Rough Draft Joey Hernandez #1

Joey –


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Media has helped the public to be informed of what is happening in the world. The situation that is happening in Venezuela with President Nicolas Maduro has been heard all around the world thanks to the media. President Maduro has been in power for about 7 years and within these 7 years, he has been able to trick his people into his economic and political system. He has made numerous speeches in which he promised, like any other politician, that Venezuela will come out of the hole and that the economic situation in Venezuela will come to an end. These speeches demonstrate a lack of pathos, ethos, and logos from the president.

The news of the barricade made by the president in Venezuela’s border with Colombia was spread really fast around the world. Social media was the one responsible of spreading this news worldwide in such a short period of time. Social media is a powerful tool that can be very useful. There are many people that use social media as a news provider. In fact, the majority of people of this generation don’t watch news channels anymore. All of the information they get is only through social media.

The news of this barricade is a good example of how the president of Venezuela lacks the three rhetorical appeals which are ethos, pathos, and logos. People in Venezuela are currently dying of hunger and because there is a lack of first aid supply, therefore there is a huge demand of food and medical aid. The president created this barricade to block exactly those two valuable things that the people in Venezuela mostly need. Thousands of volunteers gathered at Venezuela’s border with Colombia to help them get tons of food and medicine into their country. The president increased border security to block the aid, claiming that it is a pretext for a U.S. invasion. Nicolas Maduro stated that the United States’ help was a “rotten gift” and that their intention was to take over their resources. This shows the lack of logos from the president. He attempted to persuade the audience by the use of arguments that they will perceive as logical, but it does not make any sense the decision he made. His own people from Venezuela are dying and basically because of his ego he did not let the supply come in.

People have lost a lot of credibility towards Nicolas Maduro. He talks about Venezuela as if there is no problem whatsoever. He lives in a bubble in which he doesn’t care about what is going on to his people in Venezuela. The only thing that he really cares about is that he and his family are doing well. All of the speeches in which he speaks he talks about some other Venezuela that people do not know. He talks about a Venezuela where people are free and happy, which is completely the opposite from the Venezuela that everybody knows. How do people know that Venezuela is in chaos and not like President Maduro paints it? Because of media, especially social media. This gives access to the core of what is happening over there. Many people post pictures of destruction, extensive lines to get food, people very skinny that have not eaten in days, and even videos of people crying of hunger and police brutality against their own citizens. This is exactly why people do not believe any word in which president Maduro says because it is perceived by the audience as not credible. This is considered as lack of ethos.

Because of the president’s lack of ethos and logos, it is very hard for him to persuade people to his favor. People already know his roots and his true intentions so it is very hard for him to be successful with pathos. There is absolutely no way that he can convince his people because of the things he has already done. He often uses arguments that make the people feel emotional, which is the goal of every politician, but still nobody will actually believe him because of all the lies he’s said to the public.

            Thanks to social media, people know what is really going on with Venezuela. Social media has been a key factor to expose what Maduro is doing to his own people. It has served to open the eyes of the public and uncover what Maduro is really doing with his political power. Social media also showed how President Nicolas Maduro lacks the three rhetorical appeals. People lack complete credibility from him, he is unable to persuade any audience because of the lack of credibility that he already has, and his decisions and actions have no logic to the public whatsoever.

Work cited:

“Ethos-Pathos-Logos-The-3-Rhetorical-Appeals.” Dr. Williams : USC Upstate : English Program / Ethos-Pathos-Logos-The-3-Rhetorical-Appeals,

“Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro Closes Country’s Brazilian Border.” All Things Considered, 21 Feb. 2019. Literature Resource Center


Annotated Bibliography Team #1 Joey Hernandez

Joey: Good sources. It might be wise to focus on one specific speech of Maduro. Also, it seems unlikely that his speeches lack pathos, ethos, and logos. Surely he uses one of the rhetorical modes in his efforts to persuade. Remember, rhetoric isn’t about what’s true or false, but how a speaker is attempting to sway an audience.


Thesis Statement:

 The barricade of Venezuela that prevents food or medical aid from neighbor countries has been heard all around the world. We can see how president Maduro’s speeches about this topic lack pathos, ethos, and logos.

  1. Book:


Maduro, Nicolás. Diálogos Con El Presidente Nicolás Maduro : Ocho Entrevistas. Caracas, Venezuela : CO, Ediciones Correo del Orinoco, marzo de 2014., 2014. EBSCOhost,

Database: FIU Library Catalog

Nicolas Maduros is interviewed several times in this book to understand better what he is trying to do. On these interviews he talks about how Venezuela will get back up, how he is helping Venezuela to get out of poverty, and a lot of “positive things” that he is doing. We can see how he lacks pathos, ethos, and logos on these interviews.

2. Academic Journal:

VON BERGEN GRANELL, FRANZ. “Los Discursos De Nicolás Maduro: Marcos, Relato Y Juegos De Lenguaje.” MARCO (Márketing y Comunicación Política), vol. 3, Jan. 2017, pp. 33–56. EBSCOhost, doi:10.15304/marco.3.4209.

Database: Business Source Complete

This journal talks about the different ways in which Maduro talks during speeches. He uses different strategies and plays a lot with his words to persuade his audience. He uses these clever techniques to create credibility.

3. Magazine:

Gonzalez Solano, Bernardo. “LA ANTI DEMOCRACIA DE NICOLAS MADURO MOROS: Venezuela.” Siempre!, no. 3389, 2018, p. 54. EBSCOhost,

Database: InfoTrac Informe!

This magazine talks about the reelection of Maduro for presidency. There is a high chance that he will be reelected because of corruption. The people know that if he gets reelected, hunger and lack of first aid will increase exponentially and Venezuela will perish.  

4. News article:

Tn. “La Crisis En La Venezuela De Nicolás Maduro: Hiperinflación, La ‘Dieta Del Hambre’, Falta De Medicinas y Éxodo.” Todo Noticias, TN, 9 Jan. 2019,

Website: TN News

Venezuela is suffering from a huge problem with inflation because of its president. Venezuela’s economy has shrunk more than 50% since Nicolas Maduro came into power. More than one-third of Venezuela’s population eat only one meal a day

5. Website:

 Ángel Bermúdez. “Crisis En Venezuela: Por Qué La Oposición Espera Que Este 23 De Febrero Sea Su ‘Día D’ y Cuál Puede Ser La Respuesta Del Gobierno De Nicolás Maduro – BBC News Mundo.” BBC News, BBC, 23 Feb. 2019,

Website: BBC

This website talks about a news that occurred several weeks ago where Nicolas Maduro rejected food supply from the United States. He stated that “United States’ help was a rotten gift” and that their intention was to take over their resources.

6. Other:

“Venezuela Refuerza Barrera En Puente Para Impedir Ingreso De Ayuda Humanitaria.” TalCual, 14 Feb. 2019,

Website: Talcualdigital

This website talks about how Maduro barricaded the bridge where aid was supposed to arrive. He put several cargo containers to fully block any aids from other nearby countries. This shows that his positive speeches do not match with his evil actions.

Joey Hernandez Group #1

Joey – Good analysis of the importance of actionable information in your life, and especially in your work. You needed to make the connection to Deresiewicz to fulfill the assignment.

Overall, writing is good and you communicate your thoughts clearly. When editing, omit needless words, watch tenses and singular/plural form. News is singular, not plural.


News are is a very important source of information that humans need. Everything is moving very fast nowadays and people should not get caught up in the past. While doing this 48-hour news blackout, I felt very anxious and to be honest very lost. Typically when we hear the word “news” the first two things that come to our mind are newspapers and Fox, CNN, CBS, and NBC news channels. With this experiment I actually discovered that news is are not only those news channels and newspapers, but also social media, the radio, billboards, and even our friends. Good observation. News are literally everywhere we go, it is almost inevitable not to hear something new every day. Social media sends us notifications of something recent that happened, friends usually talk about sports or things currently happening, when we get in the car the first thing that we do is put the radio and hear what they have to say, etc.

Those 48 hours of not knowing what was happening in the world made me anxious because it made me feel like if I was living outside of the United States in a place where there is no internet or any source of news. Uncertainty is the root of anxiousness so this is exactly why I felt this way, because I did not know what was going on.

My job was affected because of this 48-hour blackout challenge. What I do is I earn money trading in the Foreign Exchange and Cryptocurrency market. Trading comes with a lot of risk if you do not know what you’re doing so you have to obtain many confirmations before putting in an order or trade.  That comes with confirmations of technical analysis and confirmations with the news. A possible revision:

Trading comes with a lot of risk. Knowing what you are doing and confirmation of technical analysis and news is required before doing a trade or order.


The Foreign Exchange market is the market of currencies all around the world. The physical currency exchange that people do when they go from one country to another, I do it through my phone or laptop. The value of every currency is constantly changing so the price of, lets say, euro can be different today than tomorrow. One of the things that greatly affect affects the price of currencies are is news. So if I see a good trade setup with my technical analysis, but I don’t check if there are upcoming news for that currency, I am going to be risking a lot because I do not know how the market will react. “I” is acceptable in this assignment, but don’t overuse the pronoun:

If technical analysis indicates a good trade, but I don’t check the news of that currency, there is risk for how the market will react. 

For this reason, news are very important for me to know because I depend on them it to basically make money.

In conclusion, news are very important to people because it provides us with the information that is happening in the world and tells us how those news can affect our every day life. This experiment made me feel like an outsider. Everyone was well informed and I was the only person lost in my group of friends. I personally don’t really mind being alone. Actually, I enjoy being alone because I can talk to myself, analyze my mistakes, and reflect about  on my future. What I don’t really like is not knowing what is happening around me. The feeling of uncertainty and lack of understanding is what really makes me feel uncomfortable. This is why news are very important in our every day life. 


Joey Hernandez Reading #2 Group 1

Overall, a very good paper. Excellent insight into the idea that the medium is the message. However, you need to make explicit the connections between critical perspective and McLuhan’s central idea. Specifically, what assumptions does he challenge, and how does he expand the bounds of debate? It’s implied in your analysis, but should be spelled out.

Your writing flows well and shows efforts at editing. Best to avoid “I” in most formal academic papers.

Thesis Statement: Marshall McLuhan uses critical perspective to explain how the medium actually conveys the true message. Good.

The meaning of “The Medium is the Message” has been very controversial because nobody exactly knew what it meant and were asked how the medium can actually be its own message. When we think about medium the first thing that comes to our mind is the mass-media of communications such as radio, television, the press, the internet, etc. What McLuhan was trying to tell us with “the medium” is that it has a much greater impact on society and how we learn things. Mediums extend our capacities. A very good example is the invention of cars and airplanes which literally restructured and shaped how cities and roads would look like. We can see here how one thing led to the creation of another. Another good example is the creation of the internet. The internet is not powerful because of the information it contains, but because of the capacity to deliver that information to an audience. All good points. So pretty much what What McLuhan is trying to say is that how we receive the message is far more important than the actual message being delivered. This is why he says that the medium is the message, not the content. In understanding media, McLuhan defines medium as “any extension of ourselves.” A hammer is pretty much an extension of our arm, the car an extension of our legs and feet, the camera the extension of our eyes, and pictures an extension of our memory suggesting that each of these inventions can extend our physical capacities. That same exact way we can extend our thoughts and information to others. The ability for us to interact with the world as I previously mentioned is what makes the medium much more powerful that than the content that is delivered over the medium.

                Marshall McLuhan was concerned with the observation that we tend to focus on the obvious. He says that when we focus on the obvious, we lose the chance to impact society with new technology and innovations. He thought of the medium as fertile soil, where the extension of our body, senses, or mind is the root from which innovation is born.

                Understanding the meaning of “The Medium is the Message” is very important. It shows us that changes in society indicate a new medium. McLuhan was aiming to improve society. He stated that in order to have a better educational system for the future generations, changes are very essential. “The medium is the message because it is the medium that shapes and controls the scale and form of human association and action. The content or uses of such media are as diverse as they are ineffectual in shaping the form of human association. Indeed, it is only too typical that the ‘content’ of any medium blinds us to the character of the medium.” Good conclusion, but you don’t really need the entire quote.

Joey Hernandez

Rhetorical Analysis Team 1

Joey – Overall, a good first effort. Make sure to edit carefully. It might help to read aloud and check if it sounds right. Ethos is the authority and the trustworthiness of the speaker. When analyzing the use of ethos in teh article, you want to look at the credibility and trustworthiness of C&S as authors. Otherwise, your analysis was very good.

Thesis statement:  Christopher F. Chabris and Daniel J. Simmons utilizes utilize the rhetoric triangle in “Why Our Memory Fails Us”  to explain with case studies the cause of false memory, to convey a message to the audience with emotions, and question the reliability of our memory. This is a bit unclear. Do you mean C&S primarily use pathos in their article?

Christopher F. Chabris and Daniel J. Simons were able to use successfully the rhetorical triangle in “Why Our Memory Fails Us” so that the audience could feel connected and more identified with what these professionals were trying to portray.

Christopher Chabirs and Daniel Simons start off the article with ethos giving the audience credibility about the person that they were going to talk about which was Neil Degrasse Tyson. Remember, ethos is the authority of the speaker or writer. What ethos do C&S have? They started off mentioning that he was an astrophysicist and host of a TV series so that the audience could build up their credibility about this individual.  That same credibility was later affected when he publicly claimed that Busch was decimating against Muslims. This incident cost him credibility because he didn’t have concrete evidence of what he thought the president said and because the president is the person with the most credibility out of the two.

The authors then started building their case using logos and heavily rely on facts and studies. Good. They used the National Academy of Sciences to conduct a case study of false memory as evidence to support their argument. to solve this argument with facts. Effectively, this study revealed that false memory is directly proportional to high confidence of the individual’s memory; exactly what happened to Neil Degrasse Tyson with President Bush’s speech.

Also, the authors resemble pathos being pity with use pathos in describing the false memory of the people mentioned in the article: “Do our heroes have memories of clay?” This statement makes the audience evaluate our leaders and realize that even the most “important and successful” people can be affected by false memory. Good. The authors also suggest that people respond with emotions when our memory is challenged, trying to justify what happened to Neil Degrasse Tyson. “But when our own memories are challenged, we may neglect all this and instead respond emotionally, acting as though we must be right and everyone else must be wrong.” Good point, but you don’t need the entire quote.

Neil Degrasse Tyson gives another perspective in the readers pick. He talks in an ethos perspective with his manager Sean Davis by giving out reliable sources about how he came up with the conclusion that the President was making discriminating comments about Muslims. The comments that Keith Dow wrote were in a form of logos because he is literally giving out facts to prove that George Bush was not as “intelligent and educated” like Christopher Chabirs and Daniel Simons said in “Why Our Memory Fails Us”. Jacob Sommer uses a more pathos style of writing because what he writes and how he writes is very appealing to the audience. He makes the audience feel like if we have criticized them too much as if we were perfect human beings. He makes the audience realize that everyone makes mistakes and exhorts us to become more humane when people make errors.  Good analysis of the comments. Did this approach work for the NYT?