Venezuelan freedom at last

Team 2-

Overall, a good piece. Needed further editing, especially with past/present tenses. Reporting was vivid and believable. Especially liked the enraged Orlandito Fernandez.

Did you have a version with media? That counts as 9 points toward the grade. Also need a list of credits for participants.


Only a few months after an alleged attempt against Nicolas Maduro, another successful effort took place. Sources indicate that Maduro was ambushed and killed while heading home after culminating his daily presidential responsibilities. The vehicle in which the dictator was traveling was deviated from its original route and went taken to an isolated farm in the outskirts of Caracas where he was tortured and shot to death. Investigations indicate that the people responsible are members of the military that formed part of his presidential escort. General Oscar Perez and seven others of inferior rank organized the boycott that gunned down Nicolas Maduro. “I shot one of the meanest men on earth; the only way to get rid of him was to kill him,” said Oscar Perez.

Due to the incredible state of happiness within the country of Venezuela, the funeral of Nicolás Maduro will now continue for two more weeks. The casket will have a steady parade of those that genuinely despised him. There will also be a concert held to raise money for those that lived in apocalyptic circumstances. Venezuelan citizens will receive a schedule of when the former president will be in attendance for an encore funeral. There will be light refreshments and arepas for all who attend. Juan Guaido will also be in attendance to assure the citizens that they will begin a road of reparations.

Nicolas Maduro’s political involvement began in the 1990s after the capture of Hugo Chavez, and other military personnel after an attempted Coup D’etat. Maduro started to campaign in 1992 for their release. Consequently, this led leads to the two individuals meeting in the year 1994 after they were finally released. After about five years, Marudo was elected for the position of National Constituent Assembly in 1999 and then promoted to the speaker of the Assembly in the year 2005. Within the short span of a year, he was named foreign minister of Venezuela in 2006. He assumed the presidency in April 2013 after serving as Vice President for a year.

During his first term as president, parliament attempted to remove him from office and failed. A second attempt in 2019, the people held an opposition boycott. Throughout his command, accusations of “undermining democracy and violating human rights in Venezuela,” were stated by organizations around the world. It led to a severe economic crisis in the country. The Trump administration claims claimed that Maduro is was operating a “devastating dictatorship.”

The day of Nicolas Maduro’s death will go down in history. Our journalist headed out to the streets of Caracas to get the peoples people’s reaction and opinion to the dictators predestined murder. Alejandra Orozco, 42 and mother of three, says “I’ve prayed every night and day for this moment to come. Soon enough my mother who lives in the United States can come back home. She has been longing this for years.” Another citizen, Orlandito Fernandez expresses his tear-jerking and overwhelming emotions “That bastard took away my spotlight! Damn he who pull the trigger before I did! I HAD IT ALL PLANNED OUT!” An official had to steer the man away before the situation would escalate. The people of Venezuela are ecstatic for what the future holds for them. Now that the country is in the hands of someone with positive and beneficial initiative, the only way to look from here is up.

Venezuela is now underway of returning to the prosperous democracy it was known for before the start of the Maduro administration. I It will take an enormous effort and years to build back what was damaged by Maduro. The economy will increase massively, and foreign countries will soon begin to trade again with Venezuela. It is just a matter of time for Venezuela to heal from such a dark time in the history of the country.

Venezuela is not the only country celebrating Maduro’s death. The fourteen countries represented in the Lima Group, who once decreased their diplomatic relations with Venezuela when he came into power in May 2018, are all happy to see the end of Maduro’s terrible rule. United States’ president, Donald Trump turned to Twitter, per usual, to talk about Maduro’s assassination, “Can’t say I’m surprised. Just wish I had a hand in it. Shame.” And, “What a great day for Venezuela and all its people! Congrats”. Venezuelans from all over the world are booking flights to go home, taking food and water to help their family and friends. The United States and Canada have begun to send supplies in relief efforts for those who were living in tough situations.

Reflective paragraph:
Our target audience was intended for those that disagree with Nicolas Maduro. The hook was that Guaido will now be able to become president after the death of Maduro. Credibility was maintained by using probable causes and events that would happen in real life. Our rhetorical appeal was a mixture of logos when referencing probable cause of death, reasons for his death and pathos to elicit an emotional response from the audience intended to maintain readers. Ethos was also included through the use of definitive statements.


Thesis Annotated Bibliography

Natalie –

Excellent sources. Thesis is on the right track, but needs a bit of work. How about something like this:

Palau placed a ban on “reef toxic” sunscreen to protect its coral reefs. Although the actual effect of the ban is uncertain, it has garnered global attention in various news sources. Rhetoric used by supporters may generate public support which will lead to manufacturers and others countering with the virtues of sunscreen and the need for further research.

Some other articles of note:

Good job!

Thesis: Although Palau placed a ban on “reef toxic” sunscreen thinking it will protect its coral reefs, it may not be enough. Through more use of communication systems and tech-marketing, they would be able to make a bigger impact on not only their own island, but around the world.

  1. Woodley, Cheryl M., et al. Diseases of Coral. Wiley Blackwell, 2016.

This book published in 2016 talks about how the field of epizootiology is not advanced enough to talk about the deseases in coral reefs. Because of these diseases scientists will have to update their vocabulary, methods, and diagnostic techniques as well as train their tropical marine scientists in wildlife pathology if they plan on preserving the reefs. 

2. Raffa, Robert B., et al. “Sunscreen Bans: Coral Reefs and Skin Cancer.” Journal of Clinical Pharmacy & Therapeutics, vol. 44, no. 1, Feb. 2019, pp. 134–139. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1111/jcpt.12778.

This article focuses on Hawaii’s ban of certain popular sunscreen ingredients that will go into effect on January 1, 2021. It brings up the dilemma that banning certain popular sunscreen ingredients may have on skin cancers. Scientists have to weigh out the importance of both and possibly find an alternative to these important ingredients. 

3. “Sunscreen Ingredient Polluting Coral Reefs.” Chemistry in Australia, Mar. 2016, p. 6. EBSCOhost,

This article in Chemistry in Australia talks about the study of the toxicopathological effects of sunscreen to coral reefs. Oxybenzone in sunscreen causes deformities, damages to its DNA, and acts as an endocrine disruptor that leads to the death of coral planulae. This study was led by Dr. Craig Downs and was published in the “Archives of Environmental Contamination.”

4. Pojas, Rhealyn. “Palau Becomes the First to Ban ‘Reef-Toxic’ Sunscreens.” IslandTimes, 27 Dec. 2018,

This online newspaper from Palau announces their ban of sunscreen ingredients that are harmful to their reefs. They state how they are the first country to have such ban and how they are trailblazers in the protection of the world’s reefs. 

5. Perrigo, Billy. “Why the Pacific Island of Palau Is Banning Sunscreen.” Time, Time, 7 Nov. 2018,

This article in Time talks about the science behind the banning of certain ingredients in sunscreen that are harmful to coral reefs. It also talks about how the ban will work and when it will come into play. 

6. Guardian staff and agencies. “Pacific Island to Introduce World-First ‘Reef-Toxic’ Sunscreen Ban.” The Guardian, Guardian News and Media, 2 Nov. 2018,

This Guardian article informs on Palau’s ban on “reef-toxic” sunscreens starting 2020. There are claims it is a world-first initiative to stop chemical pollution killing its famed corals. Starting January 2020 anyone importing or selling sunscreen containing any of 10 banned chemicals face a $1,000 fine and tourists who bring banned sunscreen into the country will have it confiscated.


Excellent thesis and bibliography. Good job!

Annotated Bibliography

During the GreenBiz 2019 event, SC Johnson used rhetoric to focus on their aspirations for compostable, and recyclable materials but fail failed to mention their contribution towards plastic pollution. The medium sends a message that the company will shift towards an ideology primarily accepted by society. The incorporation of social media plays a role in the perception of trust and transparency between the company and consumers. SC Johnson has had a history of secrecy, and this platform is a means of avoidance on previous events of withholding information from the public about the chemicals being used in their products and the adverse effects. Good thesis.

1. Found Via: Academic One file
“Pollution control.” The Gale Encyclopedia of Science, edited by K. Lee Lerner and Brenda Wilmoth Lerner, 5th ed., Gale, 2014. Academic OneFile,
This book includes explanations of the way that the environment becomes governed by local laws and restrictions. The information is given through logos and uses diction that is common. It also brings about possible information that is influenced by the restricted information provided by the government.

2. Found via: Communications & Mass Media Complete
Erskine, Hazel. “The Polls: Pollution and Industry.” Public Opinion Quarterly, vol. 36, no. 2, Summer 1972, pp. 263–280. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1086/268000.
This journal article analyzes the relationship between different aspects of industries and public relations to bring awareness to the public on corporate decisions. This source incorporates the perspectives of multinational corporations and state department experience with major nonprofit organizations. The lens used for analyzing this convergence of platforms is that of a multifaceted investigation.

3.Found via: ProQuest News & Newspapers
Anthony, William. “Waste in, Energy Out.” Scandinavian Review, vol. 104, no. 3, Autumn, 2017, pp. 52-61. ProQuest,
This magazine entry provides a dense analysis of different types of company’s contribution to pollution. It presents statistics to analyze how these companies were pushed by the Danish government to become environmentally friendly. The choice of prose creates a natural transition of events that the reader can apply to possible outcomes for other countries following this direction in law specific to an industry and their waste.

4. Found via: ProQuest News & Newspapers
McGreevy, Patrick. “CITY & STATE; Lawmakers Push to Phase Out Plastics that can’t be Recycled; Bill would Bar the Sale of such Items by 2030 and Reduce Amount Sent to Landfills.” Los Angeles Times, Mar 04, 2019. ProQuest,
The article uses logos to emphasize the reason for the bills passing in California that will assist in environmental clean-up. It focuses on the environmentally friendly measures that voted for in California and a future decrease in waste. It also provides analysis of the contribution to waste the United States makes, giving unbiased statistics of plastic pollution. The diction used puts emphasis on the facts rather than emitting emotions from the reader.

5.Found Via: web
This database provides sources that have analytical scientific interpretation with common words that are put in the search engine. The different forms of sources provide results from all over the world and focus on similarity to the words being searched rather than easily accessible websites.

6. Found via: Communications & Mass Media Complete
Kronrod, Ann, et al. “Go Green!! Should Environmental Messages Be So Assertive??” Journal of Marketing, vol. 76, no. 1, Jan. 2012, pp. 95–102. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1509/jm.10.0416.
This focuses on the medium, and what ways industry uses marketing schemes to aggressively impose their messages. This sheds light on the tactics used by companies to make sure consumers see specific environmental contributions. The ads themselves are also analyzed through the lens of ethos, pathos, and logos. The messaged is what is being focused on and ties it back to the effect of them on the consumer.

Annotated Bibliography, Dylan Adams-Martin, Team #2

Dylan –

Excellent work. I look forward to your final essay.


Thesis: As the recent wave of populism continues to engulf parts of the world, countries continue to find themselves in a cross road of what comes next. The government of France has been at the brink for more than 15 weeks combatting the street protests, known as the “Yellow Vest Movement”. The protests have been covered very differently depending on news outlets. Euro-skeptic and alternative media sources have been quick to praise the protests while pro-EU and establishment media companies have blacked it out and reported it in a negative light.

1.Book: Giusto, Hedwig, et al. The Changing Faces of Populism: Systemic Challengers in Europe and the U.S. Foundation for European Progressive Studies, 2013.

“This book talks about the rising tide of populism in Europe. 2008 and the financial crisis is one of the starting points for populism on both the left and right rising up in parts of the continent. The wave has hit France and people are letting Macron know of their displeasure with the administration’s globalist policies by protesting gas hikes.”

Found in FIU Green Library General Collection — JN13 .C43 2013

2. Scholarly Journal: Works Cited

Fernández-García, Belén, and Óscar G. Luengo. “Populist Parties in Western Europe. An Analysis of the Three Core Elements of Populism.” Communication & Society, vol. 31, no. 3, July 2018, pp. 57–76. EBSCOhost, doi:10.15581/

“This scholarly journal talks about the 3 main components which are leading to populism in Europe. All 3 of these variables are currently being seen in France. The journal stresses how when a ruling establishment ignores their lower and middle classes for too long then they will attempt to vote out the establishment and seek different alternatives.” Found in the communication and media database on the FIU website.

3.Corbet, Sylvie. “16th Straight Weekend of ‘Yellow Vest’ Protests in France.” Time, Time, 2 Mar. 2019,

“This article in Time magazine talks about how the Yellow vest protest are on the 16th week straight. This highlights how the government is trying to avoid taking concrete steps to meet the demands of protestors and the public at large. While the majority of the protests have been taking place in Paris there is a large portion of them that continue throughout the country especially in rural agricultural towns.”

4.Souchon, Pierre. “Yellow Vests Don’t Do Politics.” Le Monde Diplomatique, 1 Jan. 2019,

“Le Monde is the New York Times of France. The article has taken much criticism for downplaying the protests and calling them a ragtag group. Le Monde and its reporting has been criticized as pro-establishment and covering for Macron by much of conservative and alternative news sources in France. The article shows the odd similarities with the United States as cultural elites in big cities tend to dismiss working class people from the center of countries.”

5.Bock, Pauline. “The French Protests, like Brexit, Are a Raging Cry for Help from the Disenfranchised | Pauline Bock.” The Guardian, Guardian News and Media, 5 Dec. 2018,

“The Guardian is a good website as it is a British based. The article on the website does a great job of highlighting the similarities between Brexit and the Yellow vest movement. The author touches on how the media tends to side with government and elites and just like in Britain they call protestors racists, Nazis, and bigots to delegitimize disenfranchised portions of the population to the country and the world over.”

6.“Yellow Vest Protesters Target French Media as Movement Ebbs.” AP News, Associated Press, 29 Dec. 2018,

“The associated press is a good source to use as the article it talks about shows how demonstrators are targeting media outlets. Hundreds of demonstrators — some chanting “Journalists – Collaborationists!” — gathered at the central offices of television network BFM and state-run France Televisions. AP shows how the demonstrators feel demonized and resentful towards the media and the way they are being perceived in culture.”

Annotated Bibliography

Josmery –

Sources were good, but you don’t have a scholarly article. Check with a librarian to amke sure you have one for the final essay.

Thesis should be how we know about the sentence. For example, was it covered differently in Mexican or US papers/TV, or social media? Maybe how secrecy was involved in government corruption? Did fear play a part in any media coverage?

Thesis: After decades evading justice, El Chapo’s sentence to life in prison led the principal news in Mexico and USA for the last months. His great contribution to corruption, how he managed to escape from jail and whether this will reduce drug trafficking, are the main topics next.


Beith, Malcolm. The Last Narco: Inside the Hunt for El Chapo, the World’s Most Wanted Drug Lord. New York: Grove Press, ProQuest, 2010.

This book is about the story of the Mexican kingpin El Chapo Guzman.The book presents the struggle of those who dare to stand up to the cartels, and the ways those cartels have tragically corrupted every aspect of Mexican law enforcement. It also mentions how Guzman was considered among the wealthiest man in the world and his skill to escape from the law.


ContentEngine LLC. The Case of ‘El Chapo’ Does not End the Era of Big Bosses. Miami: CE Noticias Financieras English, Latin America, ProQuest, 2019.

This article mentions how even though El Chapo was captured, drug production and trafficking in Mexico have still increased in the past years. His cartel is allegedly now being controlled by his children. Plus, there exist many other powerful cartels there as well, which contributes to such increase.


Sonja, Sharp. Talk isn’t cheap in ‘El Chapo’ case; The stunning dollar amounts discussed in the drug kingpin’s trial are just the price of doing business. Los Angeles: Los Angeles Times Magazine, ProQuest, 2019.

This one is about how powerful, in terms of money, the drug industry is. It mentions the billions of dollars people involved in this business can have, along with properties around the world. It also mentions how they use tentative amounts of money to bribe individuals in power control of high levels of government. Proof of this is that El Chapo was considered one of the richest men in the world by Forbe magazine in 2015.


EFE EN NUEVA YORK. Según testimonio, el Chapo violaba a niñas y las llamaba “vitaminas”. Mexico:, 2019.

This article portraits portrays part of the many ways in which the drug lord contributed to corruption in Mexico. Here witnesses make public how El Chapo and his henchmen outraged more than one little girl. According to this article he had a woman who would get woman ranging from 13 years old and up for him. These little girls whom El Chapo called “vitamin” were drugged to then be abused.


Feuer Alan and Emily Palmer. El Chapo’s Early Days as a Budding Kingpin. New York: New York Times, 2018.

This article gives a brief resume of the early days of El Chapo’s carrier. It shows examples of the strategies that the kingpin adopted in order to become one of the best in his field. A witness that started to work with El Chapo since his beginnings explains all that and also that even though he was one of his best men, he ended up betraying him. Consequently, he was threatened to death in several occasions while in jail.


Opposing Viewpoints In Context. Mexico’s Drug War: The Battle Without Hope. Greenhaven Press, 2014.

  This last article explains more in depth how cartels function in Mexico, as well as the position of government before these cartels. It details a bit more of how they corrupt youth and how much damage they cause to society, focusing on “El Cartel de Sinaloa,” the biggest of all, which was managed by El Chapo for many years.

Nichole –


The topic has potential, but needs to be on a specific event. For example, a research report/article:

The introduction of a new product:

Some other ideas:

Revise thesis and resubmit.



Thesis draft on Plastic Pollution

Plastic pollution has damaged the environment and human health, appeasing to empathy and urgency attributes to worldwide attention. Through the medium of social media, the enormity of the presence of plastics becomes easier to witness in parts of the world that are shroud in secrecy. Humans’ connection to Earth drives a need to clean up what we have caused.

Lemons, Jane Fullerton. “Plastic Pollution.” CQ Researcher, 7 Dec. 2018, pp. 1017-40,

The Insider Assignment 2

1. Very good analysis of the conflicted Mike Wallace. Apparently the real journalist hated the film, but it is revealing how the complex strands of conflict shaped his actions. Writing was excellent, except for the odd glitches in the first paragraph. 

2 and 3 both presented a solid analysis.

4. Superior analysis of the rhetoric used in the board meeting. Caparelli’s use of “a monotone and sophisticated tone’. is delightfully on target. I might argue that Bergman is also using pathos in his appeal, but you make your case very well. Great job!


In this country, capitalism is a driving force when trying to look for a medium in which to share the truth. Companies that prioritize making a profit run all mainstream platforms. The influence the companies put on the audience is something that reflects bias and manipulation. The host, Mike Wallace, can be seen to have an easily manipulated sense of what journalists should prioritize. When the legal concept emerged, known as Tortious interference, if two parties have an agreement, such as a confidentiality agreement, and one of those parties is instigated by a third party to break that agreement, the party can be sued by the other party for any damages. “The greater the truth, the greater the damage,” this exemplifies, that standards are arbitrary. The climate shapes Wallace’s values, and concealment depends on what is the majority rule. At 2:01:49 Wallace scolds the lawyers prioritizing his own words, which is quite the contrary position he took when advocating for the alternate version. Good catch. Corporate lawyers maintain the interest of companies. Wallace knew that pushing for the uncut episode would lead to retaliation on his job. They witnessed first-hand through Wigand, the power they hold.

CBS News wants to maintain their standards all while making sure that they are not at risk of getting sued for the truths they discovered. It was not in their best interest to tell the secrets of a fortune 500 company. The repercussions would be just too (is something missing here?) Shares were in a critical position from CBS corporate to earn more money; this is a hidden motivator and drives the decisions of everyone involved. Yes, or at least those who would profit. This episode became more than just money. These people got involved in something that tested their values. Theses e decisions would impact families and future endeavors. At 2:22:22 you finally see the motivating drive for Wallace’s decisions on what to air. They are both journalists, just at different times in their life. Wallace brings emphasis to a personal argument by appealing to Lowell’s emotions. This confession brought about sympathy within the audience and Lowell, with the intent of being understood.  Excellent.

Throughout Mann’s film, the journalists have to face several obstacles that would define their reputation as professionals. In the scene at 2:00:46 Wallace tries to put Lowell at ease by making it seem like he got the upper hand from corporate. Despite forcing his ideas onto Lowell, he genuinely believes that this is what is best. The intent of his hyperbole was a means of concealment in order not to disclose what Wallace said to corporate. Good observation. He makes clear that he won’t be settling for a radio job out of the sake of morality and justice to the whistleblower or the health of America’s people. Another obstacle that is faced is when Wallace goes to visit Bergman is his hotel room in scene 2:20:03. Nearing the end of life, you’re beginning exemplifies his motivations for the outcome of the episode. Wallace pointed out that he has faced many institutional and personal pressures in pursuit of the truth to gain sympathy from Lowell.

2. A non-disclosure agreement is a legal contract between at least two parties that outlines confidential material that they wish to restrict from third parties.  Mr. Wigand felt the necessity to make public B&W’s bad practices, which were silently affecting citizens; however, he knew the implications of disclosing such information. We see the grievance of breaching a non-disclosure agreement when even CBS news, a powerful company, hesitated to publish the material even after everything had been settled to transmit the interview.  CBS knew that not only Wigand was on risk of going to jail, or the 60 Minutes to be shut down, but also the entire channel network could be sue sued by the tobacco company because regardless of bad practices or not, Wigand signed a secrecy agreement ––a legal document that the company would have relied on for its defense. In the end, it would’ve been a monster company against one more employee who was going to have it very difficult to prove that he was practically forced to sign.  It wasn’t exactly an issue of his having been forced to sign. To get the job, he was required to sign. Rather, it was a decision he came to regret. According to columnists Katherine Barrett and Richard Greene, many of Donald Trump’s top advisers were asked to sign non-disclosure agreements, forcing them to keep quiet about what happens in the White House, even after his presidency ends. They say that these types of secret-keeping contracts are being used in state and local government, too. According to McLuhan, the medium is the message. Even though confidentiality disclosure agreements are not very common in government, some governmental institutions “force” their employees to sign these types of agreements because it is the only way to maintain sensitive information safe. It is imperative to rely on the employees even when involved in unethical activities. However, the employees that sign a confidential agreement are aware that by breaching information they might deal with lawsuits and even jail.

3. The primary forms of media used by both Scanlon/Lenzner and Palladino were television, newspaper, and radio. At the time, these were the most reliable and valid forms of media that were consumed by the public. McLuhan’s observation about these forms of media is that regardless of the information, the fact that they came from such essential forms of media at the time is what is critical. The public does not need to be concerned over what the television was saying about Wigand, the idea that they could receive this message about him through the television is what is essential.

If this war over Wigand’s reputation had occurred today, current media platforms would have made things very different. The internet is the top place for many people these days to get their news. Social media, and what it is today, would have been beneficial for Wigand and Bergman because posting their findings of B&W online would have created a stir amongst the public as well as a demand for more information that was truthful. The probable public disapproval would be expected today because of the distrust the public has for companies like the tobacco industry. Excellent. Through a medium like Facebook, Youtube, blogs, or even online journals, the film’s characters would have been able to freely discuss the truth about the large corporations with no filters. Large companies like B&W and CBS have lawyers and CEO’s that are looking out for the company as a whole, therefore tend to care more about their profits than getting the truth to the public. Specific people are hired to focus on the company’s image rather than the public’s welfare. Prioritization is something that although still true about large corporations today; there are more ways to bypass this legal system online. Very good.

4. Helen Caperelli, the CBS general counsel, uses a monotone and sophisticated tone throughout the meeting with Bergman, Wallace, and Hewitt. The forceful suggestion offered by Caperelli, suggests that she had the intentions of getting her way despite what Don, Lowell, and Wallace had to say. Helen is presenting the issues of this segment in a civil matter even though if they air it; it would have significant consequences. She is not very emotional, by sticking to a professional manner, she is pressing how important it is for CBS Incorporated not to allow them to show the world the truth about these tobacco companies. Bergman, Wallace, and Hewitt in the scene are showing a more laid back approach to this situation. They are trying to figure out why they can’t release the truth in this case, but then Helen keeps on contradicting herself on the reasons for it. In regards to Miss Caperelli, her target audience was the cast and crew of the 60 Minutes segment of the CBS channel. For Mr. Bergman, Mr. Wallace, and Mr. Hewitt their intended audience was towards Miss Helen Caperelli and the legal team of the CBS channel. Miss Caperelli used a more authoritative tone to, in a way, manipulate the men that she was holding the meeting with to bend to the wishes of the CBS channel legal team. She used her position as a lawyer to kind of present a sort of confidence and trustworthiness, and this would fall under the ethos category. However, for the cast and crew of 60 Minutes, the gentlemen presented a form of logic and facts. The points they expressed in the meeting would fall under the category of logos.