The Ghost in the Shell Assignment

Excellent Team!  A thorough yet succinct analysis. Good layout of information as well. Good job!

  1. +Public Security Section 9 is an anti-terrorism arm of the government, operating on the edge, or sometimes beyond, the boundaries of the law. Citizens are kept in the dark of the activities, and even the existence, of section 9.
    • In its covert activities dealing with the Puppet Master, does section 9 go too far? Explain.
      • Section 9’s efforts to capture the Puppet Master are kept away from the public, for the most part, and are done so for the safety of society. It is relevant to the way police and government officials take care of threats to society in the United States throughout the modern times. In the real world, people are unaware of the lengths these people go through behind the scenes for the greater good. The way Section 9 dealt with the capture of the Puppet Master is done even in real life until this very day. When the government wants something, they will do anything to get it. With that said, going to the extreme limits that Section 9 did show that they will do anything to stay unnoticeable and preserve the “peace.”
    • Is a government ever justified in violating its own laws to ensure the safety of its citizens? If not, why not? If so, what examples can you provide, either from the film or real life?
      • The government is justified to violate its own laws only for the safety of its citizens. For example, Osama Bin Laden was considered a terrorist towards the United States. Nowadays, the law does state that we cannot kill or take a life. However, for the sake of the citizens, Osama Bin Laden stole from families; thus, it was defensible for the government to decide to enter their country and take his life. The government has an exception to the laws if it’s meant to keep citizens safe from danger.
      • Is a government ever justified in keeping secret its violations of the law? Explain and give an example.







      1. If the government has the public’s safety and best interest in mind, then the end justifies the means as it regards to keeping its violations of the law a secret. If the government is in pursuit of justice and must break the law to do so, then the public does not need to be aware of these violations. The government controls what is disclosed to the public every day. They put out what they want society to know and will go to the extreme measures to prevent any other information to be leaked to the media. Although keeping secrets is normally deemed as unethical, it must be done in most cases in order to protect the people. Withholding information can go farther sometimes than being upfront about everything. Otherwise, chaos would ensue between the members of society and the government.


  • The sophistication of many technologies in the film is futuristic; their existence is not. Bionics, the Internet, and artificial intelligence are today relatively commonplace. One of the most disturbing scenes in the film is the garbage man with false, implanted memories. This is not all that far-fetched. Studies show that even so simple a technological artifact as a photograph can be used to create false memories that people are certain are real.
  • How is information technology used in the world of Ghost in the Shell to influence and control behavior and perception?


      1. Information technology in that world questions someone’s identity and can possibly create false impressions. Fabricating artificial memories and experiences and hacking into human “ghosts” allows A.I. to manipulate the minds of people and achieve control over people’s actions. This act of tampering with people’s memory would ultimately result in supreme power for government officials and artificial intelligence, forcing people to unwillingly surrender their minds and thoughts. In the film, it is also used for Section 9, which uses this technology to create “life forms” like Major Kusanagi to assist in combating threats to society such as the Puppet Master and those associated with him. This technology affects these “cyborgs” by causing them to question their identity and purpose, similar to the existential crisis Major Kusanagi experiences after free diving.


  • In his essay, Deresiewicz argues “…that solitude enables us to secure the integrity of the self as well as to explore it.”
  • How does Major Kusanagi utilize solitude? What insight does it give her?


        1. Throughout the film, Major Kusanagi is seen diving deep in a body of water to think about the unknown entities around her and the world she resides. Additionally, she discusses how the darkness underneath makes her scared and lonely. When she and her partner Batou are on a boat, she questions her own identity by claiming if she was a human in the past or created in this futuristic world as a cyborg with cyber-brain capabilities. Even when she merged her soul with the Puppet Master’s, she tells Batou that she is fused with him as oppose of having one “ghost” overshadowing the other within the “shell.” Nonetheless, as it pertains to Deresiewicz’s perspective of solitude, Major Kusanagi exemplifies that to a tee. Despite not fully enabling her to secure her integrity as she questions everything around her (including the very section she works under), she does develop philosophical ideas about her self-identity as she sees how the technology in her world has the ability to change the way things are perceived.


  • Is Deresiewicz right when he says we are approaching a time when information technology makes solitude socially undesirable, or even impossible? Has that time already occurred in the world of the film? Explain your answer.


      1. Although some may argue that no one is ever actually “alone” because of the technology surrounding society, it is not yet socially undesirable. On the contrary, many people desperately search for solitude due to the overwhelming amount of technology that consumes the world. There is still the possibility to turn off laptops, tablets, and phones, and at least disconnect from technology momentarily to immerse in solitude. However, it is possible that one-day solitude will not be achievable. In the world of Ghost in the Shell, their society has already reached that point. Due to most of the population either being fully cyborg or at least partially adoptive of robotic elements, it is impossible for anyone in that world to engage in solitude. With the technology to hack into human minds and memories, the world in the film has reached a point where people have surrendered both privacy and isolation. In its place is the senses of false impressions and insecurities. In reality, some media platforms enable us to socially undesirable towards solitude. Social media platforms such as Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, and even LinkedIn are all tools we use to communicate with others from far range to close. Solitude isn’t looked upon as a quality to strive for anymore. This era prefers the interaction amongst one another instead of understanding and learning one’s true self. Having a personality and being well-known is more of the priority than developing one’s solitude. In the film, Major Kasanagi experienced loneliness by jumping in the water surrounded by darkness and the unknown. She explained how it made her feel scared and alone.


  • The movie was based on a manga originally published in 1989.
  • Various forms of media (using McLuhan’s definition of a medium as “an extension of ourselves”) have had an impact on the way people use, create, store, access, and communicate information. Give 3 historical examples of such media and describe their impact.


        1. Three historical media platforms that have made a significant difference in the way people communicate information are the internet, the laptop, and the radio. The internet impacted the media because it created a way to get the news out quicker and reach more listeners. It has made sending text, pictures, videos, and more aspects much more accessible to convey the message. The laptop impacted the media because anyone can carry thoughts everywhere and have documentation accompanying it. Adding the laptop to the media made the live news easier to hit the press instead of waiting to get home or a station to see the local broadcast. Radio had its impact not only on the news but for the music industry as well. It impacted how people used their minds and imaginations to paint the picture of the radio. It had no TV screen connected to it when driving in the car nor did the radio have a TV when you work out. The radio helped develop the imagination and the ability to express a story in detail without needed pictures to help understand the message. Before television even existed, the radio was the home of several hit shows that allowed the family to gather around and let their imagination run wild.


  • Select the one medium that has appeared after 1989 which has had the greatest impact on the information landscape. Explain.


        1. The greatest impact on the medium of the message is the internet. The internet has obtained the most significant impact on media than any other medium. Having the internet has made the world 100 times faster than it was before 1989. In today’s modern age, the internet is utilized to look up anything and everything needed. Information can be found about the current news taking place in Tokyo while simultaneously providing current news and gossip of the United States, thus creating a connection amongst communication. Having the power of information technology at society’s fingertips has greatly impacted how quickly news and information are transmitted. This advancement has also shaped the way people think and overall changed the way people process the information given. The development of the internet has kept the world constantly evolving and has facilitated an easy way to stay connected.


  • How might the technology in answer 4b, above, have affected the story?


      1. Having internet in this story might have helped with gathering information on the Puppet Master and Section 6. Although the characters in the film had an advanced form of technology, it was only depicted on the side of authority. If the populace of this society had access to information at their fingertips, they might have known about the dangers of ghost hacking and that they were at risk of being hacked. If that society had the internet and information access that currently exists, the dissemination of human experiences, such as the man in the film who was ingrained with artificial memories of his family, would get to people in time to be aware of the threats they might deal with in their lives.




Ritchie Michel – Co-Editor


Nathalie Moreira – Idea Contributor


Adrian Saucedo – Co-Editor


Tya-Marie Savain – Idea Contributor


Ghost in the Shell explained



Fake News

Hi Team 10,

I don’t see any images or links. Perhaps read the assignments more carefully.  Good reflective analysis, but I also didn’t see any mention of integrating rhetorical analysis. Overall, acceptable.

Fake News Assignment

Team 10

Tya-Marie Savain

Ritchie Michel

Nathalie Moreira

Jared Fogle Eligible for Parole After Sexual Child Misconduct Charges

Jared Fogle Eligible for Parole After Sexual Child Misconduct Charges

LITTLETON, COLORADO. It looks like Jared Fogle, also known as the “Subway Guy,” may receive another chance at redemption, at least for the time being.

It was announced on Monday that Fogle might be eligible for an earlier parole date than expected. Initially, it was declared that Fogle’s earliest time for parole was after serving 85% of his sentence, totaling approximately 13 years. The surprise call may be in effect due to possible problems with the initial prosecution and judgment.

In 2015, Fogle pleaded guilty to charges involving over 400 videos of child pornography and sexual misconduct involving children as young as nine years old. Federal Judge Tanya Walton Pratt sentenced Fogle to 15 years in prison, facing a maximum possible sentence of 50 years. Fogle also agreed to pay a total of $1.4 million in restitution to 14 different victims. Initially, Fogle requested that he serve a 5-year sentence as a part of a plea agreement during the scandal investigation back in 2015. Federal Judge Tanya Walton Pratt, however, subsequently sentenced Fogle to 15 years in prison, three times more to what Fogle initially agreed upon.

Two months ago, Fogle announced that he was suing federal authorities and former attorneys for $57 million for “tricking him” into pleading guilty into charges with no basis with laws. He states that the courts filed bogus conspiracy charges and coerced him into pleading guilty to the allegations. Subsequently, that claim has helped Fogle receive help from former Defense Attorney Frank E. Pate, who concurred with Fogle’s statement.

“I have been assisting Mr. Fogle with his claim, and after further investigation, I have concluded that he does indeed have a valid request that the federal court should reconsider for the case.”

Pate and Fogle have had several legal discussions regarding his eligibility for parole. According to trusted sources, Fogle’s assets from his days as a Subway spokesperson have influenced the decision for his potential parole.


Fogle was the spokesperson for Subway for 15 years due to the company’s sandwiches enabling him to lose over 200 pounds during his college years.

The Colorado State Board of Parole has agreed to grant Fogle his first step to freedom under very constrained circumstances. During his meeting with the board, he gave a blanket-statement apology and attested to the personal changes he has reflected on since being sent to prison.

“I know there is nothing I can say or do to make up for the things I have done- but I am truly regretful and ready to turn a new leaf. I want to go back to being one of America’s most loved and trusted figures seen by families nationwide, and I will do whatever it takes to get that back.”


There is no specific date as to when Fogle will be receiving a parole hearing, but it looks like he might get an opportunity to better his current position and, more importantly, his life; despite the public image that he has damaged tremendously in the perspective of others who once adored him.


Reflective Paragraph

When deciding on the subject of this article, we decided to choose a public figure that was well known, easily identifiable and would capture people’s attention quickly. Jared Fogle was someone we all agreed on because he was such a big part of our childhood growing up. The “Subway Guy,” as we all referred to him as, allowed all of us into his personal life. We witnessed his transformation from being obese to phenomenal shape in months. He became a credible public figure endorsed by a company that was extremely well-known and trusted. Assuming Subway was behind his new image, Jared became the face of Subway Corporation until his shocking secret was exposed.

The intended audience was for former Jared fans who once looked up to his weight loss journey for an update on his personal life. At one point, Fogle let us so deep and intimate into his life, having an update on his outcome would attract a lot of the viewers to read our article. Some fans still inquire about Fogle, and then there are others who would like to see a punishable outcome for him. A follow-up story helps relieve both inquiries.

People were disgusted, disappointed, and shocked to hear about the allegations in 2015. Due to the severity of his misconduct, people felt like his sentence fit the crimes, while others felt like his punishment should’ve been much more. The hook was the fact that he would be eligible for parole, which we knew would cause an uproar due to the original reaction to his charges. The way we maintained credibility was by giving accurate information on the actual original news story of his allegations and sentencing while coming up with a story that could potentially be true.



Draft Thesis


Nathalie Moreira

Team 10

The historic US-North Korea Summit has sparked a pivotal point of hope around the world through the constant exposure and updates by the media.

Annotated Bibliography

Hi Tya-Marie,  Good  job on your sources and your annotations, however.,…… 

china’s  – should be capitalized, it is a proper noun. #4 in your bibliography (in annotation);  trump  – capitalized, it is a proper name, everything in red should be capitalized. Please don’t make that mistake in your essay. I will have to reduce your grade if words that should be capitalized are not. I am not taking any points off for now.

Tya-Marie Savain

Team 10

Thesis: President Trump tweeted, “easy to win” after announcing new demands for tariff taxes causing foreign powers to retaliate.

“Republicans Exploring Options To Block Trump Administration’s Tariffs.” All Things Considered, 7 June 2018. Literature Resource Center, Accessed 18 June 2018.

I chose this article because its demonstrating President Trumps new policy isn’t just affecting other countries, its affecting people close to the white house. This article talks about the republican party trying to prevent or block trumps administrative tariffs. Numerous people in the republican party have voiced there concerns about the new implement of tariffs, “its just not going to work” is the attitude of most of the republican party.

“China Proposes Buying U.s. Agricultural, Energy Products If Washington Abandons Tariff Threat: U.s. Media”

Xinhua net is a news source for china online, offering there point of view. This website talked about there (their)  possessive not location!)retaliation after the imposed new demands. Before demanding there (their) own tariff amounts on U.S. goods they first are trying a different approach. The Chinese administration really don’t (doesn’t) want a trade war and will try anything to keep it from occurring.

A actual document of President Trump’s announcement of the tariff published by the U.S. Governments office. The specific details of what was demanded will give me a clear inside look of what was said and how it was said. It shows in details every move President Trump plans on implementing on certain dates. It helps give some clarity on what was demanded straight from the presidents mouth.

Tariffs: China Says Us Could Lose Benefits Reached in Trade Talks, A US delegation led Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross held talks with Chinese negotiators in Beijing on Saturday-Sunday. “positive-concrete” developments –

Helps understand the views of trump.  Article involved would help me understand trumps angle a little more. The imbalance of tariffs between the Chinese and the united states is way off. CNN picks apart the intentions of the future of china, and its future plans for potential trade war.

“Trump Proposes $100 Billion in Additional Tariffs on Chinese Products” Chloe Aiello –

After the retaliation of china’s unfair demands according to trump, He offered the consideration of 100 billion on additional tariffs. President Trump sending a message to china that this inst going to be a walk in the park. Trump is coming with serious demands. China is going after him politically by targeting the base of his elements. This article shows the concerns trump has on the advancement of china and intellectual properties.

“Congress vs. Trump on Tariffs Board”

Trump doesn’t get to make any decisions without not having to speak with someone other then himself. This new implement has his congress split on the potential success of this new demand. Congress has concerns on his approach on things, and state that trump isn’t protected against everything he creates.





Hi Tya, Please watch your spelling!  Please do not turn anything in to me with this many spelling errors again. 

Ignoring the simple spelling errors and lack of proper contractions (doesnt for doesn’t, the apostraphe takes the place of the ‘o’ in not as in ‘does not’ or ‘doesn’t’, your essay is acceptable. Please learn these easy grammar rules and you could be a fair writer. 


Tya-Marie Savain
Team 10
thesis: Where lessons of trust, loyaty and openiness should of been instilled, it was replaced with quite the opposite. I had a father who lied about everything, a mother who moved in complete secrecy and yet, from both parents, confidentiality was expected from me. The ironey! irony


Deception. Too big of word to really define as a young child, but I understood enough to participate cohesively? in keeping confientiality sp. confidentiality at just the tender age of 7. Memories are very vivid that secrecy was not just needed but expected. Where lessons of trust, loyaty loyalty and openiness  openness should of (of is a preposition) have been instilled, it was replaced with quite the opposite. I had a father who lied about everything, a mother who moved in complete secrecy and yet, from both parents, confidentiality was expected from me. The ironey! irony

I had a father who lied about everything, just because he could. He actually lied about having an entire family outside of our own. I knew of half siblings I referred to as “my special friends”. A simple trip to the grocery store to pick up some items was turned into dropping by to see his other family who lived 15 minutes away. My fathers nature seemed to be more comfortable to create untrue stories. His verbage verbiage was elborate elaborate in detail and had the ability to look at someone directly in the eyes without looking away, pouring his deceptions out very comfortably. At 21 years old, I can not remember a time my father said anything not containing untrue statements.

My mother moving in complete secrecy taught me a true lady never divulges unlady actions. My mother was both a married woman and a mistress to a married surgeon for most of my teenage years until his death. Her secret lover, my father, was a victim of a hit & run driver who was never found. My mother had her suspicions on about his death and was never the same and neither was my father. The secret passing of, what I believed to be her true love, was mourned in silence. I recall her crying deeply every morning after my father left for work and keeping a privateness to the very end of the marriage. It appears the classified nature of her affair was not as secreative secretive as she thought.

Confidentiality was expected from both parents on a daily basis. I personally never exposed my father’s lies nor my mother’s secret. I lived a secret life where I was known to know everthing, but said nothing. The lies where not my lies to expose. It was created by my father as well as the secrets were not involving me, but the life of my mom. Their discoveries of deception from one another came from their lack of contunity continuity of their truth at some point. Maybe comfortablity it comfortably  allowed them to slack off a little or maybe in some small way, they wanted the truth to come out. The role I played, The role that I played I never violated the truth entrusted within me. I knew and understood the importance of confidentiality.

Confidentiality was expected from both parents. The ironey was to be loyal to “a lier”, my father, and “someone keeping secrets”, my mother. But somehow finding a way to be “honest” was imporatnt important to me, then than it was for them. Honest to what though? Them or to me… or did I just find a way to survive. As an adult reflecting on my chidhood, childhood I learned a white lie doesnt doesn’thurt anyone if they dont don’t know. Not everything is needed to be known to be happy and content. I learned when someone is entrusted with confidence, it must not be betrayed. But most importanly, I learned I did not want to be that type of adult with those misconstrued beliefs needing to lie or live in secrecy. I realized early enough the true damage was the facade both of my parents created and lived. They both lived a shell of an existence with out without any basis of truth to the one that really mattered the most… themesleves. My parents entire 22 year marriage before it ended in divorce was simply lies covering secrets, and secrets covering lies. They were more alike then they would like to believe.




Excellent essay Nathalie.  Well-written and good integration of slides/lecture.  

Nathalie Moreira

Team 10


Secrets are sometimes necessary to maintain the integrity of a situation, protect others, or simply maintain privacy. During some circumstances, secrets or lies are necessary for all three. Everyone has lied or kept a secret, no matter how big or small, at one point in their life to either protect somebody or ultimately protect themselves. As mentioned in the privacy lecture during class, keeping secrets or private information is not necessarily done with malignant intent or to keep something from someone, but rather to protect against scorn and to help control reputations. I have been put in a situation in the past where I was asked to keep a secret for someone for the sake of their safety and reputation. A few years ago, a friend came out to me as gay and asked me to promise not to tell anyone until he was ready to tell his family and everyone else. In this situation, it was my responsibility as a friend to maintain his integrity and be a trusting ally during a time of fear and uncertainty. During this particular situation, I was asked to keep this secret because he predicted that the people around him would react a certain way, whether that meant making fun of him, alienating him, or discriminating against him for his sexual orientation. This pact of confidentiality empowered both my friend and I in different ways. He felt like a weight was lifted off of his shoulders and like he would have the support of someone when he felt like coming out to the rest of the world would feel right. I felt an overwhelming sense of gratitude for someone trusting me with something so personal, knowing I would never do anything to breach their trust. As discussed during our class lecture, it was a sense of mutual loyalty. Others would try to penetrate his privacy by making accusations of his sexual preference before him even having the chance to say so himself, which goes back to the original purpose of a secret like this- to shield people from scorn, judgement, or actual harm inflicted by others. This portrays the “desire to gain control” by outsiders with the desire of knowing about a private situation.

Although one of the “dangers” of secrecy discussed in class is that it hurts judgement by shutting off criticism or feedback, I disagree for this circumstance. Keeping my friend’s sexual orientation a secret for the time being was essential because he was trying to avoid backlash, criticism, and harassment from others. Confidentiality is sometimes necessary to avoid outsider speculation and feedback, because it would only hurt the person or people keeping a secret. Ultimately, these are the measures necessary to protect people’s safety when the outcome of being completely open and honest is far worse than living in the shadows of a private matter.

Secrets and Revelations

Please put your name and team number on all your assignments! Thanks.

Overall a well-written and informed essay. There could have been a bit more bringing in some of the information from the lecture/slide, but good job!

Whenever I think about secrets, I tend to think about how powerful they can be. I think about how it ties in with privacy and its importance. In this case, I agree with how intimacy helps us control our reputations, protects against any scorn or ridicule, and keep others at a distance from any revelation. Whenever I am aware of information that is concealed from others, I receive a mixed reaction of satisfaction and fear. On the one hand, I like how I am trustworthy enough to be aware of the situation. On the other side, I do not like the perception of something going wrong if others uninvolved not involved with the circumstances find out. Nevertheless, I have been involved in scenarios where I had to ensure that people would not get into any trouble and suffer consequences.

One secret that I would like to discuss pertains to an incident that occurred in the 8th grade. It revolves around a companion of mine that was notorious for always stepping over boundaries. It was lunchtime, and I had just finished eating my lunch in the cafeteria. Thus, I decided to hang out with my friends in the spill-out until the lunch period was over. One person from my classroom challenged my notorious friend to do something we all knew can result in repercussions. Nevertheless, he retrieved a random pint of milk and threw it across the area. The pint exploded and splashed milk towards a girl sitting in the corner of the area. The crowd would become frantic as they were trying to understand what transpired. Security guards were informed about what occurred and asked dozens of students within the area about who did it. One of them approached me to ask what happened. I told him I had no idea who committed the act. I knew it was wrong to lie, but I did it to protect my friend from getting in trouble.

The next day, I was in class when the vice principal called my classroom through the intercom and directly asked my teacher to send me to her office. It finally deemed  dawned on me that she was calling in me to confess who committed the act in the spill-out yesterday. As I arrived, the vice principal informed me that one of my friends told her that I am also aware of the occasion. I told her that I did not know and after 10 minutes of justifying the lie, she let me go. Looking back at that moment, it makes me wonder how secrets contain so much power. My mind was telling me that if I said told on my notorious friend, then someone would eventually find out and my reputation as a snitch would start around the school. I thought this was a silly moment that would die down if no one cared. Little did I know at the time that schools do not tolerate behavior that bad, thus they want to know what goes on. Confidentiality is something I take seriously, and I did not want to jeopardize that for anyone, especially someone I knew for years.