Rhetorical analysis

Chabris and Simons mainly used logos to support their argument. They had also incorporated pathos and ethos to help their audience relate and come to an understanding of their reasoning. With this, they have succeeded in creating a reasonable analysis on how a flawed memory and human behavior can result a bias conclusion. [excellent thesis statement]

Because “Why Our Memory Failed Us” is their paper and argument, a sense of authority was first hinted. This was strengthen when they provided examples, case studies, logical reasoning, and experiments. One of the examples they provided were well known people who are considered credible in their profession and claims. [Analyze rather than summarize.] Chabris and Simons brought up Dr. Tyson’s mistake by his suggestion that Mr. Bush was prejudice of Muslim due to tragic events in the United States. However, when confronted where Dr. Tyson heard Mr. Bush’s words, “Our God is the God who named the stars,” Dr. Tyson was at first defensive and could not give a direct answer. When over mounting evidence criticize his bias behavior, Dr. Tyson finally admitting he had misspoken and apologized for his mistake. [Separate topic sentences with paragraphs.] Though [SP: Through] the use of logical reasoning, Chabris and Simons convinced many of their readers that confidence was often the culprit in one’s attitude and has the power to mold one’s memory into true or false memory. They also acknowledge that confidence is tricky as it is often associated with accuracy and supported it with papers published by cognitive phycologists Henry Roediger and K. Andrew Desoto’s [use of ethos. They are experts.] research. Nevertheless, cases were reported where some memories has been proven distorted despite feeling very strongly of what the individual remembers. Other examples that supported this was Hillary Clinton and Mr. Bush’s [use of ethos. They are famous.] experiences. Hillary remembered she was in a dangerous situation in Bosnia as first lady while Mr. Bush specifically remembered of witnessing an airplane crashing into the Worlds Trade Center’s north tower during a trip to a Floridian classroom. Both of them were wrong because they mixed their information.

Understandably, Chabris and Simons gathered that these false memories were unintentional. They compare this process to the “telephone” game invented by psychologist Sir Frederic Charles Bartlett to evoke pathos from the audience since many adults have played “telephone” when they were children.

Methods the top three people used in comments used was logical reasoning which appeal to higher emotions [logos, pathos, or both?] and beliefs. They pointed out evidence that put their perspectives to light. Neil Tyson took this to his advantage by answering any questions in a polite manner. His answer was full of logical reasoning and respect. [Separate topic sentences with paragraphs.] Keith Dow provided skepticism in the authors’ taste of Mr. Bush’s intelligence. He provided direct quotes of Mr. Bush statements that test the scale of considering Mr. Bush being an intellectual individual. These evidence could also cause the audience to question Chabris and Simons’ argument to a certain level. [Separate topic sentences with paragraphs.] Jacob Sommers relied on ethos and pathos characteristics. He believe in honest mistakes and have the audience think logically of their situation. He encourages people to acknowledge that mistakes occurs and are usually not done intentionally.

The New York Times comments are considered more of a review rating on the article in my opinion. I think they are effective and needed because their ranking are based on reasonable conclusions about the article and helps readers find logical and most influential reviews instead of having to search through hundreds of mediocre comments .



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