Rhetorical analysis

The authors mainly utilize logos in order to establish the impact of false memories.

The argument presented by Chabris and Simons largely utilizes the literary device logos, and sometimes ethos and pathos. [This is part of your thesis statement. Move to previous paragraph.] [Analyze rather than summarize.] The argument commences by depicting the figure that Dr. Tyson represents, an astrophysicist and a TV figure. It chronically describes how Dr. Tyson alleged that the ex-president Bush utilized a particular phrase during a speech to congress about the 9/11 incident, but tangible evidence of such declaration was never encountered. [Separate topic sentences with paragraphs.] The authors of the article emphasize the lack of evidence in order to highlight how the public utilized such error in order to create animadversions towards the trustworthiness of the scientist, instead of attributing his mistake to a plausible false memory. The authors mention the lack of evidence supporting Dr. Tyson claim about ex-president Bush, and they provide the information in a coherent well-structured manner; thus, they appeal to logos. [Separate topic sentences with paragraphs.] Nevertheless, when the authors start mentioning how individuals scolded Dr. Tyson for his mistake, the authors appeal to pathos by trying to evoke negative feelings towards these individuals. The authors then describe how it is common for individuals to create false memories, and present scientific evidence on how such problem is frequent in our society. In here, the authors are utilizing logos again by mentioning the different studies that have been executed to elucidate the connection between the confidence of individuals about recalling an event, and the veracity of such memory. [Separate topic sentences with paragraphs.] The authors even go ahead and illustrate the importance of such study in the judicial field, by mentioning that witnesses are a primordial form of evidence in legal cases. Thus, the authors utilize the need of society to have a functional legal system as a vehicle to bestow further importance to the subject they are presenting. Since Americans regard the optimal performance of the judicial system as one of the vital components of their society, it can be argued that pathos [call to justice is a use of ethos] to make the reader feel that innocents might be condemned due to the creation of false memories. [Separate topic sentences with paragraphs.] Moreover, It is sine qua non to pay attention to the author’s commentary about how even the ex-president Bush’s memories of the 9/11 event have mutated over time. Also, to the fact that he mentioned how Mrs. Clinton embellished her “life-threatening” situation in Bosnia (Where according to Chabris and Simons she was received by kids, no bullets).  In here it can be claimed that the appeal is to ethos, since it is demonstrating how important figures can also create false memories. It is a mechanism of the author to indirectly state that if it happens to them, then, it can surely happen to any individual. Such manipulation strengthens the sense of trustworthiness of the article. [Separate topic sentences with paragraphs.] Nonetheless, the tone of the authors remains informative and sometimes persuasive. They are constantly presenting evidence in order to support their claims, and in few instances they decide to utilize a more direct persuasive tone. [Separate topic sentences with paragraphs.] In addition, with regard to the top 3 commentaries I attribute the first one due to the participation of Dr. Tyson himself to clarify [logos and ethos] certain points. The second one has a satirical nature, appealing to the humor of the readers (which makes it corpus to be constituted purely by pathos). The third one in contrast seems to emerge from a combination of pathos and logos because it appeals to the concept of “we should have good faith in humanity,” while citing factual information about few people who can actually remember everything.

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