Final Essay Draft Team #19

Hi Ashley,

Good work, please add images!  Good writing style, good content, good job overall. One thing though is I’m missing connection with the class concepts in  your essay.  You have told me a lot about what is going on with R.Kelly and so forth but I’d like to see more about how you analyze this topic in light of say secrecy, McLuhan, and such.  

Alexandra Fernandez                                                                                     3/16/2019

IDS3309                                                                                                      Rough Draft

2019 has been a dramatic year for the world of pop culture. With the rise of the internet era and the golden age of social media, what has been left in the darkness is finally being brought out to the light. With the crumbling and dynamic changes in our institutions happening on the daily one of the biggest bulldozers is that of the #MeToo movement. It has been a gigantic wakeup call to the establishment and powerbrokers that have victimized the helpless for far too long. The #MeToo movement has been credited for taking down powerful figures such as Harvey Weinstein and Bill Cosby, which had abused their power for years with impunity. The #MeToo movement seems to suck in a new person every day. The movement is something that forces us as Americans to reflect on who we idolized and challenges us to separate the art from the actions committed by the people. The most recent scandal is that of notorious R&B singer R. Kelly and the King of Pop Michael Jackson. The revelations, which have arisen about both artists, have shocked and appalled many people as well as fans. The media has played an integral role in revealing the dark truth of what they have been doing for years.

The media as well as Hollywood had always winked and nodded at the possibilities of both Kelly and Jackson being sexual abusers since the early 2000s. One could easily look back and see infamous Chappelle Show sketches making fun of Kelly and the allegations that he urinated on an underage fifteen-year-old girl. The same scenario was happening with Jackson on the show South Park for his affinity towards playing alone with underage boys. The reality is none of this is funny or humorous as people were victimized and worse being that most victims were underage. What ties both of these cases together is that they were revealed by the #Metoo movement and after the premiere of explosive documentaries. “One of the main goals of the Me too Movement™ is to give young women, particularly young women of color from low wealth communities, a sense of empowerment from the understanding that they are not alone in their circumstances” as stated by Michelle Rodino in the Communication & Critical/Cultural Studies.

The victims of R. Kelly came primarily from this background. They had the courage to speak out against their former abuser in the documentary “Surviving R.Kelly.” The media has been a strong medium in giving women a voice to speak out against abusers and giving them a platform to be listened too. The blowback resulted in a number of other victims of R. Kelly coming out eventually leading to his arrest and him being charged with ten counts of sexual abuse, with three of them against minors. R. Kelly’s entire history of sexual abuse against minors was brought into the limelight and deservedly had his reputation and career destroyed. “In 2001, a witness had conversations with Robert Kelly and Robert Kelly’s associates where the witness was asked to retrieve videotapes showing Robert Kelly having sexual intercourse with the victim in this case”—identified by the state as R.L.—“when she was fourteen years old” as stated by Jim DeRogatis of the New Yorker. In as little as two months, R. Kelly’s net worth dropped from $150 million to $1 million.

In the Michael Jackson case, the allegations against him have been raised posthumously. The damning documentary that premiered a few months ago destroyed the image of Jackson. “Leaving Neverland” profiles two men who say Michael Jackson sexually abused them when they were children. Jackson faced several allegations that he molested young boys dating back to 1993, but was never convicted of any charges” as stated by Shaila Dewan of the New York Times. The reported details of child sexual abuse shocked the country as a childhood hero for millions was vilified and the rumors that had since been forgotten were now in your face. 

The media and the many forms of technology we see today spread the news like wildfire. As the stories of the victims and the pathos narrative we saw a fire begin and the #Metoo Movement provided the gasoline. The media landscape has taken drastic steps to remove the legacy of Michael Jackson. For example “In the shadow of the “Neverland” premiere, Jackson’s music — including his work with the Jackson 5 and The Jacksons — has dipped noticeably in popularity. From March 3-5 (the documentary premiered on March 3), the singer’s album sales fell by 39 percent and his combined song and album sales faced a drop of 8,000, according to Billboard” as stated by Anna Tingley of Variety Magazine. Jackson has also been removed from past episodes of the Simpsons and radio stations nationwide have pulled his music.

The recent series of events have raised questions on social media as fans of both artists have come out staunchly defending them especially Jackson. “Meanwhile, a vast global army of fans have mounted defenses on social media. Jackson supporters have flooded the internet with rebuttals to the documentary, questioning the credibility and motives of Robson and Safechuck” as stated by Tom Dart of the Guardian.  The allegations have forced people all over the world to step out of their comfort zone and confront the reality that was happening.The media has exposed two scenarios that many would have preferred to remain blissfully ignorant about. America now faces soul searching and coming to grips with the figures we regarded once as heroes “ Michael Jackson’s legacy is bigger than Michael Jackson, right?” said New York Times critic-at-large Wesley Morris on the Daily podcast. “We can’t cancel Michael Jackson because canceling Michael Jackson means canceling America in some way. Not just our love of [the] music, but our sense of who we are as a people.” (Dart, Tom.) America finds itself in a state of mourning but should we feel ok to mourn idols even with all the bad they have done.


Individual Assignment: Annotated Bibliography Team 19

Good job,good sources, good annotations. 

Thesis: “The #Metoo movement has changed the cultural landscape in the US as we know it. The most recent celebrities to be affected by the movement are now disgraced rap artist R.Kelly and the deceased pop star Michael jackson. How does the media influence the reputation of celebrities and how has it played a role in giving victims a voice?”

1.Book: Traister., Rebecca. Good and Mad : the Revolutionary Power of Women’s Anger . New York : Simon & Schuster, 2018.     FIU Green Library General Collection — HQ1421 .T73 2018 

This book talks about the power that a woman has. The book highlights the injustices that have been done to women. The #metoo movement is a perfect example of women harnessing their anger after years of abuse within various industries. The times up movement is also a great example against societal patriarchy found in the book.

2. Scholarly journal: Rodino-Colocino, Michelle. “Me Too, pass:[#]MeToo: Countering Cruelty with Empathy.” Communication & Critical/Cultural Studies, vol. 15, no. 1, Mar. 2018, pp. 96–100. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1080/14791420.2018.1435083. I found this scholarly journal in the communication and media complete database.

The article examines how Tarana Burke’s Me Too movement has countered cruelty of sexual harassment and assault. According to author, the cruelty with which U.S. president Donald Trump has been manipulating policy and referring to women is a king of public cruelty. The author says that burke’s movement is based on empathy. This article will be great help for the final.

3. Populer trade magazine: DeRogatis, Jim, and Jim DeRogatis. “‘They’ve Got Him!”: The Emotional Scene at the R. Kelly Hearings.” The New Yorker, The New Yorker, 25 Feb. 2019,

This article in the New Yorker talks about the recent arrest of R. Kelly. R.Kelly has long been known to be serial rapist abusing underage teen girls as young as 14. R. Kelly is the most recent male power figure to be taken down by the movement as his victims have come out publicly speaking against him.


4. Newspaper: Dewan, Shaila. “Michael Jackson, R. Kelly and the Lingering Questions About Child Sex Abuse Cases.” The New York Times, The New York Times, 8 Mar. 2019,

The New York Times article talks about child sexual abuse that happened under both R. Kelly and Michael Jackson. The #Metoo movement has highlighted the perversions and horror that occurred both with R. Kelly underage girls and with underage boys at Neverland Ranch with Michael Jackson. Questions are raised if the legacies of these artists will ever be tarnished considering whats been done.

5.Good website: Tingley, Anna, and Anna Tingley. “’Leaving Neverland’: Everything That’s Happened Since the Michael JacksonDocumentary Premiered.” Variety, Variety, 9 Mar. 2019,

Variety talks about the recent unraveling concerning Michael Jackson following the “Leaving Neverland Documentary”. Since the premiere of the documentary on HBO. Streaming and sales of Jackson have dramatically dropped. He has been taken out of episodes. Radio stations have dropped his music due to external pressure. Who knows where this will continue.

6. Source of your choice:Dart, Tom. “America Faces Soul-Searching over Michael Jackson.” The Guardian, Guardian News and Media, 9 Mar. 2019,

The Guardian article forces fans of the king of pop to face the reality of what he has done. Many fans have been hesitant to believe the documentary and the late singer’s accusers. The media has been relentless in its coverage on the accusations against the singer. This is a good source highlighting how media helps shift public opinion.


Alexandra Fernandez Team 19: Thesis

The Florida red tide has been one of the states biggest obstacles against climate change. Florida’s coastline’s have been desomated by toxic algae killing the wild wife. How has the media helped inform locals from south Florida and the country in whole? What are other methods of helping to inform the nation on how we know what we know about the Florida Red Tide.

Hi Alexandra,

I sent you an email that should have gone to another classmate. I think I told you that this topic is outdated and you needed to find something more current, timely and controversial.

Also, please don’t put a question into a thesis statement.

How to form a thesis statement for an informative essay?

  1. A strong thesis statement takes some sort of stand. Remember that your thesis needs to show your conclusions about a subject. …
  2. A strong thesis statement justifies discussion. Your thesis should indicate the point of the discussion. …
  3. A strong thesis statement expresses one main idea. …
  4. A strong thesis statement is specific.


Assignment 1- Rhetorical Analysis

Hi Alexandra,

Please remember to put your Name and Team # on all your assignments!  Please proofread all your posts, remove unnecessary words, write clear sentences. Please visit the Writing Center as well. You have some good ideas here but the execution needs atttention.  Keep it short and simple. I know you can improve!



Thesis Statement: In the New York Times article, “Why Our Memory Fails Us”: by Christopher F. Chabris and Daniel J. Simmons, both professors, use logos, pathos and ethos in their own unique ways to help them build their arguments. A stronger thesis would be to 

Ethos is one of the ways that Simmons and Chabris lures  their key points to us on the illusion of memory. One example is when Simmons wrote, “Erroneous witness recollections have become so concerning that the National Academy of Sciences convened an expert panel to review the state of research on the topic.” This show(s) that Simmons was on the expert panel and has the power and input(?)(do you mean the ‘authority”?) to argue any connection to memory. That gives them the credibility to write of writing this article. The tone that it given by the author is supplementary of an explanation and it informs the readers. (I’m not certain what you are trying to convey in this last sentence?)

There were plenty of logos (?) Logos was used in the article that Simmons and Chabris (we already know who wrote the article)wrote, the superlative would be, “[…] how our biases can bind us.” This explains how anything and everything can change the way we view a problem. How we were raised, what school we went to and who we made friends with, developed us to thinking a certain way.  Another example is when Mr. Bush said, “The enemy of America is not our many Muslim friends,”. This is explaining that no matter the tragedy that happened we cannot have blamed the people we called friends just cause of a common factor (their religion). 

Simmons and Chabris use pathos to wrap the audience in their emotions. In the article it mentions, “Memory failures that resemble Dr. Tyson’s mash-up of distinct experiences have led to false convictions, and even death sentences.” This helps put people into perceptive knowing that just one wrong saying can put an innocent human to do time or worst death. Another example is when they mention a psychologist by the name of Sir Frederic Charles Bartlett who did an experiment that copycats the game we all know as telephone. As we learned before the message would not be the same as it started out, some details are change, some are added; this is an explanation of how our memories can make mistakes. 

In conclusion, in the New York Times article, “Why Our Memory Fails Us”: by Christopher F. Chabris and Daniel J. Simmons, as I stated in each paragraph they both use logos, pathos and ethos to argue their points across. 

The top three readers’ comments reflect the pathos, logos, and ethos. The first comment is from Neil DeGrasse Tyson and two Facebook links which are helpful questions and answers that shows lots of characteristics about ethos. Next, Keith Dow, showing and stating more quotes from Mr. Bush which would show logos. This comment like the first one gives us a link which helps us out to find verifiable quotes form Mr. Bush. Lastly, the third comment, we have Jacob Sommer which in his comment we see pathos due to him saying the mistakes memory can cause people and how he has seen it first-hand. 

I think that the Times approach is effective because it shows the most top thoughts and helps the audience understand better the article. The readers’ comments lack of analysis other professionals. 

Individual Assignment 2: McLuhan and the Critical Perspective

You must visit Writing Center!  It doesn’t appear that you have a good grasp of what is a sentence. I would like you to improve so that your next post contains complete sentences. One thought or idea per sentence. No run-on sentences, no sentence fragments. I hope you can learn how to put into writing your thoughts and ideas.

Marshall McLuhan uses critical perspective in most, if not all of this thinking especially in his motto, the medium is the message. Marshall was a Canadian professor, philosopher, and public intellectual. McLuhan’s (possessive) study of media theory was I think you mean ‘ahead of his time.” It cannot be ‘beyond his knowledge!) beyond his time and knowledge, (BEGIN a new sentence here,  His detailed way of with detail thinking and unique sense of humor, somethings are hard to understand. (this is not a sentence!) Marshall McLuhan McLuhan’s overall purpose was to show everyone that the everyday in the world would impact yourself in its own way. 

With McLuhan motto, he is explaining that, how you know the material or how you found out about the material (the medium) is more important than the material itself. That society has a superior impact in the information than the information on its own, there go “The medium is the message”. Showing that the data is just a minor part of the message. (not a sentence) 

Going forward with McLuhan if we do not look at the medium as we do the “main” information we would not be able to move forward as a society. That would be lacking ourselves of identifying and motivating the new technologies for mankind. Which explains questioning the commonly held assumption, either that media can be good or bad and that the info can help us or hurt us. This does not mainly affect us, it is mainly about the media and how they get it to us, not what it is about. The reason for that is cause if people are forcing on the miniature things as the material and not the medium; then we leave ourselves to be doom to stay unready for new innovations of technologies.

Electric media is as McLuhan explained “constitute a total and near-instantaneous transformation of culture, values and attitudes.” Which demonstrations the bounds of debate by arguing that by his predication on understanding the surrounding of our new environment humans will not survive and end up being slaves in our own “self- induced subliminal trance”. Since the information of today to so high speed it is in a way to capture influence to shape us and to be able to control our own intentions. (sentence fragments)

McLuhan explains how to aim for the betterment of society when saying that first TV generation cannot or will not learn to live up to their true potential with this old-school, and outdated education system. Stating that the school system should educate themselves on how to educate the youth to alter to their new environment. McLuhan stating “Our entire educational system is reactionary, oriented to past values and past technologies, and will likely continue so until old generation relinquishes power”.