Blog #1

The article by Chabris and Simons is on memory failing us at times. The use of ethos is used right at the beginning of the article by using a real life example used by Neil Degrasse Tyson and his memory failing. He is an expert in his field so he has the credibility of being an astrophysicist to have good memory. We would think his memory never fails him but the authors of the articles account of his example of criticizing Bush tells us otherwise. [Separate topic sentences with paragraphs.] [Analyze rather than summarize. How else do the authors use the rhetorical triangle to convince the reader and how do they support their arguments?] They first show us this by showing what Dr. Tyson thought President Bush said at the time. Then they show what he actually said about what he said about Muslims when he was preforming his speech. [Separate topic sentences with paragraphs.] The top reader’s pick comment is actually from Dr. Tyson himself talking more about the issue. This shows he does acknowledge his own failings as well. The second highest comment however states that even though what Bush said was not exactly right, it could have very well been true anyways by giving examples of other quotes from the presidents that were as ignorant as the misinterpreted quote.  [Separate topic sentences with paragraphs.] The next points the authors [Chabris and Simons, or the commenters? Be clear.] make are with pathos. They make the reader relate more to the article by saying that if our own memory is challenged we would act more defensive and try to deny our memory is intact. Confidence in our own memory is what leads to this. [Separate topic sentences with paragraphs.] The third highest reader’s pick comment does show this as the commenter says that he has made mistakes with his memories in the past as well. The article then uses points with logos as well to push the point home. The author say in the article that our memory failing us can have major consequences as well. [Separate topic sentences with paragraphs.] The authors state that such instances have led to wrongful convictions including those that involve the death sentence. This has become such a problem that the National Academy of Sciences made an expert panel to review the topic of witness statements not being reliable due to memory. Which goes back to ethos due to one of the authors, Daniel Simons was on the panel and released a large report on the subject. This tells the reader that they are in fact experts in the field [use of ethos]. The concern about eyewitness testimony is that the witness’s confidence in his or her memory. It showed that people who were more confident in their memories had lower memory accuracy. Memories also change over time as stated by the authors. [Analyze rather than summarize.] They then go on with logos stating that the science behind memory distortion is becoming reliable enough to help guide public policy. Towards the end of the article they make an appeal to emotions saying that politicians should stop doubling down on when they know they are wrong and just move on. They also say that we should be more understanding when someone does does not remember something correctly because it happens to everyone such as when they were talking about Dr. Tyson or President Bush. [What about the NY Times ranking system?]


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