Final Draft

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Joaquin Guzman Loera was found guilty of all counts. Rhetoric was used by various media sources around Mexico and USA trying to maximize rumors that link high government officials with “El Chapo’s” case. Regardless of secrecy in the trial, attempted to protect the identity of those involved, there are indications of a Mexican president involvedness in this game of corruption.

Several news media headings were starring by the kingpin, and not for less.  The notorious drug lord, already convicted of crimes in Mexico, was accused in the U.S. of leading a criminal enterprise, distributing cocaine and laundering the proceeds, among other crimes. The 17-count indictment, which spans decades, alleges that Guzmán’s cartel shipped tons of drugs from South America to the United States, and then illegally moved billions of dollars in profits to Mexico.

After escaping twice from Mexican authorities, it is not a surprise that most news media were anxious to transmit every detail of this event that represents a hit to drug trafficking. Even though there have been cases in which journalists have lost their lives, as is the case of renown figure Javier Valdez, allegedly killed by Guzman’s sons for reporting about cartel infighting, this hasn’t stopped journalists in Mexico from airing every possible occurrence related to the trial.

The use of rhetoric, mostly pathos, prevailed among media reporters and articles while delivering information related to outcomes of the trial. Journalists, in an attempt to appeal to people’s emotions replenished media with articles and reports which headings looked similar to the next one, “El Chapo reduced to tears as wife, daughters appear in court.”  In this sense, the intention, of course, is to be clickbait and persuade people to click and read the article. The first paragraph then, starts mentioning how his twin daughters waved at him and how he is a sensitive human capable of let his feelings be in front of others.

Ethos was applied by various media sources as well; as in the case of CBSN news that invited a professional in the matter, a criminal defense lawyer and former prosecutor in order to transmit ethical appeal. This person had been following the case since its beginnings, plus they knew that he was going to be able to provide credible, reliable, and fair opinions and information. The reporters took advantage to ask him things like “Do you think that watch him cry and seeing his little girls waving at El Chapo might have any impact on the jury?”  To what he answered that it always does, but that they know till what stands they let that to have an impact on them. He also said that one reason for them to allow that type of scenes to happen is to humanize the clients, and thanks to that it was demonstrated that the kingpin is also a human, even though seen by many as a monster. 

They brought this  gentleman to the studio to discuss topics that maybe the journalists weren’t very familiar with, to give the audience a sense of truth worthiness when bringing to the table topics motioned during the trial, such as making El Chapo pay for Trump’s wall, how they showed the arms used by El Chapo and his men in front of the little girls, how the judge banned Guzman’s lawyers from using phones, among other things. The lawyer was asked to give his opinion on how he thought the case was going. Again, there was not better person to be asked about this case than a professional in the matter of criminal justice.  

Something that journalists are not very happy about is the decision of the judges to maintain part of the trial in secret. “Judge Brian M. Cogan has been tasked with keeping the first of these trials on track and the second one in check. Given the sensitivities involved and the enormous news media attention, he has conducted much of the proceedings in secret.”

 Though the exchange occurred in private, reporters obtained a transcript, and by Friday night, word spread that a witness at the trial of El Chapo was poised to accuse a Mexican president of taking bribes. A complicated game began in which students of Mexican politics tried to divine which president it was from the cryptic comments made in court. But not only students were trying to guess, journalists started to make conclusions as well. 

“Was it the incumbent, Enrique Peña Nieto?

Or maybe the defense had erred and it was actually the president-elect: Andrés Manuel López Obrador,” published New York Times’ journalist in his article “The Public Trial of El Chapo, Held Partially in Secret,” appealing once again to pathos, there is a lot people that will easily believe either or, people that think governments are corrupted, the same as people that dislike these individuals. 

In court, a witness testifying against Guzman also named one of Mexico’s top law enforcement officials, Genaro García Luna, as someone who took bribes. He said that on two occasions he met Mr. García Luna in a restaurant and each time gave him a briefcase stuffed with at least $3 million in cash.

Mexico has long been plagued by troubles with corruption, and some in the country were not at all surprised that tales of graft were emerging, thousands of miles away, at El Chapo’s trial in Brooklyn.

“The world might be shocked, but here, for us, this is old news,” said Fernanda Hernández, 23, a secretary from Mexico City. “To learn the inner workings of corruption at the highest level is something that for some reason feels rather obvious to us.”

To all this we see how secrecy not only took place in the trial, but also, we see how high-level government officials served to the drug lord without any actions being taken. Government may have even taken part in El Chapo’s scape from prison; people in Mexico knew or suspected it, even journal people, but no one had the courage to take action and speak up. 




Venezuelan freedom at last

Team 2-

Overall, a good piece. Needed further editing, especially with past/present tenses. Reporting was vivid and believable. Especially liked the enraged Orlandito Fernandez.

Did you have a version with media? That counts as 9 points toward the grade. Also need a list of credits for participants.


Only a few months after an alleged attempt against Nicolas Maduro, another successful effort took place. Sources indicate that Maduro was ambushed and killed while heading home after culminating his daily presidential responsibilities. The vehicle in which the dictator was traveling was deviated from its original route and went taken to an isolated farm in the outskirts of Caracas where he was tortured and shot to death. Investigations indicate that the people responsible are members of the military that formed part of his presidential escort. General Oscar Perez and seven others of inferior rank organized the boycott that gunned down Nicolas Maduro. “I shot one of the meanest men on earth; the only way to get rid of him was to kill him,” said Oscar Perez.

Due to the incredible state of happiness within the country of Venezuela, the funeral of Nicolás Maduro will now continue for two more weeks. The casket will have a steady parade of those that genuinely despised him. There will also be a concert held to raise money for those that lived in apocalyptic circumstances. Venezuelan citizens will receive a schedule of when the former president will be in attendance for an encore funeral. There will be light refreshments and arepas for all who attend. Juan Guaido will also be in attendance to assure the citizens that they will begin a road of reparations.

Nicolas Maduro’s political involvement began in the 1990s after the capture of Hugo Chavez, and other military personnel after an attempted Coup D’etat. Maduro started to campaign in 1992 for their release. Consequently, this led leads to the two individuals meeting in the year 1994 after they were finally released. After about five years, Marudo was elected for the position of National Constituent Assembly in 1999 and then promoted to the speaker of the Assembly in the year 2005. Within the short span of a year, he was named foreign minister of Venezuela in 2006. He assumed the presidency in April 2013 after serving as Vice President for a year.

During his first term as president, parliament attempted to remove him from office and failed. A second attempt in 2019, the people held an opposition boycott. Throughout his command, accusations of “undermining democracy and violating human rights in Venezuela,” were stated by organizations around the world. It led to a severe economic crisis in the country. The Trump administration claims claimed that Maduro is was operating a “devastating dictatorship.”

The day of Nicolas Maduro’s death will go down in history. Our journalist headed out to the streets of Caracas to get the peoples people’s reaction and opinion to the dictators predestined murder. Alejandra Orozco, 42 and mother of three, says “I’ve prayed every night and day for this moment to come. Soon enough my mother who lives in the United States can come back home. She has been longing this for years.” Another citizen, Orlandito Fernandez expresses his tear-jerking and overwhelming emotions “That bastard took away my spotlight! Damn he who pull the trigger before I did! I HAD IT ALL PLANNED OUT!” An official had to steer the man away before the situation would escalate. The people of Venezuela are ecstatic for what the future holds for them. Now that the country is in the hands of someone with positive and beneficial initiative, the only way to look from here is up.

Venezuela is now underway of returning to the prosperous democracy it was known for before the start of the Maduro administration. I It will take an enormous effort and years to build back what was damaged by Maduro. The economy will increase massively, and foreign countries will soon begin to trade again with Venezuela. It is just a matter of time for Venezuela to heal from such a dark time in the history of the country.

Venezuela is not the only country celebrating Maduro’s death. The fourteen countries represented in the Lima Group, who once decreased their diplomatic relations with Venezuela when he came into power in May 2018, are all happy to see the end of Maduro’s terrible rule. United States’ president, Donald Trump turned to Twitter, per usual, to talk about Maduro’s assassination, “Can’t say I’m surprised. Just wish I had a hand in it. Shame.” And, “What a great day for Venezuela and all its people! Congrats”. Venezuelans from all over the world are booking flights to go home, taking food and water to help their family and friends. The United States and Canada have begun to send supplies in relief efforts for those who were living in tough situations.

Reflective paragraph:
Our target audience was intended for those that disagree with Nicolas Maduro. The hook was that Guaido will now be able to become president after the death of Maduro. Credibility was maintained by using probable causes and events that would happen in real life. Our rhetorical appeal was a mixture of logos when referencing probable cause of death, reasons for his death and pathos to elicit an emotional response from the audience intended to maintain readers. Ethos was also included through the use of definitive statements.

Thesis Annotated Bibliography

Natalie –

Excellent sources. Thesis is on the right track, but needs a bit of work. How about something like this:

Palau placed a ban on “reef toxic” sunscreen to protect its coral reefs. Although the actual effect of the ban is uncertain, it has garnered global attention in various news sources. Rhetoric used by supporters may generate public support which will lead to manufacturers and others countering with the virtues of sunscreen and the need for further research.

Some other articles of note:

Good job!

Thesis: Although Palau placed a ban on “reef toxic” sunscreen thinking it will protect its coral reefs, it may not be enough. Through more use of communication systems and tech-marketing, they would be able to make a bigger impact on not only their own island, but around the world.

  1. Woodley, Cheryl M., et al. Diseases of Coral. Wiley Blackwell, 2016.

This book published in 2016 talks about how the field of epizootiology is not advanced enough to talk about the deseases in coral reefs. Because of these diseases scientists will have to update their vocabulary, methods, and diagnostic techniques as well as train their tropical marine scientists in wildlife pathology if they plan on preserving the reefs. 

2. Raffa, Robert B., et al. “Sunscreen Bans: Coral Reefs and Skin Cancer.” Journal of Clinical Pharmacy & Therapeutics, vol. 44, no. 1, Feb. 2019, pp. 134–139. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1111/jcpt.12778.

This article focuses on Hawaii’s ban of certain popular sunscreen ingredients that will go into effect on January 1, 2021. It brings up the dilemma that banning certain popular sunscreen ingredients may have on skin cancers. Scientists have to weigh out the importance of both and possibly find an alternative to these important ingredients. 

3. “Sunscreen Ingredient Polluting Coral Reefs.” Chemistry in Australia, Mar. 2016, p. 6. EBSCOhost,

This article in Chemistry in Australia talks about the study of the toxicopathological effects of sunscreen to coral reefs. Oxybenzone in sunscreen causes deformities, damages to its DNA, and acts as an endocrine disruptor that leads to the death of coral planulae. This study was led by Dr. Craig Downs and was published in the “Archives of Environmental Contamination.”

4. Pojas, Rhealyn. “Palau Becomes the First to Ban ‘Reef-Toxic’ Sunscreens.” IslandTimes, 27 Dec. 2018,

This online newspaper from Palau announces their ban of sunscreen ingredients that are harmful to their reefs. They state how they are the first country to have such ban and how they are trailblazers in the protection of the world’s reefs. 

5. Perrigo, Billy. “Why the Pacific Island of Palau Is Banning Sunscreen.” Time, Time, 7 Nov. 2018,

This article in Time talks about the science behind the banning of certain ingredients in sunscreen that are harmful to coral reefs. It also talks about how the ban will work and when it will come into play. 

6. Guardian staff and agencies. “Pacific Island to Introduce World-First ‘Reef-Toxic’ Sunscreen Ban.” The Guardian, Guardian News and Media, 2 Nov. 2018,

This Guardian article informs on Palau’s ban on “reef-toxic” sunscreens starting 2020. There are claims it is a world-first initiative to stop chemical pollution killing its famed corals. Starting January 2020 anyone importing or selling sunscreen containing any of 10 banned chemicals face a $1,000 fine and tourists who bring banned sunscreen into the country will have it confiscated.


Excellent thesis and bibliography. Good job!

Annotated Bibliography

During the GreenBiz 2019 event, SC Johnson used rhetoric to focus on their aspirations for compostable, and recyclable materials but fail failed to mention their contribution towards plastic pollution. The medium sends a message that the company will shift towards an ideology primarily accepted by society. The incorporation of social media plays a role in the perception of trust and transparency between the company and consumers. SC Johnson has had a history of secrecy, and this platform is a means of avoidance on previous events of withholding information from the public about the chemicals being used in their products and the adverse effects. Good thesis.

1. Found Via: Academic One file
“Pollution control.” The Gale Encyclopedia of Science, edited by K. Lee Lerner and Brenda Wilmoth Lerner, 5th ed., Gale, 2014. Academic OneFile,
This book includes explanations of the way that the environment becomes governed by local laws and restrictions. The information is given through logos and uses diction that is common. It also brings about possible information that is influenced by the restricted information provided by the government.

2. Found via: Communications & Mass Media Complete
Erskine, Hazel. “The Polls: Pollution and Industry.” Public Opinion Quarterly, vol. 36, no. 2, Summer 1972, pp. 263–280. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1086/268000.
This journal article analyzes the relationship between different aspects of industries and public relations to bring awareness to the public on corporate decisions. This source incorporates the perspectives of multinational corporations and state department experience with major nonprofit organizations. The lens used for analyzing this convergence of platforms is that of a multifaceted investigation.

3.Found via: ProQuest News & Newspapers
Anthony, William. “Waste in, Energy Out.” Scandinavian Review, vol. 104, no. 3, Autumn, 2017, pp. 52-61. ProQuest,
This magazine entry provides a dense analysis of different types of company’s contribution to pollution. It presents statistics to analyze how these companies were pushed by the Danish government to become environmentally friendly. The choice of prose creates a natural transition of events that the reader can apply to possible outcomes for other countries following this direction in law specific to an industry and their waste.

4. Found via: ProQuest News & Newspapers
McGreevy, Patrick. “CITY & STATE; Lawmakers Push to Phase Out Plastics that can’t be Recycled; Bill would Bar the Sale of such Items by 2030 and Reduce Amount Sent to Landfills.” Los Angeles Times, Mar 04, 2019. ProQuest,
The article uses logos to emphasize the reason for the bills passing in California that will assist in environmental clean-up. It focuses on the environmentally friendly measures that voted for in California and a future decrease in waste. It also provides analysis of the contribution to waste the United States makes, giving unbiased statistics of plastic pollution. The diction used puts emphasis on the facts rather than emitting emotions from the reader.

5.Found Via: web
This database provides sources that have analytical scientific interpretation with common words that are put in the search engine. The different forms of sources provide results from all over the world and focus on similarity to the words being searched rather than easily accessible websites.

6. Found via: Communications & Mass Media Complete
Kronrod, Ann, et al. “Go Green!! Should Environmental Messages Be So Assertive??” Journal of Marketing, vol. 76, no. 1, Jan. 2012, pp. 95–102. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1509/jm.10.0416.
This focuses on the medium, and what ways industry uses marketing schemes to aggressively impose their messages. This sheds light on the tactics used by companies to make sure consumers see specific environmental contributions. The ads themselves are also analyzed through the lens of ethos, pathos, and logos. The messaged is what is being focused on and ties it back to the effect of them on the consumer.

Annotated Bibliography, Dylan Adams-Martin, Team #2

Dylan –

Excellent work. I look forward to your final essay.


Thesis: As the recent wave of populism continues to engulf parts of the world, countries continue to find themselves in a cross road of what comes next. The government of France has been at the brink for more than 15 weeks combatting the street protests, known as the “Yellow Vest Movement”. The protests have been covered very differently depending on news outlets. Euro-skeptic and alternative media sources have been quick to praise the protests while pro-EU and establishment media companies have blacked it out and reported it in a negative light.

1.Book: Giusto, Hedwig, et al. The Changing Faces of Populism: Systemic Challengers in Europe and the U.S. Foundation for European Progressive Studies, 2013.

“This book talks about the rising tide of populism in Europe. 2008 and the financial crisis is one of the starting points for populism on both the left and right rising up in parts of the continent. The wave has hit France and people are letting Macron know of their displeasure with the administration’s globalist policies by protesting gas hikes.”

Found in FIU Green Library General Collection — JN13 .C43 2013

2. Scholarly Journal: Works Cited

Fernández-García, Belén, and Óscar G. Luengo. “Populist Parties in Western Europe. An Analysis of the Three Core Elements of Populism.” Communication & Society, vol. 31, no. 3, July 2018, pp. 57–76. EBSCOhost, doi:10.15581/

“This scholarly journal talks about the 3 main components which are leading to populism in Europe. All 3 of these variables are currently being seen in France. The journal stresses how when a ruling establishment ignores their lower and middle classes for too long then they will attempt to vote out the establishment and seek different alternatives.” Found in the communication and media database on the FIU website.

3.Corbet, Sylvie. “16th Straight Weekend of ‘Yellow Vest’ Protests in France.” Time, Time, 2 Mar. 2019,

“This article in Time magazine talks about how the Yellow vest protest are on the 16th week straight. This highlights how the government is trying to avoid taking concrete steps to meet the demands of protestors and the public at large. While the majority of the protests have been taking place in Paris there is a large portion of them that continue throughout the country especially in rural agricultural towns.”

4.Souchon, Pierre. “Yellow Vests Don’t Do Politics.” Le Monde Diplomatique, 1 Jan. 2019,

“Le Monde is the New York Times of France. The article has taken much criticism for downplaying the protests and calling them a ragtag group. Le Monde and its reporting has been criticized as pro-establishment and covering for Macron by much of conservative and alternative news sources in France. The article shows the odd similarities with the United States as cultural elites in big cities tend to dismiss working class people from the center of countries.”

5.Bock, Pauline. “The French Protests, like Brexit, Are a Raging Cry for Help from the Disenfranchised | Pauline Bock.” The Guardian, Guardian News and Media, 5 Dec. 2018,

“The Guardian is a good website as it is a British based. The article on the website does a great job of highlighting the similarities between Brexit and the Yellow vest movement. The author touches on how the media tends to side with government and elites and just like in Britain they call protestors racists, Nazis, and bigots to delegitimize disenfranchised portions of the population to the country and the world over.”

6.“Yellow Vest Protesters Target French Media as Movement Ebbs.” AP News, Associated Press, 29 Dec. 2018,

“The associated press is a good source to use as the article it talks about shows how demonstrators are targeting media outlets. Hundreds of demonstrators — some chanting “Journalists – Collaborationists!” — gathered at the central offices of television network BFM and state-run France Televisions. AP shows how the demonstrators feel demonized and resentful towards the media and the way they are being perceived in culture.”

Annotated Bibliography

Josmery –

Sources were good, but you don’t have a scholarly article. Check with a librarian to amke sure you have one for the final essay.

Thesis should be how we know about the sentence. For example, was it covered differently in Mexican or US papers/TV, or social media? Maybe how secrecy was involved in government corruption? Did fear play a part in any media coverage?

Thesis: After decades evading justice, El Chapo’s sentence to life in prison led the principal news in Mexico and USA for the last months. His great contribution to corruption, how he managed to escape from jail and whether this will reduce drug trafficking, are the main topics next.


Beith, Malcolm. The Last Narco: Inside the Hunt for El Chapo, the World’s Most Wanted Drug Lord. New York: Grove Press, ProQuest, 2010.

This book is about the story of the Mexican kingpin El Chapo Guzman.The book presents the struggle of those who dare to stand up to the cartels, and the ways those cartels have tragically corrupted every aspect of Mexican law enforcement. It also mentions how Guzman was considered among the wealthiest man in the world and his skill to escape from the law.


ContentEngine LLC. The Case of ‘El Chapo’ Does not End the Era of Big Bosses. Miami: CE Noticias Financieras English, Latin America, ProQuest, 2019.

This article mentions how even though El Chapo was captured, drug production and trafficking in Mexico have still increased in the past years. His cartel is allegedly now being controlled by his children. Plus, there exist many other powerful cartels there as well, which contributes to such increase.


Sonja, Sharp. Talk isn’t cheap in ‘El Chapo’ case; The stunning dollar amounts discussed in the drug kingpin’s trial are just the price of doing business. Los Angeles: Los Angeles Times Magazine, ProQuest, 2019.

This one is about how powerful, in terms of money, the drug industry is. It mentions the billions of dollars people involved in this business can have, along with properties around the world. It also mentions how they use tentative amounts of money to bribe individuals in power control of high levels of government. Proof of this is that El Chapo was considered one of the richest men in the world by Forbe magazine in 2015.


EFE EN NUEVA YORK. Según testimonio, el Chapo violaba a niñas y las llamaba “vitaminas”. Mexico:, 2019.

This article portraits portrays part of the many ways in which the drug lord contributed to corruption in Mexico. Here witnesses make public how El Chapo and his henchmen outraged more than one little girl. According to this article he had a woman who would get woman ranging from 13 years old and up for him. These little girls whom El Chapo called “vitamin” were drugged to then be abused.


Feuer Alan and Emily Palmer. El Chapo’s Early Days as a Budding Kingpin. New York: New York Times, 2018.

This article gives a brief resume of the early days of El Chapo’s carrier. It shows examples of the strategies that the kingpin adopted in order to become one of the best in his field. A witness that started to work with El Chapo since his beginnings explains all that and also that even though he was one of his best men, he ended up betraying him. Consequently, he was threatened to death in several occasions while in jail.


Opposing Viewpoints In Context. Mexico’s Drug War: The Battle Without Hope. Greenhaven Press, 2014.

  This last article explains more in depth how cartels function in Mexico, as well as the position of government before these cartels. It details a bit more of how they corrupt youth and how much damage they cause to society, focusing on “El Cartel de Sinaloa,” the biggest of all, which was managed by El Chapo for many years.

Nichole –


The topic has potential, but needs to be on a specific event. For example, a research report/article:

The introduction of a new product:

Some other ideas:

Revise thesis and resubmit.



Thesis draft on Plastic Pollution

Plastic pollution has damaged the environment and human health, appeasing to empathy and urgency attributes to worldwide attention. Through the medium of social media, the enormity of the presence of plastics becomes easier to witness in parts of the world that are shroud in secrecy. Humans’ connection to Earth drives a need to clean up what we have caused.

Lemons, Jane Fullerton. “Plastic Pollution.” CQ Researcher, 7 Dec. 2018, pp. 1017-40,