Final draft – Gaby Gabino – Group 22

Excellent work Gaby,  just add images in places that support the text and you’re good to go!

 

Over the past couple of months, discussions about sexual assault allegations made against the R&B artist, R. Kelly, and talk of the new docu-series “Surviving R. Kelly” have flooded both social and news media, changing the lives of many and ultimately leading to the arrest and indictment of the singer. The R. Kelly case is the latest of many sexual harassment cases that have been fueled by the media. This case in particular was brought to the attention of the public through the six-part Lifetime documentary called “Surviving R. Kelly”.(Fortin) From there, talk of the documentary flooded into social media platforms, such as twitter, where people were discussing the accuracy of the testimonies, previous allegations towards R. Kelly, and what consequences, if any, should Kelly face in the future. This talk on social media also reignited the #MeToo movement. News media quickly caught on to the story as well and began reporting about it soon after the documentary aired. Overall, you would have had to try extremely hard to avoid hearing about this case because it has been talked about on so many media platforms.

There are many ways in this information could have been influenced or suppressed from people being paid to talk to people being paid keep quiet. Unlike in a court room, what was said in that documentary does not have to be the full truth. There is no way to know whether these women are exaggerating or stretching the truth in the documentary because there are no rules against it. (Kahlor) On social media, there are absolutely no regulations regarding the truthfulness of what is posted. Anyone is allowed to post what they believe and their opinions on the case which could lead to confusion regarding what is factual content and what is an opinion. These days, people will post anything for attention, specifically on twitter. You will see a range of things, from people posting false sob stories to people preforming dangerous stunts, only to attract attention and retweets. Therefore, it is fairly easy to manipulate information regarding the R. Kelly case on social media platforms without having much of a consequence. On the other hand, R. Kelly has been suppressing allegations like these for nearly two decades. In the past he has been accused of crimes such as, sex with minors, child pornography, physical abuse, and sexual abuse. Even then, he has not faced any jail time and only one of the many accusations ever made it to trial. Because of the amount of media coverage in this day and age, R. Kelly is finding it harder to sweep accusations like these under the rug because, unlike in the past, the entire public knows about it.

In almost every article I have read on this case, no matter which side they are defending, pathos is the main rhetorical element. The authors of articles defending R. Kelly appeal to the audience’s emotions by showing how his life has been turned upside down and by emphasizing how much he has already lost even though he has not yet been proven guilty, they are only allegations. On the other hand, media that defends the women who are claiming they were sexually assaulted or harassed by R. Kelly appeal to the emotions of the audience by having these women speak out and be vulnerable, causing the audience to feel for them. The main objective of both sides is to paint one party as the bad guy and create sympathy for the other party.  Another rhetorical element used in most of the media regarding this case is logos. Mainly in the arguments against R. Kelly, media sources have used evidence of R. Kelly’s past, such as previous accusations and previous charges, to create the image of him as a monster.

In this particular case, the main people keeping secrets are the victims. They have kept these stories about their experiences with R. Kelly under wraps for various reasons, and now they are able to share them with the public through media platforms, specifically social media. In recent years, social media has become a huge aid for victims of sexual assault or harassment. For many people speaking about their experiences with sexual abuse is extremely hard, especially when it is on a huge platform, like twitter for example, where thousands of people may see it. However, over the past year with things such as the #MeToo movement, social media has become a sort of safe space for these victims. (“History & Vision”, 2006) As this article explains, “Posts, likes and retweets are all things that tell ordinary citizens not only that their voices are being heard, but that their fellow citizens are marching alongside them”. (Slaughter 6) Seeing others posts and how others react to their post about sexual abuse gives these victims a sense of solidarity and empowerment.

Secrecy and revelation played a significant role in this event. The revelation of the accusations against R. Kelly on such a large scale changed a lot of lives. The lives of the victims are forever changed as their faces are now known and their names recognizable. Just as there is a nice supportive side of social media, there is a nasty and negative side that they now have to deal with. (Moriarty) For R. Kelly life has also completely changed as all this media attention has led to his being investigated by police. Ultimately, lectures such as the one about secrecy, have framed the way I examined this event because it gave me a different lens to analyze information with.

Advertisements

48-hour media blackout – Gaby Gabino – Group 22

Hi Gaby,

Excellent points made throughout your post. Good connections to Deresiewicz as well. Your writing style is very good, good word choice, good sentence structure and good organization. Well-done!

To be completely honest, this assignment was extremely challenging. For the forty-eight-hour blackout I deleted all social media and news apps from my phone simply to make it harder to give in. I knew that I relied on my phone and social media for many things, mainly to entertain myself, but I was unaware of just how reliant I was. Throughout this blackout I mostly felt bored, and when I was not bored, I felt anxious. I found myself wanting to re-install them multiple times a day simply because I felt out of the loop with what was going on in the world. I quickly realized that my instant reaction to not having media was to keep myself busy. I could not just sit and do nothing without feeling anxious.   

When it comes to Deresiewicz argument about our culture of celebrity and connectivity, I do see myself in this argument because I often felt the need to be visible and recognized throughout these 48 hours. I felt as though I had fallen of the face of the earth when I disconnected from all media, and I know that sounds dramatic, but I felt as though I didn’t exist. I see myself in this argument because I feel that I live only in relation to others, as Deresiewicz explains in the article. If I cannot see what my friends are doing or what is going on in the world around me, I feel almost as if I didn’t exist. (sad, but understandably true at times)

After doing this forty-eight-hour media blackout I realized that I definitely want to take a step back from media because I want to be able to truly enjoy solitude. Even then, I do not want to be uninformed and I do feel that media is a necessary intrusion of solitude. After completing this assignment, I can also say that solitude is equally as important as news and media. (how true!)

When it comes to solitude and media, moderation is very important. I agree with Deresiewicz statements about media taking away our ability to be alone, but the reason that is happening is because we are constantly receiving so much media, both social and news. This becomes an issue because it leads to Deresiewicz’s argument about our culture of celebrity and connectivity. We feel that there is always something new to find out. In the same way, being too disconnected can also lead to issues. The events that happen in this world, whether it be locally or on the other side of the planet, affect us. In order to make change and form opinions we need to be informed on what is going on in our world. If we are uninformed and unaware of current events, we cannot defend our rights and the rights of others as citizens and human beings. (nice conclusion!) 

Gaby Gabino – Group 22 – annotated bibliography

Nicely done!  Nicely organized and clearly presented. I look forward to your essay. Good annotations too, good sources.

Over the past couple of months, discussions about sexual assault allegations made against the R&B artist, R. Kelly, and talk of the new docu-series “Surviving R. Kelly” have flooded both social and news media, changing the lives of many and ultimately leading to the arrest and indictment of the singer.

ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY  

  1. Grant, Patricia H., and Paula I. Otto. Mass Media and Victims of Rape (from Controversies in Victimology, Second Edition, P 49-71, 2008, Laura J. Moriarty, Ed. — See NCJ-225281)., 2008. ProQuest. Web. 9 Mar. 2019.
    • This book speaks about protecting rape victims and how far media can go when reporting rapes and naming victims. It also talks about the likeliness or unlikeliness of victims reporting a rape depending on how public it is. This is perfect for my paper because it shows a different side of how media affects sexual assault victims.
    • found in ProQuest
  2. Kahlor, LeeAnn, and Matthew S. Eastin. “Television’s Role in the Culture of Violence Toward Women: A Study of Television Viewing and the Cultivation of Rape Myth Acceptance in the United States.” Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media55.2 (2011): 215-31. ProQuest. Web. 9 Mar. 2019.
    • In this article, the correlation between television and rape myth acceptance is analyzed. The research they found shows that it is more likely for a woman to believe a rape accusation and also that it is more likely for people who watch soap operas to believe a rape accusation. This works for my paper because I am discussing the connection between mass media and rape allegations.   
    • found in ProQuest
  3. Slaughter, Anne-Marie. “Social Media can Help Fight Corruption One ‘like’ at a Time.” FT.com (2018)ProQuest. Web. 9 Mar. 2019.
    • This article talks about how social media can be used as an anecdote. It discusses the effect of media and how it is basically “strength in numbers”. This works well with my topic because it fits with the topic of social media being a support system and making a difference, making people comfortable enough to call out their accusers.  
    • found in ProQuest
  4. Reuters. “R. Kelly Indictment Is Latest Case Fueled by TV Documentaries.” The New York Times. The New York Times, 25 Feb. 2019. Web. 10 Mar. 2019.
    • This newspaper article explains the details of the R.Kelly case and how media was a part of getting him indicted. This goes perfectly with the topic of this paper because it is about the R Kelly incident.
    • this article is from the newspaper The New York Times
  5. “Me Too. Movement.” You Are Not Alone. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Mar. 2019.
    • This website is perfect for my topic because it directly touches upon the way social media and mass media is used to spread awareness and share stories about sexual assault and harassment. The me too movement blew up on social media as a hashtag where women shared their traumas and experiences with sexual assault and harassment. This relates to my topic because it shows how social media specifically is used as a tool to bring awareness and make changes just like R.Kelly was ultimately indicted.   
    • This website is metoomovement.org
  6. Brin, Dinah. “Social Media Is a Major Consideration in Wave of Sexual Harassment Allegations.” SHRM. SHRM, 11 Apr. 2018. Web. 10 Mar. 2019.
    • This article talks about the use of social media to combat and stop sexual assault at the workplace. This is a big issue that is now being brought to people’s attention as it should be. This supports my topic perfectly because it touches the topic of social media and how it is being used.
    • This article is from the Society of Human Resource Management

 

Final paper thesis – Gaby Gabino – group 22

Hi Gaby,

I like your topic but I would make a few suggestions. You seem to be having two thesis in your statement. One is about our news media spinning stories for or against Trump and another discussing North Korean media.  I would look over the following link and pick ONE topic to write about.  I also sent you an email about your previous assignments. I’ll be available today and this weekend if you want to email me back.

https://www.politico.com/latest-news-updates/trump-kim-jong-un-meeting-us-north-korea-summit-2018

Talk of president Trumps most recent meeting with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un has spread like wildfire on many media platforms such as social media, TV, and the internet. When dealing with any news regarding the president, it is very difficult to find an unbiased source that will not spin a story to go in favor or against him. Also, due to all the sanctions and regulations imposed on North Korean media, it is nearly impossible to know what was actually talked about in that meeting.

Talk of president Trumps most recent meeting with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un has spread like wildfire on many media platforms such as social media, TV, and the internet; however, when dealing with any news regarding the president, it is very difficult to find an unbiased source that will not spin a story to go in favor or against him. 

due to all the sanctions and regulations imposed on North Korean media, it is nearly impossible to know what was actually talked about in that meeting.