48-hour news blackout by: Josue San Martin

In this 48 hours that I disconnected from the world I was able to see the argument of Deresiewicz and how society is walking away from solitude, including myself. As Deresiewicz said, “the computer is creating a culture of connectivity” when I was disconnected from the world I did not see a connectivity with anyone but with myself. Made me analyze the time when I use the computer to check social media and connect with the people I was looking at but in this time where I did not check anything or anyone, I was disconnected from the world and the only connection I had was with myself. Deresiewicz also said that we are turning into miniature celebrities. With the rise of social media people use cameras to create a culture of celebrity and with every profile, there is a miniature celebrity where everyone can see it and where no one is alone.

After the first 18 hours I started to realize and analyze the importance of the technology in my life. Going outside without knowing if it was going to rain, not knowing what was going on in the world, not knowing how my father and my sisters are doing in another country. I did not have any type of connection with the world. I tried to fill out the gap with different activities but in the end even though I could barely fulfill the gap there was one thing missing and it was the interaction with another individual. In this time of complete solitude, I was able to analyze that the human is a creature that more than a desire, is a need to socialize with other species, not only other humans but with animals and the nature as well. For survival, the human needs to interact with a cow in order to get milk and survive. Cavemen needed interaction in order to survive. When one of them was sleeping the other one would look up for predators and vice versa in order to survive.

When I was getting closer to the 48 hours, I analyzed the importance of news and why is a good intruder in solitude. Without news I would have no idea what is happening in the community and around the world. In this solitude time, I compare the world with the movie “Ghost in the shell” and how news and technology are taking us apart from solitude. Solitude made me analyze myself in a way Major Kusanagi did when she was diving into the ocean. Technology might take us apart from solitude but we can also find time to be in solitude as Major Kusanagi did. Solitude and technology can interact with each other. I came with an analysis where I agree with Deresiewicz that the human needs solitude to secure integrity as well as to explore it. But the human also needs connectivity, beacuse I came with the conclusion where connectivity brings happiness and when I was alone 48 hours, I was unhappy.  nice references to Ghost and the reading throughout your work. a very different take on this assignment. I cannot say I completely agree that the connection between interaction with animals and nature is comparable to the the arguments made in the article, but it is an interesting diversion from the usual take aways.


McLuhan and the critical perspective by: Josue San Martin

McLuhan talks about how the medium is the message. McLuhan uses critical perspective as he discusses how people see the medium. McLuhan questions a commonly held assumption and is that the message is what is important rather than the medium. On one side McLuhan says that for most people the medium is what transports the message and what is important is what the message says. On the other side McLuhan said that what matters is how the medium changes the human environment. For most people, they only care about what the message says but do not fully understand how the medium is slowly changing the lifestyle of society. McLuhan does not minimize the importance of the content but rather says the content plays a different role. McLuhan expands the bounds by giving an example for this debate. Hitler giving speeches and lectures, with the invention of radio the message was going across the nation. The message is important but if there were not medium the nation would probably would not hear what Hitler said but only a small portion of it. Showing the importance that the medium had and how was changing human environment.

McLuhan was definitely trying to tell society how the medium could help them in the future. By giving the examples of phonetic alphabet, movable type in the 16th century and the telegraph. How phonetic literary made humans go from a tribe to a civilized community. Modern industrialism would not be possible and how phonetic literacy and the printing press made it possible. McLuhan was telling them that these mediums changed the human environment and how human have the ability to keep changing it. McLuhan wanted the educational establishments to be aware that there is an electric culture so the “TV child” could be help to his educational environment.

As stated earlier, McLuhan uses critical perspective when talking about the medium. McLuhan said “All media are extensions of some human faculty- psychic, or physical”. For example, the invention of the wheel is an extension of the foot, the book is an extension of the eye, the electric media is an extension of the nervous system. By McLuhan thinking, the extension helps human’s society for the best. For McLuhan what you text is not important, what is important is that everyone that can see the text has a device that allows them to see it. What matters is not the message the world can see but that the world is able to see it regardless of where the individual lives. McLuhan thinks that the medium is the message and how the medium changes human environment, he utilizes the example of the radio and Hitler, he shows how the medium can change the impact of the message on a nation. With the existence of the internet the thinking of McLuhan is accurate. Society now is different as how it was before thanks to the internet. The internet changed human’s lifestyle. The medium changed human environment and keeps changing it.

You demonstrated your understanding of McLuhan with organized writing and good examples. Please be sure to use only formal, academic writing.

Rethorical Analysis by: Josue San Martin

Thesis Statement: In the article “Why Our Memory Fails Us” by Christopher F. Chabris and Daniel J Simons they use pathos by providing emotional examples, ethos by giving expert testimonies and logos anecdotes to develop the article.

When Chabris and Simons used the example of the telephone, they used pathos. Automatically the audience who have play the game are going to remember the time they have play it and think of the emotions and the use of the memory the game provided. Using emotions and a personal experience the readers may have, will help them have a better understanding of the example by using a rhetorical strategy that is pathos.

Chabris and Simons also used pathos when they said “We would all be wise to do the same”. In this sentence they are giving a personal belief to persuade people to think the same way and agreeing with the article.

By mention cognitive psychologists Chabris and Simons are using ethos in this argument. Chabris and Simons mention professionals so the readers have an understanding that what they are reading in the article is coming from a reliable source. Using this type of source, they are providing credibility. The use of this rhetorical strategy gives the readers a trustworthy reaction as what they are reading is reliable.

Chabris and Simons use logos as well, when mention the anecdotes of Dr. Tyson, Mr. Bush and Mrs. Clinton. These anecdotes show how these different educated people were not being liars but instead the memory played a bad move on them. Anecdotes are helpful for readers to have a better understanding of the topic. This rhetorical strategy provides evidence of how memory also fails these intelligent people.

Chabris and Simons did a good use of these rhetorical strategies in playing with the emotions of the audience. The use of studies was a good and strong point but they mostly rely on the emotions of the audience with anecdotes and examples that the audience may have as well. In this article the authors have an informal tone as they are having a conversation with the audience but always informing about the topic.

The top three comments were convincing because they were providing sources to back up what they were saying. For example, in the comment of Keith Dow, the audience can see a verified link that supports what he was saying. Also how he uses the topic of memory to address his note as he says “I think your memory of Bush being an intelligent person is faulty”.  The first comment from Neil deGrasse Tyson is at top because is from a person mentioned in the article and he is also providing to the audience links in which he provides a more detail information. Both of them using ethos as they are providing reliable sources.

The top three reader’s comments we see how readers wanted to hear more from Neil deGrasse Tyson and for the second comment how people liked that Dow provide them with a source where they can read more and agree or disagree.


very well done analysis