Thesis Draft- Amanda McKenna Team 10

The ongoing Muslim camps crisis in Xinjiang, China has recently been attracting several forms of news coverages. As the event has been taking place is China, information has taken some time to get to other areas of the world. Now however, several international outlets are beginning to cover the event. The different mediums and regions that this information comes through, shows us that there are always several views to one focus.

not approved: This is an interesting topic. there are grammatical errors “coverages”. elaborate on what the camps are: internment camps or re-education camps rather than calling them “muslim camps”. Information has been delayed or something like that would work better than “taken some time” which is more of a saying. In the recent past would also work better than “now” since it was reported in December 2018 I recall. (however is an extraneous word to use most of the time and would require two commas)

Your topic and the plan for analysis is great. Please rewrite and email me.

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Team 10 | Thesis Draft

Semper, Jordan

PID: 5740905

As the world continues to unwind into complete chaos, one of the more ongoing issues that’s been consistently happening over the years is the issue of police brutality. From one of the more recent stories, Stephon Clark was shot and killed unarmed by two police officers in March 2018. Once again, this shows that law enforcement needs to go under serious restructuring as these incidents are causing huge backlash throughout the country. I’ll be demonstrating as to why officers need some form of additional training in these certain predicaments, why the justice system needs an overhaul, and how this is bridging a huge gap of trust between citizens and law enforcement.

not approved: this is a good topic, but I do not see how you plan to analyze the event using concepts from class and applying those. You are not merely giving a position on an event and supporting it. You need to explain how we know about the event using the course. Also: “one of the more ongoing issues” could be replaced with “police brutality has been consistent over the years” or something along those lines. More concise. ongoing and consistently are also redundant.

5573715 – Group 10 – Team Assignment 2: The Insider – IDS3309

Contributors/Collaborators:

Andres and Alexa – Proofreading and editing along with question 4

Austin – Question 2

Jordan and Niecea – Question 1

Amanda and Jeannie – Question 3

Team 10, Excellent work. Question 1 was very well-written and the analysis was in-depth and comprehensive. Some extraneous words and phrase “After all,” “to that end” etc. should have been edited out. Great point about “concealing the truth” and the ethics behind it. Question 2 continues the pattern of in-depth analysis on NDAs and breach of contract. Question 3: “McLuhan soon realized” is presented as referring to the previous sentence about the 90s, which would not be correct. I would refer to “fake videos” B&W might have created as “slanderous videos” or propaganda because I doubt a major company would produce something completely fake that could be disputed. Good prediction of rhetoric on social media Wigand and like-minded affiliates would create. Question 4 was a thorough analysis in the first paragraph and interesting analysis using rhetoric throughout.

1. The mainstream media often face enormous challenges in trying to give audiences an accurate picture of the world. For individual journalists, there are extraordinary pressures and obstacles to getting at the truth and telling the stories audiences want and need.

You may select Jeffry Wigand, 60 Minutes host Mike Wallace, producer Lowell Bergman, executive producer Don Hewitt, the Wall Street Journal editor who helped stop the smear or the NY Times reporter who exposed the inside story on how CBS handled the Wigand affair.

All of these people had significant personal and institutional pressures, some more than others. Please do not select your character because you believe everyone will write about that person. No team can analyze this case the same as someone else, unless they cheat.

Your essay should focus on how the principles and values of concealment and revelation apply to the tobacco case or the case at CBS News. 500 words.

More often than not, mainstream media figures face a series of challenges in their attempt to convey the truth to their audiences and in efforts to provide an accurate representation of precisely how matters stand in the world. Most of them are faced with such pressures only to eventually admit defeat. After all, it is important to recognize their struggles with a responsibility to tell the truth in the face of mounting odds. At times, we ask ourselves just what certain individuals are willing to give up en route to a presentation of the truth. This urgent conflict brings Jeffrey Wigand, the central character in The Insider and one of the focuses of the real-world case it illustrates, to mind. In essence, then, he can be held up as an insider who at one point became an outsider.

Wigand had the desire to expose the effects of nicotine in comprehensive fashion, and to that end to disclose how many companies involved in cigarette production would use said nicotine in excess. The sole corporate intention was assurance that tobacco became more addictive. He decided to expose this material after becoming aware of the inner workings of a tobacco manufacturing company, and ultimately, this is the point where Wigand made the decision to do what he felt and believed was right. He decided to inform the world of his findings (Patterson and Chad, 290,) doing so with the help of journalist and 60 Minutes producer Lowell Bergman. This was not an easy decision, as it had strong potential to stir trauma within the company.

Despite his inclination toward honorable action, Wigand faced troubling consequences. Fast Company’s Chuck Salter illustrates his blunt firing and his wife’s eventual decision to leave him, taking their children with her, both potent reminders of the cost of telling the truth. Wigand decided to go ahead with the full slate of information with the knowledge that there would be consequences and that sacrifices in several areas were quite necessary. It therefore becomes evident that attempting to move forward with statements of veracity can put an individual, as well as those close to them, in harm’s way. Concealing the truth, however, might place an even greater body of persons at risk. The importance of weighing and making a determination about the worth of telling the truth should never be marginalized.

These quandaries made up the foundation of the dilemma that Wigand faces. While his moral compass afforded him insight as to what needed be done with regards to Brown & Williamson’s manipulation, there was simply no sidestepping the risks. Wigand’s whistleblower status brought on his receipt of a multitude of threats ranging from death threats to defamation of character. He was dealing with a matter of intentional concealment in which Brown & Williamson decided to obscure any tampering surrounding their cigarettes, which the company had initially planned to keep away from the attention of the general public prior to Wigand’s threats to expose the matter. They were aware that these changes would be met with criticism in the public arena, and thus they were kept secret. Placed in straightforward terms, corporate greed was at play here.

The more highly addictive nature of the cigarettes brought Brown & Williamson greater profits and, as mentioned previously, Wigand was alone within the company in his efforts to reveal what was taking place. In discussions concerning whistleblowers, lines can blur between the individual occupying a hero or villain role, each dependant on one’s morals. In the eyes of the company, he was considered a villainous target potentially bringing ruin to their public image. However, to the public, Wigand was hailed a hero, one willing to put his life at risk in order to alert the public of dangerous alterations to Brown & Williamson cigarettes. Jeffrey Wigand’s actions, and the “roles” he took on during this process, truly amount to a significant public interest disclosure.

2. How does Jeffry Wigand’s non-disclosure agreement (NDA) affect the flow of information in The Insider? What legitimate argument, if any, could Brown and Williamson (B&W) make in support of the agreement? What NDAs have recently been used in the public sector? Using the critical perspective, what are the implications of NDAs for government employees? 300 words.

Though ultimately unsuccessful, the NDA was the primary factor attempting to keep Jeffrey Wigand from disseminating information about Brown & Williamson. It not only forced Dr. Wigand to weigh personal gratification against potential financial burden, but also called into question the safety of his family and the certainty of his future. Those unknowns brought on by the NDA controlled how and when the information was released by instilling fear into Dr. Wigand. Brown & Williamson had every legal right to attempt to control their trade and business secrets in an attempt to outdo their competition and maintain their valued customers. These agreements are not simply privy to the private sector, considering their implementation by governments large and small concerning secrets and sensitive information. No matter the public stance on NDAs, they serve as legally binding documents in certain cases.  

For instance, using certain programs in a police department require the user, like myself, to sign an agreement to not disseminate any information not used for authorized investigative purposes. Breaking that contract can result in criminal and civil penalties for the user. When the government requires that its employees sign NDAs, they are implying that a breach of contract not only places the signer on thin ice but places the government, its secrets, and its citizens in danger. Although releasing a federal document designated as “Classified” from the 1970’s is unlikely to hurt anyone, it is treated in the same manner as releasing “Need To Know” information from last week. There is an implication that they hold the same value and that the sharing of either document would place the country’s welfare at risk.

3. John Scanlon and Terry Lenzner were hired by B&W to attack Wigand’s reputation. Jack Palladino and his team of investigators were hired by Richard Scruggs to counter their allegations. Using McLuhan as a lens, analyze the forms of media used by both Scanlon/Lenzner and Palladino. If this war over Wigand’s reputation had occurred in 2018, would today’s media have made things different? If so, how? 300 words.

As of the 1990’s, digital media had only just begun to make an appearance. McLuhan soon realized what this could mean for the future of communication and media’s impact on society. Before digital media evolved to its present status, communication on a mass scale was limited to television or radio news during those years. Jack Palladino and Jeffrey Wigand both used television as an integral tool in reaching a larger audience and getting their message across. Many Americans who were anti-tobacco at the time viewed Wigand as a courageous figure whose actions could provide hopeful steps into the future, while those who favored it labelled him an ignorant liar. However, most pro-tobacco users were not aware of the extent to which Brown & Williamson had gone to cover up the biggest secret they had, that being that tobacco did in fact usher in health concerns relative to their product. John Scanlon and Terry Lenzner went to great lengths to label Jeffrey Wigand a pathological liar, spreading fake news within magazine ads, word of mouth, police reports and just about any platform that would make them appear the more credible source of information. A look at the media we use today can allow us to see how they would develop different distribution methods for slander. McLuhan maintains that the medium of a message holds greater importance than the content, which most clearly applies to the matter of viewer acceptance of the slander directed at Wigand, placing less priority on his own factual descriptions of the health concerns brought on by tobacco.

Brown & Williamson’s team and Wigand’s team both would have taken full advantage of social media, one of the most potent weapons at the disposal of present society. In the case of Brown & Williamson, they would have used every social media outlet that they could have, possibly stitching together fake videos and attempting to compile any information that could demonstrate inconsistencies in the Wigand rhetoric. Their team would try to appeal to other demographics, such as younger individuals, and use glossy words and images to uphold their argument as the “honest” one, keeping in mind such considerations as younger generations’ elevated rates of tobacco usage. At the same rate, Wigand’s team would be likely to use social media in order to appeal to the individual’s emotions, demonstrating how truly selfish Big Tobacco companies are along with their actions to the detriment of society. The team could also employ specific media platforms such as health blogs and scientific remarks to amplify their voices whilst backing his arguments.

4. In the film, Bergman, Wallace, and Hewitt attend a meeting with CBS Corporate.  CBS general counsel Helen Caperelli informs them of “tortious interference” and its implications for the 60 Minutes Wigand piece. Provide a detailed analysis of the rhetoric used by the participants in the meeting. For each speaker, who is their intended audience, and how do they use the modes of rhetoric? 300 words.

The Insider is fueled, particularly in its latter half, by an interplay of plot threads that places the fate of the culture of CBS and 60 Minutes, along with the business proceedings of big tobacco, in a tense seesaw.  The meeting with CBS Corporate makes that painstakingly clear. Helen Caperelli directs her statements and overall message at the individuals seated before her at first glance.  However, from a rhetorical standpoint, the mostly blunt nature of her delivery and delineation of exponentially mounting implications ensures that the information will travel beyond the conference room, impressing itself within the minds of the 60 Minutes staff employed under them. Caperelli spearheads the meeting by wielding logos to great effect. Her explicit explanation of the foundations of “tortious interference” coupled with the potential damage to CBS as a result of the buying power of Brown & Williamson demonstrate the gravity of the situation. “The greater the truth, the greater the damage”, she explains to her counterparts. Additionally, her knowledge of various accounts of actions involving Jeffrey Wigand prioritize reasoning in the room and constitute impactful anecdotes and facts while illuminating her use of ethos.

Bergman, Wallace, and Hewitt are all predisposed to taking Caperelli’s words seriously because of her position in the company and therefore her knowledge on the stakes and the unrealized jeopardy that this story, if incorrect in any way, could place CBS in. On the other hand, Bergman, Wallace, and Hewitt offer responses rooted in pathos. They feel personally attacked by Caperelli’s words, responding defensively. Their responses are understandable given their strong priority in seeing this story through, but the risks should the situation go wrong go far beyond the realm of personal feelings. As the scene comes to a close, the significance of Caperelli’s words sinks in for Bergman, Wallace, and Hewitt. Throughout this potential turning point, the use of ethos and logos handily overshadows any pathos present.

Works Cited

Patterson, Philip, Lee Wilkins, and Chad Painter. Media ethics: Issues and cases. Rowman & Littlefield, 2018.

Sulter, Chuck. “Jeffrey Wigand: The Whistle-Blower.” Fast Company. N.p., 2002. Web. 25 Feb. 2019.

Alexa L DePablo Assignment #3 Blackout Team 10

Solitude is a privilege those participating in the digital world give up willingly and happily. In William Deresiewicz’s “The End of Solitude” he explains that the contemporary self wants is to  proofread for typos and grammar errors become known. The internet has combined the celebrity culture staple of an image with the ability to connect users to each other instantaneously and without borders. It has never been more simple to become known, but it has never been more difficult to be alone.

Having spent a majority of my life cultivating an online presence I see myself in his argument of craving validation from being seen. It was at roughly 10 years old I was given a cell phone and made my first online profiles. These were seemingly harmless experiences that turn into overreliance. In my mind, a smartphone and the ability to be easily accessible is as necessary as an arm. Growing older has given me the ability to reflect and realize this is no way to live and solitude is extremely beneficial to the psyche, albeit extremely difficult because of my dependency on these mediums.  great analysis and writing

For a majority of my online presence, I did yearn to be seen. I posted every thought, uploaded every picture, joined multiple platforms all to fulfill different purposes and interests. I wanted validation and acceptance from the communities I was a part of. Recently, though, my mindset has shifted and I do not want to be seen as much as I simply want to participate when necessary. Feeling burnt out on the internet is expected after over a decade of obsessive use.

The beginning of the news blackout was nerve-wracking and never ceased to be. As I mentioned previously, I do not know a life without being easily reachable, but I also do not know a life without being constantly tapped into what is happening in the world. The fear of missing out heightened as the day went on. Being constantly tapped in means you are always in the know so when that is taken you begin to question what people are experiencing without you. It doesn’t matter if it’s terrible or heartwarming I just want to participate in what’s happening.

Day two of the blackout only confirmed I have an addiction to being tapped into the world 24/7. I became extremely jittery when I thought of what hashtags could have been created for a new social movement that I know nothing about or that maybe Trump had declared war on someone. I do believe that the gravity of our political climate makes me more inclined to want to know what’s going on.

I believe news is a necessary intruder. Whether it’s on a local, national or global scale, what’s happening in the world affects us. That being said, I do not find it necessary to obsessively look at the news as the day goes on. I believe tuning in twice a day is sufficient and helps keep us sane. make sure to proofread. you did a good job of conveying your perspective and experience through the lens of the reading and the assignment questions. well organized work

Niecea Pauley

The end of solitude

William Deresiewicz presents a fascinating insight into the concept of loneliness and places his argument in the context of the increasing use of technology. He traces the idea from the pre-enlightenment ages and appreciates how far man has gone in attempting to improve connectivity amongst themselves. In as much as most of his article criticizes the excessive involvement with the trappings of telecommunication, he appreciates the strides that the human race has made concerning reaching out to each other remotely. The article is very particular on the importance of solitude or personal space and introduces some notable historical figures that insisted on the importance of some alone time to human beings. The effects of the intrusive nature of technology and how it has managed to change the essential character traits of individuals is a significant feature within the article, capturing the dynamic environment of the realm of solitude.

Experience after the self-imposed blackout

As part of the requirements set, I subjected myself to 48 hours of the technological interruption, shutting myself off the intrigues of social media as well as shying away from the allure of the television. The truth is, the experience felt awful than I had initially imagined, considering my initial assumption that the two days would be easy. I realized just how much I was dependent on technology. Every fleeting moment of the two days was an eye opener as to how much the contemporary life of a teenage or individual in their 20s was spent either in front n of the television or chatting on the phone or perusing through social media platforms. I also realized how much my social interactions were premised upon the confines of technology, without which I felt helplessly lonely, idle and out of touch. Though I had an infinite number of friends on my social media platforms and in my mobile phone contact list, I could not connect with them meaningfully on a one-on-one basis without my gadgets.

Nonetheless, the period of solitude also highlighted to me (to me not necessary) some qualities that I did not realize I possessed until I subjected myself to isolation. For instance, I found occasion to reflect on some aspects of my life that I had not looked into, and I realized that the connectivity that comes with technology develops in us an escapist attitude. I understood that all the information we avail for the world to see describes only those aspects in us that are desirable, and omits those that would be repulsive. Primarily, we tend to view ourselves using the lenses of other people’s eyes, and thus we deny ourselves a chance of serious, honest and sincere introspection.  how…introspective! haha. I further realized, somewhat regrettably, that my concentration and the analytical span were very short and as such denied me the pleasure of enjoying several literary works and productions. The reading we do over social media is confined to short pieces that are simplified for the lazy eye, and therefore solitude would enhance the ability of individuals to concentrate on more elaborate pieces. Eventually, loneliness is extremely useful, even in religious introspection and own self-appraisal. During the technological interruption, I realized that I am suffering from physical solitude. It seems that technology had taken away the ability to be alone, at least I would socialize online. Even though technology has played a significant role, it appears that I have been the driver of the solitude in my life. I could no longer send texts, I felt so lonely, yet I had people around whom seemingly I had lost touch with and the way to interact with them. During the 48 hours, I realize that I cannot even write a letter as a way of communication. Indeed, it is evident that social media had replaced all the traditional modes of communication. It is evident that technology has played a primary role in shaping the social patterns in my life just as it has with others. The interruption was a clear manifest that our behavior and decision-making are so much dependent on social networks, an indication that just like others, I do not have the mental capability for non-social concepts. This is a very well-written analysis of the reading and your experience. Excellent job!

ASSIGNMENT 3: 48HR BLACKOUT – AUSTIN ZARLING

Let me start out by saying one thing: to an extent, I love solitude. I am an avid outdoorsman, and my favorite times of the year are hunting season and camping season. I love the idea of being by myself or with close friends and family in the woods with nothing but a gun, boots and a campfire. This 48-hour experiment on solitude was a little different than mother nature’s version, but nonetheless, it gave me that sense of disconnect from society that I like to have every once in a while.

As I sit here and look back at the past 48 hours, I did find myself doing some of what Deresiewicz describes would happen. I didn’t find myself anxious, feeling like an outcast, or lonely like Deresiewicz hinted. Instead, I found myself bored, which comes along Image result for camping / huntingoften, but not to this extent. The boredom didn’t make me want to jump for my phone or the TV remote every 3 seconds, it just made me feel relaxed. I felt like there was, like the Zach Brown Band said, “Not a worry in the world.” Instead of following the usual muscle memory, I found myself playing Rummikub with my grandparents and doing yard work, which I usually hate, to keep busy. That didn’t necessarily make me less bored, it gave me a sense of worth and helped me feel more relaxed.

These feelings can likely be attributed to my childhood. Instead of being inside, like kids today, I played outside with my friends, camped every month with the Boy Scouts of America, and spent a decent amount of time learning skilled labor while working for my father. Unlike many people, this helped me place a barrier between myself and the electronic social reliance Deresiewicz talks about. This taught me that it is normal to sometimes be alone and reflect, and to not feel any less for my intermediate love and need for solitude.

Although I love solitude in moderation, it is an unwanted daily occurrence. In today’s Image result for news mediasociety, electronic media, especially the news, has become a necessary evil in everyone’s life. I understand Deresiewicz’s link between the media, celebrities and solitude. I also agree that it affects the majority of the world, but, I don’t find myself in that majority.  Some people feel a sense of anxiety or emptiness when they miss their daily dose of Kim Kardashian, but I don’t. I like keeping up to date with world news, but if I miss it a few days or miss it all together, I may seem like a caveman to others, but it doesn’t change how I feel on a daily basis. My life doesn’t stop in its tracks when I lose cell reception because I just don’t care. I find actual face to face interaction more rewarding than media statistics or online social interaction. This, in turn, causes me to disregard the effects of social media dissatisfaction and enjoy being my own person without caring about the fabricated sense of social approval media popularity provides. Great analysis and critical approach to the reading using your opinion on the matter and your take from your experience.

Amanda McKenna Assignment #3 Team 10

During my “black out” experience in which I avoided all forms of news, the duration of its 48 hours taught me quite a few things. I came to realize that myself, and humanity as a whole has truly began begun to rely on the internet and its aspects of new ?? what does that mean? much too heavily. There were also several points in the “The End of Solitude” essay that resonated me at many moments during my experience. I have also come to realize that strangely enough, we have all created an intimate relationship with all forms of news we follow.

On the first day of my experience, right when I woke up, I had the now natural urge to check the weather as I always do, and then right, after social media. I had a “oh no I can’t!” moment and then took my finger away from the apps I was about to go into. At this moment I realized that I was almost annoyed that I couldn’t do what I always do. As I went about my day I thought several times to myself that I would just give up and check news anyways, and I must admit it was hard to not give into these urges. I tried making excuses for myself such as I HAD to check my email, or I HAD to check what was going on outside of myself. There have been several moments in my life where I did not have access to a TV, my phone, or internet at all, but this experience was a bit different because I didn’t hangout closely with any friends or family, and this is when I most related to remarks from Deresiewicz text. In his essay when he states “Social life is a bustle of petty concerns, a jostle of quotidian interests, and religious institutions are no exception. You cannot hear God when people are chattering at you…” I deeply accepted the fact that I began to realize my mind had become more still without the over saturation of news, that at this point it seemed like no news truly mattered. Although I understand news is important in order to be aware of our surrounding society, it came to me that I believed nothing from the outside world effect the higher being of myself. At the end of the first day, I will also admit that emotions of loneliness raised in me, even if I was in a cafe with many people. This lone fact comes to show us that it is not the news and internet I believe that connects us, but it is what stops us from communicating in real life.

On the second and last day of my experience, I did not want to go back to my ways of constant news checking. However, I didn’t want to be out of the loop at the same time, which is exactly how news can negatively mold our minds. In The End of Solitude, Deresiewicz states many times that we tie boredom and being lonely too closely, which I believe as well. During my “blackout” I sensed I was lonely to not have the connection with fake reality on social media and reading news to perceive someone else was there in my mind with me. On the following day, I noticed I was somewhat sad to have be forced into the news world again, as I had to check my email from my boss.

You went “hardcore” with the blackout by refraining from even email. Fully completed assignment and good reflection with mention of readings, etc. Please be sure to proofread your work.