. detention center based off of obvious health related red flags.

Annotated Bibliography: Kora Ferjuste

Very good work Kora!!!

 

Thesis: Worldwide technologies inform the world on France’s Yellow Jacket protest arguing that the rise on fuel prices is unethical, demonstrates inequality, and amplifies the anti-elite issues in the country.

1.This source is a book from FIU Library Catalog.

“CIA: The World Factbook: France.” CIA World Fact Book, Jan. 2011, pp. 232–237. EBSCOhost, http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=74443571&site=ehost-live&scope=site.

This source is a few pages out of a CIA world book. This source was chosen due to its multiple facts about France. For example, this book speaks on the amount of fuel naturally produced in France versus the amount of fuel consumed by France. This is importance for the final essay because the Yellow Jacket protest is due to the rise of gas prices which connects to the fact that more fuel is being consumed versus produced.

2. This source is a scholarly article from FIU Library Catalog.

STOICIU, GABRIEL. “Occupy the Cyberspace. The Sophistication of Protest Movements through Virtual Communities’ Effort.” Annuaire Roumain d’Anthropologie, vol. 52, Jan. 2015, pp. 89–97. EBSCOhost, http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=116901390&site=ehost-live&scope=site.

This source is an academic article by Gabriel Stoiciu. In this source, Stoiciu conducts a study between technology and its connection with the young generation and protesting and meeting grounds. This source is important for the final paper because it displays the relationship between how technology is one of the reasons of how we know what we know. Social media also plays a key importance in making protesting more aware and effective which intertwines within this essay.

3. This source is a NY Times article from Florida Electronic Library derived out of the FIU Library Catalog.

Nossiter, Adam. “Protests in France Draw Tear Gas from Police.” New York Times, 25 Nov. 2018, p. A4(L). General Reference Center GOLD, http://link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/A563244160/GRGM?u=miam11506&sid=GRGM&xid=14f4b23d. Accessed 9 Mar. 2019.

This source comes from the famous NY Times. In this source, it speaks of the beginning of the Yellow Jacket protest that erupted in France. It also goes into further depth of why and what the Yellow Jacket protest is and who it is mainly effecting. This source also speaks on the fact that this protest began and was organized on the internet, connecting the topic to media.

4. This source is from a France newspaper called Le Monde diplomatique.

Descamps, Philippe. “Yellow Vests for Climate Justice.” Le Monde Diplomatique, 1 Feb. 2019, mondediplo.com/2019/02/03gilets-jaunes-climate.

This source comes directly out of a France newspaper. This article was chosen because it speaks more of an up to date effect of the protest. It also speaks on the growth of the amount of protesters and a further, deeper, reasons that come out of the protesting. This source is important to the essay because it is an electric form of media from another country informing US citizens that happens across the world. It also connects to the idea of how we know what we know.

5. This source is a new article from GCC News | Aljazeera apart of the Qatari government.

Diallo, Rokhaya. “Why Are the ‘Yellow Vests’ Protesting in France?” GCC News | Al Jazeera, Al Jazeera, 10 Dec. 2018, www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/yellow-vests-protesting-france-181206083636240.html.

This source is an article that comes from an international new network. This source was chosen because of its information regarding the Yellow Jacket protesting. It also is beneficial to the essay as being an outside source out of the US that speaks on international news. Its displaying the connection of media and how we as citizens chose and get our news.

6. This source is an article from France24, is an international new channel who headquarters are in Paris, France.

“Numbers down for France’s ‘Yellow Vest’ Protests.” France 24, France 24, 9 Mar. 2019, www.france24.com/en/20190309-numbers-down-frances-yellow-vest-protests.

This final source come from a 24/7 news room in Paris, France with constant up to date news relating to the country. This source was chosen because as of today, March 9,2019, it is the most current information regarding the Yellow Jacket protesting. This is important to the essay in information the strength of the protest and the overall duration of the protesting. This is also important to the essay as another form of media. France24 is a new channel versus all the newspaper articles that are shown above, thus, being different way of how we know and learn things from media.

Individual Assignment 4: Atiya Pitaktrakul, Team 18

Hi Atiya, Good sources, good annotations, well-done!

 

Final Essay Thesis: The Yellow Vest Protesters were painted by the media as a group of enraged and threatening French citizens. News outlets sensationalized the protest using the media to depict the effect of these protestors as participants in a disorderly and chaotic warzone. Despite the negative message painted by the media, a call to action was recognized through the use of social media and used to reach out to a broader audience resulting in inspiration for other movements globally.

1.) Book Source: CIA: The World Factbook: France (used Advanced Search Complete from FIU’s Library Data Base)

“CIA: The World Factbook: France.” CIA World Fact Book, vol. 52, Jan. 2014, pp. 262–267. EBSCOhost, http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=110394224&site=ehost-live&scope=site.

This book includes a map of France with major cities. The book also includes facts like the types of people and society, as well as the type of government, and international disputes that have taken place in France.

2.) Journal Article: World Politics Review (used Advanced Search Complete from FIU’s Library Data Base)

Grunstein, Judah. “The Yellow Vests Have France’s Attention, but What Exactly Are They Saying?”World PoliticsReview (Selective Content), Dec. 2018, pp. 1–4. EBSCOhost, http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=133461520&site=ehost-live&scope=site.

  This article talks about the Yellow Vest movement in Paris, France and mentions important triggers to the movement like French President Emmanuel Macron decision to suspend his planned fuel tax hike. The article also touched on how social media helped develop this movement and with the mass amount of people involved online, it was hard to pinpoint who comprised the event to begin with. The article also talks about how many people went about reporting on the supporters of this movement.

3.) Magazine: Times Magazine (used Advanced Search Complete from FIU’s Library Data Base)

Petrequin, Samuel. “French Government Suspends Tax Hikes in Bid to Quell Violent ‘Yellow Vest’ Protests.” Time.Com, Dec. 2018, p. N.PAG. EBSCOhost, http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=133392731&site=ehost-live&scope=site.

This article includes views from French Government as well as protestors take on the Yellow Vest movement. Times interviews the prime minister of France as well as a protest leader to on their take on the movement. The article also updates the reader on damages as well as deaths that had taken place since the start of the movement.

4.) Article from country of origin: France 24 (taken from France 24 news website)

“France’s ‘Yellow Vests’: How Facebook Fuels the Fight.” France 24, France 24, 5 Dec. 2018, http://www.france24.com/en/20181204-france-yellow-vests-facebook-macron-fuel-tax-mouraud-protests-social-media.

France 24 is a global news network based in Paris, France. This online article talks about how the people of France used Facebook as a big starting point of bringing the movement together. The article also interviews supporters of the movement and their opinion on how Facebook has influenced the movement itself.

5.) A good website: The New York Times (taken from The New York Times website)

Peltier, Elian. “Use of Force in France’s ‘Yellow Vest’ Protests Fuels Anger.” The New York Times, The New York Times, 28 Jan. 2019, http://www.nytimes.com/2019/01/28/world/europe/france-yellow-vests-police.html.

This article depicts the protest as a group of angry civilians of France that resort to a more violent protest than peaceful. This article also includes photos of the violent results of the protest particularly utilizing pathos to invoke the emotions of fear within the readers of the article.

6.) My choice of source: The Local fr (taken from the Local fr news website)

“’They Tell Nothing but Lies’: France’s ‘Yellow Vests’ Reveal Their Hatred of the Media.” The Local, The Local, 13 Jan. 2019, http://www.thelocal.fr/20190113/nothing-but-lies-yellow-vests-reveal-why-they-dont-believe-the-media.

This online article talks about how many protestors of the Yellow Vest movement feel about how the media portrays them. This article also how the protestors treat journalist who they come across including pictures and videos of instances where the protestors have turned violent. Most importantly, this article includes testimonies from protestors and their accounts with the media’s coverage of the movement itself as well as the protestors involved and the type of image they paint them to be.