End of Solitude Analysis

Being a solitary person is not a blessing, it is a curse. All it does is make people distant and self-absorbed. People need to communicate with others, so that they can understand the world better. It is easier to not expend any energy on building relationships and ignore everything around you. All our goals our motivated by self-interest and the desire to get the bare minimum done to survive our mundane lives. Socializing and multi-tasking is an invaluable skill I wish I had. I cannot concentrate, study, or do any activity with another person in the room; I get so nervous and distracted by their presence. It is difficult to even keep up with news, gossip, or media.

It is a problem that people are pressured into being available 24/7, since technology has advanced enough to make this even possible. GOOD POINT. People are just not taught that it is okay to step away from their social media and computer. It requires a bit of selfishness to ignore others for the sake of your sanity and well-being. I agree with Deresiewicz’s article, but how do you combat this problem. It is difficult to advocate for the need of solitude in our society, since a person’s success is tied to their likability and social skills. Schools are even trying to emphasize the importance of social networking and working in teams from an early age nowadays. Some people’s livelihoods are built upon these factors such as popular Youtube artists, and bloggers

It is no wonder why people feel their worth is intrinsically linked to how many likes or followers they have. Is there any room for self-reflection when your identity is being molded by a collective consciousness on the internet? It is almost like a portfolio or a measurement of your success that is more accurate than any SAT score. It makes people feel like they matter because they have a wider platform to share their thoughts with hundreds of people.  There is tangible value that can be attached to the words they say, that is calculable by the amount of people that see it.

This assignment made no significant impact on my daily routine which involves doing homework, drawing, and watching movies on Netflix. Solitary reflection has only caused me to be more depressed and anxious than I already am. My life is short, boring, and overall insignificant. I usually avoid the news because knowing about terrible events, does not help me or others; I am essentially useless.

The news is still important though, I genuinely believe that if enough people hear and spread the word they can come together to make a positive change. The news is important to keep the general populace informed of corruption or problems in the world that need correcting. It helps protect our rights, liberties and those in need. People must work together to achieve goals bigger than just any one individual. Civilization has been able to advance, change, and adapt through the efforts of every person and their willingness to cooperate for a greater good. EXCELLENT ANALYSIS.


Rhetorical analysis- VALERIA ALVAREZ-VERDIER

When persuading the readers or audience, an important decision is whether persuasion will be accomplished through “Logos, Ethos or Pathos”. The following paragraphs will explain which method the author of the article: “why our memory fails us” used and how the decision of implementing these different method(s) of persuasion contributed to the strength and successfulness  SUCCESS of his arguments. The following paper will also talk about those important article comments, which without an effective method or organization, will get lost in the substantial amounts of comments, we have online now a days; prohibiting those comments, considered by most to be of grater value, to be misplaced where no one will ever read them. TOO LONG FOR THESIS STATEMENT: SIMPLY STATE ARGUMENT.


The arguments presented by Chabis and Simons on the article “Why Our Memory Fails Us” are built up by real life situations in which the memory of an individual failed them causing a controversy in their lives. From the rhetorical triangle, this article is mainly constructed with “Logos” and “Pathos”. Through Logos, the author provides the reader with (3) three different facts that have occurred in the past serving as examples of when the memory of a known individual failed, causing them to perplex their “truth”, from the real truth. This article does not only explain but it also intends on persuading the reader that when somebody’s memory fails him or her, it does not necessarily have to be because they have bad intentions or are lying, “ordinary memory failures say nothing about a person’s honesty or competence” (Christopher F. Chabris, Daniel J. Simons, Dec. 1, 2014). The issue is, that we mistakenly rely on our confidence and faith in the accuracy of our memory, believing that we can recall exactly how an event occurred, when in fact we are just, as stated in the article “reconstructing it on the fly each time” (Christopher F. Chabris, Daniel J. Simons, Dec. 1, 2014). When using pathos, the author focused on the “higher emotions”, hoping that the reader will sympathize next time somebody’s memory failed them and at the same time giving them the courage, that when that “person” is them, they will admit to their mistake and be credited for it. The author is hoping that through facts and explanation we will acknowledge that the issue of our memory failing is common amongst all of us, and that there is an explanation as to when this occurs it can simply be an honest mistake. GOOD.  ETHOS?

Heffernan, the author for “Comment Is King” expresses her strong opinion about comments in online journals. This has led to the New York Times to come up with a method, which organizes, and ranks the readers’ comments from the perspective of the readers themselves and also from the perspective of the NYT. The three top comments chosen by the NYT were chosen because they contributed to the article in three different ways: Expanded on the argument the author was trying to make from a different perspective, disagreed and finally, restated to what the author had to say with an additional example. However, in the readers’ top picks, one of the comments attacks the credibility of the author by solely focusing on the characteristic given to one of the individuals on the author’s example another, focusing and adding on the pathos portion or the author, which was to sympathize for those whom make mistakes and finally, by adding through additional links relevant information to the article. GOOD

Shutting the audience, those who advocate and criticizes is not the solution. The NYT has managed to come up with an effective method that allows for everyone to be heard, but at the same time filtering the comments people find more valuable. GOOD

Rhetorical Analysis



Rhetorical Analysis


Thesis: The authors evidently present a logic argument that many readers can relate throught mainly the use of logos and aided with pathos

Basing on the reading, why Our Memory Fails by Christopher F. Chabris and Daniel J. Simons, memory is usually conflicted with our OWN experiences and tend to become biased towards our moment of thought. GOOD As they clearly argued during most of the article, this can happen to any type of people PERSON and at any time that we are trying to remember an event that happened to us. The authors evidently present a logic argument that many readers can relate throught mainly the use of logos and aided with pathos.

The authors mainly base their arguments by citing events that have happened and that have had some sort of attention. Logically speaking, they use examples using people that most of the audience would know, such as President Bush and Hillary Clinton. One of the strongest examples that they utilize was evidence that Daniel Greenberg found. This evidence stated that Bush claimed to have seen a plane crash into the North Tower in the 9/11 attack before going into a classroom in Florida. This is the main argument that the authors are presenting. Since Bush made that mistake, thousands of people came to the conclusion that he had been part of the attack and that he knew it would happen all along. This Is the prime example that our memory fails us at any type of moment. This is a clear use of logos since it gets the audience to think logically, if people believe that their memories are always right, why not take the example that someone like Bush can also think the same thing and be proven wrong in one of the worst possible ways. The use of case studies like the one posted above, is the base for a well-rounded and logic argument.

Another way that the argument tries to persuade readers is throught their use of emotions or what is known as Pathos. Using such a popular person such as Bush, can help them attract readers that will be instantly attracted into the argument, either in favor or against.  This can be seen mainly in the comment section where the readers reacted passionately and emotionally. Some citing that the authors were trying to remind people of bush’s mistake. Other claimed that this was a prime example to teach everyone that this kind of mistakes can happen to anybody and at any time.

Throught the comments found at the comments section, a similarity can be found since the first comments are virtually the same. If I continue to read comments farther down I can start to see a clear difference. Some of the readers pick comments begin to be abusive and really critical of the authors examples and wording. The new York Times picks are, highly critical but follow the path of the argument trying to point their views in a more elaborated manner.

Vanessa Goenaga : Rhetorical Analysis

Thesis: Internet comments can be improved using a ranking system and editor supervision, since it provides an incentive for people to write carefully, either for status or fear of comment deletion.

Christopher F. Chabris and Daniel J. Simons start with a narrative using Neil deGrasse Tyson as an example of memory retention failure. Dr. Tyson accidently fabricated a quote from George W. Bush. It demonstrates how a person’s memory is fallible. They further support their point by providing examples of experiments conducted by various psychologists and the National Academy of Sciences. They demonstrate that memories are malleable and can be easily distorted with time. They use the logos method of persuasion by recounting anecdotes and backing up their claims with case studies and experiments.

They reiterate the Dr. Tyson case and how he dealt with the fallout for his mistake. He apologized and took responsibility for his error, and is commended for his actions. They then shift some of the responsibility to the readers themselves. The message they try to convey is that people should not rely on a few sources for all their information, but have a social responsibility to find out the truth for themselves. People should be forgiven, rather than condemned them for the slightest error. This part of the article deals with pathos since it appeals to the readers sense of justice and fairness. The article also has ethos since the authors are both psychology professors.

Dr. Tyson’s post was at the top because he is the main subject matter for this article. He was written in a positive light by the authors which increased his trustworthiness. He provided links to offer more context for the events referenced in the article. This is an example of ethos since the message relied on the authors’ testimonial and the sources provided.

Keith Dow derailed the subject and intent of the article by focusing on one detail, Mr. Bush. He cites inflammatory quotes. This appealed to people who have strong resentment towards Mr. Bush. This is pathos since it appeals to the audience’s negative emotions.

Jacob Sommer continues the author’s conclusion and elaborates upon it. This could be considered an echo chamber, but the commenter does a better job establishing an emotional connection with the reader by sharing his own experiences. This persuades the audience to be more understanding using pathos appeal.

Peter C has accepted that as humans we all have inadequate memory. He wants people to acknowledge it as a problem, so that that we can find solutions for situations like the witness testimony case. This is an example of pathos.

Magicisnotreal simply states that the overall problem is mental laziness, since we have become reliant on inference rather than objectivity and reason. This is another example of pathos.

Elizabeth shares information that every beginning journalism class does an exercise that tests the memory of an event. This is logos since it is anecdote that supports the article.

There is no notable difference between the reader’s top choices and the NYT picks, since they are all written by different individuals with their own way of persuading others. Some of those posts even belong in both of those categories.

Rhetorical Analysis

Christopher F. Chabris and Daniel J. Simons used ethos and logos to support their argument in their article Why Our Memory Fails Us by using very authoritative public figures and presenting facts from studies conducted on memory.

       Why Our Memory Fails Us written by Christopher F. Chabris and Daniel J. Simons argued how memory is not a reliable source for information. People are only human, so they shouldn’t be patronized for relying on memory and genuinely believing it to be truthful. To support this argument Chabis and Simons used the Ethos and Logos appeal of rhetoric. Their argument was based on evidence from significant public figures like President George W. Bush and Hillary Clinton. They also included factual information from reports and studies on memory.

        Chabis and Simons focused on the use of ethos in this article. The foundation of the argument started with Dr. Tyson, a known Astrophysicist who based one of his popular stories on a quote from President George W. Bush. The quote used for his story is not what President Bush said verbatim and there was no evidence to prove the quote was true, making Dr. Tyson’s argument invalid. Dr. Tyson defended his source of the quotation by saying he vividly remembered President Bush saying those words during his speech, but it was proven that his overconfidence in his memory failed him. This was an effective use of ethos because the authors explain that even a seemingly credible person like Dr. Tyson can make mistakes. Chabis and Simons continue with giving examples where President Bush and Hillary Clinton, both very prominent political figures have falsely made statements based off their memory. Using authoritative figures as examples showed no one is excluded from wrongly confiding in memories.

        The use of logos in the article also supported the argument. The authors refer to several studies done on the recollection of memories, and reports on how memory affects public policy. One of Chabis and Simons key sources for their argument was the National Academy of Sciences where they cited a couple reports explaining why memory isn’t as reliable as people think. Using logos strengthens an argument because its solely proven facts supported by evidence. People are very quick to be skeptical until shown facts.

       Now that news articles are easily accessible, reader’s comments have become as significant as the article itself. The comments on the New York Times are divided into reader’s pick and NYT pick. The reader’s pick top comment is Dr. Tyson himself in which he links Facebook notes regarding the subject of the article. The second comment is strongly disagreeing with the statement that President Bush is intelligent. The last comment is agreeing with the article’s stance in that memories aren’t the most accurate. Two of the NYT picks are the same as the reader picks, and the other comment is also agreeing with the article. These comments became top picks because they gave relevant information supporting the article and had valuable feedback. The only significant difference is the President Bush comment, which isn’t as relevant but is relatable and agreeable. The Times approach to ranking comments is effective because it highlights the most profound commentary whether it agrees with the article or not.