Final Essay

Efforts to lift strict abortion laws in Argentina resulted largely through the work of the feminist group, Ni Una Menos, in raising awareness about violence against women. Argentina’s Senate is now voting on the legalization of abortion up to 14 weeks. Ni Una Menos played a great role in the development of the feminist movement in Argentina which helped put the legalization of abortion up to a vote In the Senate. This movement, along with many others, sparked so strongly because of the role that media played in it all.

Ni Una Menos did not start as a group that would help legalize abortion, it but began in 2016 when a woman was raped and murdered. The group brought women together from the whole country, and brought the world together when abortion was a topic to be voted on in Argentina’s senate. Most articles do not mention the origin for this protest group, and it is important to know it because whether you decide to support or not, you know what it is you are supporting. The group was formed using lots of appeal to pathos. It was the country feel, the women felt, the mothers felt, and the feeling helped motivate them to start this feminist movement to support other women. As the time for a vote was coming closer, there was a lot more of an ethical appeal. The women argued, it’s their body, it’s their decision and it doesn’t affect anyone but themselves so those decisions should not be made by anyone else but themselves.



In Argentina’s Senate says “no” to Abortion and Leaves the Country with a Law from 1921, explains the result of the vote. The interruption of pregnancy results in being a crime punishable by up to four years in prison despite the consequences in which why they might have gotten pregnant. There is basic information left out of this article though. The way the article is written makes it seem as if abortion, under no circumstances, is legal. When in fact, abortion is legal if it is a case of rape or to avoid danger to life or health of the mother.

When it comes down to a vote that is so dependable on the government, there are often times lots of voices (such as Ni Una Menos) who help influence the final decision because they are unable to directly vote. Ni Una Menos helped influence the movement recently, but according to Anna Edgerton who wrote “Sex and the Barrio: A Clash in Faith” there were other groups that have sparked the movement worldwide such as Marcha de las Putas in 2011 which was to raise awareness on sexual violence, and The Slut Walk which is about women wearing “provocative” clothing and “asking to be raped”.

Beyond Civil Society is a scholarly article that analyzes the other movements, feminists, and men in diverse organizations that resulted in the constitution of a feminist group, an articulation that occurred in the context of the new identities and political articulations that emerged in Argentina. In this article, there is a lot more said about the men participating in the movement. This article talks about the men’s opinion and how they support these women in these types of decisions.

The votes were 38 against abortion and only 31 for abortion, and it is mainly because of religious convictions. The negative result muted the tens of thousands of people that protested. Argentina is a predominate Catholic country, so the legalization of abortion goes against Catholic belief and it becomes difficult to demand change. For most of the women fighting, the decision is based on more than just belief. In the article, Thousands Demand Abortion Law Reform in Protest Before National Congress”, the whole article is about these women and what unites them. A common symbol that the protestors used were green bandanas, that represented each of their abilities to make the decision for themselves. Although Argentina is a country that is predominately Catholic, it is also a country with a poor economy, education, and representation. Which is information that is not mentioned or considered. There are other unfortunate situations, such as not having the means to support a child, and now women are unable to make the decisions for themselves.

While looking through pictures of the protests, the protestors seem to be of all ages and also seem to be made up of mostly women.  There is a lot of power and symbolism in the color green in this protest. The green paint, bandanas, glitter demonstrates their abilities to make those decisions themselves.


There wasn’t a lot of secrecy, just not enough information in each article for a person to be fully oriented and come up with their own opinion. In this case, it is up to the reader to keep searching for sources to avoid biases. With some of the readings we have done, I realized that there are very progressive feminist movements going on all over the world. With anything, there are people who agree and people who disagree. The main reason the senators voted against was because of their religious beliefs.


What to Know About Argentina’s Vote on Abortion by Megan Specia brings in important point of views like the Pope’s. Pope Francis denounced abortion as a “white glove” equivalent to the Nazi era program and attempts to convince women to accept the child God gave them. He compares the Nazi’s attempt to purify a race with abortion and says they are almost the same. Later on, he traveled to Ireland to highlight the issues of abortion after the law had been passed.


For a long time, voices like of these women have been silenced. Argentina’s Vote was a Stepping Stone and Not a Set Back, explains that although lots of the protesters were hopeful that their voices would be represented in the final vote, they knew their chances were slim. There were great advancements: the stigma and shape of abortions were disintegrating. The globe has been watching Argentina fight this fight, and it gave other countries like Ecuador, Uruguay, Ireland, and the United States the strength to do the same for themselves.


This video helps better oriente the reader and put them in the event. There is a lot more feeling and power in this video because it helps viewers be a part of the movement by sharing, commenting, and joining.





El senado de argentina dice ‘no’ al aborto y deja al país con una ley de 1921. (2018, Aug 09). El Mundo Retrieved from


Edgerton, Anna, and Ina Sotirova. “Sex and the Barrio.” World Policy Journal, vol. 28, no. 4, 2011, pp. 34–41., doi:10.1177/0740277511434096.


Belski, Mariela. “Argentina’s Abortion Vote Was a Stepping Stone Not a Setback.” Time, Time, 10 Aug. 2018,


Soto, Isabella. “Thousands Demand Abortion Law Reform in Protest before National Congress.” Buenos Aires Times, Editorial Perfil Dirección: California 2715 C1289ABI Ciudad Autónoma De Buenos Aires, Argentina Tel: (5411) 5985-4606 | (5411) 5985-4603 , E-Mail:, 23 Oct. 2018,


Final Essay

William Hess

Team 1

Although Indonesia is receiving post-tsunami and earthquake foreign aid, relief efforts wouldn’t be as successful or organized without the real-time and emotional coverage of social media. Growing evidence from research of past natural disasters is beginning to show how social media plays a significant role in helping affected countries recover. This is mostly due to the live, instantaneous, and connective aspects of social media and the increasing global use and accessibility to the internet. As more natural disasters occur and more evidence emerges, we are starting to see a significant increase of the use of social media as a means of communication. It’s becoming the primary medium in which countries communicate globally, affected populations communicate, how the global population experiences the event in real time and contributes, and how aid is delivered.

One natural disaster in which social media was studied and analyzed as a means of communication was the Great East Japan Earthquake (GEJE) on March 11, 2011. A study found that support for government use of social media during disasters was high and during the GEJE it was highest among directly affected individuals, individuals in disaster-stricken areas, and those involved in disseminating information. The ways in which social media were used changed over time after the disaster—from sharing information about the safety of families and friends to disseminating information about relief goods and services, and to livelihood-related information. The Japanese prime minister’s office launched a new Twitter feed after the disaster (Ranghieri and Ishiwatari 138-139).

Use of social media, specifically Twitter, was analyzed after the 2010 earthquake in Haiti. One study analyzed twitter usage of four governmental and two nongovernmental organizations (NGO’s). They were beneficiaries of a $50 million donation from the Hope for Haiti Now: A Global Benefit for Earthquake Relief concert. The results found that organizations on average posted a greater number of tweets after the earthquake than before: 31.65% vs. 68.35%. Haiti-based NGO’s such as Oxfam America, experienced a greater than expected increase over time: 18.91% vs. 81.09% (Gurman and Ellenberger 688, 691).

According to a week’s analysis of social media by the Pew Research Center’s Project for Excellence in Journalism, social media became central to fundraising efforts which raised millions of dollars. For the first time, tweets gave people direct access to take action often in donating money or supplies. A Red Cross texting campaign was widely re-tweeted with added endorsements of the White House blog and then Secretary of State Hillary Clinton and reported that it raised $8 million.

Currently, we are witnessing the same trend of relief efforts in Indonesia. There are 18 known and trusted charities and non-profit organizations in Indonesia helping with relief efforts according to an article from Connellan, Shannon from The list was generated by Charity Navigator, which grades charities based on transparency, accountability, and financial health. Sixteen organizations have Twitter accounts and their website links on them which allow you to donate money while two organizations only have websites that allow you to donate. Surprisingly, however, all organizations have a Facebook account.

All organizations have live coverage and updates of their current relief efforts in Indonesia and other world disasters that are receiving aid from them. Governments, organizations, and the local and global population can tweet or retweet information and use the same hashtags to link each other to all forms of current information regarding Indonesia. It’s also being used by NGO’s to plea directly and emotionally to the global population for donations.

For example, the organization AHA Centre is monitoring the earthquake in Indonesia and tweeted an image of logistical numbers representing the impact in Central Sulawesi and the amount of relief provided. The organization uses the rhetoric of logos to show how dire the situation is and that organizations need more supplies to help Indonesia. (pictures available on pdf sent via email)

The WFP Indonesia tweeted a picture of a map illustrating severely damaged areas whose inhabitants needed immediate assistance. This organization uses the rhetoric of logos and some ethos by incorporating pictures of destroyed homes and a lonely child staring helplessly into the abyss. Other organizations helping with relief efforts would be alerted and prioritize sending aid to that area because of its dire circumstances. (pictures available on pdf sent via email)

Lastly, the organization Oxfam International tweeted a video about delivering hygiene, water, and shelter materials from their basecamp in Sulawesi along with a direct link to their website to donate. It demonstrates all three modes of rhetoric in a very successful way by incorporating a live video of their relief efforts. We see pathos as the main rhetoric being used as pictures of families holding each other and damaged areas throughout Indonesia appear as Oxfam pleas for help. We see logos as statistical numbers regarding deaths, destroyed homes, and affected individuals are captioned throughout the video. Ethos is demonstrated by incorporating live footage of the head of Oxfam speaking while volunteers pass around buckets with the Oxfam name. This establishes credibility that donated money is being used for supplies. Since their audience is primarily potential donors, they would use all three modes of rhetoric to make the call for help more emotional, personal, and interactive. (pictures available on pdf sent via email)

These examples demonstrate how organizations are using social media as a communication platform to give each other, government institutions, and the world population live and accessible coverage of their relief efforts. It also shows how they use rhetoric in their tweets to emotionally and logically portray the situation in Indonesia. All tweets include hashtags such as #PaluTsunami and #Sulawesi to link them together and create a system of unified non-stop coverage.

Besides Twitter, Facebook also has live coverage of Indonesia. The Jakarta Post, an independent news organization in Indonesia, posted a live video of a doctor in Central Sulawesi pleading for help. He is speaking Indonesian with the translation underneath. Incredible use of all three modes of rhetoric are used throughout the video. We see primarily pathos as the doctor pleads for help, appears restless, and has a flashlight being shinned on him instead of set lighting. We see ethos as he is still wearing his uniform, gloves, and a stethoscope. Lastly, we see logos as he mentions the logistical numbers regarding the situation. It’s important to note that he’s holding a smartphone in his hand indicating that he can connect to social media including Facebook and Twitter. (pictures available on pdf sent via email)

The Straits Times published an article of how Indonesians were relying on Facebook to try and locate missing loved ones after the earthquake. Families were posting photos, descriptions of family members and their contact numbers in hopes of getting information about their loved ones. Some users shared information about Palu residents that were safely evacuated while others offered support. Some users offered instructions if their loved ones were to be found deceased.

These examples of social media use demonstrate how it’s becoming the main medium in which we communicate. As the Internet becomes more sophisticated and technology advances, the world will eventually become a non-stop unified hub of instant communication and information. Whether it’s political leaders, governmental or nongovernmental organizations, news outlets, or even the everyday person, one thing is clear. As McLuhan would say, social media, due its global, instantaneous, connective, and emotional aspects, is the message.

Works Cited

Ranghieri, Federica, and Ishiwatari, Mikio. Emergency Communication. 2014. EBSCOhost,

Gurman, Tilly A., and Nicole Ellenberger. “Reaching the Global Community during Disasters: Findings from a Content Analysis of the Organizational Use of Twitter after the 2010 Haiti Earthquake.” Journal of Health Communication, vol. 20, no. 6, June 2015, pp. 687–696. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1080/10810730.2015.1018566.

“Social Media Aid the Haiti Relief Effort.” Pew Research Center’s Journalism Project, Pew Research Center’s Journalism Project, 11 Sept. 2013,

Connellan, Shannon. “How You Can Help Victims of Indonesia’s Earthquake and Tsunami.” Mashable, Mashable, 2 Oct. 2018,

“Tsunami Relief in Indonesia.” Charity Navigator – Rating for YMCA of Greater Omaha, 8 Oct. 2018,

@AHACentre. “Although the emergency phase has passed, the AHA Centre continues to support BNPB throughout the early recovery stage in the aftermath of earthquake and tsunami in Central Sulawesi. To date, the following support has been made available. #sultengbangkit.” Twitter, 11/13/2018,

@WFPIndonesia. “Many villages far from the urban areas of #Palu were severely damaged in the Sept 28 #earthquake – they need both immediate and longer-term assistance, especially where important assets like rice fields have been lost due to landslides or liquefaction.” Twitter. 14/10/2018,

@Oxfam. “URGENT response to #IndonesiaEarthquake: Head of Oxfam @Winnie_Byanyima reports from our basecamp with team in #Sulawesi. We’re responding w/our partners to the #PaluTsunami devastation, delivering hygiene, water & shelter materials.” Twitter, 06/10/2018,

The Jakarta Post. Quake-hit Central Sulawesi doctor pleads for help. Facebook, 28, Sept. 2018, 11:57p.m., Accessed 30 Oct. 2016.

Hermesauto. “Indonesians Turn to Facebook in Desperate Hunt for Loved Ones Missing in Sulawesi Quake.” The Straits Times, 4 Oct. 2018,


“Your Guide To Intelligent Giving” Charity Navigator – Rating for YMCA of Greater Omaha,, Sandra E. “How to Help Survivors of the Indonesia

“Indonesia, Central Sulawesi, M 7.4 Earthquake and Tsunami – Updates.” AHA Centre,

The Jakarta Post,

Chan, Margaret, et al. “Breaking News, Singapore News, Asia and World News & Multimedia.” The Straits Times,

Earthquake and Tsunami.” The New York Times, 2 Oct. 2018,

Final Essay Kavanaugh-Ford Case Karina von Gundlach

See email

Final Essay

Michelle Abril

Team 1

Final Essay

The Aftermath of Brett Kavanaugh Confirmation

Brett Kavanaugh was confirmed to the Senate, regardless of the sexual harassment case allegations facing him. Kavanaugh’s 50-48 vote win was a Republican win and a significant victory to for President Donald Trump, as he ensured ensuring a conservative majority in the Supreme Court. However, Kavanaugh exuded exuberance, anger, and worry regarding the change that the Supreme Court will face (Kavanaugh did?) . The media’s coverage of Kavanaugh’s testimony, nomination, and the allegations against him are imposing an erratic (frag) . Established media outlets repeatedly bungled their coverage of Kavanaugh, spreading misinformation as a result. His impulsion through rhetorical appeal and critical perspective led to the secrecy of statement by the media on the Supreme Court and Brett Kavanaugh, resulting in working on the persuasion of “key issues” and his emotional testimony, being exacerbated. (Sentence needs work)


Numerous controversies have faced Kavanaugh’s legitimacy to occupy his position in the Supreme Court. A major concern has been on the impact this confirmation would have on the Midterm elections, scheduled on November 6th, 2018. The Republicans and the Democrats were under constant repulsive forces, with each side accusing the other of incompetence. The media coverage of the events after the confirmation of Kavanaugh focused mainly on the sexual harassment cases allegations launched by several women, against him.

Upon his swearing in, Christine Blasey Ford took to the public, testifying before the Senate Judiciary Committee, her experience with Kavanaugh, where she disclosed how he had sexually assaulted her. Her exposure gave other women the courage to confess having similar experiences with Kavanaugh. The media coverage of these confessions appealed to the emotions of the public, where they gained conflicted opinions regarding Kavanaugh’s confirmation to the Supreme Court. The use of pathos by the media also created debates concerning the character portrayed by Kavanaugh and the extent to which it would affect the midterm elections, especially on the Republicans.


However, the testimony of Christine Ford was only believable to a few. Interestingly enough, not even her friends were willing to corroborate her story taking into account that it had been almost thirty years since she was assaulted. Deborah Ramirez claimed that Kavanaugh had drunkenly exposed himself at her when they were students at Yale University, but she was not sure Kavanaugh was guilty of the act. The big question as aired by media outlets, upon this revelation, was whether Ford’s testimony would stand up against Kavanaugh’s denial.

Two journalists Farrow and Mayer, in an article, asserted that the FBI was always neglecting the witnesses during the investigation conducted prior to the case. One witness named Appold, a Yale alumnus, confirmed that he had gone into records that he was confident that Kavanaugh had assaulted Ramirez via an informant. The same informant later denied having any knowledge. However, it beats logic why the informant would retract the statement later on after the confirmation.

The media also focused on one side of the events following the case, facilitating Trump’s division of the public. Several media outlets published myriad information with their apparent objectives being to tar Kavanaugh’s reputation. NBC News, for example, went ahead and interviewed with Julie Swetnick, a third accuser who, under oath, claimed that Kavanaugh was the mastermind of a ring of students who drugged and raped girls in Prep high school. She, however, failed to collaborate her accusations with tangible evidence sparking an online debate. CNN aired the same story, in addition to, a story by a man that Kavanaugh had raped a woman on a boat. These pieces of information contributed to a divided nation.


The media’s authenticity was increased by the fact that they were endowed with the responsibility of informing the public of the happenings in the society. Thus, their ethical responsibility contributed to the reaction the public help regarding accusations against Brett. All these accounts had no evidence to back them up even though respected news agencies and newspapers published and reported them. This prompted the supporters of Brett to try to dispute these claims. Their efforts, however, proved futile, as the media had painted a negative image to the public.

Another section of USA today sports published an article that used pathos to state that the judge should not coach a girls’ basketball team because of the allegations. The paper’s columnist, Erik Brady, did this article. He went ahead to say that Kavanaugh could not be trusted around young girls. However, he just meant that the respected judge was a potential pedophile but this, like all other allegations, lacked evidence. Interestingly enough, the publication later recanted on the part of that story — this evoked emotions among many parents later on who sided with Erik.

In another one of New York Times publication, they went ahead to publish how Kavanaugh was once involved in a bar fight at Yale. It stated he threw ice to another person, but there was no official police record that he was charged by law for this offense. It became known that one of the co-writers of that article is an anti-Kavanaugh strong critic. This led to the newspaper to retract the story that the co-writer was not a news reporter, but damage to the judge’s name had already been done.

It is evident that from all these allegations, about ninety percent of media outlets relied on rumors and unauthentic stories to hike ratings. The Democrats also enjoyed the name tarnishing of judge Kavanaugh for them to regain back the Supreme Court. A majority of journalists did not apply logic, as they did not take time to carry conclusive investigations. Majority of Republicans also felt that the media had played a vital role in misleading the public on matters concerning the case launched against Brett. Even with the testimony, he presented in court, the media managed to twist the story making it seem like a charade in an attempt to sway the public.

Works Cited

Baker, Peter, and Nicholas Fandos. “Show How You Feel, Kavanaugh Was Told, and a Nomination Was Saved.” The New York Times, The New York Times, 6 Oct. 2018,

“Victory for Trump in Supreme Court Battle.” BBC News, 7 Oct. 2018, Web

Keller, Megan. “Scarborough: One-sided Media Coverage of Kavanaugh Helps Trump Divide Nation Further.” TheHill, 3 Oct. 2018, Web

Khan, Shehab. “Brett Kavanaugh Confirmed to Supreme Court Amid Widespread Outcry over Sexual Assault Allegations ? As It Happened.” The Independent, 7 Oct. 2018, Web

Ries, Brian. “Senators Vote on Kavanaugh’s Nomination: Live Updates.” CNN International – Breaking News, US News, World News and Video, 25 Nov. 2018, Web

Roberts, William. “’q=cache://” Breaking News, World News and Video from Al Jazeera, Web

Rosenberg, Eli. “From ‘unethical Sham? to ‘game-changer?: How Fox News Covered the Kavanaugh Hearing.” The Independent, 28 Sept. 2018, Web.

WBUR. “How The Media Is Covering The Allegations Against Brett Kavanaugh.” How The Media Is Covering The Allegations Against Brett Kavanaugh | On Point, WBUR, 28 Sept. 2018,



Final Essay

Isett: Overall, a solid paper. Writing could be tighter, and needed more analysis of how we know about the event.


Note: For images, see email

Isett Rodriguez
Final Paper

The United States currently is going through a unique time in its history that has not been seen before. In a globalized world where people are all interconnected and everyone has an opinion it’s sometimes hard to disseminate (determine?) what is the truth and what is not. In a world full of non-traditional forms of media questioning the commonly held assumptions of our institutions was bound to happen.(frag)  One of these situations that ended up questioning the fabric of our society took place during October 2018 with the Kavanaugh hearings. The hearings reflect a special point in time in our nation’s history one in which different mediums are fighting over who controls the overall message. It is a dangerous new time one in which separating truth from fiction is becoming more difficult as politics enters the equation.

In today’s society, the world is going through a pivotal movement (I think you’ve established the pivotal moment frame ^-^ )  one in which historians will look back to examine and try to discover what went wrong and right. “The Me Too or #MeToo sexual misconduct movement is an ongoing social justice movement aimed at bringing attention to sexual abuse and misconduct. While the phrase “me too” was first used to raise awareness of sexual violence—against women of color in particular—in 2006, the movement gained worldwide fame in 2017 as a social media phenomenon in which women spoke out about their experiences of sexual misconduct. Many actors, politicians, and celebrities faced allegations stemming from the movement, and some saw consequences. However, a backlash also developed as questions arose regarding the presumption of guilt and the potential chilling effect on all sexual expression”(Issitt, Micah L.)

With American politics becoming more and more polarized the tipping point was reached when President Donald Trump announced Judge Brett Kavanaugh as his next Supreme Judge chosen to replace the late Anton Scalia. (2 sentences here) What followed was a month that pitted American against American based on political affiliation. Dr. Christine Blasey Ford filed (made accusations; nothing was filed) of sexual misconduct against Judge Brett Kavanaugh citing an attempted rape committed on her back in the early 1980s. A battle for the future of the Supreme Court “its majority rule” (U.S. Supreme Court) and the validity of woman and victims of sexual abuse took over the nation. “Organizations on the right and left launching million dollar ad campaigns to sway public opinion, Democratic and Republican senators suggesting they’ll break ranks with party leaders over the nomination, and looming midterm elections, with control of Congress at stake”( Williams, Joseph P)

One of the more notable highlights throughout the Kavanaugh hearings was the behavior of television media outlets in relation to the national narrative that was occurring. Left-leaning outlets were characterizing Brett Kavanaugh as guilty of having committed the crime regardless of evidence. Right-leaning media outlets portrayed Dr. Ford as a liar who was capitalizing on political opportunism after more than 30 years. In short the difference between the versions of events that were taking place were night and day. The sentiments of political commentators stoked the fires leading to a narrative war on social media. The social media sites of Twitter, Instagram, and Facebook erupted with hashtags like #Ibelieveher #Believeallwoman and #Kavanope on the left and #Ibelievehim #Standwithkavanaugh and #Dueprocess on the right. From social media, the discord and debate took to the real world as families were pitted against each other in believing who was telling the truth and who was lying. Pathos was the prevailing argument for many woman and men who sympathized with Dr. Ford and the MeToo movement while ethos and logos were primarily used by the people who sympathized and came to the defense of Judge Kavanaugh. Well, known newspaper outlets posted daily editorials and opinion pieces arguing to vote no for the potential Supreme Court pick. “Unfortunately, it didn’t have to be this way — too many questions remain about his history for senators to responsibly vote “yes.” At the same time, enough has been learned about his partisan instincts that we believe senators must vote “no.” stated the Washington Post editorial board.

In reality, besides the new depths in which Americans fell into political tribalism and the tattered reputations of both Dr. Ford and Judge Kavanaugh, it’s our American institutions which ultimately payed the ultimate price. “The Supreme Court of the United States of America, lofty pedestal of the black-robed solons, had never seen a job-interview process (clever phrase!)  like this: allegations of sexual assault, the nominee declaring on cable news that he had been a virgin well past high school, the President declaring the whole spectacle the result of a Democratic “big fat con.” But then, even before the scheduled Senate hearing on allegations of sexual assault by Brett Kavanaugh, it was clear the Kavanaugh nomination would be a historic moment for the court”( Ball, Molly) It is tempting to think of the hearing as just another spectacle of American politics but its further from the truth. The hearings truly highlighted how fractured Americans are when it comes to believing their version of the truth. “Millions of people across America tuned in to see Dr. Christine Blasey Ford and Judge Brett Kavanaugh testify at the September 27 Senate Judiciary Committee hearing. But did it change people’s minds? A new pair of polls conducted just before and after the hearing suggests that for young men it did and for young women, not nearly as much” (Villasenor, John).

To conclude in today’s marginalized (?) society the truth has never been more important than it is now with the impact of the Metoo movement “Powerful men from a range of sectors, including the film, music, literary, media, sports, fashion, and food industries have been toppled one by one,”(Cobb, Shelley, and Tanya Horeck.) With this power, it is also important to offer the accused and accuser equal justice in the eyes of the law, not just public opinion. It is imperative that all the progress, sacrifice, and emotional pain made by the countless heroic women and this movement not go down in vain due to politics.

Works Cited:

Ball, Molly, et al. “The Cost to the Court.” Time, vol. 192, no. 14, Oct. 2018, pp. 28–32. EBSCOhost,

Board, Editorial. “Vote ‘No’ on Kavanaugh.” The Washington Post, WP Company, 4 Oct. 2018,

Cobb, Shelley, and Tanya Horeck. “Post Weinstein: Gendered Power and Harassment in the Media Industries.” Feminist Media Studies, vol. 18, no. 3, June 2018, pp. 489–491. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1080/14680777.2018.1456155.

Issitt, Micah L. “Me Too Sexual Misconduct Movement.” Salem Press Encyclopedia, 2018. EBSCOhost,

“U.S. Supreme Court.” The Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights,

Williams, Joseph P. “The Bumps in Brett Kavanaugh’s Path to the Supreme Court Bench.” U.S. News – The Report, July 2018, pp. C10–C13. EBSCOhost,

Villasenor, John. “Did the Ford/Kavanaugh Testimony Change Minds? For Young Men, Yes; For Young Women, Not So Much.” Forbes, Forbes Magazine, 28 Sept. 2018,

Bibliography Kavanaugh Case New Version Group 1

Thesis Statement: 

Brett Kavanaugh was confirmed to the Supreme Court despite the testimony of sexual misconduct by  Christine Blasey Ford.  Kavanaugh’s testimony responding to Ford’s accusations  used ethos and pathos to rebut the charges. This contrasted with the rhetorical appeal used in his previous interview on Fox News. Kavanaugh tailored his Senate testimony to appeal both to the president and the Republican base.


Book published in the last 20 years (FIU library database):


Richards, Amy, and Cynthia Greenberg. I Still Believe Anita Hill : Three Generations Discuss the Legacies of Speaking Truth to Power. New York : Feminist Press, 2013., 2013.    EBSCOhost,


Summary: This is a book that was published on December 11 of 2012. In 1991 Anita Hill became a household name and sexual harassment became part of the mainstream conversation for the first time. Therefore, the book explains that in today’s society that moment remains a rallying point for issues in the workplace, school and on the streets. The book explains new challenges of sexual harassment and how leading feminists raise their voices in this important conversation. The book explains the eloquent results of the hearings in which Hill charged that Supreme Court Nominee Clarence Thomas had sexually harassed her. The book preserves essays and conversations from Anita Hill’s testimony.



Journal Article in a scholarly journal (FIU library database):


Jaffe, Susan. “Trump’s Second Supreme Court Nominee, Brett Kavanaugh.” Lancet (London, England), vol. 392, no. 10144, July 2018, pp. 267–268. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1016/S0140-   6736(18)31211-X.


Summary: This is a scholarly journal that explains why President Trump decided to choose Judge Brett Kavanaugh for Supreme Court Judge. This journal explains why Trump believed Brett Kavanaugh was the complete package to obtain the prestigious position. The journal also explains that Kavanaugh had to be questioned by the Senate Judiciary Committee. Therefore, once the committee issues a positive, negative or neutral recommendation on Kavanaugh, the full Senate makes the final decision.




An article in a popular or trade magazine (FIU library database):


Kaplan, David A. “How the Supreme Court Became America’s Most Dangerous Branch of Government; Brett Kavanaugh’s Confirmation Hearings Will Ignore the Power          Grab That Has Turned the Court into Our Government’s Most Dangerous Branch. But All the Senators Have to Do Is Ask about One Case–and It’s Not Roe v.       Wade.” Newsweek, no. 8, 2018. EBSCOhost url=


Summary: This is an article published on September 14 of 2018. Newsweek explains the Brett Kavanaugh hearings evaluation. The cover story is focused on the United States Supreme Court evaluation, Judicial candidate’s evaluation, Judicial selection Forecasts and trends upon the Brett Kavanaugh hearings.





Article about your topic from a newspaper published in the country of your topic (FIU library database):


“Updates from the Riveting Testimonies of Christine Blasey Ford and Brett Kavanaugh.” The New York Times, 2018. EBSCOhost,



Summary: After riveting testimony from Dr. Blasey, Judge Kavanaugh took his turn before the Senate Judiciary Committee to proclaim his innocence and outrage. He opened the second half of the high-stakes hearing with a scorched-earth defense, denying he had ever sexually assaulted someone and denouncing a “frenzy” bent on destroying his nomination. “This confirmation process has become a national disgrace,” The constitution gives the Senate an important role in the confirmation process, but you have replaced ‘advice and consent’ with ‘search and destroy.” He condemned Democrats who he said searched for reasons to sink him weeks before, only to turn to dark accusations.





A good website: (FIU library web)


The Associated Press. “The Latest: Trump Lauds Kavanaugh Testimony as ‘Honest.’” AP Top News Package, Associated Press DBA Press Association, 27 Sept. 2018. EBSCOhost,


Summary: Supreme Court nominee Brett Kavanaugh testifies before the Senate Judiciary Committee on Capitol Hill in Washington, Thursday, Sept. 27, 2018. President Donald Trump is encouraged by Supreme Court nominee Brett Kavanaugh’s passionate denials of Christine Blasey. A White House official told The Associated Press on Thursday that the West Wing saw the judge’s opening statement as “game-changing” and said Trump appeared to be reacting positively. Two Republicans close to the White House say Trump expressed sympathy for Kavanaugh and his family for having to listen to Ford’s tearful recounting of allegations. White House aides and allies expressed concern that Kavanaugh would have an uphill climb to deliver a strong showing.




One good source of your choice:


“Kavanaugh Writes Op-Ed Arguing He Is an ‘Independent, Impartial Judge’ after Emotional Testimony.” CNN Wire, 2018. EBSCOhost,



Summary: (CNN) – Supreme Court Nominee Brett Kavanaugh wrote an op-ed that appeared in the Wall Street Journal on Thursday arguing he is an “Independent, impartial judge” and conceding he “might have been too emotional” in his testimony in front of the Senate Judiciary Committee last week. According to Kavanaugh, he said a few things he should not have said. He states he was there as a son, husband, and father.

Annotated​ Bibliography

The sources you have are fine, but you lack a scholarly article or a newspaper source. You must have a scholarly article for the final essay. If you need help, please see me or a librarian at Green Library. 


Isett Rodriguez

Team 1


Thesis: The Supreme Court usually hears cases addressing constitutional issues or Federal Law. However, in the case Christine Blasey Ford files of sexual misconduct against Judge Brett Kavanaugh, the information gathered has been based on allegations, assumptions, and various interpretations of what different media outlets claim to be “the real story”. Although, sexual misconduct allegations are not to be taken lightly. Ultimately, Ford’s case did not have the premises to be heard by the Supreme Court.


Issitt, Micah L. “Me Too Sexual Misconduct Movement.” Salem Press Encyclopedia, 2018. EBSCOhost,

  • In this article, the social movement on sexual harassment “Me Too” is further discussed. The article demonstrates the beginning of the movement starting in 2006 and relates to how the meaning behind it has shifted today in 2018, particularly for women in general. Author Issitt describes how this shift has impacted the media.


Villasenor, John. “Did the Ford/Kavanaugh Testimony Change Minds? For Young Men, Yes; For Young Women, Not So Much.” Forbes, Forbes Magazine, 28 Sept. 2018,

  • Villasenor takes a detailed look into the reactions of young men and women throughout the Ford/Kavanaugh testimony. He discusses the noticeable shift in opinion through social media sites as new information was learned about by the younger generation. Leading into how this has impacted the minds and thinking process of many.


“U.S. Supreme Court.” The Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights,

  • In this webpage, the regulations to the type of cases the supreme court hears are presented. The webpage discusses the way justices are selected. Also, what happens when the Supreme Court hears a case.


Williams, Joseph P. “The Bumps in Brett Kavanaugh’s Path to the Supreme Court Bench.” U.S. News – The Report, July 2018, pp. C10–C13. EBSCOhost,

  • In his article, Williams describes from start to present day the path of Kavanaugh’s Supreme Court nomination. He mentions how and why President Trump made the decision on this particular nominee. Throughout the article, Williams examines the immediate “bumps” Kavanaugh began to face after the global release of his nomination.


Ball, Molly, et al. “The Cost to the Court.” Time, vol. 192, no. 14, Oct. 2018, pp. 28–32. EBSCOhost,

  • Molly Ball draws attention to the impact Kavanaugh’s case had on the legitimacy of the Supreme Court. She examines the process of the Supreme Court and discusses its weaknesses. Throughout the article, she refers back to the Ford/Kavanaugh case and points out the aspects in which the justice system failed regarding the handling of such allegations.


News, NBC. YouTube, YouTube, 27 Sept. 2018,

  • The clip is a recording of the live testimonies of both Dr. Ford and Kavanaugh. Here the Supreme Court starts off by addressing the public of all the known facts of the whole process of accusations brought to light by Ford. Then, both Ford and Kavanaugh are heard.