Individual Assignment 1- Iman Ismail

Thesis: To build their case, Chabris and Simons base their argument by predominately relying on Logos and Ethos.  They rely heavily on facts and studies to further demonstrate that human memory is flawed.  In addition to this, while two of the top three comments of Readers Picks rely greatly Logos, one of the three relies Pathos. [good summary of your arguments]

[Analyze rather than summarize.] “Why our Memory Fails Us” by Christopher F. Chabris and Daniel J Simons is a greatly articulated article expressing the human nature of individuals and how they confidently rely on their memory, rather than confirming the accuracy with evidence.  It is clearly argued that human memory has been proven to be based on how people perceive, interpret and process events; furthermore, it shows that which memory people choose to accept can lead to great societal problems such as misguidance and overall lack of credibility.  To build their case, Chabris and Simons base their argument by predominately relying on Logos and Ethos.  They rely heavily on facts and studies to further demonstrate that human memory is flawed.  In addition to this, while two of the top three comments of Readers Picks rely greatly Logos, one of the three relies Pathos [repeats thesis statement].

[Analyze rather than summarize.] Chabris and Simons demonstrate the problems of relying on one’s memory through the example of how Dr. Neil Degrasse Tyson made a false and slandering comment regarding a statement made by President George H. Bush.  Much later it was discovered that the criticized statement made by President Bush was inaccurate in that it was worded differently and expressed in a different context. Dr. Tyson eventually admitted that the source of his information was in fact based on his personal memory.  This supports the argument that human memory may be flawed. [Separate topic sentences with paragraphs.] In addition to this, Chabris and Simons used other examples within their Logos approach.  They discuss defective witness recollections and psychological experiments that have been conducted in order to demonstrate the correlations between confidence and accuracy. In addition to this they also use the incident of Hillary Clinton’s false recollection of her trip to Bosnia, in order to use logical reasoning and establish credibility for their argument once again. The tone of this article is informative, in attempt to better educate the public on why not to rely on memory. [Separate topic sentences with paragraphs.] Finally, the writers used Pathos as they allow the audience to emotionally relate to the fact that all people make mistakes and that apologies for them should be accepted.

The top three “Reader’s Picks” comments differ from one another in their techniques to make their point.  The first comment, made by Dr. Tyson himself, demonstrates the use of Ethos and Logos.  Dr. Tyson establishes his credibility in that he is actually spoken about throughout the article and bases his argument on facts.  [Separate topic sentences with paragraphs.] The second Reader’s Picks comment predominantly uses Logos as it cites quotes made by President George H. Bush to further demonstrate his lack of intelligence. [Separate topic sentences with paragraphs.] The third comment uses Pathos as Jacob Sommer argues everyone makes mistakes and that people should accept mistakes rather than assume they were intentional; something most people can relate to. [Separate topic sentences with paragraphs.] The top three NYT picks differ from each other in that some agree with the article while others do not.  Two of the NYT picks agree with the author’s arguments which are subjective; however, none showed any statistical or factual information and therefore are opinion based. [How do the commenters use the rhetorical triangle to make their points?]

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