INDIVIDUAL ASSIGNMENT 4: ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY-Team 19-Keenan Thompson

Well-done Keenan, Good sources, good annotations!

 

Thesis: Automatic fuel tax increases by the French President Emmanuel Macron’s green policy, along with the French governments inadequate understanding of the needs of their citizens, “Les gilets jaunes” (the yellow vest) violently took action in their protest to halt the ruling.

Sources:

 Agency, Reuters News. “Dozens Arrested after ‘Yellow Vests’ Clash with Police in Paris.” The Telegraph, Telegraph Media Group, 1 Dec. 2018, http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2018/12/01/dozens-arrested-yellow-vests-clash-police-paris/.

The author, researcher of this article expresses how the ‘yellow vest’, in their third week of pretest, the about of protester and arrest has increased. The police force has increased their protection by resorting to using tear-gas and rubber bullets battle against the protesters. The pretest has also spread to near-by countries such as Belgium, as they are affected for the French president’s actions as well.

Berman, Sheri. “What France’s ‘Yellow Vests’ Protests Say about Emmanuel Macron.” The Washington Post, WP Company, 5 Dec. 2018, http://www.washingtonpost.com/news/monkey-cage/wp/2018/12/05/what-frances-yellow-vests-protests-say-about-emmanuel-macron/?noredirect=on&utm_term=.eda3f2f5f1a6.

Hundreds of thousands of French people have turned out in recent weeks to protest the energy policy of President Emmanuel Macron’s government. the diesel tax increase was merely a trigger; the real cause of the massive outpouring of anger and frustration lies deeper. The movement highlights tensions and weaknesses built into Macron’s presidency. The diesel tax increase reflected the French president’s desire to cut carbon emissions and make the French economy more environmentally friendly. But in a country suffering economically, such a goal is bound to run into opposition.

CIA: The World Factbook: France. (2013). CIA World Fact Book, 51, 243–248. Retrieved from http://ezproxy.fiu.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=98677542&site=ehost-live&scope=site

The article offers information on France, including its geography, people and society, and government. Key facts given include the country’s natural resources, ethnic groups, and constitution. Also discussed are the energy sector, military, and transnational issues facing the country such as international disputes, refugees and domestically displaced persons, and drug trafficking.

Sassi, Franco. “Global Public Health Challenges, Fiscal Policies, and Yellow Vest. .” Global Public Health Challenges, Fiscal Policies, and Yellow Vest. , 23 Feb. 2019, pp. p.745 -p.746. 2p., Global public health challenges, fiscal policies, and yellow vest.

Information on topics discussed at the 24th Conference of Parties (COP) Climate Change Conference that was held in Katowice, Poland in December 2018 is presented. Topics discussed include adoption of the Paris Agreement, the repeal to the increase of carbon taxes following protests from yellow vest protesters, and the health benefits of environmental taxes like taxation on alcohol, tobacco, and junk foods.

 Tessier, Benoit. “As French Govt Holds Firm on Diesel Tax, Where Do ‘Yellow Vest’ Protests Stand?” France 24, France 24, 28 Nov. 2018, www.france24.com/en/20181128-france-government-diesel-tax-yellow-vest-protest-macron-climate-change-philippe.

“Yellow Vest” protesters have called for renewed demonstrations in Paris on Saturday, as the French government holds firm on plans to increase a direct tax on diesel fuel in the coming year. French Prime Minister Édouard Philippe refused on Wednesday to give into mounting pressure to abandon the tax hike, which is due to come into effect on January 1, 2019. Because Macron’s concessions failed to impress the movement’s leaders, an increase of violence around many popular destinations in Paris have seen tremendous destruction caused by protesters.

Viscusi , Gregory, and William Horobin . “Yellow Vest Protests Could Cut Into French Economy If They Last.” Bloomberg.com, Bloomberg, 29 Nov. 2018, http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-11-29/yellow-vest-protests-could-cut-into-french-economy-if-they-last.

The movement — initially focused on higher gasoline taxes — has led to almost two weeks of roads, fuel depots, and warehouses being sporadically blockaded. Finance Minister Bruno Le Maire has warned of a “serious economic impact” and said France’s reputation is being damaged. The protests in France have hurt retail sales and contributed to a decline in consumer confidence. If they continue, there may be a broader hit to the economy.

Advertisements

Thesis Statment Assigment -Keenan Thompson-Team 19

Thesis: Automatic fuel tax increases by the French President Emmanuel Macron’s green policy, along with the French governments inadequate understanding of the needs of their citizens, “Les gilets jaunes” (the yellow vest) violently took action in there (their) protest to halt the ruling.

Pretty good Keenan, just remember the following points. Also, be sure to incorporate class assignment concepts into your essay. This part is important!

How to form a thesis statement for an informative essay?
  1. A strong thesis statement takes some sort of stand. Remember that your thesis needs to show your conclusions about a subject. …
  2. A strong thesis statement justifies discussion. Your thesis should indicate the point of the discussion. …
  3. A strong thesis statement expresses one main idea. …
  4. A strong thesis statement is specific.

The Insider-Team 19-Assignment 2

Hi Team #19,  Good work overall. Good writing, good interpretation of film and good analysis. Nice argumentative style too. Nice presentation of material. I would have liked to see more images embedded in the body of the text, however, but all in all well-done!

Leandro Moreyra: Writer #2/Editor

Keenan Thompson: Writer #3&4

Alexandra Fernandez: Writer #1

Angie Blanco: researcher/media

  1.          One of the most dynamic aspects of the movie The Insider is its emphasis on how ubiquitous secrecy is in the world of journalism. From getting someone to reveal company secrets to even being able to disclose the name of one’s source, journalists are burdened with the task of finding ways to get the information out into the public without violating any privacy laws. Lowell Bergman had to go to great lengths to oust the revenue-damaging secrets that Brown & Williamson (B&W) didn’t want the world to know. The greatest obstacle to overcome was the fact that Wigand’s severance package came with a non-disclosure agreement preventing him from revealing the company’s trade secrets or practices. To convince Wigand to speak out against B&W, he assured Wigand that only he could make the choice to put himself and his family at risk, but implied that it was his – Bergman’s – duty to the people to reveal information that they need to know. Later on, Bergman elaborates during a very angry phone call on the dangers of secrecy and how any small lie or deception could be used by B&W to discredit Wigand’s reputation – lowering the people’s resistance to believing the tobacco company lies.

Bergman also seems to grasp the need for secrecy for even a few seconds of time, evidenced by how he directed an editor to place the scenes for Wigand’s interview on 60 Minutes. He tells him to show “The Seven Dwarfs” swearing that tobacco is not addictive just as Wigand says that he believes they had full knowledge on its drug-like properties. This half-second or so where he withholds Wigand’s statement is him using secrecy to better affect the audience’s pathos by controlling the flow of information. As a journalist, Lowell knew that he had to turn the secrets in Wigand’s memory into public access knowledge – since knowledge in public places become fair game – in order to avoid punishment for Wigand’s violation of the NDA. Thus, he had Wigand give a statement with part of the information in a lawsuit that the state of Louisiana wanted to file against the tobacco companies. Doing this placed the damaging information one foot out the door into the public. In summary, Lowell used his knowledge of secrecy and concealment to persuade Wigand, (to) figure out how to get his information into the public, and make a compelling piece for 60 Minutes that would have the greatest impact on the viewers so that they would in turn have an even greater impact on the tobacco companies.

  1. Jeffry Wigand’s non-disclosure agreement (NDA) slows down the flow of information in The Insider. Because of this NDA, Bergman had to navigate through all sorts of litigation issues with Brown and Williamson in order to get Wigand’s interview on air. This gave the film a chance to explore the consequences that Weigand was facing for going against B&W and tell a more engaging story to the viewers that could better appeal to their sense of pathos. In recent times, NDAs have been used by the Trump Administration to restrict the information its employees could reveal. In fact, there are currently six cases in which employees of the Trump campaign or Administration have gone against their NDAs (Farrow). Using NDAs on government employees seems to be a double-edged blade. On one hand, information is sometimes too dangerous to let out into the public because it may disturb the public order. For example, Edward Snowden’s reveal of the National Security Agency’s invasion of privacy sparked a huge outrage from the American people and led to loss of confidence in our government’s reliability. On the other hand, however, the American constituents have a right to know about things that the government is doing that will impact their daily lives. We even have regulations in place to protect whistleblowers from persecution if they’re providing the people with information that they should already have available, but don’t. Whether NDAs would help or harm the government’s interaction with the people is a topic of widely debated controversy. It is for that same reason that Snowden is considered either a hero of the American way or a heinous traitor, depending on who you ask.

 

3.          “Wigand is a habitual liar, a bad, bad guy.” It was Scanlon’s assignment to disseminate a wide range of damaging charges against Wigand. Lenzner prepared a lengthy dossier that damaged Wigand’s reputation. These investigators claimed that Wigand had been arrested for wife beating, shoplifting, and filed insurance claims on lost luggage. None of these claims were true and had to do with Wigand’s legitimacy as a source in revealing the tobacco industry’s secret. Yet, the public used this information as a basis for questioning Wigand’s credibility. The message then is how at the time, the print and electronic media could use false claims that weren’t thoroughly investigated, or fact checked as means to manipulate the public’s view of a person. It also demonstrates how at the time, people wouldn’t consider the actual credibility that sources had. In this case, Wigand’s title in Brown and Williamson and a scientist.

           The media and technology continue to expand. If this war over Wigand’s reputation had occurred in 2018, the word would travel much faster. Accusations of mind control, bias, and poor quality are thrown at the media on a regular basis. Yet the growth of communications technology allows people today to find more information more easily than any previous generation, or just about 20 years ago like in the film. Investigators probe Wigand’s personal history and publish their findings in a 500-page dossier on Wigand’s reputation and credibility (on The Wall Street Journal). Newspaper subscriptions have fallen and now maintain an Internet presence. News outlets have also turned to social media and stories can be posted and retweeted, allowing the public to comment and forward material as well.

  1.     The Insider movie is a film with ethical dilemmas and controversy. Ethical dilemmas because Brown and Morrison’s determination to keep research information about Nicotine addiction hidden from the public. This movie put a negative light on businesses and in a way, broke the trust between consumers and the producers. Blevins helps us understand that privacy helps control reputation, which is what the tobacco company intended to do with the confidentiality agreements. Blevins also says that privacy has a physical component because it keeps people away and people don’t like to have their privacy invaded. Wallace says in the movie “I don’t believe you can maintain corporate integrity without confidentiality agreements” which is ironic because his intentions are to break the confidentiality agreement he had with the tobacco company in order to speak out about how addictive nicotine actually is.  It is also ironic because Wallace, in the process, did no imagine to be losing most of the things he held so dearly in his life like: family, job, and privacy. Privacy helps us protect ourselves and when there is a legal basis it becomes very problematic (which is what happened in the movie).

Wallace in this case was the man who knew too much and there is a direct correlation between that and the quote that is repeated often “the more truth he tells, the worse it gets”. Although Bergman, Wallace, and Hewitt are aware of the consequences of airing the story telling the whole truth, they understand that the most important matter is honesty, especially with their audiences. Bergman relentlessly chased the truth because he felt he had a credible source. The personal sacrifice they each made was a very important factor to shape their relationship with their audience, but in terms of their relationship with the tobacco company things did got rough and with CBS things got stronger.

 

Works Cited

Farrow, Ronan. A Lawsuit by a Campaign Worker Is the Latest Challenge to Trump’s Nondisclosure Agreements. 25 February 2019. Web. <https://www.newyorker.com/news/news-desk/a-lawsuit-by-a-campaign-worker-is-the-latest-challenge-to-trumps-nondisclosure-agreements&gt;.

Ghost In The Shell Assignment – Team 19

HI Team 19,

I have graded this and entered it into the grade book. I am not certain who is responsible for what parts of this, but overall it is well-done. Good work

Writer: Keenan Thompson

Writer: Angie Blanco

Researcher: Alexandra Fernandez

Editor/Writer: Leandro Moreyra

  1. In its covert activities dealing with the Puppet Master, Section 9 does go too far. While the Puppet Master terrorized citizens and hacked into their brains to control them, Section 9 wasted time trying to regain control of their weapon in secret – costing them the lives of innocent citizens that they were meant to protect. They even went so far as to assassinate the ambassador of a foreign country in order to take down a programmer they believed was connected to the Puppet Master. Furthermore, Section 9’s agents (including Major Kusanagi) engaged in gunfights with enemies amid crowds of innocent bystanders.
    1. Yes, a government can be justified in violating its own laws to ensure the safety of its citizens. A government is the people’s first line of defense against threats against more than an individual. The whole purpose of government is to ensure a safe, civil, and prosperous society. However, what good is a civil and prosperous society that has no organized protection from anyone who can ruin everything it’s created in a bid for power? For example, if a government were to consider its privacy laws to be of greater importance than national security, terrorists or spies from enemy nations could freely endanger the constituents without fear of being caught before the crime is committed.
    2. Yes, a government can be justified in keeping secret its violations of the law if it is necessary to maintain the peace and civility of the nation. As a government is put in place to ensure the needs of the people are met, it also has the duty to protect the constituents from the enemies of the state. For example, the National Security Agency (NSA) collects nearly five billion records per day from cell phones across the United States as well as GPS locations, contact lists, emails, and text messages. This is done to track down people within our nation that are engaging in illegal activity with the intent to harm innocent bystanders.
  •  
    • Information technology is used in the world of Ghost in the Shell to manipulate people’s entire perception of reality. For example, the scene where the garbage man with the implanted memories is shown the photo he believed showed his wife and children demonstrated how the Puppet Master could change the information that makes up someone’s memories to make them do whatever he wanted. Upon being attacked by Sector 9, the first though that goes through the garbage man’s head is that he needs to warn his programmer friend – who might have even been the medium that the Puppet Master used to hack into his memories. Also, n Major Kusanagi was able to connect her cyborg brain to Sector 9’s database to hack into the database of the garbage trucks and figure out how to intercept them. In the movie, we see this as the Major’s change in vision, showing how she perceives the streets around her through the cyber world rather than with her very eyes to see beyond what her eyes can interpret.
  •  
    • Major Kusanagi utilizes solitude to reflect on her emotions and desire to be free. She goes diving into the ocean, despite the fact that her cyborg body is too heavy to swim stating that she feels hope despite also feeling scared and alone. “As I float up to the surface, I almost feel as if I could change into something else,” (Major Kusanagi). Where she to quit Section 9, she would have to return her cyborg shell and the memories that go with it – memories that make her who she is. However, in the darkness of the deep sea, she is completely alone and free from Section 9.
    • Yes, Deresiewicz is right when he says we are approaching a time when information technology makes solitude socially undesirable, or even impossible. Today, social media is one of the pillars of the Global Village and has devices installed to implicitly steer us away from solitude. Terms like “Twitter Famous” have been coined to describe those who have extreme numbers of followers and “retweets” from people who agree with them. Do they personally know each and every one of their thousands or even millions of followers? Highly unlikely, but it doesn’t matter to them if the kudos are coming from people they know. What they care about is recognition and inclusion from their peers, seemingly willing to sell their souls for fake internet points. Just about every social media site has some form of this; Facebook has “Like” and “Share,” Tumblr has “Favorite” and “Reblog,” etc. Moreover, we can now video chat through phones and laptops as an “on-the-go” alternative to being somewhere in person. Don’t want to go to interview with a prospective employer? You must not want it enough if you can’t even do a virtual interview over Skype. Can’t make it to your annoying aunt’s Thanksgiving dinner because “your dog is sick?” That’s no problem thanks to video-chatting. Even in Ghost in the Shell, the thing Major Kusanagi wants most is freedom – which she has to find in the solitude of the deep sea on her time off because the rest of the time Sector 9 needs to know exactly where she is and what she’s doing.
  •  
    •       Three historical examples of media that had an impact on the way people use, create, store, access, and communicate information are cameras, radio, and social media. Cameras are, per McLuhan’s definition of a medium, an extension of the eyes that allow us to create visual containers for information that can serve as records of time. The invention of the camera gave us an extension of the eyes that was much quicker and accessible than paintings while also being far more accurate to reality. The judicial system, for example, was revolutionized by the camera since one could now capture physical evidence of a certain place at a certain time without having to rely on unreliable testimonies. This also opened avenues into even greater visual mediums such as television and video recordings.

Moreover, the invention of the radio also heralded a new age of information transfer. The radio, being an extension of the ears, allowed for someone to communicate with mass amounts of people by projecting a message with their own voice onto radio waves that anyone with a functioning receiver could pick up. Radios found applications in everything from short-range communication (Walkie-Talkies) to music (portable stereo) to audio-visual entertainment (movies). It has had such a profound impact on modern culture that in 1938 Orson Welles broadcast of H.G. Wells’ the War of the Worlds was mistaken for genuine news by so many people that it resulted in mobs of terrified citizens taking to the streets in panic (Pacatte).

Finally, the creation of social media – an extension of the neural system as it is part of the internet – pushed us further into the age of what McLuhan calls the “Global Village.” Social media has allowed people from all across the world to connect with each-other, keep in touch with old friends/family, promote ideas or products to everyone they know, or even just share pictures of their cat doing something cute. Over the last few years, social media has evolved to the point of being so ubiquitous in everyday life that even the President of the United States occasionally tweets about whatever issue they’re dealing with – letting them keep in touch with the people in a less formal and thus more relatable way.

 

  1. The creation of Wi-Fi in 1991 has had the greatest impact on the information landscape since 1989 (Admin). With the advent of wireless internet, wired connections began to become obsolete. Once people could connect to the internet from any Wi-Fi hotspot, places like video cafes went on the decline as anyone could get access simply by picking up their smartphone. Today, it has become such a widespread commodity that business use it as a feature to attract in customers – and who doesn’t like to see the “Free Wi-Fi” sign on the window as they walk into a restaurant?
    1. Having access to Wi-Fi would have allowed the cyborgs in the movie to have access to the information systems of Sector 9 at any moment. This would have allowed agents like Major Kusanagi to not need to remain wired in one spot to do something like access a map of the roads or hack into the garbage collection systems to pinpoint their routes. She would have been able to do this all on the move and even mid-battle, allowing for better on-the-spot decision making and superior mobility.

Works Cited

Admin. The History of Wi-Fi: 1971 to Today. 18 May 2017. Web. 5 February 2019. <https://www.cablefree.net/wireless-technology/history-of-wifi-technology/&gt;.

Pacatte, Rose. ‘War of the Worlds’ documentary explores 1938 panic broadcast. 28 October 2013. Web. 5 February 2019. <https://www.ncronline.org/blogs/ncr-today/war-worlds-documentary-explores-1938-panic-broadcast&gt;.

Assignment 3-Keenan Thompson- Team 19 “The End of Solitude”

Dear Keenan,

A truly remarkable post. Good work on combing Deresiewicz’s article with your own self-reflection on the assignment. You made excellent points throughout your essay and I enjoyed reading it very much. Your word choices, sentence structure, grammar usage and overall flow of your essay shows a strong writing style. I appreciate your efforts and hope you continue to do such good work.

 

“Young people today seem to have no desire for solitude, have never heard of it, can’t imagine why it would be worth having,” William Deresiewicz. After 48 hours disconnected from any type of technology, solitude becomes inevitably impossible. In today’s digital world, technology has closely eliminated the concept of loneliness, as a desire for human behavior. According to Deresiewicz, loneliness produces boredom. Therefore, boredom is seen as a negative concept, instead of a positive and effective one. Nowadays, people affirm that loneliness equals boredom, instead of affirming that loneliness equals self-care. The usage of technology has disconnected humans into reflecting upon their lives, emotions, and self-appreciation.

    Deresiewicz explained that the concept of visibility in modern society is defining how we want others to see us, instead of how we want to see ourselves. Technology has grounded the concept of visibility, into a concept of self-recognition. Therefore, instead of appreciating loneliness as an opportunity to take care of ourselves, we automatically change the concept to equal boredom and visibility as our first choice. The importance of being seen by others goes beyond taking time for ourselves. Technology has become a distraction to appreciate loneliness, as a time of self-care and self-want. After completing the 48-hour experiment, I realized that solitude should be considered a treasured time of reflection and self-care.

    Today, being connected to a screen and being approved by others through the media can damage our self-esteem. According to Deresiewicz, “Our use of technology seems to involve a constant effort to stave off the possibility of solitude, a continuous attempt, as we sit alone at our computers, to maintain the imaginative presence of others.” This said, instead of wasting all of our time in others and the media, we should also invest time in ourselves. Consequently, after completing the 48-hour experiment of not utilizing any type of media or technology; I realized that it can be inevitable to avoid my cell phone, but it can be controlled to appreciate solitude. Analyzing my feelings through this experiment showed me that I truly have to appreciate the concept of solitude. At first, I was anxious, but after appreciating the concept of solitude, I understood that self-care goes beyond the concept of visibility, or as Deresiewicz called it “the concept of contemporary self-want.”

     Deresiewicz explained that celebrity and connectivity are both ways of becoming known. After completing the experiment, I realized that I was letting technology and social media control my behavior. At the beginning of the experiment, I thought that I was not influenced by the approval of others, but after 24 hours, I felt the need to view my social media platforms. Therefore, I realized that as Deresiewicz stated, “The great contemporary terror is anonymity.” I appreciated the concept of solitude to practice self-care and self-evaluation with myself. Also, during the experiment, I realized most of the news would affect negatively my concentration with solitude. Depending on how the news can affect me, it can intrude with my solitude.

    This said the effect of technology in the digital modern world has become a problem to view solitude as a positive concept. The importance of being connected to a screen is influencing our modern society. According to Deresiewicz, “Visibility is the quality that validates us, this is how we become real to ourselves.” On the contrary, the quality that should validate us should be how we become real to ourselves with self-care, self-value and solitude.  This generation should affirm the “beginning of solitude” as an opening door to self-care. Disconnect from a screen to connect with yourself.

Assignment 2- Keenan Thompson- Team 19

Hi Keenan,

Use active voice as in your very first sentence. Good first paragraph. Overall, good writing! Good analysis and understanding of key issues.  Don’t use 1st person as in your last paragraph. Good job!

Marshall McLuhan was one of the greatest theorists during his time, as he innovated innovating new ways to view the usage of media and communications. He used a critical perspective to help introduce the idea that medium is the message.

McLuhan’s take on the medium is the message is that mediums have a far greater impact on the fundamental shape of a society than any message that is delivered through that medium. More specifically he argues that the medium in which the message is delivered that will potentially change the content published. He says in Understanding media that, “This is merely to say that the personal and social consequences of any extension of ourselves- result from the new scale that is introduced into our affairs by each extension of ourselves”. What has had a greater impact on society is the way in which content is transmitted rather than what exactly the content is. McLuhan what’s us to see the bigger picture of how far we have come as a society. Currently, as a society, we have progressed in a way that in his theory would be unhealthy for cognitive ability. For example, then we are at a football game we can watch the game currently, while at the same time we can watch replays of moments in the game on the large screen in the stadium.  He thinks invites awareness of the actual process. This not only makes the fans interested in the effects of the play but also interested in the nature of football play.

The use of a critical perspective is potent in McLuhan’s work, especially in his 1969 Playboy interview. He mentions the way we perceive them and react to them is all determined by the way we interact with them. “Them” being the media. He aims for the betterment of by expressing how the media changes and affect the world by saying, “least our comfort and happiness, is predicated on understanding the nature of our new environment, because unlike previous environmental changes, the electric media constitute a total and near-instantaneous transformation of culture, values, and attitudes.”  He wants us to be aware of the transformations caused by the new media, so we can anticipate and control them. But in that case, we can become a “slave” to the media.

Since McLuhan stated that he was great confidence in the “man”, as he discussed the way in with our future as a society would be, (it would be interesting to know this thoughts on …. I would like to know his thought on our current situation of media and communications. One curious question might be…..  I would what to ask, is there a way for us as a society to regain all that we have a lot as a society, cognitively as a society, and how could we retrieve it before it’s too late. Through his philosophy, I don’t think he would necessarily say our society today doesn’t necessarily have the capability to, but would be a “slave” to it.

Why Our Memory Fails Us Anylsis

Thesis statement: In the New York Times article,” “Why Our Memory Fails Us” by Christopher F. Chabris and Daniel J. Simons, both authors us the aspects of the rhetorical triangle (logos, pathos, and ethos) in a unique way- by providing a unique out-take of their writing. Professors Chabris and Simons used logos by examining the messaging and arguments presented, logical reasoning, pathos rhetoric provide different perspectives by their experiences showcased throw emotions, ethos can be defined as the appeal to the tone of the article- making the speech within the work more reliable or credible. Therefore, the rhetorical themes are exposed in different examples through this article. (good points all, but your thesis needs something that you can prove; you are making more of a summary here than a thesis statement!) 

Chabris and Simmons use ethos as a way to present an explained of fallacies told through our memory. An example of ethos came up when they discussed the Dr. Tyson recollection of a quote he took from former President Bush. Dr. Tyson relayed mostly on notes written and public discourse. This mixture is detrimental to the accuracy of a writer. How the public reacts to any situation, whether is positive or negative, they most report exactly what transpired; ultimately, they are defying the code of ethics “We have an abstract understanding that people can remember the same event differently,” and Chabris and Simmons. Ethos is also reflected in the case of Hillary Clinton’s trip to Bosnia. As First Lady, she ditched the welcome ceremony as she evaded a sniper attack on her way onto her plane. Her memory made a distant connection to an attack that transpired nearby, but this tragedy wasn’t near her, therefore, and her life wasn’t at risk.

Chabris and Simmons also use pathos as a way to represent how an audience feels or experiences a message. They used an example of former President Bush. He gave a tribute to the lost astronauts in the Columbus space explosion. Bush, in his speech, mentioned God several times through his emotional speech. This, therefore, creates (created) Use consistent tenses!) an emotional connection with not only those involved but also to the millions of people listening in. try not to end sentences with a preposition

Logos is reflected as a way for Chabris and Simmons to present an argument. They mention that the sometimes our confidence can over barrel our memory; (not sure what you mean here?) by recalling certain events that may or may not have happened quite the way we should preserve them. “we remember them.They said, “we then rely on confidence as a signal of accuracy — in ourselves and in others.”

In summary, the three areas of analysis, logos, ethos, and pathos are a unique way to analyze an article from a different perspective. I help you view the writers work with a lens you didn’t know you had.(not clear to me?)This article’s structure has arguments that create a pathway for the readers to approach the content. Lastly, both psychology professors Christopher F. Chabris and Daniel J. Simmons (you could take these names out to condense your post) did a tremendous job at applying these methods of analysis. The top three Editors’ Picks comments contributed a significant outlook on for what the readers.  were able to take from it. One of the top comments went into greater detail on Chabris and Simmons article by sharing their own personal opinions by saying, “negative experience to active malice instead of an honest mistake. However, it’s far more often a mistake.” The comment section is a great way for other readers to participate in an intellectual debate on the topic. Logos and Ethos were seen the most, as many comments provide evidence to their claims. I like the way the New York Times ranked comment section, especially have Dr. Neil Tyson with the top comment since he is mentioned in the article. Although, this can also be a negative aspect because the more conventional will be shown at the top.

Hi Keenan,  Overall fairly good writing and decent analysis. You went quite a bit over the word limit and I would suggest removing all unnecessary words.  I enjoyed reading your post. Take note of your thesis statement and review the lessons on writing thesis. Keep up the good work and practice!