BIBLIOGRAPHY JOANNA

Well-done Joanna. Good annotation, good sources!

Name: Joanna Ravachi

Course: IDS 3309

Date: 03-09-2019

Venezuelan Crisis

Thesis Statement:During the protests by the opposition in Venezuela on January 23, the President of the National Assembly of Venezuela, Juan Guaido, offered compromises to the Venezuelan people by swearing in front of everyone that he will fight for a better Venezuela and he will change the government for a new one.

Annotated Bibliography

Alexander, Harriet, and Cody Weddle. “Venezuela’s ‘Interim President’ Urges Military To Defect Amid Promise Of Possible Amnesty For Nicolas Maduro”. The Telegraph, 2019, https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2019/01/25/venezuelas-interim-president-urges-military-defect-amid-promise/.

This article focuses on the interim president’s strategies to re-instate Venezuela’s democracy. According to the article, Juan Guaido is focusing on taking control of the military as a way to take over from Maduro who has led to the destabilization of the country through his unproductive and authoritarian rule. The article focuses on Guaido’s ideologies of restoring democracy.

This article is important for the essay in addressing some of the promises the interim president is offering to the people of Venezuela. It will also be important in assessing whether he is a better candidate than the sitting president. The article will provide information to determine whether Guaido is the right person for Venezuela.

Brading, Ryan. Populism In Venezuela. Routledge, 2013.

This book analyses the origins of the populist ideologies in the leadership of Venezuela. It goes down history lane to analyses how Venezuela’s leaders have since risen to power in dubious and bloody means in the past. It also focuses on the humanitarian crisis that results from the poor leadership in the country for a long time. The poor economy despite being one of the largest producers of oil and the division of people.

This book will be important in relating the past events from what is happening currently in Venezuela. It will assist in observing the pattern of leadership in the country while relating it to Maduro’s leadership.

Buxton, Julia. “Situation Normal In Venezuela: All Fouled Up”. NACLA Report On The Americas, vol 49, no. 1, 2017, pp. 3-6. Informa UK Limited, doi:10.1080/10714839.2017.1298235.

This article assesses the damage and the ripple effect that Hugo Chavez’s regime caused in Venezuela. It focuses on aspects of Maduro’s regime that are relatable to Chavez’s. The article identifies common characteristics between Chavez’s regime and his successors Nicolas Maduro such as the poor economy, intense corruption, and humanitarian crisis that is plaguing the nation. The article seeks to portray a dysfunctional nation which needs to be rescued from the hands of Nicolas Maduro and his cronies.

This article will be significant in assessing the challenges that the Venezuelans are going through under the Maduro’s presidency. It also demonstrates the need for a new leadership in the country.

Carney, Molly. “Balancing Regulation And Rights In Venezuela’s Media War Molly Carney”. Loyola Of Los Angeles International And Comparative Law Review, vol 35, 2013, pp. 273-312., Accessed 9 Mar 2019.

This article tries to find a solution between the Venezuelan government and its media. The author calls for a balance in the rights for free press. The Venezuelan government has been in constant conflict with its media for a long time. This has seen violence being effected against the media. The article argues that there should be a balance between a reasonable regulations of media and rights protection to avoid conflicts and biases.

This article will be essential for the essay in assessing some of the possible solutions for the conflict between the Venezuelan government and its media. The media is an important tool in any country, therefore, when there is a harmonious co-existence, then this means that there will be objective presentation of information.

Jones, Sam, and Patrick Wintour. “EU Countries Recognise Juan Guaidó As Interim Venezuelan Leader”. The Guardian, 2019, https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/feb/04/juan-guaido-interim-venezuela-leader-europe.

This article focuses on the disputed leadership of Venezuela and how the international community is weighing on to the same. It demonstrates reasons why the European Union is supporting the leadership of Juan Guaido as the interim president of the country rather than Nicolas Maduro. The European Union reached to the decision after Nicolas Maduro failed to call for an election. The main purpose for the European Union for supporting Guaido is to promote democracy in the country.

This article is important in demonstrating the importance of a new leadership in the region. Democracy is at stake in Venezuela is at the verge of authoritarian leadership under Nicolas Maduro. Therefore, this article will provide essential information for the support of Venezuela’s new leadership.

Smilde, David. “Can A Revived Opposition Stop Venezuela’s Authoritarian Slide?”. World Political Review, 2017, pp. 1-4., Accessed 9 Mar 2019.

This newspaper article demonstrate the impacts of the leadership dispute in Venezuela. It focuses on the human rights violations that has resulted in the killing of many people demonstrating for their rights. The author suggests that the opposition may be the best solution to the country’s problems, especially its democracy. He argues that Venezuela is on the verge of sliding into authoritarian regime.

This article is important in demonstrating the need for Juan Guaido to take over the leadership of Venezuela as a way to save it from plunging into authoritarian leadership. It gives reasons why there is the need for a change in leadership as the only way of ending the current humanitarian crisis which has seen tens of people dead.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Work Cited

Alexander, Harriet, and Cody Weddle. “Venezuela’s ‘Interim President’ Urges Military To Defect Amid Promise Of Possible Amnesty For Nicolas Maduro”. The Telegraph, 2019, https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2019/01/25/venezuelas-interim-president-urges-military-defect-amid-promise/.

Brading, Ryan. Populism In Venezuela. Routledge, 2013.

Buxton, Julia. “Situation Normal In Venezuela: All Fouled Up”. NACLA Report On The Americas, vol 49, no. 1, 2017, pp. 3-6. Informa UK Limited, doi:10.1080/10714839.2017.1298235.

Carney, Molly. “Balancing Regulation And Rights In Venezuela’S Media War Molly Carney”. Loyola Of Los Angeles International And Comparative Law Review, vol 35, 2013, pp. 273-312., Accessed 9 Mar 2019.

Jones, Sam, and Patrick Wintour. “EU Countries Recognise Juan Guaidó As Interim Venezuelan Leader”. The Guardian, 2019, https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/feb/04/juan-guaido-interim-venezuela-leader-europe.

Smilde, David. “Can A Revived Opposition Stop Venezuela’S Authoritarian Slide?”. World Political Review, 2017, pp. 1-4., Accessed 9 Mar 2019.

 

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