Draft #2

Very good job, Juan. I especially like the way you have incorporated course principles (ethos, logos, pathos, etc.) into the essay.

Your thesis is very persuasive. Now you need to illustrate the essay with pictures, videos, links, etc., and include your bibliography at the end. 



Juan Galvis

Team 6


Plastic In The Ocean

13 million tons of plastic is estimated to enter the ocean each year according to previous scientific studies. Being a material that does not naturally degrade,  plastic sits on the surface of the ocean allowing marine animals to be tricked into thinking it’s food. Many marine animals have suffered accidents such that their lives are endangered or taken away due to the plastic in the ocean. The latest accident occurred on the shores of Thailand, where a whale was found with 18 pounds of plastic in its stomach. The death of these innocent animals has created a state of emergency message about our environment, thus causing researchers to explore the problems even more, and people to be even more outspoken about the issue via social media and news articles.

In the New York Times’ article, “Whale’s Death in Thailand Points to Global Scourge,” the author Mike Ives talks about the critical stage at which the whale was found by veterinarians and explores the events that have led to the death of many marine animals. To express the gravity of this issue with credibility, Ives used a mix of Aristotle’s rhetorical concepts of logos and ethos. Logos was used to discuss the amount of plastic produced worldwide since the 1950s according to a 2017 study in the journal Science Advances. On the other hand, ethos was used when the author cited other studies that discuss statistical analyses of topics like how many marine animals are endangered in Thailand every year, and which are the six countries with the most mismanaged plastic waste. These facts are referenced by the author to build higher awareness to the readers.

After the story was released about the whale which died after swallowing 80 plastic bags in Thailand, many went on social media to express their anguish and anger about the tragic issue. Websites like Facebook and Twitter were filled with messages from users sharing their thoughts. Facebook’s user Nichapa Samranrat wrote, “I feel so sorry for this poor thing. Why are some people so lacking in common sense?” Other users used hashtags like #PlasticOcean and #TrashInOcean to group their thoughts altogether. Some users posted graphic pictures of other marine animals that have experienced the same destiny as the whale found in Thailand. While others shared their own personal encounters with trash in the ocean and beach shores.

In another article from The New York Times writer Tatiana Schlossberg explores the powerful impact that plastic has in today’s society by stating that our era could be referred to as the Plastocene Epoch era by future generations. Schlossberg uses ethos and logos when she references studies and researchers to speak freely about how quickly plastic has overtaken our ecosystems. It was estimated that by 2050 about 12 billion metric tons of plastic will be accumulated in landfills or in the environment. A study suggests that the primary explanation for the over pollution of plastic is its use in packaging. It’s estimated that packaging made up 54 percent of the non-fiber plastic that was thrown away back in 2015. We, the consumers of the products being packaged in plastic, have a great responsibility when disposing of plastic correctly. In the United States, about 9 percent of plastic is being recycled, while in Europe 30 percent is recycled. Littering is an issue that many countries are experiencing currently. Beaches are the primary location where visitors do not pick up after themselves, and that allows the trash to be pushed towards the ocean.

Corrine Henn, a graduate of Delaware Valley College with a degree in Conservation and Wildlife management, conducted a research study where she observed the top five marine animals that are being the most affected by plastic in the ocean. Among this list are seals, sea turtles, seabirds, fish, and whales. Henn mentioned that whales are a marine species that are the most affected by plastic due to the size of their mouth. Unknowingly, whales are mistaking marine debris for a potential food source. Like the whale found in Thailand, these animals are consuming garbage that is tearing their stomach lining, leading to starvation and death.

In 2011 Captain Charles Moore published “Plastic Ocean” a book in which he talks about how his own personal encounter with ocean plastic changed the way he viewed the situation. In the book, Moore mentioned that in 1997 he was sailing from Hawaii to California, when he noticed his ship was skimming its way through a plastic soup. From this day on Moore has dedicated his time to researching the properties of plastic and how it can affect the planet we live on. Moore emphasizes that plastic poses a potent threat to vanishing marine species and their fragile habitats. He also mentions that plastic in our oceans can soon be a threat to human health and well-being.

In today’s society, the topics of pollution and littering are being covered even in politics. However, how much of what we are being told is true?



Team 6

The topic we selected for the PechaKucha assignment is Net Neutrality. 

first draft

Tacha, a very interesting essay so far. Keep going and include any other

information you can find about how

the various media, social media, police, etc., provided different approaches

to the suicide. Where is the truth in all the chatter? You’re on the right track.

Remember to include graphics (pictures, videos, etc.) and put your

bibliography at the end.




When I grade the final essay (due July 30), I will use Professor Pearson’s guidelines:

  1. Writing quality = 1- 50 points
  2. Visual quality = layout, images, videos, media, 1-50 points
  3. Logic (does it make sense) = 1-50 points
  4. Analysis of the event (did you really pick this topic apart) = 1-50 points
  5. Use of class lectures, readings and concepts = 1-100 points
  6. How a person, movement or technology influenced the event = 1-50 points
  7. Use of sources, at least one scholarly = 1-50 points

Tacha Cius

First draft


Suicide is silently taking lives of many at an alarming rate due to mental illness and life stresses. One example, this past week, was world-renowned American fashion designer Kate Spade, whose net worth was $46.5 million. She hanged herself in her apartment, leaving behind a husband and young daughter. Andy Spade, her husband, revealed that Kate suffered from a lifelong battle with depression and only he and her therapist knew the severity of her disorder. This compelling media story reminded everyone how depression can hide the darkness hidden deep by camouflaging it with smiling faces.

The fashion designer and icon, Katherine Noel Frances Valentine Brosnahan (WSJ) but she was known to the world as Kate Spade 55, died on June 5 in her New York City apartment in what authorities are ruling out to be a suicide. The report has stunned the entire world and even I had chills run down my back as I watched the story unfold Tuesday morning. As the medical examiners made their way into 850 Park Avenue, they discovered a white female, unconscious and unresponsive with a note as confirmation that led to the credibility that it was an apparent suicide. Spade was found by her housekeeper Bella Cariaga just before 10 am. Traumatized, she called 911 then reportedly ran downstairs to inform the building’s superintendent, who then rushed back to the apartment, cut the scarf around Spade’s neck and attempted CPR but was too late. Her husband and business partner Andy Spade was in the apartment at the time, police said. Spade’s older sister Reta Saffo told DailyMail.com that Kate struggled to manage her celebrity status, which only made her suspected bipolar disorder worse. She added that her sister had been contemplating killing herself for a long time before she hanged herself on Tuesday..

Saffo said her sister never anticipated how successful her brand would become. ‘She never expected it – nor was she properly prepared for it,’ ‘Unfortunately, untreated, it finally took its toll on her.’ Saffo said she was aware of her sister’s battle with mental illness, but it wasn’t until comedian Robin Williams killed himself in August 2014, that Saffo began to notice Kate’s obsession with suicide and her unraveling mental health as she excessively watched news coverage of his death.

Increasingly concerned about her mental state, Saffo says that she and Kate’s husband Andy Spade repeatedly urged her to go for treatment but she’d always change her mind at the last moment.

What can drive someone to commit a self-inflicted act of violence? Especially someone who had maintained a thriving, multi-million-dollar business for nearly three decades?

Suicide rates have climbed by more than 30 percent since 1999 according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Steadily rising rates have made suicide the nation’s 10th leading cause of death in the U.S.

Many sources of information often try to get the story out first. That’s mostly their main objective. No matter how the story comes out, being first means more clicks, more followers and more money. High profile cases such as this tend to draw the thousands of clicks, and many of the sites neglect the accuracy of content or state something totally different. For example, Kate wrote a suicide note which was found next to her lifeless body. Sources with the police department have reported the note was addressed to her daughter and said: “Bea – I have always loved you. This is not your fault. Ask Daddy!” The New York Post revealed a slightly different version of the note, citing police sources, the note reads in part: “This has nothing to do with you. … Don’t feel guilty. Ask your dad.”

As we notice some of the information in this story has been manipulated. Even though there is a slight difference in wording this simple message was distorted and someone’s credibility is being questioned. Another example, according to the headlines, stated that  Spade was suffering from severe depression, while other reports (DailyMail) indicated that Spade suffered from bipolar disorder.  Is it the same difference or…

Fake News

Excellent writing. You have captured the fakery in the otherwise real event between Trump and Kim Jung un. What fakier than what actually happened, right? Subtle. Creative. 

I did receive your reflective paragraph, your list of credits, and your graphics. So everything is OK now. 

Thanks, SK


Breaking News: Kim Jong-un To DeNuclearize North Korea After Famous Talk with Trump in Singapore Summit!

SINGAPORE — The America and North Korea Nuclear-weapons summit had all the elements to make it a historic first meeting of its kind: big stakes involving confidential international relations and weapons of mass destruction. Singapore’s own Ministry of Communications and Information, set with hundreds of cameras, reporters, and journalists to capture every nanosecond was equipped with a conference room for the 9:00 meeting of both world leaders. North Korean leader, Kim Jong-un’s refusal to comply by dropping his nuclear weapons prompted President Trump to inch in and out of the arrangement with threats fueling the tension and heightening the anticipation. The prospect for a hostile reception was highly probable. On March 31, former CIA director Mike Pompeo had met with Kim Jong-un in the North Korean capital Pyongyang to discuss the meeting. It was stated that the meeting would likely take place somewhere in Southeast Asia or Europe. Several countries were suggested, including North Korea, Switzerland, Sweden, China, and even South Korea before Singapore was finally agreed upon, due to the nation being one of the few with ties to both the U.S. and North Korea.

The summit took place on June 12th in Sentosa Island, Singapore at the Capella Resort. The two leaders departed for Singapore the Sunday before their meeting: Kim Jong-un flew in from Pyongyang with a total of three planes and landed around 2:30 PM and Donald Trump arrived in Singapore nearly six hours later, having left the 44th G7 summit from Quebec. The two stayed at separate locations, with Trump staying at the Shangri-La Hotel, and Kim residing in the St. Regis Hotel. When it came time for the historic exchange of leaders, Kim and Trump retreated into the main conference room to initiate their discussion of policy, weapons, economy, and more with reporters and journalists at their heel. Kim was not eager to meet with the agreements that were set before him. Yet after meeting with his camp, he was described as displaying a different reaction–hardly the gesture of one seeking deadly confrontation. Our sources close to Kim have reported that as a result of the meeting, he has finally agreed to release all of the nuclear weapon information in order to have the sanctions removed so that North Korea can move forward in a growing economy.

We were able to investigate what happened after the cameras stopped rolling and the paparazzi were told to leave for the day. Aboard Air China’s plane that transported Mr. Kim back to North Korea along with his younger sister Kim Yo Jong and procession of North Korean officials, the leader was overheard having a conversation with his sister that expressed his overview on what was discussed in the former meeting. Korean translators confirm this statement from Kim: “It’s time to change my mindset. Trump pointed out some interesting points during our conversation.” Our source observed the leader, Kim Jong-un deep in thought leaning forward and at times sitting back in his chair in silence, theorized to be strategizing his next move. We have a statement from him expressing his gratefulness in partaking in the meeting, “This is all part of my plan for greater control over the peninsula, soon we shall achieve the heights of success. President Donald Trump and I will work together diplomatically to achieve the longstanding objective for North Korea’s success and sovereignty.”

Kim Jong-un has faced criticism in the past for his human rights abuse within the regime. Will the threats of nuclear war that were made against the United States earlier in the year now be null? Will this be the beginning of a new Korea? It is uncertain but Kim’s statement will be sure to make an impact, signifying a momentous turn of events. This could be a very important step towards world peace and for the peace and wellness of North Koreans. This time around the United States can take the credit for being the change that could make all of the difference.

Annotated Bibliography

Your bibliography is fine. I’m looking forward to the final

essay. Please note that I updated the citations to MLA

8th edition. It’s even more of a nightmare than the

previous edition. 

I wasn’t sure about how to do the Luxembourg Scholar article (is it

two in one?).


The relationship between China and Tibet is becoming increasingly turbulent as China declares its unabating resistance to Tibetan values and traditions having any place in Chinese education and nationality. In May of 2018, Wangchuk Tashi, a Tibetan businessman, was sentenced to five years in prison for attempting to preserve the sanctity of Tibetan language and culture by speaking out while living in China. This arrest is one of the many implications of The Republic of China’s silencing and erasure of Tibetan autonomy. It is my belief that this is a global threat of censorship and fascism that extends further than just East Asia.


Source 1:

Smith, Warren W. “Tibet’s Last Stand: The Tibetan Uprising of 2008 and China’s Response.” Maryland: Landham, Md: Rowman and Littlefield Publishers, Inc. 2010. Print.

Smith, Warren W. Tibet’s Last Stand: The Tibetan Uprising of 2008 and China’s Response. Rowman and Littlefield, 2010.

The uprising of Tibetan nationalism as it relates to education and religion is documented carefully and concisely in Warren Smith’s informative account of the 2008 revolt in China. Colonialism, resistance, and repression are discussed in comprehensive detail as he underlines how national and international protests triggered a political and moral movement of Tibetan independence. I have chosen this book as a source for the final paper for the reason that it clarifies the beginning of the conversation on sovereignty and provides insight for the topic of China’s stifling of Tibetan values.

Source 2:

Saxer, Martin. “Re-fusing Ethnicity and Religion: An Experiment on Tibetan Grounds. “In Journal of Current Chinese Affairs, 2014, vol. 43, p. 181. GIGA German Institute of Global and Area Studies.

Saxer, Martin. “Re-fusing Ethnicity and Religion: An Experiment on Tibetan Grounds.” Journal of Current Chinese Affairs,

vol. 43, 2014, p. 181.


Separatism—or “splittism”, legitimacy in religious practice, and ethnicity make up much of the Republic of China’s opinion of Tibet’s capacity to embrace their culture and traditions while living under Chinese rule. This paper illustrates one opinion of the topic by arguing for the endorsement of religion as legitimate while also commenting on how the bleeding from one space to another may lead to problems arising, such as circumambulation. I found this journal article to be fascinating yet contentious. Saxer might be presenting me with information that I was not aware of before this read and for that, I am grateful to gain more perspective.

Source 3:

Crowe, David M. “The ‘Tibet question’: Tibetan, Chinese and Western Perspectives.” In Nationalities Papers, 2013, vol. 41, p. 1100-1135. Routledge.

Crowe, David M. “The ‘Tibet Question’: Tibetan, Chinese and Western Perspectives.” Nationalities Papers, vol. 41, 2013, pp. 1100-1135.

Crowe’s explanation and interpretation of the Chinese/Tibetan conflict provides an objective viewing for the historical roots with a keen eye for specifics in political change. Autonomy, sovereignty, and individualism dual against colonial dominance, and economic prowess—with significant points made by Western influences. This article does a great job of evaluating the major issue and challenging the public’s opinion.

Source 4:

立高 . Luxembourg Scholar Explodes Myths about Tibet Independence. China Aims to Boost Industries along Yangtze River, China Daily, Global Times, 26 June 2015, http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/opinion/2015-06/26/content_21115553.htm. Accessed 19 June 2018.



Global Times conducts an interview with German scholar, Albert Ettinger about Tibet– its ideology, its background, and its ‘propaganda’.  Chinese sentiments are mirrored through the scholar’s statements about Tibet, western populace opinions, and the ideas of independence and autonomy my paper will be covering. This interview effectively conveys the bias and authority of China and knowing the other side of the debate is crucial to critical thinking.

Source 5:

Rife, Roseann. “A Tibetan Language Advocate’s Journey to Imprisonment.” Amnesty International, 7 May 2018, 19:48 UTC, https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/campaigns/2018/05/tibetan-language-advocate-journey-to-imprisonment/

Rife, Roseann. “A Tibetan Language Advocate’s Journal to Imprisonment.” Amnesty International, vol. 19, no. 48, 7 May 2018.UTC, https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/campaigns/2018/05/tibetan-language-advocate-journey-to-imprisonment/

.Accessed 19 June 2018.

Amnesty International is a credible, factual source and Roseann Rife is an East Asia Research director who weighs in on the recent imprisonment of Tashi Wangchuck. This report documents Tibet’s increasing paranoia about the extinction of their language and culture. National unity versus human rights is discussed within the rhetoric of Rife’s writing as she challenges the dominance of the government of China, the diminishing identity of Tibet, and erasure of education for Tibetan students.

Source 6:

                            Hartnett, Stephen John. “Tibet is Burning: Competing Rhetoric’s of Liberation, Occupation, Resistance, and Paralysis on the Roof of the World.” In Quarterly Journal of Speech, 99:3, p. 283-316

Hartnett, Stephen John. “Tibet is Burning: Competing Rhetorics of Liberation, Occupation, Resistance, and Paralysis on the Roof of the World.”Quarterly Journal of Speech, vol. 99, no. 3, pp. 283-316.

The globalization of capital, expurgation of human rights, and the butting historical narratives of Tibet, the western influence, and Chinese nationalists are equally recounted in Hartnett’s academic article on Tibet’s re-ignited global debate. This article examines China’s actions regarding the conflict with Tibet; its opportunistic rule over marginalized populations seeking out justice and liberation. Hartnett investigates the rhetoric used to testify against Tibetan identity.




Annotated Bibliography

Very good work, Maria. I look forward to your final essay.

(Prof. Pearson was also looking for a library book about the topic. Maybe something very new about the Venezuelan crisis. I checked the FIU catalog and there are a few things in English and in Spanish. There are probably more on Amazon. However, your sources are very good.)


Maria Tortolero

Thesis Statement: The Organization of American States (OAS) is considering expelling Venezuela from the organization soon. If this happens, President Nicolas Maduro will lose legitimacy in the eyes of all the countries surrounding him, and hopefully he will have to step aside and allow for free elections and the restoration of democracy. However, Maduro claims that the OAS is a puppet of the United States, and he does not want to belong to it anyway. 

Bhatt, Keane. “Fear of a Venezuelan Example.” Extra!, Dec. 2012, pp. 12–13.

The article in this Magazine reflects the fear of being ruled by someone like former president Hugo Chavez. It uses Venezuelan politics as an example of what not to have by using a quote “Do not try this at home!”. This is very relevant to my thesis statement because it shows how Venezuela was back in 2012 and how it was gotten worst. worse

Bredemeier, Ken. “US Demands OAS Suspend Venezuela.” VOA, VOA, 4 June 2018, www.voanews.com/a/us-calls-on-oas-to-suspend-venezuela-from-organization/4423777.html.

This article is the main point of my thesis statement. U.S want Venezuela to be removed from the OAS because the government has lost its democracy. Also, president Maduro rejected humanitarian aid from the organization so the US wants to pressure Venezuela until they decide to give in to democracy.

Delacour, Justin. “Oil Calms Troubled Reporting. .” Extra!, vol. 17, no. 6, pp. 26–28. Communications & Mass Media Complete, doi:0895-2310.

In the last 19 years, Venezuela has been deteriorating by the day. At the beginning United States was benefiting from this South American country. During president Chavez second term, U.S. President George W. Bush’s administration’s decided to recognize this election in order assure the steady and continued flow of oil from that country. This shows how the US changed the attitude towards Venezuela after all the economic and political issues it has had.

Gaouette, Nicole. “Pompeo Calls on OAS to Oust Venezuela.” CNN, Cable News Network, 4 June 2018, www.cnn.com/2018/06/04/politics/pompeo-oas-venezuela-expel/index.html.

CNN is one of the most important newspaper company around media in the world. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo requested the Organization of American States to expel Venezuela from the organization. Also, he wants to add additional pressure and other sanctions to the country. 

“Onu Pidio Investigar Violaciones Derechos Humanos En Venezuela.” El Nacional, 18 June 2018, www.el-nacional.com/noticias/mundo/onu-pidio-investigar-violaciones-derechos-humanos-venezuela_240395.

Venezuela’s authorities have silenced many newspapers and other forms of media, so it is really rare to read an article about something that is going on in the country. This article does not talk about the issue with OAS, but instead provides an investigation made by the United Nations because of human rights violations in Venezuela. This source is very relevant to my thesis because it shows that these two big organizations do not agree with the way President Nicolas Maduro is ruling the country.  

Perez, Antonio F. “DEMOCRACY CLAUSES IN THE AMERICAS: THE CHALLENGE OF VENEZUELA’S WITHDRAWAL FROM THE OAS.” American University International Law Review, Nov.-Dec. 2017, pp. 391-476. Academic OneFile, http://link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/A524947102/AONE?u=miam11506&sid=AONE&xid=fef49d56. Accessed 18 June 2018.

This scholarly journal talks about the main point of my thesis statement, the relationship between Venezuela and the OAS. It is a very useful source because it is from December of last year which provides back up information and is useful to then compare the issue today with the OAS.


Bibliography for Final Paper

Excellent bibliography, Juan. I look forward to the final




Juan Galvis

Team 6

Thesis Statement: A whale, with 18 pounds of plastic in its stomach, was found dead on the shores of Thailand. The death of this innocent animal has created a state of emergency message about our environment, thus causing an uproar on social media and the Internet.




Other source:

Ives, Mike. “Whale’s Death in Thailand Points to Global Scourge: Plastic in Oceans.” The New York Times, The New York Times, 4 June 2018, http://www.nytimes.com/2018/06/04/world/asia/thailand-whale-plastics-pollution.html?rref=collection/sectioncollection/world&action=click&contentCollection=world®ion=stream&module=stream_unit&version=latest&contentPlacement=106&pgtype=sectionfront.

Annotation: The whole research paper revolves around this event. This article talks about the death of a whale that was found in Thailand. It was discovered that the cause of death was the plastic the animal was consuming, thinking it was food. The article shows that this topic has caused people to start speaking up on social media and the Internet.

Article in magazine: FIU Library Database

Moore, Charles. “Rapidly Increasing Plastic Pollution Aquaculture Threatens Marine Life.”Tulane Environmental Law, 2013, pp. 205–218.

Annotation: This article talks about the type of plastic that is affecting the marine life. It mentions what researchers and the government are doing in order to make plastic that is safe for the environment and the wildlife. The article will help explore a solution to avoid deaths like the one of the whale found in Thailand.

Book: FIU Library Database

Moore, Charles, and Cassandra Phillips. Plastic Ocean: How a Sea Captains Chance Discovery Launched a Determined Quest to Save the Oceans. Avery Publishing Group, 2012.

Annotation: This book is about how a researcher himself experienced the effects of plastic in the ocean. He decided that he needed to do something in order to end this global issue. The story allows us to explore the true feelings of someone who experienced the crisis himself.

Scholarly journal: FIU Library Database

Resmeriță, Ana-Maria, et al. “Erosion as a Possible Mechanism for the Decrease of Size of Plastic Pieces Floating in Oceans.” Marine Pollution Bulletin, vol. 127, 2018, pp. 387–395., doi:10.1016/j.marpolbul.2017.12.025.

Annotation: This journal references a study conducted using an artificial UV light to observe the behavior of polypropylene in the ocean. This experiment explains why we cannot find plastic particles smaller than about one millimeter in the ocean. This journal can be used to reference what chemicals are being released into the ocean because of plastic and what harm  these chemicals can have on the marine life.

Article from Newspaper of country:

Schlossberg, Tatiana. “The Immense, Eternal Footprint Humanity Leaves on Earth: Plastics.” The New York Times, 19 July 2017, http://www.nytimes.com/2017/07/19/climate/plastic-pollution-study-science-advances.html

Annotation: This article covers the topic about how humans are responsible for the damage caused in the ocean by plastic. It explains how much plastic has been produced and how much has landed in the ocean.


“These 5 Marine Animals Are Dying Because of Our Plastic Trash … Here’s How We Can Help.” One Green Planet, 5 Feb. 2017, http://www.onegreenplanet.org/animalsandnature/marine-animals-are-dying-because-of-our-plastic-trash/.

Annotation: This website allows the research to cover the five animals who suffer the most by plastic in the ocean. It gives statistical data that could be used to support the research statement. The website also gives images that would be used in the research paper to show readers examples of what the paper is arguing.