thesis statement 2.0

Hi Valken, Perfecto!

Valken Valbrun

Team 8

Thesis- Although the era of Superhero movies in recent years has not been seen as popular in viewer’s eyes, “new Superhero movies, such as  “Avengers Infinity War” connect a new generation of movie goers by communicating virtues and ideals through satire, understanding of cultural beliefs, and by empowering the powerless.”


Final Paper Draft 1 – Emilio Cubero Team 8

Well-done Emilio.  I have no corrections for you.  Good essay and I look forward to reading it.

Emilio Cubero

Team 8

How We Know What We Know

Final Paper 1st Draft

The forms of media used by society have evolved as technology has progressed. A chain of physical and intangible mediums has been established by technological advancements throughout history. This chain starts with books, and ranges from radios, to televisions, to computers, to the internet, to mobile phones, and to social media. The effectiveness and the level of sophistication of these mediums has grown over time at an exponential rate. Naturally it is expected there will be another link in the chain, and now, that time has come. In March of 2018, Tyler Blevins, a streamer known as Ninja by his daily one-hundred thousand viewers, appeared on CNBC to discuss the overwhelming popularity of the video game “Fortnite” and how it helped catapult and cement the medium of live streaming as the next revolutionary globally accessible form of media.

Epic Games, the creators of Fortnite, accidently unleashed the medium of the livestreaming by approaching the video game market in a unique way. They offered a free to play battle royal game, with free online cross platform capabilities, and with a distinct building mechanic. Soon after its release, its popularity was growing at an alarming rate. Many individuals saw this growth as a business opportunity and began to live stream themselves playing the game. After a few months, a new medium was born into the mainstream. Hundreds of thousands of viewers log on everyday to watch live streamers play Fortnite. Even though Fortnite is by far the mostly widely viewed live streaming content, it establishes precedent that solidifies live streaming as the next new and exciting medium of media.

Livestreaming platforms such as “” and “YouTube live” provided the infrastructure which allowed for content creators to distribute their media on a global scale. Viewers pay for monthly subscriptions to their favorite streamers that give them access to special features. Some of these features include the ability to type in the stream chat and unique emoji’s that were created by the streamer. Furthermore, viewers have the option to donate money to the streamers. Donations range can range from one dollar to thousands of dollars. Streamers run software during their stream that allows them to show who donated what along with a message from the donator. This encourages people to donate because they have the ability their name and a message to tens of thousands of people at a time. The monthly subscription model coupled with the donation feature has proved itself to be a financial goldmine. Live streaming has become one of the most profitable sources of income for content creators.

These livestreaming platforms have a created a new type of virtual social environment because of the nature of live of media. Each livestream has its own chatroom, where all viewers of the stream can interact via a real time ongoing thread of comments. Although most of what is said on these threads tend to be mostly small talk and banter (because of the nature of Fortnite and its viewers), the concept of a group of people being able to communicate and analyze something that they are all seeing live is a powerful tool that can be applied in meaningful ways.

Why is Livestreaming the Next big thing?

What catapulted it to the Mainstream?

What are its societal implications?

How do we know what we know about it?

Annotated sources:

Sources 1-3 must be from an FIU Library database or the FIU Library catalog:

  1. One book published in the last 20 years

The Live Streaming Handbook – Peter Stewart

Stewart, Peter. The Live-Streaming Handbook: How to Create Great Live-Video for Social Media on Your Phone and Desktop. Routledge, 2018.

This book talks about how to live stream and how to target audiences. It touches on important aspects such as content creation, live-streaming strategies, and overall production. This information is important to analyze live streaming as a medium and the benefits it provides to consumers and creators. It also goes over many of the different applications of live streaming and discusses their impact.

  1. Journal article in a scholarly journal

Film and Television FIU Database

Rejaie, Reza. “Anyone Can Broadcast Video over the Internet.” Communications of the ACM, vol. 49, no. 11, Nov. 2006, pp. 55-58. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1145/1167838.1167863.

This scholarly article addresses the technical aspects of streaming of over the internet. It refers to the key component that is missing for TV–like service over the internet that allows for content to be distributed from one to many. Today, platforms such as Twitch.TV and Youtube Live have become that missing component that enable people to stream content to the masses.

  1. One article in a popular or trade magazine

Digital Video Magazine

Rhodes, Phil. “Development and Delivery: The Latest Live Streaming Technologies at NAB Show 2017.” Digital Video Magazine, no. 6, 2017, p. 24. EBSCOhost,

This article from a trade magazine discusses how the decrease in price of production equipment has allowed for people to broadcast livestream from the comforts of their own homes or even mobile.  It then proceeds to list and describe some of the newest technology available to the public which enables live streaming. It states that live streaming was the original source medium (Live TV in the 50’s) but it has now become revitalized by advances in technology and lower costs.

Sources 4-6 can be from an FIU Library database, the FIU Library Catalog, or the Web:

  1. One article about your topic from a newspaper published in the country of your topic

New York Times

Wingfield, Nick. “What’s Twitch? Gamers Know, and Amazon Is Spending $1 Billion on It.” The New York Times, The New York Times, 25 Aug. 2014,

This article discusses the soaring popularity of video game live streaming and the billion dollar industry it will become. It also talks about Amazon’s interest in livestreaming and its partnership with It includes very helpful visual charts that show the rise in popularity of livestreaming. It also touches on the mass interactive community that livestreaming platforms have helped create.

  1. A good website

Wagner, Kurt. “Facebook Wants More Gamers Livestreaming, so It’s Offering Paid Deals and a Chance to Earn Donations from Fans.” Recode, Recode, 26 Jan. 2018,

This article talks about Facebooks realization that livestreaming is billion dollar industry. Facebook is trying to incentivize gamers to livestream on their platform by offering them paid deals. The integration of social media with livestreaming can allow it to achieve its full potential. This solidifies livestreaming as the next medium with global reach and viewership.

  1. One good source of your choice

Film and Television FIU Database

Sreenan, Cormac J. and Kobus Van der Merwe. “Entertainment Networking.” Communications of the ACM, vol. 49, no. 11, Nov. 2006, pp. 30-33. EBSCOhost,

This scholarly journal touches on how technology has revolutionized digital distribution to the masses. It also refers to the increased network speeds and latency that has paved the way for platforms that enable multiplayer gaming and services such as livestreaming. It also discusses the most efficient way for servers to be allocated to achieve global connectivity without sacrificing performance.





Biased Media Against the President (First Draft)

Good Luis, I look forward to reading your essay.

Luis Bauza — Team 8

Even before Donald Trump was elected as the 45th President of the United States, the media wasted no time in declaring that his campaign was “doomed to fail” and that he would never be elected or win the Presidency running against Hillary Clinton in 2015. However, the election in 2016 would prove to be one of the most divisive moments of the 21st century, with thousands protesting a candidate fairly elected in a democratic election. The news media painted Donald Trump as being a very misogynist, hateful person based on evidence from more than 10 years ago, they claimed that the Trump administration colluded with Russia during the election, and used inflammatory rhetoric and language in trying to get the public to vote for Hillary Clinton instead of Trump.

When Donald Trump announced that he was running for the presidency in 2015, the news media was quick to attack him and uncover any “dirt” they could find about his past. In the CNN article “Donald Trump: What we learned in 2015,” the writer criticizes Trump for not having a history of being a politician (although he is passive-aggressively praised for not “being a novice” at politics), while also highlighting comments from politicians and many others who were against Trump’s campaign. In one instance the article specifically cites an anti-Trump critic, Rick Wilson, who stated that “He is a man-child disguised as a candidate…” (Collinson). The article also states that Trump has “set a precedent” for “unorthodox” candidates vying for the presidency in future years. This is just one of many articles that sneakily use different forms of rhetoric in order to degrade Donald Trump’s image to the public before the election.

PechaKucha Script and Reflective Essay – Team 8

Hi Team 8

Well-done! I learned a few things I didn’t know about Amazon as well.  Good reflective essay.


Emilio Cubero

Valken Valbrun

Luis Bauza

Team 8

Emilio 1:

Even though the majority of the United States public is familiar with Amazon, few people know that it was originally named Cadabra . After an associated lawyer misheard the name as Cadaver, it was quickly changed to Amazon. Almost twenty five years later, Amazon is one of the largest and most profitable businesses in the world.

Emilio 2:

Jeff Bezos is the founder and CEO of Amazon. Bezos attended Palmetto High in Miami. His initial vision for the internet marketplace he was creating was an online bookstore. Within two months of its first book sale, Amazon was making twenty thousand a week. Now, Amazon sells products from almost every industry and is considered one of the most innovative companies.

Emilio 3:

Once Amazon breached the online marketplace, they began building fulfillment centers to stock, sort, pack, and ship their extremely wide and large inventory. These fulfillment centers are located all over the nation and are key to the success of the company. The more amazon grew as company, the more fulfillment centers they built to keep up with the public’s demand.

Emilio 4:

Amazon employees over 500,000 people worldwide, many of which work in the fulfillment centers. These employees are responsible for handling and packing the orders that are made in that area. The fulfillment centers are stocked with all the proper equipment to maximize efficiency. Along with a full staff, these centers are designed for maximum output.

Emilio 5:

After spreading out all over the nation, Amazon was able to offer Amazon Prime. Amazon prime is a subscription based service that gives customers access to streaming video, music, e-books, and free shipping. The cost of amazon prime is one hundred and ninety dollars per year, or roughly thirteen dollars a month. There are over 100 million prime members worldwide.

Emilio 6:

The sheer amount of fulfillment centers and shipping vehicles is what allows for expedited shipping to prime members. Amazon has been able to establish a shipping network that gives them the ability to ship most prime items in two days. Some items sold on amazon can even be delivered within the same day. Prime Now items can be delivered in a little as one hour.

Emilio 7:

Prime Pantry is another subscription based service that is offered by Amazon which gives members access to low-priced groceries, household items, and pet items. Prime pantry also includes free shipping on purchases over forty dollars. This service offered by Amazon was their first attempt to deliver food based items to customers on a national level.

Valken 8:

Technology is on the rise and Amazon is on the full scale to be part of the innovation. The popularity on drones have increase tremendously over these past  few years. Amazon is testing out a drone delivery service designed to safely get packages to customers in 30 minutes or less called Amazon Prime Air. On July 2nd, Amazon developed tech to prevent the hijacking of drones.

Valken 9:

So it’s been a year since Amazon Bought Whole Foods and of course that was one of  the biggest topics in 2017 and since its acquisition Amazon has generally improved sales at Whole Foods while cutting costs.such by slashing prices on certain products to increase traffic among stores. I mean come on! Bananas, cucumbers among other items were expensive.

Valken 10:

As one of its major subsidiary Amazon created Amazon Fresh which is a American Store that delivers fresh groceries to your door. Now you have opportunity to shop for groceries from the comfort of your own home and yes that is awesome! Currently its in some US states and of course since acquiring WholeFoods more US States are on the radar.

Valken 11:

Just as you thought Amazon was done with the big ideas you will now see stores with no checkouts or lines but an experience  called “Just Walkout Shopping.” Sounds hard to believe but Amazon created just that. “Amazon Go” which is the first and only store location currently in Seattle, Washington where Amazon Prime subscribers can purchase items in physical stores without waiting in lines or checking out with registers.

Valken 12:

Amazon Prime subscribers can just scan their phones as shown in the picture, grab whatever they need to purchase, and walk out of the store seemingly without paying for a thing. However, there are special scanners in the ceiling of the store as well as weight sensors that monitor and record every item a customer gets and whether or not they left the store with the item. So you thieves out there better think twice.

Valken 13:

Amazon Go uses these (AI) artificial intelligence machines and sensor technology with the need to make customer lives easier.  Amazon is so confident in these technologies that it will refund any wrong item without question while the customer gets to keep the item. With all the money and intellect Amazon has  in the world why not be confident in their product that it will not fail but thrive.

Valken 14:

Amazon Go will offer a huge selection of  name brand items and local brands and will also house amazon brands thats only unique to amazon only. :Amazon Go” will also offer  ready-to-eat breakfast, lunch, dinner, and snack options made by chefs and favorite local kitchens and bakeries. Which amazon has made ideal for the grocery shoppers of the world.  

Luis 15:

Amazon Prime Student is another way Amazon is trying to get ingrained into as many people’s lives as possible. With Amazon Prime Student, college students with a registered ‘.edu’ email address receive a 6-month free trial of Amazon Prime and once that trial is over, they monthly rate is just $6.95 a month. There is also a 90% discount on textbooks across the site which can later be traded in for an Amazon gift card.

Luis 16:

The Amazon Student Union at the University of California, Berkeley lets students receive free same-day shipping on many items on Amazon, and also provides a secure place for pickup. Parents may also request items be shipped to this location. There are couches and TVs inside of the store, providing a “break spot” for those students who need to take a break from studying.

Luis 17:

Amazon also has another pickup location in Downtown San Jose, California where anyone can pick up their orders with same-day shipping as well. Although this might be a great option for students, especially if they live on-campus and want to receive some benefits to pick up their package elsewhere, it may be a strange sight for students to see what is basically a permanent advertisement for Amazon’s services on campus.

Luis 18:

Eventually, Amazon decided that having these pickup locations was a great idea and instead of building dedicated stores for customers to pick up their items, they have a sort of “locker” system where anyone can order a package to be delivered at a locker near them and then can input their information to receive their package from a locker.

Luis 19:

Amazon is also introducing a new technology in newer vehicles that lets Amazon employees directly deliver packages to a car’s trunk. This would enable seamless, hassle-free delivery without having to talk to a real person. However, critics of this new technology have expressed concern over potential theft of a trunk’s contents by an Amazon employee.

Luis 20:

As Amazon continues to expand and control more of our online shopping and eventually real-life shopping, Prime Day begins later today at 3:00 PM. It is an annual event only for Amazon Prime subscribers with discounts on many items across all product categories. Prime Day ends on 11:59 PM on Tuesday, July 17.

Finally, include a reflective paragraph on WordPress explaining the process of doing your PK. How did the team decide on a topic? Why did you pick it? Discuss the selection of images and composition of the narrative. What worked and what didn’t? What was the hardest part of the process? How does PechaKucha compare top more traditional PowerPoint presentations? Include the credits for who did what.

As a team, we searched for news story after the required date and agreed that the story on the expansion was worth presenting on. We picked this subject because Amazon is widely known and there is a large amount information on it. The beginning of the pechakucha is more focused on background information and early innovation. Later in the presentation, we talk about new directions that Amazon is headed in that have been reported on after May of 2018. The images chosen follow the narrative of the presentation and portray Amazon from the beginning to now. The hardest part of the process was finding relative information that can be used to tell the narrative through the script. A PechaKucha does not have words on screen and is timed in twenty second intervals. This makes it difficult to layout, script, and present. Each of us added pictures to the slide show, and we each wrote our own parts of the script.

Team 8 topic Amazon

Hi Team 8,

I’m assuming this is just a beginning?


Team 8

Emilio Cubero

Luis Bauza

Valken Valbrun

Team Assignment PechaKucha

Topic-  “Amazon’s Go Expansion and it’s effects on society”


Bias in News Media (Annotated Bibliography)

I will remedy once I get the grade book back.  Excellent job, full credit will be assigned.


I received a 0 for this assignment even though it was submitted for review on June 17th.


Luis Bauza – Team 8

Thesis: President Trump’s summit with Kim Jong Un, leader of North Korea, in May has exposed a blatant political bias in mainstream news media.


Wolff, Michael. Fire and Fury : Inside the Trump White House. New York : Henry Holt and Company, [2018], 2018. EBSCOhost (Academic Search Complete),

This book by Michael Wolff describes Donald Trump’s first 9 months of presidency. This book seems to be a good source for gathering “insider” knowledge on what has gone on inside of the White House and with Donald Trump’s major policy changes. Although this source provides some really good information, it is heavily skewed against Trump, and portrays a negative image of his presidency.


White, Hugh. “Trump’s North Korea Bluster Has Shattered US Standing as Global Leader.” NPQ: New Perspectives Quarterly, vol. 34, no. 4, Oct. 2017, pp. 24-26. EBSCOhost (Academic Search Complete), doi:10.1111/npqu.12104.

This scholarly journal article describes how the author thinks Donald Trump has “ruined” the United States’ reputation on the world stage because of a “Twitter fight” with North Korea. It also describes how China supposedly has much to gain by these tweets. The source seems very biased just based on the title, and the article is analyzing tweets from Trump.


Campbell, Charlie, et al. “High-Stakes Summits.” Time, vol. 191, no. 13, 09 Apr. 2018, pp. 32-37. EBSCOhost (Academic Search Complete),

This magazine article from Time describes the potential effects of the summit that Donald Trump had with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un. It also explores topics such as a possible reunification of both Koreas and how denuclearization can be achieved. The source does describe the prospect of reunification in a positive way and provides a perspective of a Korean person, paving the way for a possible demonstration of differences between a Korean mindset and an American mindset.


Flood, Brian. “Trump Bashing Overwhelms ABC, NBC, CBS Evening Newscasts, Study Shows.” Fox News, FOX News Network, 8 May 2018,

This news article by FOX News describes the perceived media bias against Donald Trump. The article suggests that major news networks such as CNN, NBC, and CBS are becoming increasingly critical of anything that Donald Trump does, regardless of achievement. The article references a study by the Media Research Center that revealed that 90 percent of comments from these three networks from January 1st to April 30th were negative, which is useful for citing statistics of bias in the news.


Landler, Mark. “Trump and Kim See New Chapter for Nations After Summit.” The New York Times, The New York Times, 12 June 2018,®ion=rank&module=package&version=highlights&contentPlacement=1&pgtype=collection.

This article from the New York Times describes the summit with North Korea and the concessions that were made by the United States to “appease” Kim Jong Un. Criticism against the joint statement is also present here, with the article saying that the statement “…was short on details…” Overall, this is a good source that provides information on the events of the summit, while also providing evidence for slight bias in the news media.


Moore, Mark. “Trump Slams Critics of His North Korea Summit.” New York Post, New York Post, 17 June 2018,

This article from the New York Post describes how President Trump has called out different news media for being biased against him and his achievements. According to the article, President Trump tweeted that “…some people would rather see this historic deal fail than give Trump a win…” The article provides in-text tweets from Trump and describes the reaction that he had towards the articles written about him. This source is good for citing Trumo’s response to his critics.


Great job Team 8!  I particularly thought the ‘small hands’ comment was funny.  Excellent incorporation of ethos and rhetorical analyses in your post! I’m impressed on how well you worked together as a team. Well-done!

Emilio Cubero

Valken Valbrun

Luis Bauza

Team 8


Fake News:


The affair between President Trump and Stormy Daniels has been a trending topic since early 2018, but few know that this was not the first time their affair had been discussed in the public eye. In October of 2011, The Dirty and Life & Style published articles on the topic. Furthermore, in the same month, Daniels discussed the affair with In Touch Weekly but the interview was never published because Michael Cohen, Trump’s Lawyer, threatened to sue. At the time, the thought of Donald Trump becoming president of the United States was inconceivable. He was just another filthy rich celebrity that received enormous amounts of attention. Yes, he was considered by many to be a big deal, but he was nowhere near presidential status. Why would Stormy Daniels then want to speak on their affair? Was it for attention, money, or fame? Or was it for something else? It turns out that Stormy Daniels had just given birth to a child directly prior to her interview with In Touch Weekly. Daniels was hinting at something. The timing of the interview and the delivery of her newborn was too perfect for it to be a mere coincidence. Daniels was trying to inform the public that Donald Trump was the father of her child. Soon after her interview, Daniels was approached by a man that threatened her because of the information she was releasing about the affair. This scared her enough to eventually sign an NDA regarding the events that had between her and Trump. Trump clearly did not want anything about their situation to be revealed to the masses.

Even though Daniels is known for her sharing her personal life with the public, she rarely posts any pictures of her child and has kept her away from the public eye. Of the few photos Daniels has posted of her daughter, they all show her as infant or toddler. But recent photos taken by paparazzi show her daughter at the age of seven, and the similarities to Trump are striking.

The daughter can be seen walking next Daniels and her two bodyguards. The flowing blonde hair; the white fair skin. All properties of her father, Donald Trump. She even has relatively small hands, a trademark of the Donald. Furthermore, Daniels’s daughter looks remarkably similar to Donald and Melania Trump’s son, Baron. They too share similar features, with one major difference: Daniels’s daughter has blonde hair, and Melania’s son has brown hair. This discrepancy is expected because these half-siblings have different mothers. Trump attempted to ignore his illegitimate child, and succeeded in doing so for a quite some time. He was able to maintain his image and celebrity by threatening Daniels. Little did he know that this skeleton in his closet would soon return to haunt him.

Between 2011 and 2018, the situation regarding Donald Trump and Stormy Daniels was relatively calm until Trump became a serious contender in the US presidential election. In January of 2018, the Wall Street Journal reported the existence of the NDA between Daniels and Trump. They also reported that in October of 2016, a month before the presidential election, Michael Cohen paid Daniels $130,000 to stop her from discussing the affair. This is an alarming amount of money considering that this information had been previously revealed to the public in 2011. Trump’s legal team was trying to cover up the illegitimate child at all costs, even going as far to say that the affair between Trump and Daniels had never happened. But after months of interviews, documentation, and search warrants, Trump finally admitted to the affair aboard Air Force One. He played it off as something minor, but in reality it represented the illegitimate child he had been neglecting for nearly a decade. Skeletons or not, Trump owes the American People, Stormy Daniels and his child an apology.

Analyses and Why:

This type of article is a prime example of a clickbait-y, attention-grabbing article regarding the Trump presidency. It appeals to both liberals and conservatives, which combined are the majority of the public. Liberals will read the article because it bashes Trump. Conservatives will read the article because they will want to defend Trump. Both of these groups will say and believe anything to defend their personal views on controversial stories such as this (fake) one. The general perception of the presidency is not a positive one so an article like this is believable to the general public. Therefore, the hook in this story is mostly just the attention-grabbing headline. It provokes a reaction from all sides of the political spectrum, thus being an effective distraction from mainstream news.

Rhetoric used in the story touched on all aspects of the rhetorical triangle. Ethos was established by using true facts throughout the story, such as the Stormy Daniels pregnancy, her interview with In-touch Weekly, the threat she received, the NDA, and the payment from Michael Cohen. All of these actual events help establish credibility and convince the audience that what they are reading is real. Pathos was utilized through inflammatory language that purposely targeted liberals and conservatives. Throughout the story, much of what is said can be infuriating to one group and pleasing to another. Logos was used to tie together the true information and the false information. The events that actually happen fit perfectly in conjunction with the fabricated story of the illegitimate child. The story was written to take a reader through a stream of logic that contains truths and falsehoods and have them conclude with “Wow, that makes sense!” in their head.

The affair between Donald Trump and Stormy Daniels is juicy breaking news that hooks the reader in all aspects of a news story. The controversial aura that surrounds Trump draws credibility to the fake news story. The quote “It turns out that Stormy Daniels had just given birth to a child directly prior to her interview with In Touch Weekly” details the news story as a movie. It reads as a rising action with a climax, but with no resolution. This method of writing peaks the reader’s interest and immerses them in the story. According to Michael Schudson, “good fake news mimics real news”. Fake news hides in the form of real news, but it also contains an array of false information scattered throughout.

Who Did What:

The analysis of the whole “Fake News Assignment” was a collective team effort. Emilio wrote the story and Valken and Luis inputted some parts as well. We then edited the story jointly and discussed how to approach the analysis and reflection. We all worked on the analysis by individually tackling the questions that were asked. We then reviewed each other’s work and edited each part to the smallest detail. We used Google Docs to be able to achieve this level of instant communication