Annotated Bibliography for Equifax Breached Final Essay: Ashley Del Rey

This belonged on the Wiki.

Bernard, Tara S. “Is It Time to Consider an Identity Protection Service?: [Business/Financial Desk]” New York Times, Late Edition: B.3. Pro-Quest Web. 30 Oct. 2017.

The author shows statistics made by the Bureau of Justice with estimations of how many United States residents ages 16 and older, were victims of identity theft. Bernard also includes some solutions for identity protection services. However, she states that
even freezing your files, won’t protect them from other types of fraud. (how does this tie in with media, etc?)


Blumenthal, Aaron, and Mura, Andre M. “In the breach.” American Association for Justice, Sept. 2017, p. 30+. Academic OneFile, Gale Group Web. 5 Nov. 2017.

This source is an academic journal. The authors help you understand a data breach clearly. Blumenthal and Mura state what types of data are stollen (One L. A stollen is a German pastry), they give examples of identity theft, and explain how there could be prospective and injunctive relief. At the end of the journal the authors give sources for the readers to look at to learn more about the subject.


Rosenberg, Joyce M. “Equifax Hack has Businesses Uneasy about Security.” The Associated Press 30 Sept. 2017: A,A; Pg. 6. Lexis Nexis Web. 30 Sept. 2017.

The author of the article states that small businesses usually fall behind big companies in data security. These small businesses do not believing they might be targets. However, Rosenberg explains how more than 60 percent of the victims of breaches in 2016 were businesses with fewer than 1,000 employees. Rosenberg states that the Equifax breach is reminding small businesses that they are vulnerable to cyberattacks.


Pike, George H. “Equifax: Yet Another Data Breach.” Information Today, Nov. 2017, p. 17. Academic OneFile, Gale Group Web. 6 Nov. 2017.

The author the this newspaper states that companies, like Equifax, should always assume they are breached. Pike also writes about the 143 Million consumers who were effected by the breach. In addition, Pike writes that the hack itself was in a 2 month period and Equifax knew about the hack but did not share that information.


Ligaya, Armina. “Canadians complain Equifax is keeping them in the dark after hack.” The Canadian Press, Early Edition: Pg. B7. Lexis Nexis Web. 15 Sept. 2017.

This article is about how Canadians who are worried that they might be victims. However, Ligaya explains that Canada’s customer service agents at Equifax, told callers that only Canadians who had dealings in the United States were more likely to have had their information compromised in the data breach. The author states that the security breach compromised the private information of about 143 million Americans, along with an undisclosed number of Canadians.


“Equifax admits to profiting during breach, under fire from Sen. Warren’s questioning”
The Washington Post (Online) Oct 4, 2017. Pro-Quest Web. 5 Oct. 2017.

This source is not an article, it is a video. The video shows Senator Elizabeth Warren speaking about how Equifax was profiting during the huge cybersecurity breach. she also offered many solutions to transform the way the industry works.


How are these citations relevant to media? How will they bolster your argument?


Cyberattack on Equifax: Ashley Del Rey

This belonged on the Wiki.

Thesis Statement:

Equifax is one of three major consumer credit reporting agencies in the world and houses a great amount of data that is supposed to be a backstop against security breaches. However, hackers gained access to the company’s data but news broke out that Equifax knew they were having a security issue months before the cyberattack; meaning, the breach could have easily been prevented.

  1. The thesis statement provides readers with information about how major the agency Equifax is, as well as, how terrible the cyberattack was and how many victims were impacted.
  2. The thesis statement provides a road map to where I’m am going in the paper because I specifically wrote that Equifax is an agency that that is known to hold data that is supposedly a backstop against security breaches, up until it got hacked.
  3. The agency let their guard down, ignoring the security flaw, basically giving the hackers an open window. Others may disagree with that statement, stating that there are hackers who are brilliant enough to hack such a strongly secured agency on their own.
  4. The topic of my thesis is, Equifax, an agency with top notch data security. The comment is that even an agency with top notch security can get hacked and the agency is most likely at fault.
  5. This topic interests me because Equifax is such a major agency, it collects and accumulates information on over 800 million consumers and more than 88 million businesses across the world. I thought something so powerful would never get hacked but it did.
  6. The thesis statement is specific and manageable because it explains exactly what Equifax is for those readers who don’t have a clue of what it is and it states the event which made a global impact. Even though the hacking affected Americans, others all around the world began to worry because of it.
  7. The difficulties that I see in researching my thesis is trying not to be bias or have an emotional appeal to the issue.
  8. My thesis statement tells the readers how we know what we know about the hacking of Equifax by explaining how the consumers found out, reacted, and complained about the event. It also states that Equifax knew there was a security problem before the event occurred.

I have got a few secrets – Daniel Velasquez

Please be sure to properly categorise your blog post by group (A or B) and team so we can find your assignment.

Lucas 8:17 says “For nothing is hid, that shall not be made manifest; nor anything secret, that shall not be known and come to light” (King James Bible version) and it This is relevant because it is true. It is also relevant because the world is full of lies, full of  and secrets, that eventually will come to light if they have not already. Everyone has kept or keeps a secret from someone. The reasons why this happens may vary, in my case for example, it was because a friend of mine needed protection. Secrets are important because humans cannot know everything about everyone, gives you and the other person a bond that is not meant to be broken and because sometimes to keep a secret is the only way out.

When a person has no secrets, he or she is automatically in disadvantage from the rest of the world because people can use what they know against this person that has no secrets (interesting perspective, if not somewhat abstract). Not all humans have good intentions and if someone that is trying to hurt you, it is easier for them to know how to get to you. Keeping a secret can keep you out of trouble, like a friend of mine, who his secret was discovered and now he has 50 years of jail time (WOW). What secret can help you to avoid so many years locked up? If you are thinking murder, you are thinking right. This story contains more than one secret.

Unfortunately, I was aware of everything that was happening. There was this girl, she was married, she had a child. I knew her, her husband and my friend, which were all the parts involved. Before the story starts she already has one secret which she confesses to my dad, she is only getting married to leave her house, she does not really love him, my father kept her secret. Long story short, the girl had and has some mental issues, she and her husband were fighting constantly, and eventually they got separated (not divorced). By coincidence I met her husband at the beach one day and he confessed to me that she suffered from bipolar disorder and that he could not handle that. Times goes by, they get back together for some time. After a few months she gives birth to a girl. They start having issues again and she starts dating my friend. My friend goes around saying that the child was his daughter and him and the girl are officially together. Months go by and one night this girl’s husband is murdered at his house. A few weeks later my friend tells us that he is leaving to Argentina because he had killed the guy. Well, they found him, the girl and got arrested, now serving their sentence in Honduran territory.

This secret was not hard to keep for me, even though I knew everyone and everything it had to be known, but I am that kind of friend you know. I did not want to see him rot in jail, my friend is not a bad person, he just got involved with the wrong girl. When he got sentenced it was heart breaking, but that is what you get when you make the wrong choices in life.

Interesting, but wrong choices in life don’t necessarily tie in with the assignment unless it has to do with secrecy and lies.

End of Solitude by Daniel Velasquez

Deresiewicz hits the spot when he talks about how nowadays technology is being used by people to be known. It is also true that thanks to this technology it is very hard, if not impossible to “be alone” or in solitude like Deresiewicz says. According to the Census Bureau the Earth has a population of 7.4 billion people alive in the world, with those numbers it is hard to be known so every time people is doing more and more on their social media just to be known or recognized, even by a few (Sentence is a little awkward.). Solitude today is a very hard thing to find not only because people like to be known but also because there is so much information to our reach, and us humans are social animals, if we get bored and we can “socialize” virtually (assuming is the only option at the moment) then we will.

In my case it may be a little different, the end of solitude with so much technology is a real thing but it does not apply to all the humans that are alive right now. I make use of social media, I post on my social media (not regularly) but that does not mean I want to be a celebrity. I do not know if it is because of the life I have lived, or if I am just wired that way but sometimes I like to disconnect myself from everything, even my family, I want and need some alone time. I have lived in five or six different cities, I have been to two different universities, and I was in 4 different schools throughout my childhood. I could say I have met a lot of people which some of them I may never see again and I can keep in touch with them through Facebook from time to time, but that is not the only reason I like the internet. I mostly like it because whatever information I am looking for, I know where to go, it is easy, it is convenient, it is educational. Thanks to it I can find out what is happening, while is happening, anywhere in the world or minutes after it just happened and I find that fascinating.

A United Nations report in 2016 determined that only 47% of the world’s population made use of the internet by that time. According to this data we are a little far from ending solitude. Let’s also take into account that of these 47% not necessarily use the internet to be known, because not everyone can be known. From those also not all of them want to be known as bad as the one next to him. What also happens is that people get bored, we “do not have anything else to do”, and that in when we go to our social media and start “promoting” ourselves, but it is not always like that you know, while I may like to post pictures on my Instagram when I am bored, you may like to read a book in the park. There is a little bit of everything in the world.


What about the news blackout? Essay doesn’t follow the main part of the assignment.

The Secret

Your secret is safe with me. That’s what I told my best friend when she shared her secret to me. About a year ago my best friend called me in a panic around 1 a.m., if anyone else called my phone around 1 a.m. I probably wouldn’t pick up but since it’s my friend I picked it up out of concern. Don’t need this. My friend barley could get a word out over her crying all I can hear her say “my parents are going to kill me,” I immediately told her to come over. She didn’t live too far from my apartment at the time so she knocked on my door less than 10 minutes. As soon as I open the door she held a pregnancy test in my face. Essay needs a thesis statement.

I literally yanked my friend from the hallway into my apartment and asked her all the basics. When, who and how did this happen (should be in the form of a question). She met some guy a frat party and the rest was history. Her parents are very strict when it comes to school are very religious. If they found out she was pregnant they would no longer fund her to go to school. Her parents lived in North Carolina at the time so she lived with her cousin down here in Miami so she could go to school. She told me that her cousin would definitely tell her parents so I offered her to stay with me. Needs more analysis. This essay is not intended to be a narrative.

At first, I didn’t feel any pressure with keeping her secret; however I’m really close to her parents, they’re like family to me and having to lie to them when they ask how my friend was doing was really taking a toll on me. I was faced with two options – to either tell the truth to her parents or hurt my friend in the process or to keep up with the lie and be untruthful to myself.

My friend is now six months pregnant and her parents still don’t know. Her parents also don’t know she dropped out this semester but she still takes the money they give her for groceries and gas. She’s been stacking the money for her baby. To keep up with the lie she constantly forges more lies make the whole bigger and deeper.

When keeping ones secret the relationship between you and that person changes. I had the power to expose her and tell her parents the secret, but my friend would was such an emotional wreck I couldn’t do it. I did however felt empowered because at any given time I could tell the truth to her parents and change this whole situation around, but since my loyalty was to my friend I haven’t did it. At times keeping a secret is necessary, but it’s important to be aware that we are better off betraying people trust to help them in the long wrong and ourselves mentally.


Marginal analysis and use of class concepts.

Secrecy (Sergio Fernandez)

Individual Assignment #4: I’ve got a secret 

Thesis: Lies and secrecy work together, but they are not the same thing. Understanding people’s likes/dislikes and interests can help you detect lies and analyze why they occur.

“You may tell the greatest lies and wear a brilliant disguise, but you can’t escape the eyes of the one who sees right through you.” – Tom Robbins. There are always ways to know the truth, and time takes care of revealing it. Everyone has lied once in their lives. Although this is never (subjective) a good thing to do, it controls the outcome, or reaction, that would normally cause the truth if known. On the other hand, people tend to confuse the difference between lying and maintaining things a secret. When people lie, the truth is changed based on the interests of the person who is lying, causing others to misinterpret reality; if the lie is not properly executed, sooner or later the truth will be unfolded. When things are kept a secret, the truth is not being changed; its being hidden instead. Both of these paths may lead to negative outcomes, but not all of them have a good chance of having a bright future.

There is one thing that I hate the most, and that’s being lied to. This is a mechanism of self protection the human mind has which generates feeling destruction. When I had my first girlfriend, my mind wasn’t thinking straight. My mind was blinded because of my feelings to her, and she took advantage of that knowledge. Lies started to appear when she tried to hide that she was cheating on me. Although these lies were sort of invisible, the only thing that my conscience told me was to be suspicious. These feelings would later be debated by her asking me if I really trusted her. That was the first moment I felt lies making a real impact on me. They created a sense of uncertainty that was very unpleasant, downgrading and deceitful. Although I didn’t know if she indeed lied to me, I decided to maintain my feelings a secret and kept dating her for some time to see if I could get her caught on something red handed. After a short period of time I just left her because I couldn’t stand not knowing what was going on. For some reason, I was extremely sure that reality hadn’t been portrayed accurately. I took my chances knowing that I wouldn’t get to know the complete story. After all it only took time to be solved (what does this mean?). I didn’t even search for information with third persons, I just let time pass and heal everything by its self. Three months after, her best friend called me crying and tells me she found out that my ex-girlfriend had been going out with her boyfriend by the time I was still with her (not quite relevant to the scope of the assignment). Personally I can’t describe that moment as rewarding, but it did feel good to know that the risk I took had not been done in vain. At the end, it made me learn that people tend to be “double-faced” when they put their own interests and ambitions before others.

If you want to get an explanation of what is happening during a strange situation with someone, find the necessity and understand the behavior behind everyone’s actions. People lie most of the time when involved with crimes, money and/or adultery because they know the truth’s effects can truly jeopardize their future and risk important relationships with others. Personally, I have improved the way I analyze people’s minds, which is basically kind of difficult, but it can be managed by understanding people’s behavior towards things, decisions and others. Information can change people’s mind set, which is the main reason why people continue to use it towards achieving their personal goals.


Interesting insight, but doesn’t quite fulfil the expectations of the assignment. It was supposed to be about a secret which you yourself felt inclined to keep. Thus you could more easily tie in secrecy, lies, and confidentiality. Would have been better if you had more concepts tied in from class,

Perez – 48hour news blackout

Johanna Katherine Perez Villasmil

How We Know What We Know

Frederick Blevens and George Pearson

October 9, 2017

48-hour news blackout

               In today’s technological era society seems to be getting more and more interconnected due to the ease technology brings us, this results in solitude quickly vanishing from our lives. On October 6th after reading Deresiewicz’s article on solitude, I went on a partial “twilight zone” for the two days following, in order to make better sense of what it would feel like to live without the commodity of 24-hour news (We know you did. Please stick to analysis.). In my experience, as a person that tends to be very affected by the news on a nervous level, the feeling of isolation was quite rewarding.

Waking up to research the news from this past weekend, I’ve come to the conclusion that Deresiewicz might have been onto something when he stated that “to hold oneself apart from society, is to begin to think one’s way beyond it”, one’s ability to think and analyze everything should be far more important than the seek of popularity. Our society craves popularity; we have gotten used to getting our reassurance and confidence through meaningless forms of social media acceptance. Analyse instead of summarize. Was Deresiewicz right or wrong, and why?


Today I’ve learnt that hurricane Nate, which I must admit keep your writing concise had me a bit worrisomeworried, made landfall this past Saturday on the Mississippi River as a category one; thankfully damage was not as great as with this year’s previous hurricanes. I’ve learned that Trump is insisting on a list of demands to make the “dreamer” deal which includes further requisites for “the wall”. I’ve learned also that Google has officially found Russia guilty of buying ads as interference in our presidential elections (this is a summary of the news, but what about analysis based on class concepts?). After stepping out of the partial twilight zone, one discovers that even though all these news are incredibly relevant and important to be aware of, the constant thirst for 24-hour news updates is not always necessary. (Why? Analyse more)

In my experience, parting oneself from any news outlet for a little while, teaches us that while being up to date with information is important and even vital in some occasions, the ability to gracefully live in solitude is also essential (why and how? Elaborate). My reasoning might be slightly impacted by the fact that the lack of 24-hour news updates didn’t threaten my life at any point, but in the end I have appreciated every step of the way into said “twilight zone”. Given that I now know that the constant notification of news is not always necessary and a daily one-time summary would suffice.

Essay mentions but only scratches the surface of class concepts. You hardly mention whether news is a necessary intrusion of solitude, etc. Please pay attention to what the assignment is asking.