Thesis Statement

Accepted Sergeline.

Sergeline Bobo

Group 12

In 2018, more than 34,000 migrants and refugees have crossed the Mediterranean Sea seeking a new life. Organizations are finding ways to help the ongoing migrant crisis.



Annotated Bibliography

Hi Cesar,

Well-done, good choice of sources and annotations.

Cesar Perez-Erminy Team 12

Thesis: The fear of a new Ebola epidemic in the Democratic Republic of Congo has sparked new concern for WHO.

  1. Richards, Paul. Ebola: How a People’s Science Helped End an Epidemic. Zed Books, 2016.
    • Paul Richards takes an in-depth look at the Ebola epidemic that broke out in December 2013. He also talks about the virus itself and the symptoms one feels. It also talks about what happened before the epidemic with the largest known outbreak in Uganda. It also speaks about the burial techniques used for the bodies infected.
  2. Espeland, Eric M., et al. “Safeguarding against Ebola: Vaccines and Therapeutics to Be Stockpiled for Future Outbreaks.” PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases, vol. 12, no. 4, 2018. Academic Search Complete [EBSCO], FIU Libaries, doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0006275.
    • This journal talks about the many vaccines and therapeutics used to cure Ebola. It talks about the prior vaccines and what they do and how they do it. It also talks about the lead organizations the pushed the vaccine during the outbreak. Finally, it speaks on the new outbreak in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
  3. Abrams, Abigail. “Ebola In the Democratic Republic of Congo.” Time, pp. 16–16. Academic Search Complete [EBSCO].
    • Though the article is small it Abrams talks about how the International response to the Ebola crisis is expected to grow. It also says the the outbreak can be controlled if the international community stays on top of it. Finally it states that 26 are confirmed dead even after it was declared gone 10 months ago.
  4. Press, The Associated. “Congo Begins Ebola Vaccinations Around Outbreak Area.” The New York Times, The New York Times, 28 May 2018,
    • The article talks about how Congo is taking measures to stop the spread of Ebola. More than 360 people have been vaccinated now that more then 1000 people have come in contacted with the virus. It also talks about how the virus got to humans and how it is transmitted. It also states that it is deadly in 90 percent of its cases.
  5. McKirdy, Euan. “WHO Raises Ebola Health Risk to ‘Very High’ in DRC.” CNN, Cable News Network, 23 May 2018,
    • McKirdy talks about how over the past two years, West Africa has experienced 28,616 cases. With 11,310 deaths the WHO is very concerned with this new outbreak, and is worried it will continue to spread. This article contradicts what the other article says by saying that those who come in contact with the virus have a 50% survival rate.
  6.  “Ebola (Ebola Virus Disease).” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 15 May 2018,
    • This website is really good because it has all the information needed on the virus. This will help me talk about how worried we should be about the new outbreak and if it has the possibility to reach the United States. It tells you about symptoms, outbreaks, diagnosis, and even prevention. This could help me get a better perspective on the virus.

Annotated Bibliography

Hi Sergeline,

Very well-done!  I look forward to reading your essay.  Good choice of sources. Annotation also very good.

Sergeline Bobo

Group 12

More than 34,000 migrants and refugees have crossed the Mediterranean Sea seeking a new life. Countries, Organizations, activists, and scholars are finding ways to help the ongoing migrant crisis.

1). Mihelj, Sabina. “Negotiating European Identity at the Periphery: Media Coverage of Bosnian Refugees and ‘Illegal Migration’.” Changing Media, Changing Europe, vol. 1, Jan. 2004, pp. 165-189

This book explains the media coverage of Bosnian refugees and illegal migration.  Europe found itself in its entry into the last decade of the 20th century; Factor indicative of the presence of a growing number of refugees after the outbreak of the war in Bosnia. The refugees were countless individuals, driven by poverty and oppressive political regimes and decided to search for a better life in the West.


This book is useful for the final paper because it explains the reason why some of the refugees decided to leave their country. Some of the refugees left their country because of the war in Bosnia which is a country in the Balkans. Some refugees left because of the way they were living.

2). Musarò, Pierluigi. “Mare Nostrum: The Visual Politics of a Military-Humanitarian Operation in the Mediterranean Sea.” Media, Culture & Society, vol. 39, no. 1, Jan. 2017, pp.

Since the early 1990s, the ‘migration crisis’ has been high on Europe’s agenda and the main cause of concern for European citizens. In recent years, numerous activists and scholars have publicly announced how the militarization of migration and border controls has been explicitly bound with notions of humanitarianism. As such, the current focus on both the security and humanitarian sides of the problem which supports a more complex logic of threat that allows for a security-humanitarian response.

This article examines the narratives produced by the Italian Navy during the operation, and how these invite us to witness them. It focuses on ‘war imaginary’ and ‘emergency imaginary’, this article investigates how photographs and videos produced by Italian soldiers have contributed to represent the Mediterranean as a humanitarian battlefield.

3). Stuck on shore; Mediterranean migrants.” The Economist, 9 Sept. 2017, p. 45(US). Academic OneFile

Over the past three summers, tens of thousands of migrants piled into boats to make the dangerous journey across the Mediterranean. Allot of the migrants are crossing the sea to reach Italy.  Two military officers in the western city of Sabratha stated that Italy offered them money and equipment to stop migrant boats from setting sail. The arrival of so many migrants has created a political crisis over a period of days, rescue boats pulled 12,000 people out of the water. Some mayors in Italy have refused to accept new arrivals which are causing their more welcoming colleagues to be punished at the polls. Algeria which is a country in north Africa negotiated a peace deal between two warring groups in the region. In exchange for money, they made an agreement to stop fighting and work to close the borders.

This article will be useful for the final paper because it shows how Italy is trying to solve this crisis of migrants pilling into boats and making a dangerous journey across the Mediterranean Sea. Italy believes by them paying the military soldiers in other countries and making agreements with countries to stop fighting and focus on migrants will stop the migrants from crossing.

4). Bulman, May. “More than 120 Migrants Feared Drowned in Mediterranean on World Refugee Day.” The Independent, Independent Digital News and Media, 20 June 2017,

More than 120 refugees are feared to have drowned in the Mediterranean after a boat sank off the Libyan. The International Organization for Migration has said. The news of the deaths comes on World Refugee Day, during which NGOs encourage the world to commemorate and show support for those forced to flee persecution. They pledged tens of millions of euros in funding for authorities in Libya, despite the country’s ongoing civil war and allegations of torture, rape, and killings among migrants.

This article will be useful for the final essay because organizations are encouraging the world to show support to the migrants that had to leave their homes because of or the war and torture that they are going through. Also, organizations are sending money to help the migrants by funding authorities.


5).  United Nations. “Europe Situation.” UNHCR,

The movement of migrants and refugees that are risking their lives to cross the Mediterranean Sea continues to take a devastating toll on human life. People are believed to have died or gone missing while crossing the Mediterranean Sea to reach Europe and Italy and with reports of many others perishing en route. Those moving onwards irregularly have reported numerous types of abuse, including being pushed back across borders. The UN refugee agency is providing a broad range of support and assistance in Europe for refugees and asylum-seekers. These efforts include humanitarian and cash assistance, provision of accommodation and support to improve reception conditions, prevention and response to sexual and gender-based violence.

This article will be useful for the final paper because it shows how UN refugee agency acknowledges the situation that the migrants and refugees are going through. Instead of talking about how there were going to help the migrants they decided to provide support and assistance.


6).  “Europe’s Migration Crisis.” Human Rights Watch,

The European Union and its member states continue to prevent arrivals and outsource responsibility for migration control to countries outside the European Union. In Libya, the EU is pursuing a containment strategy in cooperation with their authorities, despite overwhelming evidence of pervasive abuse against asylum seekers and other migrants. Nongovernmental organizations performed roughly 40 percent of rescues in the central Mediterranean but several groups suspended activities due to security concerns and increased interceptions, sometimes reckless and accompanied by abuse, by Libyan coast guard forces.

This article will be useful for the final paper because it provides useful information about the European Union and its member states. EU and its member are continuing to prevent migrant’s arrivals. And nongovernmental organizations are trying their best to help the migrants by rescuing them from the sea.

Annotated Bibliography

Hi Loucianni,  

Well-done, good sources and good annotations, however I would have liked to see a bit more of your writing in the annotations. I look forward to reading your essay! 

Loucianni Dorelien / Team 12


The momentum of the #MeToo movement has empowered both men and women who were victims of sexual harassment to speak out about their experience.


Hodgson, James F. and Debra S. Kelley. Sexual Violence : Policies, Practices, and Challenges in the United States and Canada. Westport, Conn. : Praeger, 2002., 2002. EBSCOhost,

This book presents sexual violence as a social and cultural problem in society. Each chapter focuses on a different aspect of sexual violence and the laws, practices, and challenges that come with it. It also specifically touches on how survivors of sexual violence impact and change laws.

Feldman, Sally. “Everyday Threat: Sexual Violence against Women Has Become a Staple of Mainstream Entertainment. It’s a Trend with Worrying Consequences.” New Humanist, vol. 132, no. 2, Summer2017, pp. 56-58. EBSCOhost,

The journal article explains how rape against women is now in mainstream media. Feldman expresses how nonchalantly sexual violence is portrayed in TV shows and movies; It is so common now that it doesn’t shock viewers anymore. The article continues by saying because rape is shown all over that it is starting to become normalized. Not only in real life do you have to worry about sexual violence but also on the internet, now many are using social media to threaten people.

Oster, Maryjo. “Preventing Sexual Violence Starts with What We Teach Our Boys.” Education Digest, vol. 83, no. 6, Feb. 2018, pp. 18-20. EBSCOhost,

In this article, it speaks about the need to educate young boys on sexual violence. Men are rarely talked to about sexual violence while girls, on the other hand are taught how to avoid it. Oster expresses that education is a great start on reducing sexual violence especially in today’s society where it is so normalized.

MacKinnon, Catharine A. “#MeToo Has Done What the Law Could Not.” The New York Times, 4 Feb. 2018,

In the NYTimes article it states how the #MeToo movement has done more than what the law has done for its victims, it has given them a voice of which they did not have before. Women are now able to speak up and be heard and to not be accused of lying or not deemed credible. The movement is bringing sexual abuse to the public under a whole new light.

Rosin, Hanna. “Men Are Raped Almost as Often as Women in America. We Need to Talk About This. .” Slate Magazine, Slate, 29 Apr. 2014,

Rosin shows that a study conducted revealed that men are victims of sexual assault very often and women are almost always the perpetrators. Many disregard the fact that men are raped, but after this study, it was shown that in fact 38% of men in the study had been raped. These new studies are stirring up the conversations that are being held about rape and what should be done.

“Support for Men Who Were Sexually Abused or Assaulted.” 1in6, 2010,

This website provides statistics, stories, Q&A, and information about men being sexually abused or assaulted. It also has links of survivor stories and links for family and friends of victims. Men being sexually assaulted is happening more than we think and this website is shedding light on this issue.






Annotated Bibliography

Hi Ben, good sources and good annotation. I look forward to reading your essay. Well-done!

Ben Wainstein

Group 12


  • Book


Dershowitz, Alan. The Case for Israel. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2011.


This book is written by a revered Harvard law professor who is also an activist for peace in Israel. In this book, he advocates for a two-state solution as well as dissecting critics of Israel. He debunks many claims prejudiced against Israel which he subjects in each chapter



  • Journal- ProQuest


Roy, Sara. “Reconceptualizing the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: Key Paradigm Shifts.” Journal of Palestine Studies, vol. 41, no. 3, 2012, pp. 71-91. ProQuest,, doi:


This journal is about the notion of  20 years since the Oslo peace process began, Palestinians have suffered losses–socially, economically and politically. This altered reality has, in recent years, been shaped by critical paradigm shifts in the way the Israeli-Palestinian conflict is understood and addressed. These shifts, particularly with regard to international acceptance of Palestine’s territorial fragmentation, the imperative of ending Israel’s occupation, the de facto annexation of West Bank lands to Israel, and the transformation of Palestinians into a humanitarian issue have redefined the way the world views the conflict, in effect diminishing the possibility of a political resolution


(3)  Magazine- ProQuest


Ignatius, David. “Caught in the Middle: For Three Decades, David Ignatius Has Talked to All Camps in the Fractious Middle East. Then Came Davos, and an Effort to ‘Moderate’ a Conversation between Irreconcilable Sides on the Gaza War. the Center Not Only Cannot Hold, He Concludes-It No Longer Exists.” Foreign Policy, 1 May 2009, pp. 42–47.

This journal looks at America’s troubled role in the Middle East today. The writer fears that America finds itself trying to act as a moderator in a bitter dispute, to seek a middle where there is no middle. The US is perceived as siding with the Israelis even as it claims to be impartial. Though the American mantra may be that it never negotiates with terrorists, the reality is that it always has, when it’s necessary or useful to do so


(4)  Newspaper/article in Country of conflict


Khoury, Jack, and Yaniv Kubovich. “Palestinian Killed Trying to Cross Border Hours after IDF Strike, Gaza Rockets.”, Haaretz Com, 18 June 2018,


This article from the Israeli newspaper takes the stance of the recent conflict:” The incident comes hours after the Israeli military said it attacked nine Hamas targets in Gaza, including military compounds and weapons production facilities. The IDF said the attack was carried out in response to the firing of kites and explosive devices into Israel, as well as to an attempt to infiltrate into Israel.”



(5) CNN (good website)


Abdelaziz, Salma, and Richard Roth. “Israel Defends Gaza Crackdown as Palestinians Bury Their Dead.” CNN, Cable News Network, 16 May 2018,


“Most of the dead were killed by Israeli fire, after troops used tear gas and live rounds to try to disperse several crowds, totaling about 35,000, as Palestinians gathered at the border. More than 2,700 Palestinians suffered injuries in the clashes, nearly half of them due to live fire, according to the Palestinian Health Ministry, which said Monday was the deadliest day in Gaza since the 2014 war.” Statements like the one quoted sets the tone for the article and furthermore identifies the stance the source takes on the conflict.



(6) Google Scholar book:


Yiftachel, Oren. Ethnocracy: Land and Identity Politics in Israel/Palestine. University of Pennsylvania Press, 2006.


This book discusses both parties involved; primarily their regimes and ideologies. The prime focus of this book claims that the country who has predominant control of an area in a sense “bullies” the minority. This is broken down into more subtopics that integrate into the main issue.


Well-done Sergeline. I particularly liked how you framed the story around a secret that you kept and how you chose not to reveal it in your essay. Just a few minor corrections. You incorporated the lecture/slides very well. Good job!

Sergeline Bobo

Group 12

There is no question that keeping your friends secret can be destructive. The power of secrets can divide people; it can deter relationships and it can freeze the development on individuals. When a person has confidence in another person they tend to keep secrets among (I would suggest ‘between’; among is for more than two people, between is for just two people) each other since they feel the urge of venting. The secret I decided to share is about one of my close friends. When she told me about her secret I didn’t know how to react or what to say. I was stuck in between the feeling of guilt and at the same time loyalty. Guilt because the decision she made wasn’t a good one and it was going to affect her relationship with her significant other and his family. And loyalty because it was very important to her that I had her back, keep her secret, and made sure that her significant other doesn’t find out.

Her secret placed a heavy burden on me. Just like in the lecture by professor Blevens the things that we don’t want other people to know becomes a part of our privacy closet. And That’s exactly what happened, her secret was now a part of my privacy closet. Keeping her secret was very hard for me because it went against my moral values. I had anxiety because I was the only one that knew her secret and was protecting it. If I revealed her secret to anyone it would not only ruin my friendship with her but it will also ruin my friendship with her significant other.

As stated in the lecture, the secret is protected out of prima facie responsibility. Which means I had a duty to not break my promise to her. once I pledged that I had to live by that and there are no exceptions. She trusted me enough to tell me her secret so I made sure that I kept it confidential. This created an inseparable bond between me and her. Her secret made us closer than before, even though what we were keeping among ourselves was horrible.

Protecting my close friend secret was necessary, she was basically a sister to me. Her significant other was an outsider in the situation. Based on the lecture an outsider is someone(, no comma needed) who is trying to gain information(, no comma needed, all one sentence) because they want to be in the inside. He kept on asking me questions about where might she have been on certain days, why she been so distant lately and do I think she (has been) talking to someone else. Even his family members and friends came up to me and asked me questions about her. Of course, I couldn’t tell them the truth. I simply replied “I don’t know’’ or shrugged my shoulders. I was never tempted to say anything because by me knowing about her secret and not telling them, I was just a guilty as she was. I kept her secret to protect my loyalty towards her and my reputation.



I’ve Got A Secret

Hi Loucianni,  Please put your name and team number top on all assignments!  Thanks.

Well-written! Good job on integrating the principles of the readings/lecture/slides into your essay.

As a younger version of myself I lied plenty of times, just as any young child would.  Sometimes I orchestrated a great lie where not only did I get whomever I told the lie to, to believe me but I also believed my own lie at times.  Other times my lie was not so great and it was obvious that it was indeed a lie.  I don’t believe a lie is told just for fun but that a lie is told thinking it will protect oneself or someone close because most don’t believe in the mindset that “the truth sets you free”.  As a child one thing I did not notice until I became older was once you lie once, you have to keep lying in order to cover up the previous lie and that is absolutely more work than just telling the truth.  Secrecy, lying, and confidentiality all relate to each other and have a special connection when people use them for important situations in their lives.  Secrets lead to confidentiality, and in some, cases both can lead to a lie.  Confidentiality is kept out of a prima facie duty; it is binding unless it is overridden by another duty.

The secret I decided to share in my blogpost for this assignment is when my father had broken one of my mother’s flower glass décors.  Since we moved out of our apartment and into our first home in 2005, my mother has loved to furnish the home and purchase attractive furniture and house ornaments.  One day as my father, uncle, and I were cleaning the house and moving things around, my father happened to drop my mother’s flower glass décor.  As the glass and decorations that sat in the basket with the glass bowl shattered on the floor, all three of us looked at each other with a “how do we fix this expression!?”  With no hesitation my dad took a paper-like sheet material, similar to that of tissue decoration paper but maybe a little more durable than that, placed it into the basket that once held the glass, and placed the decorations back into the bowl as if nothing happened.  My dad instructed me to keep this a secret between me, my uncle, and him and to never tell my mom what happened.  Although he assumed I would take it upon myself to tell since I was a “mama’s boy”, I never said a word.

The secret did not empower me nor did it empower my father or uncle.  I didn’t feel any way towards keeping the secret because I didn’t feel like I was lying to my mother about anything.  There was no one penetrating ?? the secret because no one knew what happened that day besides the people who were there, meaning there was nothing to tell.  However, even if she did, since I had sworn secrecy to my father I would’ve acted dumbfounded to the situation in order to keep my word and not seem disloyal.

Loucianni Dorelien / Team 12