Final Paper

Taylor –

 

Overall, a good paper. Selection of media was excellent, but could have used analysis specific to each image. Essay should focus on analysis of what we know, not what we should do. However, the rhetorical analysis was on point, with good citations providing evidence.

 

Taylor Wells

One of the biggest threats affecting humanity as the 21st century continues to move along is the threat of climate change. One of the countries that will be affected most by climate change is the United States. The United States is the leader of the world in almost every aspect and needs to wake up and start tackling the issues of global warming and climate change head-on. Unfortunately, due to the current political environment, the issue of climate change has become a partisan issue. A great deal of that is due to how traditional media has played a role in framing the conversation. The traditional mainstream media apparatus and the general public need to wake up and start to educate themselves on the real challenges facing the country in the years to come. How we know what we know is due in part to a government report issued by the White House detailing how climate change will affect America’s financial as well as national security.

Image result for climate change fox news

“A major scientific report issued by 13 federal agencies on Friday presents the starkest warnings to date of the consequences of climate change for the United States, predicting that if significant steps are not taken to rein in global warming, the damage will knock as much as 10 percent off the size of the American economy by century’s end” (Davenport, Coral, and Kendra Pierre-Louis). One of the biggest problems with the media is the way that information is conveyed. Currently, in the United States, it is liberals who have taken up the mantle of climate change while Conservatives are on the sidelines. The way that climate change needs to be framed and directed to Conservatives is through focusing on using the rhetoric of ethos and logos. Currently, the country places more emphasis on national security than on climate change as seen in the Pacific Journalism Review “The 2018 Make America Secure Appropriations Act is the latest United States federal policy which prioritizes funds for defense projects at the expense of climate change adaption planning in the Marianas Archipelago.” (FRAIN, SYLVIA C.) 

Related image

What could happen if climate change could be framed as the biggest national security threat facing the country? This is the role that national media and few forms of technology will play in relaying the message. Change in public attitude can be framed by the new modes of technology like Marshal McLuhan said by focusing on climate change through the systematic use of things such as social media and smartphones. Journalists can highlight things such as the report by the United Nations on how climate change will affect our economy. “Climate change is occurring, predominantly driven by human activities, and harming people in ways we can see today that will only get worse without further action. One number you probably saw grabbing headlines is that warming could clobber the nation’s economy by 10%. (Jina, Amir.)

Image result for climate change
Image result for cnn climate change 12 years

By focusing on Conservative news outlets and normalizing practical solutions to climate change real progress can be made. Currently, two different worlds live in distinct echo chambers when it comes to the media people watch. People are consumed with confirmation bias and feeling right but what if there was an overlapping topic which both sides could agree on? Media as well as having the power to divide also has the power to unite and if the American news apparatus could unite on the issue of climate change public perception could be mobilized into action. “Moreover, the media’s ability to shape public perceptions may be tempered by active audiences who look for media viewpoints that are consistent with their existing beliefs developing a deeper understanding of how the public perceives climate change requires moving beyond secondary research to in-person research”(Corbett, Julia B.)

Related image

Once this barrier of partisan issues has been broken the media can then begin to focus on promoting all three aspects of rhetoric with ethos, pathos, and logos to help cover and promote the facts about climate change. It is a fact that changes in the environment will affect issues that are important to both Democrats and Republicans. Increased temperatures will lead to droughts across Latin America and places like Mexico increasing immigration into the country. Climate change will also pose a significant threat to coastal cities increasing sea levels and drastically changing the layout of where Americans live fundamentally changing the demographics of cities and regions. Unfortunately, currently Climate change is framed from a partisan matter on both sides Conservative outlet Fox news uses pathos and logos in a negative frame to mock climate change advocates “Ocasio-Cortez dismissed cost concerns as sounding like “Dr. Evil.” “They wave this wand and they say, ‘Oh, it’s going to cost a bazillion dollars — like they sound like Dr. Evil, ‘$100 million.” (Dorman, Sam.) On the left liberal outlets like CNN also frame climate change from a partisan lens and use pathos and logos to report on it for example “”history will record what the Trump administration is doing right now: These are crimes against humanity,” he told CNN. “Many people are dying as a result of this. And it’s not a sufficient defense to say, ‘I don’t believe it.’ (Sutter, John)

Image result for partisan news outlets

The United States and the world are in an amazing position where access to information is so readily accessible that real goals to change public perception are attainable and possible. The media holds responsibility in reporting the truth and creating lasting change, but the media is no longer just the media. The everyday citizen is the media, and anyone who shares on social media is engaged in the exchange of information. “The medium is the message,” and it has never been easier to help spread the message to combat climate change.

In conclusion, it is not too late for Americans to change their minds; everyone is far too divided and needs something in which to unite. Americans can unite behind combatting climate change, and with this change, America can help lead the world in helping to save the earth.

Bibliography:

Corbett, Julia B. “Media Power and Climate Change.” Nature News, Nature Publishing Group, 25 Mar. 2015, www.nature.com/articles/nclimate2592

Davenport, Coral, and Kendra Pierre-louis. “U.S. Climate Report Warns of Damaged Environment and Shrinking Economy.” The New York Times, The New York Times, 23 Nov. 2018, www.nytimes.com/2018/11/23/climate/us-climate-report.html.

Dorman, Sam. “AOC Narrates Video from Future in Which Her ‘Green New Deal’ Saves US from Environmental Catastrophe.” Fox News, FOX News Network, www.foxnews.com/politics/aoc-narrates-video-from-future-in-which-her-green-new-deal-saves-us-from-environmental-catastrophe.

FRAIN, SYLVIA C. “‘Make America Secure’: Media, Militarism, and Climate Change in the Marianas Archipelago.” Pacific Journalism Review, vol. 24, no. 2, Nov. 2018, pp. 218–240. EBSCOhost, doi:10.24135/pjr.v24i2.407.

Jina, Amir. “Will Global Warming Shrink U.S. GDP 10%? It’s Complicated, Says The Person Who Made The Estimate.” Forbes, Forbes Magazine, 5 Dec. 2018, www.forbes.com/sites/ucenergy/2018/12/05/will-global-warming-shrink-u-s-gdp-10-its-complicated-says-the-person-who-made-the-estimate/#32a8e2123f2e.

Sutter, John. “’Planetary Emergency:’ Still Arguing Basics of Climate Science.” CNN, Cable News Network, 16 Dec. 2018, www.cnn.com/2018/12/16/health/sutter-cop24-climate-talks/index.html.

Temple, James, and James Temple. “Cutting Emissions Could Prevent Tens of Thousands of Heat Deaths Annually.” MIT Technology Review, MIT Technology Review, 28 Nov. 2018, http://www.technologyreview.com/s/612473/death-will-be-one-of-the-highest-economic-costs-of-climate-change/.

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Final Essay

Brittany –

 

Excellent paper. Your analysis of the rhetoric was spot on. Good use of secrecy. Sources were the minimal number, but solid. Excellent use of cited evidence to back up your arguments.

Great job!

 

The tragic news that thousands of detained migrant children have been sexually assaulted as far back as 2015 was just released. It was made public by representative Ted Deutch before a congressional hearing on the Trump administration’s policy of separating migrant families (Zero-tolerance policy). This information was kept secret by the Trump administration for as long as possible. In characterizing the sexual assault of children, ethos, logos and pathos were all used as modes of rhetoric by opponents of the policy of separation. 

Image result for migrant children at border

On February 26th, 2019, a House Judiciary Committee was held to foresee the Trump Administration’s Family Separation Policy. During the hearing democratic congressman Ted Deutch released official documents from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services exposing the extent of sexual assault cases of children in their custody. There has been almost 5,000 sexual abuse and harassment complaints coming from migrant children that have been held at U.S. custody over the past three years. The extremity of the reports ranges from staff members having relationships with the children, showing them porn, to forcible touching. On this day, Trump announced his zero-tolerance policy which orders prosecution of all individuals who illegally enter the united states. The announcement of this policy was what drove the documents to being released and had caused controversy between parties. During the hearing Commander White refuted Deutch’s claim by saying “those are not HHS staff in any of those allegations” (Congressmsan TedDeutch, 2:34). Deutch’s then claimed that were thousands of papers stacked amongst each other of sexual abuse allegations if not by HHS staff then by the people that HHA staff oversees. (Congressman TedDeutch, 2:59).

The main source, Ted Deutch, released three official documents: HHS document with tables of the number of sexual abuse allegations reported to Office of Refugee Resettlement (ORR) and the Department of Justice (DOJ) from February 2015 to February 2018, HHS document detailing sexual abuse allegations referred to DOJ, and ORR’S policy on responding to allegations of sexual abuse. All three of these documents came from official sources which can be trusted more than the words of Commander White who wanted to keep the situation in secrecy. The press release documents as well as the video of the hearing were two strong uses of logos for, they are reliable references and proof of the sexual abuse allegations over the past three years. Logos goes hand in hand with ethos in this case. “Ethos must supplement ethical standards” (Arran). It is ethically expected for these abuse cases to be heard of and fixed. Deutch created a strong foundation between himself and the public which establishes trustworthiness and provides credibility. As for the Trump administration, it was unethical to try and keep these allegations a secret from the public. Doing so diminishes the trust that was ever there between the public and Trump administration and leaves them with less credibility and trustworthiness.

Image result for deutch court hearing

Shortly after the hearing, many news outlets began to release their stories on the actions that were being done at the border. The rhetoric that was used to grab the public’s attention was pathos. There is no denying that the sexual allegations of these children arouse the emotions. The news was shocking as well as provoking and began to spread quickly. In a report done by Lyndon Haviland and published by USA Today, she had said that “these children may have entered the country illegally, but it doesn’t mean they forfeit their rights to being treated with dignity and respect. And it certainly doesn’t entitle those entrusted with their protection the right to commit unspeakable crimes against helpless minors under their care and supervision” (Haviland). Her use of pathos was able to catch the attention of readers and not only make them aware of the present standing of the situation but how it will affect the children in the long run as well. She titled one of her sections as “Abuse has lifelong mental, physical effects” which not only appeals to pathos but logos because it does in fact have a huge impact on victims. The impact of separating children from their families has a severe effect on the children’s future and how they go about life. “The practice of forcibly separating children from their parents at the border may cause additional trauma for families seeking asylum who are already fleeing traumatic circumstances in their countries of origin, and transitional foster care programs are struggling to adapt their model to meet the needs of the youngest of these children” (Roth et al. 44-45). Through the usage of pathos, the news was spread to a bigger audience and formed a deeper and emotional connection.  

The situation as a whole of the released information of sexual allegations appealed to pathos specifically when it came to various news outlets unleashing the emotional story. The evidence that supports the allegations which are the three press release documents released by Ted Deutch as well as the court hearing are forms of logos for, they provide factual and reliable evidence that can prove the situation as factual. Deutch’s also had a strong usage of ethos when it came to him revealing the news because it was ethical of him to release these documents no matter how bad it would make the government look. This formed a stronger desire to trust the information that he was releasing rather than Trump’s administration who stayed quiet about the allegations up until the judiciary hearing. 

Arran Caza, et al. “Ethics and Ethos: The Buffering and Amplifying Effects of Ethical Behavior and Virtuousness.” Journal of Business Ethics, vol. 52, no. 2, 2004, p. 169. EBSCOhost, http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=edsjsr&AN=edsjsr.25123244&site=eds-live.

Database: JSTOR Journals

CongressmanTedDeutch. YouTube, YouTube, 26 Feb. 2019, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JE_hZCZAwnA&feature=youtu.be.

“Deutch Releases Data Showing Sexual Assault of Unaccompanied Minors in HHS Custody.” US Congressman Ted Deutch, 26 Feb. 2019, teddeutch.house.gov/news/documentsingle.aspx?DocumentID=399520. 

Haviland, Lyndon. “Nielsen Resignation Doesn’t Change Fact Child Sexual Abuse at Border Is Real Emergency.” USA Today, Gannett Satellite Information Network, 9 Apr. 2019, http://www.usatoday.com/story/opinion/2019/04/09/immigrant-children-sexual-abuse-detention-centers-real-emergency-trump-column/3399019002/.

Roth, Benjamin J. .., et al. “Detached and Afraid: U.S. Immigration Policy and the Practice of Forcibly Separating Parents and Young Children at the Border.” Child Welfare, vol. 96, no. 5, Sept. 2018, pp. 29–49. EBSCOhost, http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eue&AN=135040244&site=eds-live.

Database: Education Source

Joey Hernandez Final Paper Group #1

Joey –

Overall, a good rhetorical analysis. However, you need more evidence (with citations) to back up some of your assertions. The bunny episode was an excellent example of protest using satire, bbut again needed sourcing.

 

Media has helped inform the public of what is happening in the world. The situation that is happening in Venezuela with President Nicolas Maduro has been heard all around the world thanks to the media. President Maduro has been in power for about 7 years and within these 7 years, he has been able to trick his people into his economic and political system. He has made numerous speeches in which he promised, like any other politician, that Venezuela will come out of the hole and that the economic situation in Venezuela will come to an end. These speeches demonstrate the ineffectiveness of pathos, ethos, and logos from the president.

News of the barricade made by the President on Venezuela’s border with Colombia was spread quickly around the world. Social media was responsible for spreading this news worldwide in such a short period of time. Social media is a powerful tool that can be very useful. Many people use social media as a news provider. In fact, the majority of people of this generation don’t watch news channels anymore. All of the information they receive is only through social media.

Resultado de imagen para venezuela barricade

The news of this barricade is a good example of how the president of Venezuela uses ineffectively the three rhetorical appeals which are ethos, pathos, and logos. People in Venezuela are currently dying of hunger and there is a huge demand of food and medical aid. The president created this barricade to block exactly those two valuable things that the people in Venezuela mostly need. Thousands of volunteers gathered at Venezuela’s border with Colombia to help them get tons of food and medicine into their country. The president increased border security to block the aid, claiming that it is a pretext for a U.S. invasion. Nicolas Maduro stated that the United States’ help was a “rotten gift” and that their intention was to take over their resources. This shows the lack of logos from the president. He attempted to persuade the audience by the use of arguments that they will perceive as logical, but it does not make any sense the decision he made. His own people from Venezuela are dying and basically because of his ego he did not let the supply come in.

Resultado de imagen para venezuela hunger

Maduro has lost credibility with many Venezuelans. He talks about Venezuela as if there is no problem whatsoever. He lives in a bubble in which he doesn’t care about what is going on to his people in Venezuela. The only thing that he really cares about is that he and his family are doing well. All of the speeches in which he speaks he talks about some other Venezuela that people do not know. He talks about a Venezuela where people are free and happy, which is completely the opposite from the Venezuela that everybody knows. How do people know that Venezuela is in chaos and not like President Maduro paints it? Because of media, especially social media. This gives access to the core of what is happening over there. Many people post pictures of destruction, extensive lines to get food, people very skinny that have not eaten in days, and even videos of people crying of hunger and police brutality against their own citizens. This is exactly why people do not believe any word in which president Maduro says because it is perceived by the audience as not credible. This is considered as lack of ethos. He uses ethos as President, but it is ineffective rhetorically because people see a different image on social media.

Because of the president’s ineffectiveness using ethos and logos, it is very hard for him to persuade people and gain their support. People already know his roots and his true intentions so it is very hard for him to be successful with pathos. There is no way that he can convince his people because of the things he has already done. He often uses arguments that make the people feel emotional, which is the goal of every politician, but still almost nobody will actually believe him because of all the lies he’s said to the public.

            There was a speech in which President Maduro was talking about the lack of food supply in Venezuela and he came up with the idea of “Plan Rabbit”. This was a campaign created to convince Venezuelans to eat rabbits. He said that rabbits could make an excellent source of protein for the large number of people who don’t have access to red meat or chicken as the result of the country’s economic collapse. During the rabbit plan project, baby bunnies were distributed to families in poor neighborhoods with the intention of breeding the bunnies so they could later eat them. As a form of protest, some people responded by tying bows around the rabbits’ necks, giving them cute names, and treating them as pets.

            Thanks to social media, people know what is really going on with Venezuela. Social media has been a key factor to expose what Maduro is doing to his own people. It has served to open the eyes of the public and uncover what Maduro is really doing with his political power. Social media also showed how President Nicolas Maduro lacks the three rhetorical appeals. People lack complete credibility from him, he is unable to persuade any audience because of the lack of credibility that he already has, and his decisions and actions have no logic to the public whatsoever.

Resultado de imagen para venezuela barricade

Work cited:

“Ethos-Pathos-Logos-The-3-Rhetorical-Appeals.” Dr. Williams : USC Upstate : English Program / Ethos-Pathos-Logos-The-3-Rhetorical-Appeals, georgehwilliams.pbworks.com/w/page/14266873/Ethos-Pathos-Logos-The-3-Rhetorical-Appeals.

Reeves, Philip. “Let Them Eat Rabbit Is Venezuelan President’s Response To Food Shortages.” NPR, NPR, 14 Sept. 2017, http://www.npr.org/sections/parallels/2017/09/14/551026492/let-them-eat-rabbit-is-venezuelan-presidents-response-to-food-shortages.

“TV crew held after Maduro ‘is asked about food scavengers’.” London Evening Standard[London, England], 26 Feb. 2019, p. 22. General OneFile

“Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro Closes Country’s Brazilian Border.” All Things Considered, 21 Feb. 2019. Literature Resource Centerhttp://link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/A575834763/LitRC?u=miam11506&sid=LitRC&xid=2f686e62.

“VENEZUELA: HUNGER, PUNISHMENT AND FEAR, THE FORMULA FOR REPRESSION USED BY AUTHORITIES UNDER NICOLAS MADURO.” States News Service, 20 Feb. 2019.

Final Essay – Global Warming

Marielle –

 

Your analysis of the event is good, but you lack a focus on how we know about the event. This is more a summary and narrative than an analysis using class concepts.

 

Thesis: Between December 2nd and 15th, the United Nations Climate Change Conference was held in Katowice. Concerns were raised on the need to speed up the control of the escalating global warming; these events have been influenced by scientific reports which states that the past five years have been the hottest period in history, therefore, there is an urgent need for the world to embrace ways to reduce the impact of global warming by 2030. By creating a deadline for implementation, the scientific report seeks to employ an emotional appeal to the world. This is amidst laxity of other countries such as Brazil on the fight against climate change on the claim that it is a strategy of “Marxists” to stifle the economic growth of capitalist democracies.

Global warming is becoming a common phenomenon in the 21st century, its effects are evident and several scientific reports have demonstrated that there is need for the global citizens and nations to pull resources and fight the climate change. World leaders have been convening meetings of all kinds, to find a common ground to fight the looming danger for humanity. Despite the years of meetings and conventions, there is nothing conclusive that has been made. Nations are becoming tired and some of them are already pulling out of the UN’s Climate Change movement. Between December 2nd and 15th, the United Nations Climate Change Conference was held in Katowice. Concerns were raised on the need to speed up the control of the escalating global warming; these events have been influenced by scientific reports which states that the past five years have been the hottest period in history, therefore, there is an urgent need for the world to embrace ways to reduce the impact of global warming by 2030. By creating a deadline for implementation, the scientific report seeks to employ an emotional appeal to the world. This is amidst laxity of other countries such as Brazil on the fight against climate change on the claim that it is a strategy of “Marxists” to stifle the economic growth of capitalist democracies.

Despite the constant warnings on the challenges of climate change, there are still nations that believe climate change is being politicized to benefit a small fraction of the globe. The pulling out of Brazil from hosting the 2019 United Nation’s Climate Conference should be a cause for alarm to the world. It indicates that we are already losing the war against the menace threatening our livelihoods. What is even more shocking is the fact that the pullout by Brazil came after scientists made shocking discoveries that there is an urgent need to implement policies on climate change. According to a report documented by the British Broadcasting Corporation, scientist warn that the world has a very short time to reverse global warming (BBC). This article documents the warnings given by scientists on the issue of climate change. According to the scientists, there is need for a massive and urgent interventions to reverse the changes of climate change. The report took three years to compile, and from the findings, there has been a rise in temperatures and maintaining it below 1.5°C would need a rapid change in implementation and quick response. The report also serves as a call for world leaders to institute necessary measures to control the climate change.

UN
https://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-45678338

The Katowice meeting was a result of these worrying revelations that raised a red flag and the time needed to reverse the global warming. However, the politicization of the idea of global warming continues to pose a threat to this fight. A number of nations who do not believe in the climate change tend to influence the others through politicization. The United States has been accused of sabotaging the progress of climate change mitigation. Ralph Regenvanu, the foreign minister of Vanuatu singled out America as among the major emitters as a stumbling block. He says,

“It pains me deeply to have watched the people of the United States and other developed countries across the globe suffering the devastating impacts of climate-induced tragedies, while their professional negotiators are here at COP24 putting red lines through any mention of loss and damage in the Paris guidelines and square brackets around any possibility for truthfully and accurately reporting progress against humanity’s most existential threat” (Doherty).

Being the world leader in a wide range of issues, the United States may have a great influence in the developing nations. The blocking and criticizing the climate change strategies was a means to discredit the scientific discoveries. There is a probability that the incoming government of Brazil may have been influenced by the United States. A New York Times article has compared Brazil’s new president as strikingly similar in policies as Donald Trump. “Their next president Jair Bolsonaro, a far-right lawmaker who is unabashedly pro-American and strikingly similar to President Trump in temperament, tactics and style” (Londoño and Darlington). They both have a similar perspective of climate change.

There is the need for the world leaders to differentiate politics and serious issues that not only affect a section, but also the general global environment. The politicization of the global warming fight saw Brazil developing cold feet, despite years of support. According to the New York Times Magazine, Brazil has been on the forefront in the fight against global warming (Londono and Friedman). This will serve as a derailment of one of their strongest members in the fight against climate change. According to the article, Brazil depicts the fight against climate change as an economic sabotage to benefit other states. Politicians are having a different notion about climate change, “Ernesto Araújo, a career diplomat, has called the movement to reduce global warming a plot by “Marxists” to stifle the economic growth of capitalist democracies while lifting China” (Londono and Friedman). A number of materials argue that politics is the major inhibitor of the advancement of global warming. According to a book examining the science and politics of the world’s climate change, political barriers curtails the fight against global warming (Dresser et. al 4). The book implies that politics prevents the implementations of different aspects of controlling the escalation of the greenhouse gases. Politicians may want to fulfill their campaign promises, and a change in policies on climate change may hinder their promises. Brazil’s withdrawal came at a moment when the country was undergoing a power shift, and possibly different campaign promises. Another example is the United States, Obama’s administration had policies aligning to climate change mitigation, but with the coming of Donald Trump to the presidency, Obama’s legacy was no longer a priority in his bucket list.

Climate change is a global threat, and therefore, when other nations begin to politicize the situation, then it worries a lot. Instead of fighting against each other, the world’s states should come together and address the change together. The divisions being experienced with the move by Brazil to pull itself out of hosting the United Nations Conference would only impact the relationships negatively. Fighting a common war would need a lot of resources, but with the pooling of resources, it would make it easier to fight the war.

Work Cited

BBC. “Climate Change: Scientists Warn ‘Urgent Change Needed’ To Reverse Warming – CBBC Newsround”. Bbc.Co.Uk, 2018, https://www.bbc.co.uk/newsround/45094689.

Dessler, Andrew E, and Edward A Parson. The Science And Politics Of Global Climate Change. Cambridge University Press, 2011.

Doherty, Ben. “US Accused Of Obstructing Talks At UN Climate Change Summit”. The Guardian, 2018, https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2018/dec/11/us-accused-of-obstructing-talks-at-un-climate-change-summit.

Londono, Ernesto, and Lisa Friedman. “Brazil Backs Out Of Hosting 2019 Climate Change Meeting”. Nytimes.Com, 2019, https://www.nytimes.com/2018/11/28/world/americas/brazil-climate-meeting.html

Londono, Ernesto, and Shasta Darlington. “U.S. And Brazil Chose Similar Leaders. It May Lead To Smoother Relations.”. Nytimes.Com, 2018, https://www.nytimes.com/2018/11/20/world/americas/bolsonaro-brazil-trump.html.

Rough Draft Joey Hernandez #1

Joey –

 

See email for suggestions

 

Media has helped the public to be informed of what is happening in the world. The situation that is happening in Venezuela with President Nicolas Maduro has been heard all around the world thanks to the media. President Maduro has been in power for about 7 years and within these 7 years, he has been able to trick his people into his economic and political system. He has made numerous speeches in which he promised, like any other politician, that Venezuela will come out of the hole and that the economic situation in Venezuela will come to an end. These speeches demonstrate a lack of pathos, ethos, and logos from the president.

The news of the barricade made by the president in Venezuela’s border with Colombia was spread really fast around the world. Social media was the one responsible of spreading this news worldwide in such a short period of time. Social media is a powerful tool that can be very useful. There are many people that use social media as a news provider. In fact, the majority of people of this generation don’t watch news channels anymore. All of the information they get is only through social media.

The news of this barricade is a good example of how the president of Venezuela lacks the three rhetorical appeals which are ethos, pathos, and logos. People in Venezuela are currently dying of hunger and because there is a lack of first aid supply, therefore there is a huge demand of food and medical aid. The president created this barricade to block exactly those two valuable things that the people in Venezuela mostly need. Thousands of volunteers gathered at Venezuela’s border with Colombia to help them get tons of food and medicine into their country. The president increased border security to block the aid, claiming that it is a pretext for a U.S. invasion. Nicolas Maduro stated that the United States’ help was a “rotten gift” and that their intention was to take over their resources. This shows the lack of logos from the president. He attempted to persuade the audience by the use of arguments that they will perceive as logical, but it does not make any sense the decision he made. His own people from Venezuela are dying and basically because of his ego he did not let the supply come in.

People have lost a lot of credibility towards Nicolas Maduro. He talks about Venezuela as if there is no problem whatsoever. He lives in a bubble in which he doesn’t care about what is going on to his people in Venezuela. The only thing that he really cares about is that he and his family are doing well. All of the speeches in which he speaks he talks about some other Venezuela that people do not know. He talks about a Venezuela where people are free and happy, which is completely the opposite from the Venezuela that everybody knows. How do people know that Venezuela is in chaos and not like President Maduro paints it? Because of media, especially social media. This gives access to the core of what is happening over there. Many people post pictures of destruction, extensive lines to get food, people very skinny that have not eaten in days, and even videos of people crying of hunger and police brutality against their own citizens. This is exactly why people do not believe any word in which president Maduro says because it is perceived by the audience as not credible. This is considered as lack of ethos.

Because of the president’s lack of ethos and logos, it is very hard for him to persuade people to his favor. People already know his roots and his true intentions so it is very hard for him to be successful with pathos. There is absolutely no way that he can convince his people because of the things he has already done. He often uses arguments that make the people feel emotional, which is the goal of every politician, but still nobody will actually believe him because of all the lies he’s said to the public.

            Thanks to social media, people know what is really going on with Venezuela. Social media has been a key factor to expose what Maduro is doing to his own people. It has served to open the eyes of the public and uncover what Maduro is really doing with his political power. Social media also showed how President Nicolas Maduro lacks the three rhetorical appeals. People lack complete credibility from him, he is unable to persuade any audience because of the lack of credibility that he already has, and his decisions and actions have no logic to the public whatsoever.

Work cited:

“Ethos-Pathos-Logos-The-3-Rhetorical-Appeals.” Dr. Williams : USC Upstate : English Program / Ethos-Pathos-Logos-The-3-Rhetorical-Appeals, georgehwilliams.pbworks.com/w/page/14266873/Ethos-Pathos-Logos-The-3-Rhetorical-Appeals.

“Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro Closes Country’s Brazilian Border.” All Things Considered, 21 Feb. 2019. Literature Resource Centerhttp://link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/A575834763/LitRC?u=miam11506&sid=LitRC&xid=2f686e62.

Taylor Wells final essay draft

Taylor –

See email for suggestions.

 

One of the biggest threats affecting humanity as the 21st century continues to move along is the threat of climate change. One of the countries that will be affected the most by climate change is the United States. The United States is the leader of the world in almost every aspect and needs to wake up and start tackling the issues of global warming and climate change head-on. Unfortunately, due to the current political environment, the issue of climate change has become a partisan issue. A great deal of that is due to how media has played a role in framing the conversation. The media and the general public need to wake up and start to educate themselves on the real challenges facing the country in the years to come. How we know what we know is due to a government report issued by the White House detailing how climate change will affect America’s financial as well as national security.

“A major scientific report issued by 13 federal agencies on Friday presents the starkest warnings to date of the consequences of climate change for the United States, predicting that if significant steps are not taken to rein in global warming, the damage will knock as much as 10 percent off the size of the American economy by century’s end” (Davenport, Coral, and Kendra Pierre-Louis) . One of the biggest problems with the media is the way that information is conveyed. Currently, in the United States, it is liberals who have taken up the mantle of climate change will Conservatives are on the sidelines. The way that climate change needs to be framed and directed to Conservatives is through focusing on using the rhetoric of ethos and logos. Currently, the country places more emphasis on national security than on climate change as seen in the Pacific Journalism Review “The 2018 Make America Secure Appropriations Act is the latest United States federal policy which prioritizes funds for defense projects at the expense of climate change adaption planning in the Marianas Archipelago.” ( FRAIN, SYLVIA C.)

What could happen if climate change could be framed as the biggest national security threat facing the country? This is the role that national media and few forms of technology will play in relaying the message. Change in public attitude can be framed by the new modes of technology like Marshal McLuhan said. By focusing on climate change through the systematic use of things such as social media and smartphones. Journalists can highlight things such as the report by the United Nations on how climate change will affect our economy .“This sweeping report summarized the work of thousands of top researchers and pointed towards one overwhelming conclusion: climate change is occurring, predominantly driven by human activities, and harming people in ways we can see today that will only get worse without further action. One number you probably saw grabbing headlines is that warming could clobber the nation’s economy by 10%. (Jina, Amir.)

By focusing on Conservative news outlets and normalizing effective practical solutions to climate change real progress can be made. Currently, two different worlds live in distinct echo chambers when it comes to the media people watch. People are consumed with confirmation bias and feeling right but what if there was an overlapping topic which both sides could agree on and help. Media as well as having the power to divide also has the power to unite and if the American news apparatus could unite on the issue of climate change public perception could be mobilized into action. “Moreover, the media’s ability to shape public perceptions may be tempered by active audiences who look for media viewpoints that are consistent with their existing beliefs developing a deeper understanding of how the public perceives climate change requires moving beyond secondary research to in-person research”(Corbett, Julia B.)

Once this barrier of partisan issues has been broken the media can then begin to focus on promoting all three aspects of rhetoric with ethos, pathos, and logos to help cover and promote the facts about climate change. It is a fact that changes in the environment will affect issues that are important to both Democrats and Republicans. Increased temperatures will lead to droughts across Latin America and places like Mexico increasing immigration into the country. Climate change will also pose a significant threat to coastal cities increasing sea levels and drastically changing the layout of where Americans live fundamentally changing the demographics of cities and regions. “Economic damages from premature deaths due to high heat alone could reach $141 billion a year, under a scenario assuming high greenhouse-gas emissions. While the dangers are often little appreciated, heat waves kill more Americans than hurricanes, tornadoes, and earthquakes combined. High temperatures can lead to heat exhaustion and heat stroke, which can be fatal—particularly among children, elderly people, and pregnant women. ( Temple, James,)

With all the increased problems being caused by the underlying variable of climate change taxes will have to increase for Americans as people will be getting sicker due to an increase in diseases and airborne elements. This increased burden on the American economy is something that should not be taken lightly. The United States and the world is in an amazing position where access to information is so readily accessible that real goals to change public perception are attainable and possible. The media holds responsibility in reporting the truth and creating lasting change, but the media is no longer just the media. The everyday citizen is the media, and anyone who shares on social media is engaged in the exchange of information. “The medium is the message,” and it has never been easier to help spread the message to combat climate change.

In conclusion, it is not too late for Americans to change their minds; everyone is far too divided and needs something in which to unite. Americans can unite behind combatting climate change, and with this change, America can help lead the world in helping to save the earth.

Bibliography:

Corbett, Julia B. “Media Power and Climate Change.” Nature News, Nature Publishing Group, 25 Mar. 2015, www.nature.com/articles/nclimate2592

Davenport, Coral, and Kendra Pierre-louis. “U.S. Climate Report Warns of Damaged Environment and Shrinking Economy.” The New York Times, The New York Times, 23 Nov. 2018, www.nytimes.com/2018/11/23/climate/us-climate-report.html.

FRAIN, SYLVIA C. “‘Make America Secure’: Media, Militarism, and Climate Change in the Marianas Archipelago.” Pacific Journalism Review, vol. 24, no. 2, Nov. 2018, pp. 218–240. EBSCOhost, doi:10.24135/pjr.v24i2.407.

Jina, Amir. “Will Global Warming Shrink U.S. GDP 10%? It’s Complicated, Says The Person Who Made The Estimate.” Forbes, Forbes Magazine, 5 Dec. 2018, http://www.forbes.com/sites/ucenergy/2018/12/05/will-global-warming-shrink-u-s-gdp-10-its-complicated-says-the-person-who-made-the-estimate/#32a8e2123f2e.

Temple, James, and James Temple. “Cutting Emissions Could Prevent Tens of Thousands of Heat Deaths Annually.” MIT Technology Review, MIT Technology Review, 28 Nov. 2018, http://www.technologyreview.com/s/612473/death-will-be-one-of-the-highest-economic-costs-of-climate-change/.

Florida International University is opening up a nightclub on campus to prevent further damage of drunk driving

Team 1: Brilliant idea. The picture is a clever, subversive counterpoint to the text. Excellent research adds to the verisimilitude of the article. Interestingly, years ago FIU had a Rathskeller/Pub located where MMC’s Subway is located.

Good job!

 

College students hold tons of responsibilities from hitting the books to working 10 hour shifts during the week in order to let loose on the weekends. University officials have been searching for an efficient way to keep students that live on campus safe and surveil. The question that has been up in the air is how can they efficiently keep their students night life safe while also spike their interest?

Every day, 29 people in the United States die in motor vehicle crashes that involve an alcohol-impaired driver. This is one death every 50 minutes. (1) The annual cost of alcohol-related crashes totals more than $44 billion. (2) Thankfully, there are effective measures that can help prevent injuries and deaths from alcohol-impaired driving. University officials have decided that they are going to open up a night club called “Panther Pub” on campus starting April 20th 2020 in order to prevent students from drunk driving but also keep the party going while under responsible supervision.

Studies have reported high rates of heavy drinking and alcohol-related problems, including drinking and driving, among college students. Excessive alcohol consumption and binge drinking among college students continues to be one of the most serious public health problems occurring at college campuses and the surrounding community. According to drinkinganddrivingincollege.com, 1,825 college students between the ages of 18 and 24 die from alcohol-related unintentional injuries, including motor vehicle crashes every year, 599,000 students between the ages of 18 and 24 are unintentionally injured under the influence of alcohol, 3,360,000 students between the ages of 18 and 24 drive under the influence of alcohol, one-third of students admitted driving while under the influence of alcohol or other drugs within the past year, and about one-half of all fatal traffic crashes among 18- to 24-year-olds involve alcohol, and many of those killed are college students.

FIU has made the wise decision to open a nightclub on campus to prevent all of these tragedies from causing further damage. Being able to monitor students nightlife will make the college campus more appealing to not only students but the parents as well. With precautions and rules set in place, FIU will be able to limit the amount of liquor bought, prevent most harmful activities and will lower fatal traffic crash rates for students that live on campus. This new addition to college campuses will make going out, drinking and partying a safer ordeal as well as limit accidents, contain crowds, and drugs use. We have high hopes and expectations for Panther Pub and hope that other universities will follow after their success.

  1. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. Traffic Safety Facts 2016 data: alcohol-impaired driving. U.S. Department of Transportation, Washington, DC; 2017 Available at: https://crashstats.nhtsa.dot.gov/Api/Public/ViewPublication/812450External Accessed 2 April 2019.

2. Blincoe LJ, Miller TR, Zaloshnja E, Lawrence BA. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. The economic and societal impact of motor vehicle crashes, 2010. (Revised). U.S. Department of Transportation, Washington, DC; 2015. Available at: http://www-nrd.nhtsa.dot.gov/pubs/812013.pdfCdc-pdfExternal. Accessed 2 April 2019.

Sebastian Saavedra: information provider

Anthony Orezzoli: information provider

Taylor Wells: Information provider/ editing

Marielle Cohen: Information provider

Hazael: Information provider

Brittany Adams: Information Provider/ Editor